Guerrero: SCJN orders that the Bonfilio Rubio case be tried in civil court

August 27, 2012

Relatives of Bonfilio Rubio @ Centro ProDH

After several years of debate regarding the possibilities of creating structural conditions that would allow access to justice for the victims and relatives of those subjected to abuse by the military, on 16 August the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) sentenced in favor of the motion advanced by the relatives of Bonfilio Rubio Villegas, a Naua indigenous youth from the Montaña of Guerrero who in 2009 was murdered by soldiers of the Mexican Army.  The SCJN has ordered that the penal investigation undertaken into this homicide by transferred to civil federal jurisdiction.

On 20 June 2009, soldiers opened fire on a passenger bus in which Bonfilio was traveling, together with 40 others.  Following these events, the military tribunal undertook the investigation, despite the fact that the relatives of Bonfilio expressly opposed this.  In response, then, they initiated a judicial motion, being accompanied by the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights and the Civil Monitor of the Security Forces of the Montaña.  In its sentence of 16 August, the SCJN confirmed that the case should be taken up by civil courts.  This demand was promoted by the father and brother of Rubio Villegas; it is the first case that sees a favorable outcome, after having been promoted by relatives of the victim in their struggle against the unconstitutional extension of the military court’s jurisdiction.

For more information (in Spanish):

SCJN reconoce derechos de familiares de víctimas de abuso militar y limita fuero castrense (Centro ProDH, 22 de agosto de 2012)

Avala SCJN juicio civil a militar acusado de crimen (El Universal, 21 de agosto de 2012)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Nacional: NGOs request that SCJN resolve affairs relating to military tribunals in 32 cases (17 June 2012)

Guerrero: Army opposes historical sentence in case of Bonfilio Rubio (9 February 2012)


Oaxaca: Attack on MULT founder in Oaxaca de Juárez

August 27, 2012

Juan Domingo Pérez Castillo @ Educa

Juan Domingo Pérez Castillo @ Educa

On 21 August, Juan Domingo Pérez Castillo, founder of the Movement for Triqui Unity and Struggle (MULT) was attacked with firearms by an unknown subject in downtown Oaxaca de Juárez.  In accordance with journalistic reports, the assault took place at 9am outside the Heriberto Pazos Ortiz House of Culture of the Triqui nation, while Pérez Castillo was en route to the Sánchez Pascua market.  The victim was attended to by the Red Cross and transferred to a hostel in the Oaxacan capital.  These same media report that his health status is in question.  They also reported that MULT members carried out a march from the clinic to the Zócalo of the city, where they installed a sit-in to demand the arrest and punishment of those responsible.  Emelia Ortiz García, political niece of the victim, did not deny that the aggression may have originated from organizations opposed to MULT.  Meanwhile, the Defense Organization for Human Rights of the Oaxacan People authorized precautionary measures in favor of Juan Domingo Pérez and 12 of his relatives, by means of which the state police has been instructed to provide them with the necessary security measures to protect life and integrity.

For more information (in Spanish):

La Jornada: Atentan contra el fundador del MULT en el centro de Oaxaca (22/08/2012)

Milenio: Atentan contra líder triqui en Oaxaca; su estado de salud es delicado (21/08/2012)

Noticias Oaxaca: Defensoría del Pueblo de Oaxaca emite medida cautelar a favor de líder del MULT agredido y familiares (22/08/2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Triquis return to sit-in (9 February 2012)

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Heriberto Pazos Ortiz, leader and founder of MULT, is killed (26 October 2010)


Oaxaca: Different versions regarding future departure of Father Solalinde from migrant home

August 27, 2012

Alejandro Solalinde @ Página3

Alejandro Solalinde @ Página3

During the first week of August, different stories were published regarding the future departure of Father Alejandro Solalinde Guerra from the “Brothers on the Path” migrant home in Ixtepec.  The priest, interviewed in media, commented that Óscar Armando Campos Contreras, bishop of the Tehuantepec diocese to whom Solalinde Guerra is subordinated, asked him to resign his post as director of the migrant home, so as to “put an end to conflicts,” as Father Solalinde put it.  This claim was later denied by Campos Contreras, who indicated that he had had a conversation with Solalinde regarding the possibility that he leave the home.  In any case, this question will be addressed again in November.

It was subsequently reported that Solalinde had to be taken to hospital, because he apparently suffers from dengue.  On 13 August, he was released in accordance with media reports so as to return to Ixtepec, but no mention was made of his specific condition.

For more information (in Spanish):

Página 3: Pide obispo de Tehuantepec a Solalinde dejar el albergue; es protagonismo, dice (07/08/2012)

La Jornada: Puedo luchar contra cárteles, pero no contra mi Iglesia: Alejandro Solalinde (08/08/2012)

La Jornada: Niega el obispo de Tehuantepec haberle pedido a Solalinde renunciar a albergue (09/08/2012)

Radio Red 1110 AM: Entrevista con Solalinde Guerra (en Youtube.com)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Padre Solalinde returns to Mexico (20 July 2012)

Oaxaca: Padre Solalinde leaves the country temporarily due to death-threats (21 May 2012)

Oaxaca: Aggressions continue against migrants and Father Solalinde (19 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Father Solalinde denounces detention by local cacique (16 January 2012)


Guerrero: Governor Aguirre Rivero will not support construction of La Parota

August 27, 2012

On 16 August 2012 in the city of Acapulco, there was held the official signing of the Cacahuatepec Accords between members of the Council of Communities Opposed to the La Parota Dam (CECOP) and governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero.  This agreement stipulates that the government will not support or promote the construction of the hydroelectric dam “La Parota,” which the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) has desired to construct.  This document signals that the government would have to tell President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa of the decision of the campesinos and owners of the land, who reject the sale of territory for the construction of the dam.  By signing the document, the governor also commits himself not to use public force against CECOP, instead choosing peace, justice, and respect for the right of campesinos.  The act of signing the Accords was witnessed by archbishop Carlos Garfias Merlos, who acted as a mediator between CECOP and the Aguirre administration.  Marco Antonio Suástegui, spokesperson for CECOP, said that this represents a historical event, given that after 10 years of struggle, no governor had agreed to sign on to such an agreement.

For more information (in Spanish):

Cancelan proyecto hidroeléctrico ‘La Parota’ (W Radio, 17 de agosto de 2012)

Firma Aguirre Acuerdos de Cacahuatepec con los opositores a la presa La Parota (El Sur Acapulco, 17 de agosto de 2012)

Cancelan proyecto hidrológico La Parota en Acapulco (Milenio, 16 de agosto)

Acuerdan apoyo contra La Parota (El Universal, 17 de agosto)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Federal tribunal confirms end to La Parota dam project (20 July 2012)

Guerrero: CECOP will initiate a series of mobilizations demanding the definitive cancellation of the La Parota dam (3 April 2012)

Guerrero: denunciations and declarations of the CRAC and CECOP (12 March 2012)

Guerrero briefs: Two ecologist are kidnapped by armed men in the Sierra de Petatlán (14 December 2011)

Guerrero: CFE contemplates acceleration of La Parota project (27 November 2011)


Chiapas: MOVIAC meeting in Acteal on climate change

August 27, 2012

Worktable on sustainable rural cities @SIPAZ

From 9 to 11 August, in the Acteal community, the Mexican Movement for Alternatives to Environmental Effects and Climate Change (MOVIAC-Chiapas) carried out the “Meeting of Alternatives to Environmental Destruction and Climate Change.”  Close to 300 members of the Las Abejas Civil Society, the Campesino Regional Independent Movement (MOCRI), the Digna Ochoa Center for Human Rights, MOVIAC El Salvador, and MOVIAC Guatemala, among many others, participated for three days in the event that included 5 worktables.  The questions that were examined in these tables were sustainable rural cities, defense of land and territory, megaprojects, food sovereignty, and environmental degradation.

MOVIAC-Chiapas is a social movement comprised at the base of indigenous and campesino individuals, peoples and communities, collectives, civil orgainzations, academics, artists, communicators, activists, and human rights defenders who find the climate crisis to be a result of the depradatory models of extraction of natural resources such as water, land, minerals, forests, and jungles.  During the meeting, the groups exchanged informed regarding different environmental impacts and human-rights violations associated with mining projects, such as in Chicomuselo, the rural sustainable cities like Nuevo Juan de Grijalva, and planned dams such as that of San Juan Cancúc.  The meeting also served as a preparatory space for a subsequent MOVIAC forum that will be held in November in El Salvador.

Those who signed the final declaration of the event demand among other things the immediate cancellation of all megaprojects and projects (dams, mining, wind parks, extraction of gas and petroleum, rural cities, etc.) that negatively impact Mother Earth and her peoples, in addition to calling for the cancellation of all permits and cultivation of transgenic seeds.

For more information (in Spanish):

DECLARACION DE ACTEAL MOVIAC

Nace en Chiapas nuevo Movimiento en Defensa de la Madre Tierra.(Proyecto Ambulante, 8 de agosto de 2012)

http://moviacchiapas.blogspot.mx/

http://otrosmundoschiapas.org


Guerrero: Tlachinollan lawyer returns to the country

August 16, 2012

Photo @Tlachinollan

Vidulfo Rosales Sierra, the lawyer for the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights who went into exile from the country for some months following his being threatened for his work as a human-rights defender, has returned to Mexico to reintegrate himself into his work tasks, starting on 9 August.  The human-rights defender was in Casas Guerrero to meet with the Governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero; accompanying him were many members of different social organizations, who demanded that the state executive provide protection and guarantees to the lawyer, and above all that the origin of the threats which led him to leave the country be investigated.  Aguirre Rivero spoke of granting Rosales guarantees and protection, but he did not specify of what kind or starting when.  In May the lawyer had to leave the country for the death-threats he had received.

Among the organizations that accompanied Vidulfo Rosales in the meeting was the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC), the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to the La Parota Dam (CECOP), the Workshop for Communal Development (TADECO), and the State Commission on Human Rights (CODDEHUM).  Marco Suástegui Muñoz, spokesperson for CECOP, told the governor that if he did not provide guarantees and protection to Rosales Sierra and those behind the death-threats succeed in getting to Rosales, the only responsible party would be his government: “I want to tell you Ángel that Vidulfo is not alone, and he is not a criminal.  He has no reason to need to leave the country once again…  It is your government which must guarantee the integrity of Vidulfo, and if it is not your government, we, the opponents to the La Parota project, the vandals of Ayotzinapa, as they have been called, Inés and valentina, brave women–we will defend him.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Carta de la sociedad civil al gobernador Aguirre Rivero (9 de agosto de 2012)

Tras su exilio, regresa al estado el abogado de Tlachinollan (La Jornada de Guerrero, 10 de agosto de 2012)

Abandona exilio Vidulfo Rosales, confirma Tlachinollan (Novedades Acapulco, 8 de agosto de 2012)

Tlachinollan: Tlachinollan anuncia regreso del defensor Vidulfo Rosales a Guerrero (Peace Brigades International, 10 de agosto de 2012)

Activista pone fin a su exilio y regresa a Guerrero (Proceso, 9 de agosto de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: 18th anniversary of the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights (20 June 2012)

Guerrero: Tlachinollan lawyer receives death threats (5 June 012)

Guerrero: CNDH confirms serious rights-violations against students of Ayotzinapa (16 January 2012)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


National: “Nueva Esperanza: displaced for a year, and in critical conditions”: Civil Mission

August 16, 2012

Imagen del campamento de los refugiados guatemaltecos @ Misión Civil de Observación, agosto de 2012

Image of the Guatemalan refugee camp @ Civil Mission of Observation, August 2012

On 5 August, several organizations released a joint bulletin regarding their visit to the residents of the Guatemalan community Nueva Esperanza, where they have resettled following their displacement by the army of their country in August 2011.  They have since found themselves to be refugees on the Mexican side of the border with Guatemala.  The organizations which in October 2011 participated in a Civil Mission of Observation to document the situation and the humanitarian conditions of the residents note in their recent pronunciation that “the conditions that previously were critical last October have deteriorated even more due to the scarcity of water and aid.”

The organizations indicated that for the Guatemalan families, “de facto refugees in Mexico since August 2011, our country refused them their due assistance and, violating the most elemental obligations of humanitarian law, expelled a large part of the families under the misleading term ‘repatriation,’ which should always be voluntary.  The families were obligated to move themselves some meters to locate themselves in Guatemalan territory, where they have been meeting with their own government to negotiate under critical and inhuman conditions.  Nearly one year after the forced displacement, the residents call themselves the ‘Campesino Camp in Resistance Nueva Esperanza'; they represent a challenge that is located in a border that is not only forgotten but also non-existent.”

The visit was carried out with the objective of updating the report “The Forgotten Border,” which was presented in November 2011 by the Civil Mission of Observation following the first visit.  During this visit also participated Services and Assessment for Peace (SERAPAZ) Chiapas, the Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Center for Human Rights, the Fray Pedro Lorenzo de la Nada Commitee for Human Rights, the Tabasco Human Rights Committee (Codehutab), the UYiits Ka’an School for Agroecology, and the Indignation Team.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado conjunto: Nueva Esperanza: un año desplazada y en condiciones críticas: Misión Civil (pdf) (05/08/2012)

El Universal: ONG alertan sobre desplazados guatemaltecos(06/08/2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/Tabasco: “The forgotten border” press-conference (13 December 2011)

Civil Observation Mission ends in Tenosique; migrants and rights-defenders in grave danger; caravan of Central American mothers searching for disappeared relatives arrives in Tenosique (14 November 2011)


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