Felipe Calderón @ Milenio
On 26 September, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa gave his final speech as president of Mexico before the General Assembly of the United Nations, during which he demanded that all member-nations open a debate regarding the prohibition of the consumption of drugs.
Calderón focused centrally on drug violence, asserting that if consumer countries, particularly the U.S., are incapable of restricting consumption, this debate should be opened; he anticipated that Mexico will lead a multinational strategy by means of an accord to detain the flow of arms across borders. “The legal combat against drugs has generated a black market that leaves huge economic profit for criminal organizations that now have an unlimited capacity for corruption that allows them to buy governments,” he noted. “The economic power of the organizations dedicated to trafficking in drugs, weapons, money, and persons is being converted into political power,” he said. ‘The criminals seek to control territory; they dispute the strength of states.”
The Mexican president added that if UN member states “cannot or will not reduce their consumption of drugs, at least they should regulate the exorbitant flow of resources that finance criminals.” But “if this cannot happen, it is the time to explore other alternatives if reduction in consumption cannot be achieved.”
For this reason, he announced that Mexico will support an agreement that limits or prohibits the trade in conventional arms when there exists the risk that these will be utilized to commit violations of international law.
For some analysts, the war-strategy of the present government, which has resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands, in fact led to the multiplication of drug-trafficking groups in Mexico. They indicate that the smallest and most violent groups took the place of the larger ones, building new alliances instead of disappearing. At the same time, the Sinaloa cartel and the Zetas cartel arose as the principal organized-crime groups in Mexico.
For more information (in Spanish):
La ONU debe debatir sobre el enfoque prohibicionista de la droga: Calderón (CNN México, 26 de septiembre de 2012)
La esquizofrenia de Calderón (Proceso, 27 de septiembre de 2012)
Plantea Calderón ante la ONU analizar el enfoque prohibicionista de drogas (La Jornada, 26 de septiembre de 2012)
Urge Calderón a ONU “acción” anticrimen (Milenio, 26 de septiembre de 2012)
Debe ONU revisar prohibición sobre drogas: Calderón (El Universal, 26 de septiembre de 2012)
FCH pide en ONU revisar política en materia de drogas (El Universal, 27 de septiembre de 2012)
ONU: Calderón sorprende con discurso enérgico (El Nuevo Herald, 26 de septiembre de 2012)