Oaxaca: Repeated aggressions against Communal Police of Álvaro Obregón

April 23, 2014


binni-guiapa

Over the course of only ten days, two attacks were denounced against members of the “General Charis” Communal Police (Binni Guiapa Guidxi) in the Binnizá (Zapotec) indigenous community of Álvaro Obregón, in the Juchitán municipality of the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

On 31 March, four units from the Communal Police were stoned by persons identified as being members of the official police overseen by the  mayor of Juchitán, Saúl Vicente Vázquez.  As a result of the attack, the window of the Communal Police’s vehicle was broken and an agent was injured in the neck.

Beyond this, on 9 April, the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Defense of Land and Territory (APIITDTT) denounced that gunmen dressed in civilian clothes fired on a member of the Communal Police on eight occasions from an official police vehicle.  The attacks did not, however, succeed in injuring the intended target.

The APPIITDTT indicated that there exists a tense environment in the Álvaro Obregón community amidst the possibility of new attacks.

It should be recalled that, also on 22 March, 12 members of the Communal Police and of the communal authorities of Álvaro Obregón were arrested by the municipal police of Juchitán.

For more information (in Spanish):

 Atentan contra la vida de integrante de la policía Comunitaria de álvaro Obregón (Tierra y Territorio, 9 de abril de 2014)

Nuevamente atacan a compañeros de la Policía Comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón y médicos abandonan la unidad de consulta externa rural de la comunidad (Tierra y Territorio, 1 de abril de 2014)

Continúan ataques contra asamblea comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón, policía municipal detiene a elementos de la policía comunitaria Gral. Charis sin motivo (Tierra y Territorio, 22 de marzo de 2014)

Video: La Resistencia; Álvaro Obregón, una localidad en pie de lucha(Voces de Oaxaca, marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Members of the communal police of Álvaro Obregón detained (30 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region (28 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Chiapas: Presentatation in San Cristóbal de Las Casas of the report “Justice for San José del Progreso”

April 23, 2014

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In observance of the second anniversary of the murder of Bernardo Vásquez Sánchez, the Oaxacan Collective in Defense of Land will present its report “Justice for San José del Progreso,” the result of a Civil Observation Mission held in November 2012, in San Cristóbal de Las Casas.  The event is to take place in CEDUI on Friday 11 April at 12:00, with the participation of the Oaxacan Collective, Other Worlds Chiapas, and the Committee for the Promotion and Defense of Life Samuel Ruiz García from Chicomuselo. There will be another presentation at El Paliacate Cultural Space at 7pm.

The report gives evidence to the systematic violations of human rights produced by the imposition of the mining project developed by the Fortune Silver Mines firm since 2006.  It indicates that since this time, the firm has violated the right to life; to free, prior, and informed consent; to public information; to respect for collective property and integrity of land; to free self-determination; to a clean environment; to communal health; to the rights of children, adolescents, and women; to association and meeting; to freedom and personal integrity; and to the right to the administration of justice and to the work of human-rights violations.  All of these rights are recognizes legally at the national and international level.

The document includes recommendations for the federal, state, and municipal governments, including the observation of the rights of citizens over those of the rights of mining firms, in addition to the guarantee to the right to life and physical and psychological integrity of the people of San José del Progreso.  It also calls on the Canadian government to ensure that Canadian mining firms be called to justice before the judicial system over human-rights violations committed outside the national territory.

For more information (in Spanish):

Demandarán a minera Cuzcatlán ante gobierno de Canadá (Página 3, 11 de marzo de 2014)

Minera canadiense y gobierno violan DH de habitantes en San José del Progreso, Oaxaca (PRODH, 13 de marzo de 2014)

Denuncian a minera canadiense por violar derechos en San José del Progreso, Oaxaca (La Jornada, 13 de marzo de 2014)

Audio: Presentación del Informe en el IAGO, Oaxaca (Internet Archive, 10 de marzo de 2014)

Video: Exigen organizaciones cancelación de mina en San José del Progreso (Noticias, 10 de marzo de 2014)

Descarga el Informe de la Misión Civil de Observación: Justicia para San José del Progreso

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: presentation of report “Justice for San José del Progreso” (16 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Organizational call to the presentation of the Report of the Civil Mission of Observation: Justice para San José del Progreso (18 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Civil Observation Mission to San José del Progreso (30 November 2012)


Oaxaca: “We agree to organize ourselves at the regional level to resist wind-energy projects, mines, and other megaprojects”: CNI Isthmus

April 10, 2014

Foto @ APIITD

Photo @ APIITDTT

On 29 March there was held the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) in the community of Álvaro Obregón, Juchitán de Zaragoza municipality, where the primary theme for discussion was the organization of communities to resist wind-energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.  National and international organizations and persons from the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz, and Mexico City were received by the communal council, the council of the elderly, and the communal police of Álvaro Obregón, “who continue stronger than ever despite the constant harassment we have suffered in recent months at the hands of the municipal and state governments, as well as due to the leaders of the COCEI-PRD-PT and the PRI of Juchitán,” as the closing statement notes.

During the meeting there was a discussion of challenges and commitments: “New constitutional reforms are coming in terms of agrarian matters, and there will be other laws to prohibit protests and social mobilizations.  They threaten us, they imprison us, they repress us [...].  We commit ourselves to struggle for the strengthening of our autonomy as indigenous peoples, campesinos, and mestiz@s [...].  We commit ourselves to the struggle of our  grandfather, comrade Ta’ Pedro Martínez Guerra, a communard from Juchitán, to recover his lands which find themselves being invaded by the Fenosa Natural Gas firm.”

Participants also made reference to other projects they are resisting, such as “the invasion and extraction of minerals for construction on the mountain of Santa Cruz Igú, a sacred site, historical and communal, that is part of the communal goods of Juchitán, and we pronounce ourselves against the construction of the mining project in Ixtepec, which will have strong negative consequences in terms of health, environment, and the way of life our all our communities.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento del Congreso Nacional Indígena CNI – Istmo (Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo de Tehuantepec en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio – APIITDTT, 31 de marzo de 2014)

Rechazo a proyectos eólicos, tema central en congreso de comunidades del istmo (La Jornada, 29 de marzo de 2014)

El paso de la resistencia a la autonomía en el Istmo de Tehuantepec(Desinformémonos, 31 de marzo de 2014)

Nuevo ataque de las eólicas en Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Members of the communal police of Álvaro Obregón detained (30 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region (28 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Oaxaca: 162 normalists detained in displacement by State Preventive Police

March 30, 2014

Foto @ Página3Detained normalists @ Página3

On 21 March, the State Preventive Police (PEP) proceed to displace the normalists from the State Coordination for Education in Oaxaca (CNEO) who had installed themselves in front of the State Institute for Public Education (IEEPO), thus protesting in defense of education in Oaxaca.  The PEP used tear gas while the normalists responded with small rockets.  The outcome was that 162 were arrested, with 25 normalists and 3 journalists injured, as well as a vehicle set to fire.

A total of 13 persons were charged as suspects for vandalism.  Ten are normalist students and another 3 are individuals claimed to be “provocateurs.”

Organizations such as the Center for Justice, Peace, and Development A.C. (CEDAP) and Services for an Alternative Education A.C. (EDUCA) called on the Public Security Services (SSP) to respect the physical and psychological integrity of the arrested normalists.  EDUCA called on the state authorities to “restart dialogue with normalist students to find a solution to the educational conflict.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Procuraduría de Oaxaca consignará ante Juez Penal a 10 normalistas y 3 “infiltrados” (Página3, 23 de marzo de 2014)

Acusa Alberto Salinas a Fredy Gil de vínculos con infiltrados en desmanes de normalistas el pasado viernes (La Onda Oaxaca, 24 de marzo de 2014)

Oaxaca: policías repliegan a normalistas con gas lacrimógeno; hay 162 detenidos (Proceso, 21 de marzo de 2014)

Normalistas se enfrentan a Policías en el IEEPO. Queman un camión; 162 detenidos y 25 heridos (Revista Tucán, 21 de marzo de 2014)

CEDAP Y EDUCA llaman a la SSP a que respete la integridad física y psicológica de los normalistas detenidos (Revolucionemos Oaxaca, 21 de marzo de 2014)


Oaxaca: Members of the communal police of Álvaro Obregón detained

March 30, 2014

Policía Comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón. Foto (@Sipaz)Communal police of Álvaro Obregón. Photo (@Sipaz)

According to a denunciation from the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIITDTT), on 22 March 12 members of the communal police and the communal authorities of Álvaro Obregón were arrested by units of the municipal police of Juchitán. Those arrested in the Zapata ejido were transferred by Navy units and handed over to the Public Ministry of Juchitán. During the early morning of 23 March, all those arrested were released, given that, as APPIITDTT notes, “there existed no type of charge that would justify their detention.”

On this same 22 March, unknown persons set fire to part of the communal police camp in the ex-hacienda of General Heliodoro Charis in Álvaro Obregón.

The APPIITDTT has denounced Saúl Vicente Vásquez, mayor of Juchitán, as the principal instigator of the acts, a week before the first Session of the National Indigenous Congress, Isthmus of Tehuantepec Region, in Álvaro Obregón.

For more information (in Spanish):

Liberan a compañeros detenidos de la Policía Comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón pues no existía ningún tipo de cargo (Tierra y Territorio, 23 de marzo de 2014)

Integrantes de la Asamblea Comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón fueron puestos a disposición del Ministerio Público de Juchitán (Tierra y Territorio, 22 de marzo de 2014)

Continúan ataques contra asamblea comunitaria de Álvaro Obregón, policía municipal detiene a elementos de la policía comunitaria Gral. Charis sin motivo (Tierra y Territorio, 22 de marzo de 2014)

Video: Bandidos queman barricada del Ex-general Heliodoro Charis Castro (Gubidxa Guiní, 23 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region (28 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

 


National/International: Mexico confronts a “humanitarian crisis” amidst context of violence and impunity, denounces civil society in Brussels

March 30, 2014

Seminario sobre Derechos Humanos en Bruselas, marzo de 2014 (@CADHAC)

Seminar on human rights in Brussels, March 2014 (@CADHAC)

On 18 March, during the seminar on human rights that was held to observe the Fourth High-Level Dialogue on Human Rights between Mexico and the European Union (EU) in Brussels, Belgium, 32 organizations denounced that in Mexico “there is experienced a context of violence and impunity that has led the country to an unprecedented humanitarian crisis.”

In a joint pronunciation, Mexican and European civil organizations stressed that “the lack of professional investigation signifies that the structures of violence, looting, and discrimination operate in Mexico unchecked, this being a country where the rate of impunity is 98-99% [...].  The statistics on abuse speak of a systematic and generalized violation of human rights hailing from the police, soldiers, and public officials, who commit arbitrary arrests, torture, forced disappearances, and extrajudicial executions, among other violations; public and private actors commit acts of violence and discrimination against women; and Mexican and transnational corporations pollute, displace, and exploit natural resources without consulting the affected peoples and communities.”

After presenting a lengthy diagnostic, the civil organizations released a series of recommendations to the Mexican government and the EU, which included placing the question of human rights at the center of the bilateral agenda, suspending support for megaprojects that affect communities, designing a new strategy for public security, and eradicating violence against women.

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento de la sociedad civil en el marco del Diálogo de Alto Nivel en Derechos Humanos entre México y la Unión Europea (OSC, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Alertan ONG sobre la crisis humana sin precedente que enfrenta México (La Jornada, 19 de marzo de 2014)

Tendrán México y Unión Europea encuentro sobre derechos humanos (El Universal, 16 de marzo)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: civil-society organizations call on European Union to address deterioration of human rights in Mexico (26 October 2012)


Chiapas/National: Lawyers for Patishtán and communal police of Michoacán denounce death-threats and harassment

March 28, 2014

Leonel Rivero (@SIPAZ archivo)

Leonel Rivero (@SIPAZ archive)

In an Urgent Action published on 14 March, Amnesty International (AI) denounced the death-threats and harassment suffered by the lawyers of the Strategic Defense for Human Rights, Leonel Rivero Rodríguez and Augusto César Sandino Rivero Espinoza.  These lawyers are known for their interventions in cases such as that of now ex-prisoner Alberto Patishtán, those arrested from the Front of Peoples in Defense of the Land from San Salvador Atenco, and communal police from Michoacán.

On 17 January, Rivero Rodríguez received a threatening telephone call and then presented a denunciation before the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR), though the perpetrator of the action has not yet been identified.  Indeed, the PGR has now informed her that it plans to place the affair in the archive.

On 4 March, “three unknown persons invaded a hotel in which Leonel Rivero Rodríguez was meeting with members of communities from Michoacán state to address delicate issues,” regarding a case that she was covering together with Sandino Rivero Espinosa.  On 10 March, the office that Leonel Rivero Rodríguez has in her home in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas was harassed.

AI has called on the authorities to guarantee the security of the lawyers of Strategic Defense for Human Rights, to undertake an impartial investigationi into the telephone threats made on 17 January, and the harassment of 10 March, as well as to guarantee that “the lawyers who work on potentially delicate affairs be allowed to carry out their legitimate activities without fear of suffering repression.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Acción Urgente de Amnistía Internacional, 14 de marzo de 2014

Amnistía Internacional denuncia amenazas contra abogados de Patishtán(Proceso, 17 de marzo de 2014)

Denuncia Amnistía Internacional hostigamiento contra abogado de Patishtán (La Jornada, 17 de marzo de 2014)

 Los abogados de Alberto Patisthán denuncian amenazas y hostigamientos(CNN México, 18 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Rejection of recognition of Patishtán’s innocence. “There is a look of denigration toward the indigenous sector,” says lawyer (4 October 2013)


National: Harassment of home of director of Article 19 shortly before publication of report “Dissent in silence: violence against the press and criminalization of protest, Mexico 2013)

March 28, 2014

Darío Ramírez (@Desinformémonos)

Darío Ramírez (@Desinformémonos)

On 16 March, the home of the General Director of the Mexico and Central American Office of Article 19 belonging to Darío Ramírez was harassed.  Work documents as well as other valued objects and computers were stolen, according to a denunciation submitted to the Attorney General’s Office of Mexico City (PGJDF).  The press release distributed by Article 19 after the act stressed that this is “the fifth security incident that personnel from the organization have faced [...] since April 2013.”  Beyond this, the acts took place two days before the organization released its report “Dissent in Silence: Violence against the press and criminalization of protest, Mexico 2013.”  In this sense, the bulletin expressed that “we are concerned that the harassment of the home would be a message of intimidation for those who seek to inhibit our work in favor of freedom of expression.”

On 18 March, however, there was held an event to present the 2013 report as planned, which indicates that each 26.5 hours a journalist is attacked in Mexico.  In 2013, Article 19 documented 330 aggressions against journalists and media institutions (59% more than in 2012), including 59 against women.  These statistics are the highest since 2007, though in 2013 five journalists died, two fewer than in 2012.  More than 60 attacks on journalists took place during protests, in a way that the report indicates as showing the “authorities choosing for the path of repression and direct confrontation.”  In 59.3% of the cases, a public official has been responsible.  Although the problem revolves around states already noted in the country (such as Veracruz, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas), Article 19 notes that the documented attacks allow one to see a “pattern of dissemination toward other states” such as, for example, Mexico City, Oaxaca, Michoacán, Guerrero, Tlaxcala, Baja California, and Zacatecas.

For more information (in Spanish):

Funcionarios públicos y crimen organizado, principales agresores de periodistas (Analisis Centro Prodh, 19 de marzo de 2014)

2013, el año más violento para la prensa en México: Artículo 19 (Animal político, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Primer año de Peña, el más violento para la prensa desde 2007: Artículo 19(Proceso, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Informe completo 2013 (Artículo 19, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Allanan la casa del Director de Artículo 19; solicita protección (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Comunicado de Artículo 19 (Artículo 19, 17 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Article 19 receives death-threats (23 April 2013)


Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region

March 28, 2014

Rancho ardiendo del agente comunitario de Álvaro Obregón. Foto (@ APIITDTyT)

Burning ranch of the communal agent of Álvaro Obregón. Photo (@ APIITDTyT)

The Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTyT) has denounced continued attacks that the community of Álvaro Obregón has suffered in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

According to recent denunciations made by the Assembly, on 10 March the ranch belonging to the communal agent Odelio López Vicente was burned.  Similarly, they mention other aggressions suffered by members of the communal assembly, such as the case of the communard Pedro Martín Guerra, who, together with his family, has suffered harassment and death-threats since deciding to denounce the Public Ministry for the looting of lands as prosecuted by the Fenosa Natural Gas company, so as to progress with the construction of the Bií Hioxho wind-energy park.

Besides this, the APIIDTyT and the communal council of Álvaro Obregón have announced the realization of the first session of the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) in the Tehuantepec Isthmus region, which is to be held in the community of Álvaro Obregón on 29 March 2014.  The organizational call includes invitations to communal assemblies of the Isthmus who resist wind-energy parks as well as to the Regional Council of Nahua and Totoluca indigenous peoples from southern Veracruz, among others.

For more information (in Spanish):

Aumentan ataques y amenazas contra comunero indígena zapoteco que defiende su terreno de la empresa Gas Natural Fenosa (APIIDTyT, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Denunciamos agresiones y hostigamientos contra integrantes de la Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio (APIIDTT) (APIIDTyT, 17 de marzo de 2014)

Realizarán antieólicos Congreso Nacional Indígena (Noticias,16 de marzo de 2014)

Anuncian zapotecas Congreso Nacional Indígena en Álvaro Obregón (Página 3, 16 de marzo de 2014)

Convocatoria al Congreso Nacional Indígena (CNI) Región Istmo de Tehuantepec en Gui’xhi’ Ro’ – Álvaro Obregón (APIIDTyT, 15 de marzo de 2014)

Afectados de eólica Gas Natural, continúan denunciando intimidación(Página 3, 14 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Confrontation in Álvaro Obregón community, Juchitán, leaves several people injured (15 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)


Oaxaca/National: Peaceful protest by COPUDEVER to mark “International Day of Action against Dams and for Rivers, Water, and Life”

March 28, 2014

Protesta en Jamiltepec. Foto (@Sipaz)

Protest in Jamiltepec. Photo @Sipaz

On 14 March, to mark the “International Day of Action against Dams and for Rivers, Water, and Life,” the Council of Peoples United for the Defense of the Verde River (COPUDEVER) carried out a “funerary march” and peacefully occupied the offices of the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) in the Santiago Jamiltepec municipality to protest the construction of the Paso de la Reina dam.  Another 16 communities from the Coast and union delegations from Section 22 of the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) also participated in the action.  With the slogan “Enough of imposing projects against the will of the people,” they denounced that the Paso de la Reina hydroelectric project will negatively affect indigenous peoples and their territory, culture, natural resources, and subsistence practices, due to the formation of the reservoir the dam would imply.  Moreover, they have reported as having their right to consultation violated in the process to date.

This same day there were carried out actions against dams and for rivers, water, and life in other parts of the republic and the world.  Furthermore, other cases such as the dams in Chicoasén II (Chiapas), Las Cruces (Nayarit), Atoyac (Veracruz), and Zapotillo (Jalisco) were similarly denounced.

For more information (in Spanish):

Copudever insiste en cancelación del proyecto “Paso de la Reina”; atenta vs los pueblos (Página3, 14 de marzo de 2014)

Con “marcha fúnebre” inicia Copudever toma simbólica de CFE en Jamiltepec (Diario Oaxaca, 14 de marzo de 2014)

Celebran en Oaxaca día en Defensa del Agua (NSS Oaxaca, 14 de marzo de 2014)

Marchan en Jamiltepec contra la presa Paso de la Reina (Pinodebate, 14 de marzo de 2014)

Elevado riesgo para la fauna de Nayarit con presa Las Cruces (La Jornada, 12 de marzo de 2014)

El agua del río Atoyac no se negocia (Zapateando, 25 de febrero de 2014)

En Chiapas se declaran territorios libres de represas y mineras (Derecho a la Consulta Previa, 3 de enero de 2014)

Municipios afectados por hidroeléctricas, sin riqueza ni prosperidad garantizada (Chiapas Paralelo, 2 de diciembre de 2013)

http://pasodelareina.org/

EDUCA: Galería de fotos y los videos: En Río Verde, Oaxaca, otra batalla por el agua (7 min.) y Presa Paso de la Reina ¿Desarrollo para Quien? (6 min.)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: COPUDEVER and EDUCA present report on “Paso de la Reina” (19 July 2013)


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