National/International: Multiple mobilizations and marches for the “Pain” and “Rage” of Ayotzinapa

October 12, 2014

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EZLN march in San Cristóbal de Las Casas @ SIPAZ

On 8 October, in at least 25 states of the Mexican Republic and in different cities of the U.S. and Europe, millions of persons marched to demand the appearance with life of the 43 disappeared normalist students of Ayotzinapa, and to demand justice for the 6 who were murdered and more than 20 who were injured during the events of 26 and 27 September.  Following these acts, 22 municipal police were arrested by the authorities in Guerrero, in addition to four suspected members of the United Warriors cartel.  Federal and state experts are analyzing if the 28 recently identified corpses from mass-graves correspond to those who have been disappeared.

Marcha

March in SCLC @ SIPAZ

In Chiapas, more than 60,000 mobilized in seven regions of the state.  Indeed, approximately 20,000 members of the Zapatista Army for National Liberation (EZLN) marched in rigorous silence, carrying signs with messages like “your pain is ours” and “your rage is ours.”  Furthermore, members of section 7 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE), social organizations, students, and citizens marched as well, with the most popular slogan that was heard being “You took them alive; we want them back alive!”

Beyond this, the Revolutionary Army of the Insurgent People (ERPI) announced the creation of a “justice brigade” to confront drug-trafficking organizations in Guerrero, particularly the “United Warriors” cartel, who are presumed as being responsible for the violence seen in Iguala.

Para más información:

Ayotzinapa convoca a la solidaridad ciudadana (Más de 131, 7 de octubre de 2014)

15,000 personas exigen a Peña hallar a normalistas desaparecidos en Iguala (CNN México, 8 de octubre de 2014)

Marchas en 25 estados para pedir justicia por Ayotzinapa (La Jornada, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Marcha silenciosa de unos 20 mil zapatistas por Ayotzinapa(Chiapas Paralelo, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Se movilizan miles en Chiapas para exigir justicia para Ayotzinapa (Chiapas Paralelo, 9 de octubre de 2014)

RvsR: Ante los asesinatos y desapariciones de Ayotzinapa (Enlace Zapatista, 7 de octubre de 2014)

Video: ERPI declara la guerra a “Guerreros Unidos” (Aristegui Noticias, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Sign the Amnesty Internacional petition: Ayotzinapa Justicia

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died (11 October 2014)

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


Chiapas: One year after the maternal death of Suzana Hernández Gómez

October 12, 2014


Gire_Susana_inv

On 6 October, relatives of Susana Hernández Gómez together with activists carried out a protest in front of the Women’s Hospital with banners and candles.  One year ago, Susana (26 years of age) was admitted to this hospital in San Cristóbal de las Casas, where she died during labor due to medical negligence.  Subsequently, the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) investigated the case and released a recommendation to state authorities in the matter.

During the protest action, Regina Tamés, director of the Group of Information for Elected Reproduction (GIRE), declared that no significant advances had been made in the attention offered to indigenous women in public hospitals of the state.  She reported that, according to the Observatory on Maternal Mortality, in Chiapas 60.6 mothers died for each 100,000 births, with the national average being 42.3.  In accordance with the statistics of this same Observatory, if the first 31 weeks of 2014 are compared with the same 31 weeks of 2013, the number of maternal deaths in Chiapas can be seen to have increased 31%.

Worryingly, this same day, local and national media reported not on the protest action but rather on the press-release issued by the state government which announced that the Chiapas state health ministry plans to invest more than 18 million pesos to improve infrastructure and technology in the Women’s Hospital of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, this as a means of observing recommendation 29/2014 made by the CNDH, which in fact followed from the maternal death of Suzana Hernández.

For more information (in Spanish):

A la muerte de Susana por negligencia médica, una salida de 18 millones de pesos (Chiapas Paralelo, 7 de octubre de 2014)

Invierte Chiapas más de 18 mdp en mejoras hospitalarias (El Universal , 6 de octubre de 2014)

Página Chipasónate “Justicia para Suzana” (GIRE):http://chiapasionate.gire.org.mx/


Chiapas: Presentation of annual report from the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights, “Between official cynicism and popular dignity”

October 12, 2014


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On 8 October, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC) presented its annual report, entitled “Human Rights under Debate: Between official cynicism and popular dignity,” which corresponds to the period between January 2013 and July 2014, as based in information compiled in Chiapas.  Those who spoke on the panel to present the report were Dolores González Saravia, director of Services and Assessment for Peace (SERAPAZ); Fray Gonzalo Ituarte, member of the directive council of the CDHFBC; and  José Javier Avilés Arreola, vicar for justice and peace from the San Cristóbal de Las Casas diocese.

The report is comprised of four chapters.  First, “Faces of plunder,” describes how “the governments seek to commodify the Earth and land”; second, a discourse on the defense of human rights, and third, the impacts of the armed internal conflict in Chiapas on the national system.  In the fourth chapter, it is written that “life, death, and rebirth is resignified by those who survived the Acteal massacre , those who testify about the terror of the crimes against humanity committed in the northern zone of Chiapas, the continued impunity in the case of the Viejo Velasco massacre, and the invisibilization of our disappeared, among other stories that have lacerated humanity.  Despite this, the spirit of searching for truth and justice is the path that illuminates our path amidst the war standing,” as the CDHFBC indicated in its press-bulletin.

On 20 October, the report will also be presented at the Lamm Cultural Center in Mexico City.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe: Los derechos humanos a debate “Entre el cinismo oficial y la Dignidad de los Pueblos”

Presenta Frayba su Informe Anual: Los Derechos Humanos a Debate(Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos, 5 de octubre de 2014)

Audio – Video:Informe Frayba 2014 – Presentación (Ustream.tv)
For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/International: US Supreme Court rejects appeal in case against former president Zedillo over Acteal masascre

October 12, 2014

Acteal (@SIPAZ archivo)

Acteal (@SIPAZ archive)

On 6 October, the U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) rejected an appeal that had been submitted by 10 individuals against the former Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León (1994-2000) for his responsibility in the Acteal massacre (December 1997), which left 45 dead in Chiapas state.  SCOTUS did not justify its decision; instead it simply upheld the decision made in February 2013 by a federal judge in Connecticut, holding that Zedillo has political immunity as a former head of state.

The initial demand had been presented in 2011 in Hartford, Connecticut, accusing Ernesto Zedillo of having covered up the events of the massacre.  The case was submitted in Connecticut because that is where he resides, being a professor at Yale University.  Plaintiffs had demanded compensation of $50 million for relatives of the victims of the massacre.

For more information (in Spanish):

Tribunal Supremo de EU rechaza oír la apelación contra Zedillo por Acteal (CNN México, 6 de octubre de 2014)

Desechan en EU demanda contra Zedillo por masacre de Acteal (Proceso, 6 de octubre de 2014)

Corte Suprema en EU desecha demanda contra Zedillo por masacre de Acteal (Animal Político, 6 de octubre de 2014)

Corte Suprema de EU bloquea demanda contra Zedillo por Acteal (La Jornada, 6 de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Case against Zedillo for Acteal massacre is dismissed (21 July 2013)

Chiapas: Commemoration of 20th anniversary of Las Abejas and coming 15th anniversary of the Acteal massacre (21 December 2012)

Chiapas: Survivor of Acteal massacre dies (16 November 2012)

Chiapas: the Las Abejas Civil Society denounces reactivation of paramilitaries in its community (12 October 2012)

National-International: Zedillo obtains immunity for the Acteal case(19 September 2012)


Chiapas: SCJN calls on Chiapas state congress to modify electoral reforms to respect gender equity

October 11, 2014

Congreso de Chiapas (@Chiapas Paralelo)

On 2 October, the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) released a sentence regarding electoral reform in Chiapas state that requested that the local deputies of the congress eliminate a clause so as to respect gender equity among candidates.  Last June, the Chiapas state congress approved a reform that included an exception to gender equity in the case that a candidate would leave an electoral campaign through a democratic way as determined internally to the party in question.  The Party for Democratic Revolution (PRD) had submitted a motion regarding the constitutionality of this clause, considering it to function to the detriment of women’s political participation.

Beyond this, and for the first time, the SCJN declared that the electoral laws that mandate affirmative action for women are constitutional.  Another article of the electoral code of Chiapas that calls for women to lead the lists of candidates to multiple positions and for the wages for candidates to be represented proportionately had been challenged by the Labor Party (PT), though the Court has decided against this challenge now.

For more information (in Spanish):

Obliga la SCJN al Congreso de Chiapas a respetar paridad de género en candidaturas (Chiapas Paralelo, 4 de octubre de 2014)

SCJN invalida reformas electorales de Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 3 de octubre de 2014)

Avala Suprema Corte trato preferente no igualitario a mujeres candidatas (Noticias.net, 3 de octubre de 2014)


The Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal condemns Mexican State for crimes against humanity

October 11, 2014

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Testimony from a survivor of the Viejo Velasco massacre during the TPP in El Limonar, Chiapas, July 2014. Photo@Sipaz

From 25 to 27 September in the indigenous community of Santa Fe de la Laguna, Quiroga municipality, Michoacán state, there was held the final audience on “The right to life, against violence and State terrorism” contained within the “Dirty War” Axis of the Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal (TPP), Mexico Chapter.  16 cases were presented, covering the year 1960 to present, “by means of which was shown the systematic violation of human rights as a policy of the Mexican State against social movements, the defense of human rights, and the people in general.”  The international jury was lead by Alberto León Gómez Zuluaga (Colombia) and comprised of Marcelo Ferreira (Argentina), Marusia López Cruz (JASS Mexico), Beatriz Torres Abelaira (CaMeNA-UACM), Soila Luna Pineda (Don Sergio Méndez Arceo Foundation), Jtatic Juan Méndez Gutiérrez (Center for Indigenous Rights, CEDIAC AC-Chiapas), and Carlos Núñez Ruiz (Center for Indigenous Rights, CEDIAC AC-Chiapas).

In its ruling, the TPP condemned the Mexican State “for its direct and indirect participation, for action and omission, in the commission of crimes against humanity, as seen in the following: murder; extermination; deportation or forcible transfer of population; incarceration or other grave deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental international human rights law; torture and other cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment; rape and sexual abuse; persecution of groups and collectives for political and ethnic motives; forcible disappearance of persons and attacks against human-rights and environmental defenders.”

Beyond this, the TPP formulated recommendations to the Mexican United States, international organizations, social communication media, Mexican society, social organizations, and victims.  The tribunal closed its ruling by expressing its solidarity with the people’s struggles.

For more information (in Spanish):

Fallo del TPP Audiencia Guerra sucia (29 de septiembre de 2014)

Guerra Sucia como violencia, impunidad y falta de acceso a la justicia(Subversiones – Agencia Autónoma de Comunicación, 25 de septiembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in Englsih):

Chiapas: TPP preaudience judges Mexican State for crimes against humanity (27 July 2014)

Chiapas: Invitation to the TPP preaudience, “With justice and peace we will find truth” (19 July 2014)

Chiapas: 7 years since the Viejo Velasco massacre (7 December 2013)

Chiapas: 5 years after the Viejo Velasco massacre (26 November 2011)


Chiapas: Families from Banavil, two years and ten months following their forcible displacement

October 11, 2014

Niña desplazada de Banavil (@CDHFBC)

Girl displaced from Banavil (@ Koman Ilel)

In a communique published on 3 October, two years and 10 months after their forced displacement, sympathizers of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) from Banavil, Tenejapa municipality, called on the state government and the State Attorney General’s Office to investigate and punish those responsible for the firearm attack that led to their displacement as well as the forcible disappearance of Alonso López Luna.

They denounced that the state and federal governments “have done nothing,” nor has the Special Prosecutorial Office for Indigenous Justice.  They indicated furthermore that the federal judge of the Fifth Circuit in Tuxtla Gutiérrez had allowed for the release of Alonso Gusmán López, whom they consider to have been responsible for the death of Alonso López Luna.

For more information (in Spanish):

Familias desplazadas de Banavil a dos años y diez meses exigiendo justicia (3 de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Those displaced from Banavil continue demanding justice (9 de septiembre de 2014)

Chiapas: Denunciation from and announcement of action on part of the displaced from Banavil and the Aurora Ermita ejido(10 April 2014)

Chiapas: Two years after the attack in Banavil, displacement and forced disappearance live on,” CDHFBC (9 December 2013)

Chiapas: Public denunciation from those displaced from Banavil (16 September 2013)

Chiapas: The displaced of Banavil, Tenejapa in “precarious and inhumane conditions” (8 April 2013)


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