Oaxaca: Harassment and robbery of female human-rights defender

October 25, 2014

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The Network of Female Activists and Human-Rights Defenders of Oaxaca denounced that on 8 October, the home of defender Silvia Gabriela Hernández Salinas, a member of the Oaxacan Voices Building Autonomy and Freedom (VOCAL) collective, was forcibly entered to remove her personal computer and two external hard drives.  Despite the fact that the house contained other valuable items, only the digital materials in question were stolen, such that the Network believes that the robbery is associated with her work in favor of the defense of human rights.

In Oaxaca, mobilizations were undertaken on 2 and 8 October to demand the presentation of the disappeared students from Ayotzinapa alive.  It should be mentioned that Silvia Gabriela participated in both such protest-actions.  Furthermore, she indicated that months previously, she had been confronted by members of the State Preventive Police and was arrested on 6 July 2007, when supporters of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) clashed with police following the procession of the popular Guelaguetza in Oaxaca City.

This case adds to the list of 59 attacks against 22 human-rights defenders, 3 journalists, and 6 collectives and organizations in the state of Oaxaca that have been committed in the first half of 2014.

For more information (in Spanish):

Denuncian allanamiento y robo defensora de los DH (Noticias Net, 10 de octubre de 2014)

Allanan domicilio de defensora de DH; suman 60 ataques en Oaxaca solo en 2014 (Página 3, 9 de octubre de 2014)

Oaxaca: Primer lugar en ataques a mujeres defensoras de DH y periodistas (Consorcio Oaxaca, 23 de mayo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Attempted murder against a member of VOCAL (12 January 2009)


Oaxaca: Concern for the alarming increase of murders in the state

April 26, 2014

Ignacio García Maldonado, ex miembro de la APPO asesinado. Foto (@Noticiasnet.mx)

Ignacio García Maldonado, murdered ex-member of the APPO. Photo (@Noticiasnet.mx)

During the past three weeks there has been a significant increase in the number of murders and extrajudicial executions in Oaxaca; some of these have been had a political character within the context of the social struggles being experienced in Oaxaca.

On 28 March, Basilio Guzmán Sánchez and Martín Sánchez Pérez were murdered in the Constanza del Rosario, being members of the Movement for Triqui Unification and Struggle (MULT). That same day, the logging capitalist César Ramírez Guendüláin was murdered in the Santa Lucía del Camino municipality

The next day, Ignacio García Maldonado, former member of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) and ex-political prisoner, was murdered in Oaxaca City together with his friend Emanuel López Martínez.  Furthermore, in the community of San Miguel Soyaltepec, six people were shot, and Eliserio Valencia García was executed in Santa Cruz Loxicha, being the brother of the mayor of San Agustín Loxicha.

On 11 April, two teachers from Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE-CNTE) together with their 7-year old child in Pochutla.  The previous day, there was a report of the murder of the leader of the Freedom Union, Germán Hernández Juárez, in Trinidad de Viguera.

Lastly, on 12 April, six people were murdered, two of them minors, by a commando group in the municipality of Huajuapan de León in the Mixteca region, and the next day, Eduardo Vásquez Ramírez, Secretary of the Committee of Vigilance of the Commissioner’s Group for Communal Goods from Santa María Petapa, was killed in the Matías Romero municipality in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

With reference to the political crimes, the Oaxacan group Services for an Alternative Education (EDUCA) has expressed that “this context places us close to the risk that violence will take over all institutions and the administration of justice, beyond encouraging society in general to express its differences by means of bullets rather than reason […].  We are sure that only justice and not impunity can be the public action that marks the path toward the restitution of faith and credibility in the institutions […].  Violence without a doubt puts at risk the transition and the political changes demanded by Oaxacan society.  It is necessary to recover our faith in the institutions, as it is necessary to recover our faith in ourselves.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Asesinan en Oaxaca a 2 maestros y su hijo de 7 años; suman 4 crímenes en 24 horas (E-Oaxaca, 13 de abril de 2014)

Asesinan a secretario de Vigilancia del Comisariado de Bienes Comunales de Petapa (Página 3, 13 de abril de 2014)

Investigan asesinato de seis personas por comando armado en Huajuapan (Noticias, 13 de abril de 2014)

Asesinan a líder del sindicato Libertad en Oaxaca (Proceso, 11 de abril de 2014)

La violencia pone en riesgo la transición en Oaxaca: EDUCA (EDUCA, 01 de abril de 2014)

De nuevo, Oaxaca: amenazas y ejecuciones (La Jornada, 31 de marzo de 2014)

Asesinan a dos colaboradores del ex líder de la APPO Flavio Sosa (La Jornada, 30 de marzo de 2014)

Ejecutan a hermano del alcalde de Loxicha, Oaxaca (Proceso, 30 de marzo de 2014)

12 ejecuciones en 48 horas encienden focos rojos en Oaxaca (Página 3, 30 de marzo de 2014)

El mensaje es claro: estamos en la mira y el centro del asunto es 2006“: Comuna Oaxaca (Página 3, 30 de marzo de 2014)

Ejecutan a empresario (Noticias, 29 de marzo de 2014)

Matan a balazos a dos activistas del MULT (Noticias, 29 de marzo de 2014)


National: Thousands of teachers march against the educational reform

October 4, 2013

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Sit-in of teachers in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. Photo @SIPAZ

On 11 September, dissident teachers from several Mexican states (Aguascalientes, Baja California, Chiapas, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Querétaro, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Yucatán, and Veracruz) joined the protests organized by the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE), which marched starting at 10am in Mexico City toward Los Pinos.  The Secretary for Public Education that day distributed the decrees which are to reform the General Law on Education demanding the expeditious institution of the laws recommended by the National Institute for the Evaluation of Education and the General Union of Professional Teaching Services, which entered in law on 12 September.

In Guerrero, some 5000 teachers from the State Coordination of State Educational Workers (CETEG) marched on the Sol Highway to protest the educational reform and its secondary laws.  In the protest participated teachers from the central and mountainous regions of Guerrero, principally, who went on strike in response to the call for mobilization on the part of the CNTE.

In Oaxaca, the Unions of Workers from the “Benito Juárez” Autonomous University of Oaxaca (STEUABJO) and of Educational Workers from the Oaxaca State Conalep (SUTDCEO) held a 12-hour strike to observe the national general strike called for by the CNTE.  Similarly, the Unified Front for Struggle (FUL) and the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO), teaching students, and retired teachers participated in marches, occupations of buses, and blockades of the TV Azteca office, preventing the exit of dozens of workers.

In Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, approximately 1,500 teachers from Sections 7 and 40 marched, closing the four access-routes to the capital during the entirety of the day.  15 days after having begun the mobilizations and protest actions against educational reform, the teachers on that day added to their demand a rejection of the fiscal and energy reforms, in parallel terms to social organizations and campesinos.  By means of social networks and text messages, on 10 September there began a calumnious campaign in the media opposed to the teachers’ movement in Chiapas.

For more information (in Spanish):

Maestros de Guerrero marchan sobre Autopista del Sol (Informador, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Maestros preparan megamarcha en Guerrero (La Prensa, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Marchan maestros en los estados contra la Reforma Educativa (Excelsior, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Protestan profesores en 17 estados en apoyo a la CNTE (Animal Político, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Marchan Ceteg y MPG contra las reformas educativa y energética (La Jornada de Guerrero, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Inician maestros paro nacional (Proceso, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

A través de Facebook, amenazan de muerte a maestros chiapanecos (Proceso, 10 de septiembre de 2013)

La mirada femenina del derecho a la educación en México, por tres maestras de Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, 9 de septiembre de 2013)

En Oaxaca, sindicatos y organizaciones realizaron manifestaciones de apoyo a la CNTE (Página3.mx, 11 septiembre de 2013)


Oaxaca: Commemoration of seventh anniversary of APPO

June 24, 2013

imagen de la marcha @ Proceso

image of the march @ Proceso

On 14 June in Oaxaca City, teachers from Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE) carried out a march to commemorate the events of 14 June 2006.  On this day, state police tried unsuccessfully to forcibly displace a sit-in of teachers that was being held in the Zócalo of the Oaxacan capital.

The teachers, who concluded the mobilization with a rally in the Zócalo of Oaxaca City, demanded justice for the 27 who were murdered in the social conflict of 2006, as well as judgment and punishment of those responsible for the repression against the movement which took place at that time, particularly former governor Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (2004-2010).  The statistics of participation for the march differ, with some estimates claiming 20,000 teachers, and others 70,000.  In their march toward the center of the city, the teachers removed electoral propaganda from all parties and defaced the local office of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).  Furthermore, they called for a boycott of local elections for deputies and mayors (7 July) as well as the official Guelaguetza, and additionally announced plans for a popular Guelaguetza, from 22 to 24 July.  During the teachers’ mobilization, two incidents occurred: first, six teachers were injured in a car accident, while later three others were hurt when they were stoned, and later were hospitalized.

The failed displacement of 2006 marked the beginning of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) and the social conflict in Oaxaca that lasted until 25 November of that year, when units of the federal police displaced the protestors and arrested more than 100 persons.

For more information (in Spanish):

Proceso: Maestros de Oaxaca conmemoran desalojo de 2006; exigen cárcel para Ulises Ruiz (14/06/2013)

La Jornada: Conmemoran profesores de Oaxaca el desalojo fallido que dio origen a la APPO (15/06/2013)

Boletín de CODIGO-DH: JUSTICIA! 14 de junio no se olvida (14/06/2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Sixth anniversary of the beginning of the 2006 social conflict (20 June 2012)

Oaxaca: Presumed killer of Brad Will is detained (5 June 2012)

Oaxaca: Urgent Action for new harassment against Juan Manuel Martínez Moreno (30 September 2010)


Oaxaca: Confrontation between protestors and police during visit of Felipe Calderón – teachers mobilize themselves

February 20, 2011

On 15 February, protestors comprised largely of teachers from Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE) and other social activists clashed with state and federal police while attempting to enter the zócalo of Oaxaca de Juárez to express their rejection of the visit by President Felipe Calderón to the city. At least 28 people were injured, including teachers, journalsits, photographers, and police. The mobilization was organized in response to the presidential decree made on 14 February that tuition for private schools would be made tax-free, a move that social sectors have interpreted as yet another assault on public education.

The following day, teachers from Section 22 of the SNTE struck in Oaxaca de Juárez and several regions of the state, blocking more than 37 highway points of the Oaxacan state in protest of the repression. In the capital, directors of the democratic teachers union led by Azael Santiago Chepi challenged the declarations made the same day by Governor Gabino Cué that “infiltrator groups provoked violence,” affirming this to be “a demagogical argument to justify repression.” On the other hand, they demanded the resignation of three state functionaries as a condition for the re-starting of dialogue with the state government. The State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE) initiated seven investigations into crimes committed during the confrontations, while 17 members of the popular movement who had been detained were released because they were found not to have committed any crime.

On 17 February, Gabino Cué Monteagudo rejected calls to apologize to the state teachers union as well as to sack Irma Piñeyro Arias, secretary of Government, Marco Tulio López Escamilla, secretary of Public Security, and Bernardo Vásquez Guzmán, director of the State Institute of Public Education in Oaxaca. He claimed that “if someone should be apologized to for the situation lived recently in the center of the city of Oaxaca [the confrontation on Tuesday between state and federal police and teachers], it would be to the people in general, who have given us the responsibility of assuming a role in the process of democratic transition—both to the authorities and other sectors.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Teachers and police engage in confrontation during visit by Calderón to Oaxaca (La Jornada, 15 February)

Teachers reject visit of Calderón to Oaxaca (El Universal, 15 February)

Journalist is shot in Oaxaca (El Universal, 15 February)

Secretary of security is beaten in Oaxaca (El Universal, 15 February)

Teachers announce mega-sit-in in Oaxaca (El Universal, 15 February)

SNTE blocks 37 highway-points in Oaxaca (El Universal, 16 February)

Cué sees radicals infiltrating confrontations (El Universal, 16 February)

“2006 cannot return to Oaxaca” (El Universal, 16 February)

Police and activists clash in Oaxaca; 18 are injured (El Universal, 16 February)

Cué rejects calls for apologies and resignation of 3 officials, as demanded by dissidents (La Jornada, 18 February)


Oaxaca: son of activist Marcelino Coache threatened with death

February 7, 2011

On 31 January, Edgar Coache Verano, son to Marcelino Coache, received a text-message threatening him with death.  This recent death-threat is the latest in a series of acts of intimidation and harassment directed at the Oaxacan political activist Marcelino Coache and his family.  On 4 March 2009, Marcelino Coache, member of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO) was kidnapped in the city of Oaxaca.  After being tortured, he was released the following morning.  Also in March 2009, several unidentified men traveling in a truck followed Edgar Coache Verano and threatened him as he was returning home from school.  In April and August 2009, Reyna Rivera, the wife of Marcelino Coache, received several threatening text-messages; rights-defenders in Oaxaca who have supported Marcelino Coache have received similar messages.  On 8 May 2009, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights requested that the Mexican government grant protection to Marcelino Coache.  Regardless, the Mexican government has to date not provided him with effective protection, and those responsible for the death-threats and acts of intimidation continue at large.

For more information (in Spanish):

Urgent Action of Amnesty International (AI, 2 February 2011)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: new intimidation directed at Alba Cruz (18 January 2011)

Oaxaca: attack on union leader Marcelino Coache (20 May 2010)

Oaxaca: Reports-police operations/new aggressions against the Human Rights Center/precautionary measures for activist and his family (14 May 2009)

Oaxaca: New threats in the case of Marcelino Coache (4 May 2009)


Oaxaca: Urgent Action for new harassment against Juan Manuel Martínez Moreno

September 30, 2010

During the afternoon of 24 September, the home of Juan Manuel Martínez Moreno, in the municipality of Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca, was raided by strangers.  Martínez Moreno explained that nothing of value was stolen, but that those who entered did so by forcing the lock; they also left a number of official documents disorganized.  These documents are related to denunciations presented by Juan Manuel Martínez before the local attorney general’s office against previous acts of intimidation.  According to Juan Manuel Martínez, he and his family have considered it necessary to move houses three times due to the constant intimidation to which they have been subjected.  His wife has received threatening phone-calls, and the family has seen armed men watching their house and the school that his children attend.

Juan Manuel Martínez was detained in 2008 on the charge of murdering the U.S. journalist Brad Will during the 2006 conflict, but he was released in February 2010 when a federal tribunal conclued that charges against him were false.

For more information (in Spanish):

Urgent Action 25 November Committee: New act of intimidation against Juan Manuel Martínez


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