Chiapas: Sit-in, hunger-strike, suturing of lips, and simulated crucifixion for the release of Florentino Gómez Girón

December 15, 2014

Foto @ Raúl Vera/Chiapas Paralelo

Photo @ Raúl Vera/Chiapas Paralelo

Since 10 November, relatives of Florentino Gómez Girón (who has been held in the no. 14 prison of El Amate in Cintalapa since 1 May, on the charge of robbing cattle) and members of the “Ricardo Flores Magón” Popular Front have maintained a sit-in before the Chiapas state-congress in Tuxtla Gutiérrez to demand the release of Gómez Girón. Some days later, after having denounced “governmental indifference” and suffered police harassment and the threat of displacement using public force, those who comprised the sit-in began a hunger strike, sutured their lips, and participated in a mock crucifixion before the congress.

Filemón Gómez reported that the health of seven of the ten hunger strikes has declined, adding that they are presenting fluctuations in blood pressure, weakness of the extremities, nausea, dizziness, risk of infection, and gangrenous symptoms due to the sutures.  In this way, she added that protestors had had no contact with state authorities to address the case.

Juana Gómez, daughter to Florentino, mentioned that her father was arrested in Tuxtla Gutiérrez after a teachers’ march by two persons dressed in civilian clothes.  He was neither accused of any crime nor provided any evidence of having done so, and to date, no convincing evidence implicating Florentino Gómez has been revealed.  Furthermore, she affirmed that he was targeted for his political activism.

For more information (in Spanish):

Se crucifican indígenas en el Congreso de Chiapas (Milenio, 2 de diciembre de 2014)

Debilita ayuno a seguidores de líder preso en Chiapas (Imparcial Chiapas, 2 de diciembre de 2014)

Ante indiferencia gubernamental, mujeres de Chiapas se costuran los labios (Chiapas Paralelo, 27 de noviembre de 2014)

Familiares de presos político inician huelga de hambre para exigir su libertad (Chiapas Paralelo, 19 de noviembre de 2014)

Policías de Chiapas detienen al activista Florentino Gómez (Proceso, 1 de mayo de 2014)


Mexico: At least 170,000 displaced in Mexico

December 15, 2014

índice

On 26 November in Mexico City, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights presents its book Internal Displacement Induced by Violence: A Global Experience, a Mexican Reality, as written by Laura Rubio Díaz-Leal, an investigator and member of said organization.

The aim of the book is to make visible the victims of displacement and to call on the State to create an assistance program and to take into account this now-ignored phenomenon.

The author of the work commented during her presentation that, in the majority of the country, it was quite impossible to document how many Mexicans have left their homes due to violence, but a very conservative calculation estimates at least 170,000.

In this sense, Esperanza Hernández, the spokesperson for at least 600 families from 40 communities in Sinaloa state that have been displaced by the violence of organized crime in the state, noted that “They [the cartels] patrolled as though they were the government; they threatened us and told us that if we didn’t leave, they would conscript us into their service.  On 10 January 2012, they killed a neighbor of Ocurague and the next day during the night, they killed an entire family.  Maddened by fear, we decided to flee and leave everything behind.”

Ramón Cossío, justice for the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN), noted for his part that “this involves not only the act of leaving the place where one would desire to stay, but also it is a question of leaving due to finding oneself in a situation of extraordinary complexity.  The phenomenon of the displaced continues without name in Mexico, and for this reason it is not attended to by the State.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Desdeña el gobierno desplazamientos forzados por la inseguridad: expertos,  La Jornada 30 de noviembre de 2014

Al menos 170 mil personas desplazadas por violencia en México, Diariopresente, 1 de diciembre de 2014

Desplazados por violencia en México, un fenómeno ignorado que afecta al menos a 170 mil personas, Animal Politico, 1 de diciembre de 2014

Desplazados en México son víctimas y requieren tratamiento, CNN, 26 de julio de 2014

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas : “return without justice” of those displaced from the Puebla ejido (26 April 2014)

Chiapas: Public denunciation from those displaced from Banavil (16 September 2013)

Chiapas: The displaced of Banavil, Tenejapa in “precarious and inhumane conditions” (8 April 2013)


Guerrero: TADECO denounces harassment directed at Javier Monroy

December 15, 2014

IMG-20141128-WA0002[2]-1Photo @TADECO

On 28 November, the team of the Workshop for Communal Development (TADECO) was threatened by a note that was left in the morning on the automobile belonging to director Javier Monroy Hernández outside his home in Chilpancingo, Guerrero.  TADECO detailed that the anonymous message, written on carton using blue ink, says the following: “Fucking little guerrilla of Marxist-Leninist orientation…  my balls.  FJ. MONROY HDZES… OF THE EZLN.  FOR EACH COMRADE MARINE, SOLDIER, POLICE WHO FALLS, YOUR LIFE WILL BE CUT SHORT BY A YEAR. REGARDS, DEFENDERS OF THE COUNTRY.”  The message on the back carries a type of signature with different Mexican and international security agencies, including some that do not even exist: “ANTI-TERRORIST AND ANTI-SUBVERSION INTELLIGENCE AGENCY, CISEN, SEDENA, SEMAR, AND STATE DEPT OF NSA.  ISRAEL, ITALY, GERMANY, AND FRANCE.  MOSSAD, POLICE, SURETEE.  POL NAC.  SPAIN.  CARABINIERIS.”  The message concludes: “WE ARE WATCHING YOU… together with the female bigot and “Comandanta Isabel.”  E.A…” 

The organization could not tell if this was a joke, but it is not the first time that its member receive threats of this sort, as accompanied by actions and slanderous charges against the activists.  Beyond this, it stresses the type of support it has provided to the parents and students of the Raúl Isidro Burgos rural normal school of Ayotzinapa, and the accompaniment it has given to the victims of social violence from the Committee of Relatives and Friends of Kidnapped, Disappeared, and Murdered in Guerrero for seven years.  TADECO recalls that in 2009 there was a similar campaign of death-threats and harassment communicated by telephone that was resolved with the support of other organizations, in light of the incompetence of the State Attorney General’s Office.

For more information (in Spanish):

Denuncia Tadeco amenazas contra Javier Monroy; responsabiliza al gobierno del estado (El Sur de Acapulco, 29 de noviembre de 2014)

COMUNICADO AMENAZAS AL TADECO NOV 2014-2

Recibe amenazas “puto guerrillerito” de Tadeco (Pueblo Guerrero, 30 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: TADECO continues without module in the Civic Plaza of Chilpancingo, as one of its members remains disappeared for 5 years (13 April 2012)

Guerrero – briefs: TADECO module and space for artisans in Plaza Cívica of Chilpancingo forcibly evicted (9 March 2011)

Guerrero: Uncertainty over future of TADECO module at Chilpancingo Civic Square (24 February)

Guerrero: Reactivation of arrest-orders against members of CETEG; social organizations meet before the Inter-American Commission; Mexican State violating sentence, it is accused; homage to Comandante Ramiro (11 November 2010)


Chiapas: 5 years since the murder of mining critic Mariano Abarca

December 15, 2014

Mariano Abarca (@Frontline Defenders)

Mariano Abarca (@Frontline Defenders)

In a communique published on 27 November, 5 years since the murder of the anti-mining activist from Chicomuselo, Mariano Abarca Roblero, his family, organizations, and networks such as the Mexican Network of Those Affected by Mining (REMA) and the Mesoamerican Movement against the Mining Extractive Model (M4) once again demanded justice.  They affirmed again that Abarca’s “murder was motivated by his struggle against the Canadian mining firm Blackfire due to its extraction of barite, and the social and environmental consequences this has had in the Chicomuselo municipality.”

The groups reported that they had sent a letter to Mexican and Canadian authorities, which has been supported by 266 persons and organizations from 27 countries calling for justice.

They denounced that “those who had been imprisoned for Mariano’s murder have been released from prison, while the responsibilities of others linked to the firm and state who may have been involved were never seriously investigated.”

In light of this situation, they call for “a response from the Mexican and Canadian authorities to exercise justice for the murder of Mr. Mariano Abarca Roblero, and to deal with the corruption of the Chicomuselo mayor”; and that “the Canadian government abandon its policy of ‘economic diplomacy’ which leads 100% of the Canadian diplomatic corps to promote private interests.  Instead, we favor the adoption of policies based in respect for indigenous and human rights, and protection of human-rights defenders and the environment.”

They reported lastly that they will take the case before the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR).

For more information (in Spanish):

A 5 años del asesinato de Mariano Abarca Roblero por su resistencia contra la minería  canadiense en Chiapas (Familia Abarca Montejo, Fundación Ambientalista Mariano Abarca Roblero (FAMA), Red Mexicana de Afectados por la Minería (REMA), Otros Mundos A.C. y el Movimiento Mesoamericano contra el Modelo extractivo Minero (M4), 27 de noviembre de 2014)

Exigen justicia a cinco años del asesinato de activista en Chiapas(Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Tercer Foro por la Defensa y Cuidado de la Madre Tierra en Chicomuselo (14 de noviembre de 2014)

Chiapas: Denunciation of renewal of mining activities in Chicomuselo (21 August 2013)

Chiapas: Self-defense brigades against looting by mining corporations (5 March 2013)

Chiapas: two thousand march at the close of the “Chiapan Meeting of Unity against the Extractive Mining Model” in Frontera Comalapa (7 December 2012)

Chiapas: Second Forum “For the Defense of Our Mother Earth and Land; Yes to Life, No to Mining Devastation” (21 September 2012)

Mexico: “Mined land, the defense of the rights of communities and of the environment” (14 December 2011)

Chiapas: two thousand march at the close of the “Chiapan Meeting of Unity against the Extractive Mining Model” in Frontera Comalapa (7 December 2012)

Chiapas: Canadian delegation investigates mining abuses (2 April 2010)

Chiapas: Anti-mining activist Mariano Abarca killed (1 December 2009)


National: 10 points from EPN regarding security, and first reactions

December 15, 2014

Enrique Peña Nieto (@Wikipedia)

Enrique Peña Nieto (@Wikipedia)

On 27 November, a day after 2 months had passed since the forcible disappearance of 43 normalist students in Iguala, Guerrero, President Enrique Peña Nieto publicly announced 10 actions to be taken in terms of public security, as well as in prosecution the administration of justice.  These measures include the following:

1. To submit on 1 December a bill against the Infiltration of Organized Crime in the municipal authorities which would allow the federal government to take control of security in municipalities where there are indications of collusion between local authorities and organized crime.

2. An initiative to redefine the competence of each authority with regard to fighting crime.

3. The obligatory creation of state police that will substitute the “more than 1,800 weak municipal police.”

4. A national number for emergencies: 911.

5. A single identification card.

6. A special federal force located in the region of Tierra Caliente that would cover municipalities in Guerrero and Michoacán.

7. A solution for justice “that too often is slow, complex, and costly.”

8. Different actions in terms of human rights that include the following: provide Congress with the ability to expedite the general laws on torture and forcible disappearance; strengthening the protocols and proceedings in cases of torture, forcible disappearance, and extrajudicial executions; creation of a national system to search for disappeared persons, as well as a national genetic information database, and the entrance into law of a General Law on Victims.

9. Support from the federal executive for the National Anti-Corruption System and the Regulatory Law for Constitutional Reforms in terms of transparency that is being discussed in the federal congress.

10. Transparency, accountability, and popular participation.

Beyond the ten points, EPN announced a strategy “for comprehensive development to reduce poverty,marginalization, and inequality in Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.”

In reaction, the parliamentary groups of the Party for Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the National Action Party (PAN) lamented that the federal executive had not engaged in self-criticism in its transfer of responsibility to the local level, or even really provided a truthful diagnostic of the crisis in the country.

With regards to this latter point, human-rights organizations and victims’ groups denounced that the attention provided to the serious problem of forcible disappearances continues being inadequate.  They recalled that this is not the first time that the present government announces search plans and actions, with no results to date.  They lamented that there has not been any progress in terms of consultation for the construction of the proposal with those who for year have denounced the exponential increase in the number of disappearances in Mexico.   These groups warned furthermore that a large part of the measures that were announced correspond to the legislative branch, and so do not imply immediate actions that would help advance the investigations of thousands of cases of forcible disappearances that have been denounced in recent years.  Specifically, they affirmed that “we consider that, amidst the magnitude of the crisis of disappearances, it is reproachable that the central message today would not be recognition of the magnitude of this crisis but would instead omit immediate and urgent measures to be taken in terms of justice to guarantee that in all cases of disappearances that have been denounced, justice and truth prevail […].  We lament that today, two months following the forced disappearance of the 43 normalist students from Ayotzinapa, the president has not revealed any concrete actions to deepen the search for the students, whose whereabouts still to date has not been clarified using scientific evidence.  Neither has there been any pivot to the parents who have experienced rage and negation since 26 and 27 September 2014, amidst the promises of those who to date still have yet to observe them.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Estos son los 10 puntos que anunció Peña Nieto en respuesta al caso Ayotzinapa (Animal Político, 28 de noviembre de 2014)

Presenta Peña Nieto nuevo plan de justicia (27 de noviembre de 2014)

Propuesta de 10 puntos de EPN confronta a bancadas en el Senado (La Jornada, 27 de noviembre de 2014)

Propone PRD ampliar decálogo de Peña; “insuficiente” el punto de la corrupción, dice (Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2014)

Comunicado completo de las OSC (27 de noviembre de 2014)

Ante crisis son insuficientes medidas anunciadas por EPN: derechohumanistas (Radio Fórmula, 28 de noviembre de 2014)


National/Chiapas: Program of the First Global Festival for Resistance and Rebellion against Capitalism

December 15, 2014


Imagen @ Mujeres y la Sexta org

Image @ Mujeres y la Sexta org

On 26 November, the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) announced the general program of the forthcoming First Global Festival for Resistance and Rebellion against Capitalism, which will begin in the community of San Francisco Xochicuautla, in Mexico State, on 20 December, to continue in the state of Morelos in the community of Amilcingo on 22 December, the day that will also commemorate 17 years since the Acteal massacre.

In Mexico City, the Grand Cultural Festival will be held from 24 to 26 December, while the third “sharing” will take place in Monclova, Campeche, on 27 December.  From 31 December to 1 January 2015, the Festival of Anti-Capitalist Rebelliousness and Resistance will be held in the caracol of Oventic in Chiapas.

Lastly, on 2 and 3 January, the plenary of conclusions, agreements, and pronunciations will be held at CIDECI-UniTierra Chiapas in San Cristóbal de Las Casas.  In this way, summaries of each sharing will be provided, as will the conclusion.

For more information (in Spanish):

Programa del Primer Festival Mundial de las Resistencias y las Rebeldías Contra el Capitalismo (Enlace Zapatista, 26 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: EZLN and members of CNI united against the plundering of their peoples (29 August 2014)


Oaxaca: 8 years after the conflict of 2006, impunity prevails. Truth Commission is founded

December 15, 2014

Imgagen @ Código DH

Image @ Código DH

On 25 November, eight years were commemorated since the confrontation between civil society and the police that took place in 2006, including 25 killed, around 500 arrested, 380 tortured, and 5 disappeared.  Though the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) has found that “there were serious generalized and particular violations of individual rights” and the recommendation released by the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH), these have proven inadequate for the tasking of punishing those responsible.  The Commission of Relatives of the Disappeared, Murdered, and Political Prisoners of Oaxaca (COFADAPPO) demanded that the recently founded Truth Commission (comprised of Alejandro Solalinde Guerra, Diego Osorno, and Mariana Patricia Jiménez) provide real results to the members of Section 22 of the National Educational Workers’ Union (SNTE) and to the people of Oaxaca, who were brutally repressed  in 2006.  Porfirio Domínguez, who was arrested by the federal police on 25 November 2006 during the final confrontation between the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) and the PFP (federal police), also demanded that the SCJN’s report be heeded.

For its part, the Gobixha Committee for the Comprehensive Defense of Human Rights (Código DH) indicated that “Oaxaca experienced on 25 November 2006 one of the most brutal repressive episodes in the history of the state […].  Today we see the same practice exercised against those arrested on 20 November in Mexico City, as they were taken to federal prisons without respecting habeas corpus, as the law establishes.  Arbitrarily violating the legal rights of these persons demonstrates that the justice institutions have not changed.”  In a press-bulletin, Código DH indicated ex-governor Ulises Ruiz Ortiz as the principal responsible party, and that “despite the existing documentation, basically the grave rights-violations we have seen this committed this year continue in impunity.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Oaxaca 2006: 8 años de impunidad (Comité de Defensa Integral de Derechos Humanos Gobixha – Código DH, 25 de noviembre de 2014)

Los días de infierno pretenden ser enterrados con un silencio cómplice; Ulises Ruiz y camarilla gozan de impunidad (Página 3, 25 de noviembre de 2014)

Reprocha Cofadapo trabajo de Cué sobre 2006 y piden resultados ‘reales’ a la Comisión de la Verdad (Noticias Net, 25 de noviembre de 2014)

‘Insuficiente la Comisión de la Verdad para castigar a culpables de 2006’: LIMEDDH (Noticias Net, 25 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: March-meeting of Section 22 of the SNTE in commemoration of 25 November (28 November 2012)

Oaxaca: March of teachers and social organizations in observance of the repression of 25 November 2006 (28 November 2011)

Oaxaca: Presumed killer of Brad Will is detained (5 June 2012)

Oaxaca: Urgent Action for new harassment against Juan Manuel Martínez Moreno (30 September 2010)

 


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