Oaxaca: Protests against “imposition,” detentions, and torture

July 31, 2012

Imagen de la marcha en Oaxaca @ oaxacaenpiedelucha.info

Image of the march in Oaxaca @ oaxacaenpiedelucha.info

In observation of the mobilizations agreed upon at the “National Convention against Imposition” on 14 and 15 July in San Salvador Atenco to protest Enrique Peña Nieto–ones that were carried out on 22 July in several states of the country–several protestors were arrested in Oaxaca de Juárez.  State police detained David Venegas, “El Alebrije,” just before the end of the “March against imposition” organized by #IAm132.  Members of this movement sought to mobilize against this arrest, and for this reason they were beaten and subjected to tear gas, with 24 others being arrested, all of whom were released on 22 July, like David Venegas.  Human-rights organizations indicated, based on testimony received, that during the arrests there was psychological and physical torture as well as beatings, with some youth being subjected to electric shocks, in addition to death-threats and rape threats, sexual assault, and robbery.  It should be mentioned that the events occurred amidst the Guelaguetza festivities, this being the most important Oaxacan celebration, and two months previous to the “Second National Convention against Imposition,” which is planned to be held in Oaxaca.

In León (Guanajuato), six members of the #IAm132 movement were similarly arrested during mobilizations “against imposition” on 22 July.  They were released 18 hours later, in accordance with journalistic accounts.

For more information (in Spanish):

La Jornada: Detienen en Oaxaca y Guanajuato a por lo menos 31 integrantes de #YoSoy132 (23/07/2012)

La Jornada: Manifestantes exigen la anulación de los comicios(23/07/2012)

La Jornada: Excarcelan a detenidos en León y Oaxaca (24/07/2012)

OPL: Entrevista con David Venegas

Boletín de CODIGO-DH: Sigue criminalización contra jóvenes de YoSoy132, ayer 25 detenidos en Oaxaca

Comunicado de Barca-DH e Iniciativa Ciudadana Oaxaca

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: “National Convention against Imposition” in Atenco (25 July 2012)

National: In the presidential elections, a controversial electoral process and results (10 July 2012)


Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila announce schedule of March to the SCJN in Mexico City

July 31, 2012

Photo @SIPAZ

In a press conference on 30 July, authorities from the Tila ejido announced that close to 180 ejidatari@s will be leaving for Mexico City in the “Caravan for land and territory” to the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) to await the court’s decision regarding the juridical recourse that the ejidal authorities have requested in light of the looting of 130 hectares of their land on the part of the Chiapas state-government.   Despite having resolutions from the competent authorities which favor the return of the administration of these lands to the ejidatarios, the government has rejected the idea of progressing on these terms.

To close, they recalled the activities that the caravan will carry out in the next few days:

Tuesday 31 July, 11am.  In Mexico City at the offices of the Miguel Agustín Pro Center for Human Rights we will hold a press conference, where we will be accompanied by Magdalena Gómez and Gilberto López y Rivas.  There we will establish our position because the Constitution and international human rights protect our ejido, principally due to our history as indigenous peoples.
Wednesday 1 August, 9am.  We will concentrate ourselves around the monument to the Revolution, a symbol of the memory of the struggle of the peoples of Mexico so that the land belong to s/he who works it–based on land, liberty, justice, and law.  At this time on the land belonging to us Ch’ol people in Tila there will also be ejidatari@s mobilizing themselves, because they will also march.
10am, Mexico City.  We will march to the SCJN to there carry out a rally to share our demands for the respect of our land and territory, as campesin@s ejidatari@s and Ch’ol indigenous people.
10am, Tila ejido.  At the same time that in Mexico City our comrades and familymembers will be organizing themselves, the people of Tila will also march and hold a rally, because we are many who want to go to the caravan, but our economic condition does not make this possible, as we are hundreds of families–thousands of men, women, elderly persons, and children.  For this reason our strength as indigenous Ch’ol people will be manifested in Tila, and though we are physically apart we will jointly be raising our demand from Tila to the doors of the SCJN.
Thursday 2 August: This day is listed as being the day on which the resolution of case 1302/2010 regarding motion 259/1982 that protects and defends our land.  We will be awaiting the decision of the SCJN outside.”
For more information (in Spanish):
For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: “National Convention against Imposition” in Atenco

July 25, 2012

Invitación a la Convención @ convencionnacional2012.blogspot.mx

Invitation to the Convention @ convencionnacional2012.blogspot.mx

On 14 and 15 July, there was held the first “National Convention against Imposition” in San Salvador Atenco, Mexico state.  Organized by the #IAm132 movement and the Front of Peoples in Defense of the Land (FPDT), among other organizations, the meeting brought together more than 2,600 persons from nearly 500 organizations hailing from 28 states of the Republic, in accordance with information provided by the organizers.   The Convention sought to give space for activities to “impede that Enrique Peña Nieto take up the office of the presidency” of the Republic on 1 December.  Among the proposals discussed toward this end, there is a national march in Mexico City on 22 July, the taking of Televisa on 27 July, as well as a boycott of corporations “that collaborated with the [electoral] fraud.”  Furthermore, it was agreed that there would be held a second convention in Oaxaca on 22 and 23 September.  For their part, members of #IAm132 reported that they would analyze in their local assemblies the actions approved in Atenco and later define their degree participation.  Meanwhile, the national leadership of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) distanced itself from the activities that took place at the convention.

For more information (in Spanish):

Página de la Convención Nacional contra la Imposición

La Jornada: Movilización nacional contra el “fraude”, acuerdan en Atenco (16/07/2012)

La Jornada: Se deslinda el CEN del PRD del plan anunciado en San Salvador Atenco (17/07/2012)

La Jornada: Analizan en asambleas locales acciones aprobadas en Atenco (17/07/2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: In the presidential elections, a controversial electoral process and results (10 July 2012)


Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila announce a caravan and march against the SCJN in defense of their land and territory

July 25, 2012

Ejidatarios of Tila during the press-conference. Foto @SIPAZ

On 19 July, at the Fray Bartolomé Center for Human Rights in San Cristóbal de Las Casas, there was held a press-conference in defense of the right to land and territory of the ejidatarios from the Tila municipality.  At the press-conference, the ejidatarios said:

“We are really very worried because the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation [SCJN] will on 2 August hand down its resolution regarding the problem of the Tila ejido [...].  The government of the state, instead of clearly reinstituting the rights of the ejido, seeks to compensate us with money, but our land is not for sale.  As the government does not want to observe this law, now it is up to the [SCJN], which is about to ask the state government, the state congress, the municipal authorities, and the public ministry for property and commerce to respect ejidal lands; either this, or it will violate the constitution and remove from us our lands which pertain to us legally and legitimately as ejidatarios and ejidatarias and as Ch’ol people.”

At the press-conference, the ejidatarios announced that they will launch a caravan to Mexico City on 30 July and march there from the Monument to the Revolution toward the SCJN on 1 August.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado de los ejidatarios de Tila (19 de julio)

Caravana de Ejidatarios de Tila al DF: 1 de agosto 2012, SCJN (19 de julio)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Tila ejidatarios reject compensation and request that the SCJN respects their right to territory (14 February 2011)

Chiapas: Authorities of the Tila ejido denounce negation of their right to land; their lives are threatened (9 September 2010)

Chiapas: ejidatarios march in Tila in defense of their lands (27 April 2010)


Chiapas: Communiqué from Las Abejas of Acteal following elections

July 25, 2012

Photo (@ Blog Las Abejas de Acteal)

On 22 July, the Las Abejas of Acteal published a new public communiqué in which they express their concern if it is that Enrique Peña Nieto succeeds in continuing as president-elect, for they define the PRI candidate as “the elect of Televisa and TV Azteca, given that the People did not choose him in a democratic way.  Democracy in Mexico does not exist, as it has become a game of the rich capitalists and transnationals, instead of being comprised of the power of the people, as it should be.”  Along these lines they added also that they “do not forget that it was from the PRI regime and on its orders that our 45 brothers and sisters were massacred in 1997.  [The PRI is also responsible] for the repression that took place in Sal Salvador Atenco against our brothers in the Popular Front in Defense of Land (FPDT) in 2006, when Peña Nieto was the governor of the state of Mexico.”  In this sense they predict that “what will happen is that there will be more mining concessions, more dams, and more human-rights violations as manifested in murders, repressions, death-threats, intimidations, unjust incarcerations, and forced displacements.”

In a similar manner to that of previous communications, Las Abejas rejected the legal case that is proceeding in Connecticut, U.S.A., against the former Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo, expressing in this regard that “there does not exist political will in the search for justice, nor a recognition of the truth of the massacre; instead there is only a political conflict that seeks to improve one’s standing in Mexico’s current situation.”   They conclude the communiqué by demanding justice from the material and intellectual authors of the massacre and the immediate and unconditional release of Alberto Patishtán Gómez and Francisco Sántiz López, among other things.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado 22 de julio de 2012 (Blog de Las Abejas de Acteal, 22 de julio de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):


Oaxaca: Padre Solalinde returns to Mexico

July 20, 2012

Padre Alejandro Solalinde (@ EDUCA)

In mid-May, Father Alejandro Solalinde Guerra, who was responsible for the migrant-home “Brothers on the Path,” found it necessary to leave Mexico, following the death-threats directed against him and his team, reportedly from the Los Zetas criminal group.  Despite the fact that the situation of insecurity that led him to leave the country has not changed in significant terms, father Solalinde declared in a press-conference that he will return to his pastoral work, although he recognized that the risks he confronts are real and continue being present.  “The mission is a risk, when it is taken seriously,” he noted.

Upon returning to Mexico, Solalinde warned that his position is non-partisan, but he commented also that the PRI has to date not given him reason to have faith in its governments, especially when “on the route of the kidnappings of migrants are found PRI state-governments: Tabasco, Veracruz, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. They are not hopeful signs,” he observed.  Furthermore, the priest recalled that the governments of the state of Mexico have been particularly hostile toward migrants.

This has been the case moreso during the government of Peña Nieto, said the priest, given the attack in 2010 by federal police on the San Juan Diego migrant home, and in light of the various attempts in 2011 to burn down the installment.

During the press-conference, Alberto Herrera Aragón, director of Amnesty Internacional México, lamented the “very insignificant advances” and the lack of investigations into the death-threats against Solalinde, a situation he claims to be “inexplicable.”  He indicated that “to guarantee the security of human-rights defenders, it is necessary to have adequate ministerial investigations that hold the aggressors responsible.”

In light of the persistence of the situation of risk lived by Solalinde and his work-team, Alberto Herrera demanded that the Mexican State observe the precautionary measures ordered by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), some of which, in his view, “have taken more than 2 years to be implemented, increasing the risks that are experienced by Father Solalinde permanently.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Vuelve Solalinde a Oaxaca; “me preocupa el regreso del PRI”, dice(Página 3, 11 de julio de 2012)

Vuelve padre Solalinde a México para retomar actividades; expresa que le preocupa el regreso del PRI (EDUCA, 11 de julio de 2012)

Regresa padre Solalinde a México para retomar actividades (La Jornada, 10 de julio de 2012)

Regresa padre Solalinde a Oaxaca (Noticiasnet.mx, 10 de julio de 2012)

Exige Amnistía Internacional garantizar seguridad a Solalinde (Proceso, 5 de julio de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Padre Solalinde leaves the country temporarily due to death-threats (21 May 2012)

Oaxaca: Aggressions continue against migrants and Father Solalinde (19 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Father Solalinde denounces detention by local cacique (16 January 2012)


National: Amnesty International publishes report on violence against women in Mexico

July 20, 2012

Photo @CIMAC Noticias

On 11 July, Amnesty International (AI) denounced in a report handed over to the United Nations that “Mexican authorities do not protect women from increasing violence and discrimination, nor do they guarantee that those responsible be brought to justice.”  AI will present this report before the UN on 17 July, and a group of UN experts will evaluate the observance of Mexico with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).  Furthermore, the report presented by the Mexican State will be analyzed, as will be the reports put together by civil organizations.  Rupert Knox, investigator for AI in Mexico, explains that, in recent years, Mexico has passed several laws against gender violence that are not observed, and it has created weak institutions supposedly for the protection of women against discrimination and violence.  Like the Mexican organizations that brought together 18 reports in the document “The Mexican government lies,” AI made a series of recommendations so that the conclusions of the CEDAW Committee be included and published on 27 July.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe de Amnistía Internacional

México no se enfrenta a la creciente violencia contra las mujeres(Amnistía Internacional, 12 de julio)

Amnistía Internacional denuncia México no enfrenta creciente violencia contra mujeres (Hoy, 11 de julio)

Inoperantes leyes e instituciones contra violencia de género: AI(CIMAC Noticias, 12 de julio)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Justice is demanded in the case of the feminicide of the youth Itzel Yanet Méndez Pérez (16 May 2012)

Demand for end to feminicide in Oaxaca (8 September 2011)

Guerrero – briefs – Tierra Caliente is second-highest national location in number of feminicides (14 September 2010)


Chiapas: Margarita Martínez and her family leave Chiapas

July 20, 2012

Adolfo Guzmán, comrade to Margarita Martínez. Photo @Frontline Defenders

On 16 July, several organizations, including the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (Frayba), the Center for Women’s Rights in Chiapas, and Consorcio for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity in Oaxaca published a press-release in which they disclose that the rights-defender Margarita Martínez and her family have left the state of Chiapas.  In their words, “In light of the inefficacy of the Chiapas state-government and the federal government to guarantee the life, integrity, and security of the human-rights defender Margarita Guadalupe Martínez Martínez and her family, these individuals have decided temporarily to leave the state of Chiapas, given that the risk to their lives is high.  The Mexican State has proven incapable of protecting Margarita Martínez, despite her having been awarded precautionary measures from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).  She and her family have received several death threats, the most recent one dating from 30 June, just as Margarita had been preparing her presentation at the Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) at the United Nations in New York, as part of a delegation of rights-defenders from Mexico.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín conjunto (16 de julio)

Ante falta de garantías por su vida, Margarita Martínez y su familia salen de Chiapas (Consorcio Oaxaca, 17 de julio)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: New death-threats directed against Margarita Martínez and her family (10 July)

Chiapas: New death-threats against human-rights defenders; they denounce intimidating treatment on the part of judicial authorities (27 October 2011)

Chiapas: Announcement of International Accompaniment for the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Human Rights center on the part of the International Service for Peace (10 December 2010)

Chiapas: 7 months after the beginning of harassment directed at members of Enlace Comunicación y Capacitación of Comitán (23 June 2010)

Chiapas: Wife of Adolfo Guzmán Ordaz, Member of Enlace, Comunicación y Capacitación, Margarita Martínez: Beaten, Kidnapped and Threatened with Death (26 February 2010)

Chiapas: new harrassment of a member of the civil organization Enlace, Capacitación y Comunicación, AC (13 January 2010)


Guerrero: Human-rights organizations call on Secretary of Governance to observe sentences of the Inter-American Court

July 20, 2012

Inés Fernández Ortega during the State’s recognition of responsibility, 6 March.  Photo @SIPAZ

On 16 July, national and international human-rights organizations sent a letter to Alejandro Poiré, head of the Secretary of Governance (Segob), in which they point out that two years have passed since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights handed down sentences in favor of the indigenous women Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, who were raped by soldiers in 2002.  They also note that to date grave omissions can be seen as regards the State’s observance of these sentences, mentioning that “more than 10 years after the events, the evidence has not even been presented before a judicial authority.”  The letter emphasizes furthermore that “the Secretary that you lead has a last opportunity to leave behind a respectable legacy in terms of human rights by means of the full observance of the sentences of the Court.”  They also refer to the fact that Poiré is personally familiar with the situation, given that several worktables have been held in Chilpancingo, Guerrero, to observe the sentence in favor of Inés Fernández Ortega, and that on 17 July there will be held a new meeting with federal and state authorities.

For more information (in Spanish):

Carta completa (16 de julio)

Instan ONG a SG a cumplir una sentencia de la CIDH (La Jornada, 17 de julio)

Carta completa en página web de Tlachinollan

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Act of recognition of responsibility on part of Mexican State in case of Inés Fernández Ortega (6 March 2012)

Guerrero – Briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in the case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO demands that Calderón observe sentence in case of Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Judge acquits attacker of Radio Ñomndaa Committee member; Interior Ministry evades compliance with sentencing in the case of Inés and Valentina (4 February 2011)


National: Governmental Council for Mechanism of Protection for journalists and defenders is installed

July 20, 2012

Campaña "Yo me declaro" de la OACNUDH @ yomedeclaro.org

Campaign “I declare myself” from the UN @ yomedeclaro.org

On 10 July, the Secretary for Governance (Segob) installed a Governmental Council for the Mechanism of Protection for Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists.  This institution will be the top organism of the mechanism which would furthermore be made up of a Consultative Council and a National Executive Coordination body.  This second organ will be directed by Omeheira López Reyna, whose naming took place during the first session of the Council.  The meeting was led by the subsecretary for Juridical Affairs and Human Rights from the same Secretariat, and it was attended also by representatives from the Federal Attorney General’s Office, the Secretary for Public Security, and the Ministry of Foreign Relations, in addition to representatives of civil human-rights organizations, such as the Fray Vitoria Center for Human Rights and Article 19, among others.  The Governmental Council will be the site of the taking of decisions for the protection of human-rights defenders and journalists.  According to the Segob, some of the other decisions taken during the meeting included the release of a call for the creation of a Consultative Council, which would privilege the words of human-rights and journalistic experts.  The Council will be made up of 9 persons, 4 of whom will make up the Governmental Council.

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín de la Secretaría de Gobernación (10/07/2012)

La Jornada: Grupo pro defensores y periodistas, instalado(11/07/2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 79 other followers