National/International: Multiple mobilizations and marches for the “Pain” and “Rage” of Ayotzinapa

October 12, 2014

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EZLN march in San Cristóbal de Las Casas @ SIPAZ

On 8 October, in at least 25 states of the Mexican Republic and in different cities of the U.S. and Europe, millions of persons marched to demand the appearance with life of the 43 disappeared normalist students of Ayotzinapa, and to demand justice for the 6 who were murdered and more than 20 who were injured during the events of 26 and 27 September.  Following these acts, 22 municipal police were arrested by the authorities in Guerrero, in addition to four suspected members of the United Warriors cartel.  Federal and state experts are analyzing if the 28 recently identified corpses from mass-graves correspond to those who have been disappeared.

Marcha

March in SCLC @ SIPAZ

In Chiapas, more than 60,000 mobilized in seven regions of the state.  Indeed, approximately 20,000 members of the Zapatista Army for National Liberation (EZLN) marched in rigorous silence, carrying signs with messages like “your pain is ours” and “your rage is ours.”  Furthermore, members of section 7 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE), social organizations, students, and citizens marched as well, with the most popular slogan that was heard being “You took them alive; we want them back alive!”

Beyond this, the Revolutionary Army of the Insurgent People (ERPI) announced the creation of a “justice brigade” to confront drug-trafficking organizations in Guerrero, particularly the “United Warriors” cartel, who are presumed as being responsible for the violence seen in Iguala.

Para más información:

Ayotzinapa convoca a la solidaridad ciudadana (Más de 131, 7 de octubre de 2014)

15,000 personas exigen a Peña hallar a normalistas desaparecidos en Iguala (CNN México, 8 de octubre de 2014)

Marchas en 25 estados para pedir justicia por Ayotzinapa (La Jornada, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Marcha silenciosa de unos 20 mil zapatistas por Ayotzinapa(Chiapas Paralelo, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Se movilizan miles en Chiapas para exigir justicia para Ayotzinapa (Chiapas Paralelo, 9 de octubre de 2014)

RvsR: Ante los asesinatos y desapariciones de Ayotzinapa (Enlace Zapatista, 7 de octubre de 2014)

Video: ERPI declara la guerra a “Guerreros Unidos” (Aristegui Noticias, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Sign the Amnesty Internacional petition: Ayotzinapa Justicia

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died (11 October 2014)

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


Guerrero: Update in the “Iguala case” – 43 persons continue to be disappeared

October 11, 2014

IMGP6712Students from the normal rural school of Ayotzinapa at the eighteenth anniversary of Tlachinollan. Foto @SIPAZ

On 2 October, in the cities of Chilpancingo, Acapulco, Atoyac, Tecpan, Chilapa, Ometepec, and Iguala, parents of the disappeared normalist students, students themselves, in addition to social activists, trade unionists, and citizens in general marched to demand justice for the lamentable acts which took place on 26 and 27 September in Iguala, Guerrero. In Chilpancingo protestors blockades the Sol Highway for six hours to demand the reappearance with life of the 43 youth from Ayotzinapa and punishment for the material and intellectual authors of the murders of three youth, a child, a bus driver, and a woman in Iguala.

The mobilization in Chilpancingo concluded at night, following the report given to protestors by Guerrero Secretary for Governance, Jesús Martínez Garnelo, that his office offered to receive the parents of the disappeared students the following day.  Vidulfo Rosales Sierra, lawyer for the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, who is leading the search for the 43 disappeared students, held the state government responsible for having “given time” for Iguala mayor José Luis Abarca Velázquez and Felipe Flores, secretary for public security, “to flee.” “They could have arrested the mayor when he went to present his license to the council,” noted the lawyer.  In a communique released on 1 October, the same center for human rights declared that “the Mexican State, at the three levels of governance, has failed to observe its oblgiation to carry out an exhaustive and immediate search for the disappeared youth, with due diligence and in conformity with the highest international standards.”

Meanwhile, workers from the central sector of the state government, concentrated in the Palace for Governance, were sent on the orders of Governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero to search for the disappeared students in Iguala, without having received any sort of training toward this end.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado permanecen 43 normalistas desaparecidos (CDHM Tlachinollan,1 de octubre de 2014)

Envía el gobierno estatal a sus empleados a buscar a los normalistas en Iguala (La Jornada, 2 de octubre de 2014)

Se movilizan miles en reclamo de justicia para normalistas muertos (La Jornada, 3 de octubre de 2014)

Megamarcha en Chilpancingo en demanda de hallar a normalistas (La Jornada, 3 de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died (11 October 2014)

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Release of police charged for the murder of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (29 April 2013)

Guerrero: CNDH confirms serious rights-violations against students of Ayotzinapa (16 January 2012)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


The Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal condemns Mexican State for crimes against humanity

October 11, 2014

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Testimony from a survivor of the Viejo Velasco massacre during the TPP in El Limonar, Chiapas, July 2014. Photo@Sipaz

From 25 to 27 September in the indigenous community of Santa Fe de la Laguna, Quiroga municipality, Michoacán state, there was held the final audience on “The right to life, against violence and State terrorism” contained within the “Dirty War” Axis of the Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal (TPP), Mexico Chapter.  16 cases were presented, covering the year 1960 to present, “by means of which was shown the systematic violation of human rights as a policy of the Mexican State against social movements, the defense of human rights, and the people in general.”  The international jury was lead by Alberto León Gómez Zuluaga (Colombia) and comprised of Marcelo Ferreira (Argentina), Marusia López Cruz (JASS Mexico), Beatriz Torres Abelaira (CaMeNA-UACM), Soila Luna Pineda (Don Sergio Méndez Arceo Foundation), Jtatic Juan Méndez Gutiérrez (Center for Indigenous Rights, CEDIAC AC-Chiapas), and Carlos Núñez Ruiz (Center for Indigenous Rights, CEDIAC AC-Chiapas).

In its ruling, the TPP condemned the Mexican State “for its direct and indirect participation, for action and omission, in the commission of crimes against humanity, as seen in the following: murder; extermination; deportation or forcible transfer of population; incarceration or other grave deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental international human rights law; torture and other cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment; rape and sexual abuse; persecution of groups and collectives for political and ethnic motives; forcible disappearance of persons and attacks against human-rights and environmental defenders.”

Beyond this, the TPP formulated recommendations to the Mexican United States, international organizations, social communication media, Mexican society, social organizations, and victims.  The tribunal closed its ruling by expressing its solidarity with the people’s struggles.

For more information (in Spanish):

Fallo del TPP Audiencia Guerra sucia (29 de septiembre de 2014)

Guerra Sucia como violencia, impunidad y falta de acceso a la justicia(Subversiones – Agencia Autónoma de Comunicación, 25 de septiembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in Englsih):

Chiapas: TPP preaudience judges Mexican State for crimes against humanity (27 July 2014)

Chiapas: Invitation to the TPP preaudience, “With justice and peace we will find truth” (19 July 2014)

Chiapas: 7 years since the Viejo Velasco massacre (7 December 2013)

Chiapas: 5 years after the Viejo Velasco massacre (26 November 2011)


Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died

October 11, 2014

Foto de archivo @ SIPAZ

Archive photo @ SIPAZ

On 26 and 27 September, municipal police from Iguala, Guerrero, together with an armed commando group that has yet to be identified, opened fire at several coordinated events against students, athletes, and other civilians, leaving six dead, 25 injured, and more than 50 students disappeared.

Since the morning of Friday 26 September, close to 150 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa had arrived to Iguala to carry out a fundraising activity: they had planned to raise money to finance a march on 2 October, which was the forty-sixth anniversary of the Tlatelolco massacre.  Police intercepted the caravan comprised of three buses and two SUVs, demanding that the vehicles stop, but the youth resisted arrested.  On Saturday 27 September, the students from Ayotzinapa organized a press-conference at the location of the first police attack.  There, they secured the zone using stones to prevent the loss of evidence, particularly the bullet casings left behind by police.  The students were speaking with journalists from different media groups when an unknown group suddenly appeared, opening fire with weapons of different calibers.

The State Attorney General’s Office of Guerrero has arrested 22 members of the State Preventive Police of Iguala who have been indicated as prime suspects in the crime.  On 1 October, though the statistics varied according to the source in question, there were more than 30 persons who continued to be disappeared.  At the same time, it was reported that the PRD mayor of Iguala, José Luis Abarca Velázquez, had also disappeared after having received authorization to investigate the crimes.

For more information (in Spanish):

Enfrentamientos entre policías y normalistas dejan 6 muertos (Milenio, 27 de septiembre de 2014)

ACCIÓN URGENTE | Permanecen desaparecidos 55 normalistas agredidos en Iguala (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 28 de septiembre de 2014)

Violaciones de DH cometidas en contra de estudiantes de la normal rural Raúl Isidro burgos, en Iguala, Guerrero (Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos “Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos”, 29 de septiembre de 2014)

Solicita licencia el alcalde de Iguala por el caso de los asesinados el fin de semana (la Jornada de Guerrero, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

Iguala evidencia que policía municipal está infiltrada por la delincuencia, acusa gobernador (Animal Político, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

Localizan a 19 normalistas (El SUr de Acapulco, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Release of police charged for the murder of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (29 April 2013)

Guerrero: CNDH confirms serious rights-violations against students of Ayotzinapa (16 January 2012)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


National: political trial sought against head of the National Commission on Human Rights

October 1, 2014

Raúl Plascencia Villanueva (@CNDH)

Raúl Plascencia Villanueva (@CNDH)

On 24 September, close to 85 persons and civil organizations formed the Citizens’ Committee to attempt to rescue the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH), calling on the federal congress to begin a political trial of its present director, Raúl Plascencia Villanueva, whom they accuse of having “failed in his mandate of defending victims of human-rights violations.”  They provided two arguments to support this claim: “1. The extremely grave omissions of the CNDH amidst the innumerable human-rights violations in Mexico. 2. The utilization of the institution as ‘a fashion’ and toward ends that are separate from the defense of human rights.”

The accusers accompanied their request with situations and cases that “are very well documented in the attached denunciation, which comes close to 100 pages of evidence showing that the CNDH president has omitted acting in an opportune, comprehensive, and independent manner in affairs that would make it imperative that he act in accordance with the constitutional mandate he received upon being named head of the CNDH.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Juicio político contra Raúl Plascencia Villanueva, presidente de la CNDH (Comunicado presentado ante la Cámara de Diputados, 24 de septiembre de 2014)

Piden a diputados iniciar juicio político contra titular de la CNDH(Proceso, 24 de septiembre de 2014)

Defensores de DH de todo México exigen juicio político contra el ombudsman nacional (Animal Político, 25 de septiembre de 2014)

Plascencia no tiene estatura moral para avalar derechos humanos: grupos civiles (Sin Embargo, 25 de septiembre de 2014)


National: XI National Meeting of the Mexican Movement of Those Affected by Dams and in Defense of Rivers (MAPDER) in Olintla, Puebla

September 15, 2014

Marcha en Olintla, Puebla (@Boca de Polen)

From 29 to 31 August, the XI National Meeting of the Mexican Movement of Those Affected by Dams and in Defense of Rivers (MAPDER) took place in Olintla municipality, Puebla, with the participation of more than 600 persons pertaining to 80 organizations hailing from the states of Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Mexico City, Mexico State, and Coahuila, as well as other countries.  At the event, participants share their experiences, struggles, and dreams.

In the final Declaration, conference-participants denounced that, “since the [time of the] approval of the structural reforms promoted by the government of Enrique Peña Nieto, [...] we have confronted a meticulous and systematic dismantling of all the legal mechanisms used by the people in defense of their lands.  The right to consultation, communal property in land, free municipalities, the–already weak–environmental regulations: all of this has been weakened so as to open the door to investment in megaprojects.”  They warned that “to close the pincer-grasp of the counter-reforms that have battered the country for three decades, the government of Peña Nieto is preparing to place the cherry on the cake with the announced agrarian reform, which seeks to consolidate the plan to plunder campesino lands begun in 1992 by Carlos Salinas de Gortari. Amidst this latest attempt to attack our rights, they have said that they come for our lands and territories.  We tell them: ‘Here we await you.  You will not pass!'”

Conference-goers also indicated that the government “employs all power in the security forces and military to repress communal defenders and to demobilize struggle by criminalizing social protest [...].  The murder of Noé Vázquez, the illegal arrest of our comrade in struggle Marco Antonio Suástegui (CECOP), [and] the imposition of arrest-orders against dozens of MAPDER members are demonstrations of the war strategy to loot our peoples.”

They closed by stressing that “we will continue to advance our own communal ways of life, and we struggle for an alternative energy project in Mexico and Latin America.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Declaración de Olintla y Acuerdos del XI Encuentro Nacional del MAPDER(MAPDER, 31 de agosto de 2014)

El rechazo a reformas, entre las demandas del Mapder (La Jornada de Oriente, 3 de septiembre de 2014)

Audio de Boca de Polen: http://bocadepolen.org/web/?p=12994

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: Murder of MAPDER member in Veracruz (20 August 2013)

National: IX National Intercultural Meeting of MAPDER in Presidio de los Reyes (15 October 2013)

Chiapas: Regional Forum in Defense of the Land, the Territory and Natural Resources held in Ejido Costa Rica, frontier municipality of Comalapa (9 March 2011)

Chiapas: pilgrimage against “death projects” (3 December 2010)


National: Report on human rights in Mexico (from June 2013 to May 2014)

September 6, 2014

portada-informe-webOn August 30, the Report “Defending human rights in Mexico: A struggle against impunity (from June 2013 to May 2014)” was presented in Mexico City. It’s based on the work of documentation of Urgent Action for the Defense of Human Rights (ACUDDEH AC), Comité Cerezo Mexico and the National Campaign Against Enforced Disappearances.

The report recorded that since the beginning of Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) Presidency, 669 arbitrary political arrests were registered, of which 412 were documented in the report. 25 extrajudicial executions against human rights defenders were also documented (23 are in the report). As for the forced disappearance, during the administration of EPN, 29 occurred, of which 16 are included in the report. Not including arbitrary arrests in Mexico City, the most dangerous states for the work of human rights defenders are Oaxaca, Chiapas and Guerrero.

The press release highlighted: “We remain convinced that to sum up the information that has been documented with respect to cases of political imprisonment, arbitrary detentions, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances, help to get a much more comprehensive picture of the strategies of social control, political repression and counter-insurgency that the state uses in its quest to impose to the Mexican population a series of reforms that deepen neoliberal policies, or what is the same, that deepen dispossession and plunder in the conditions of a worthy life for people in general.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe: La defensa de los derechos humanos en México: una lucha contra la impunidad Junio de 2013 a mayo de 2014 (Comité Cerezo México, 30 de agosto de 2014)

La defensa de los DDHH en México: una lucha contra la impunidad‏. Junio de 2013 a mayo de 2014 (Kaos en la Red, 28 de agosto de 2014)

PRESENTACIÓN INFORME: LA DEFENSA DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS EN MÉXICO DE 2013 A 2014 (Protection Line, 26 de agosto de 2014)

La defensa de los derechos humanos en México: una lucha contra la impunidad Junio de 2013 a mayo de 2014 (Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos  “Todos los derechos para todas y todos”)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Publication of report “Human rights in Oaxaca 2009-2013. Citizens’ report: a pressing debt” (August 20, 2013)

National: 176 recommendations for Mexico during the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) (November 13, 2013)


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