On 1 October 2010, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) sentenced the Mexican State in the cases of Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, determining that both indigenous Me’phaa women had been sexually violated and tortured by members of the Mexican Army in the year 2002. One year after these sentences were passed down, civil organizations that have accompanied the two have denounced that “a year having passed since the decisions were released, substantial advances in the observance [of the sentence] remain fleeting. Moreover, at all times, the work related to the questi0n of reparations has had to be taken up by Fernández Ortega and Rosendo Cantú and their representatives themselves.” In particular, they indicate in a press-release that “the persistence of the impunity that protects soldiers who tortured and sexually assaulted Fernández Ortega y Rosendo Cantú is evidence of the reticence of the State to observe the sentences. The investigations have continued in military tribunals during essentially all of this year; only recently was the case turned over to the PGR, after both Me’phaa women formally requested this change. This delay makes it so that today the investigations have not progressed, and that still there is no possibility that Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú access them to provide evidence.” On 6 October, the Senate of the Republic requested the presence before the Commission of Justice of Francisco Blake, Secretary of Governance, so that he present a detailed report regarding the actions taken to observe the sentences released by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in the case of Inés and Valentina.
In other news, on 14 and 15 October, the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities-Communal Police (CRAC-PC) will celebrate its XVI anniversary. On this occasion it organized this together with indigenous organizations at the XXX meeting of the National Indigenous Congress. The event, entitled “For the defense of our territorities,” will be held int he community of Paraje Montero, municipality of Malinaltepec. Some days before the event, press articles and alternative media discussed the process, including subjects like the participation of women at the meeting and the news that 55 communities from the municipality of Atoyac Alvarez (Costa Grande) will form a communal police unit, considering that the state and municipal governments do not ensure their security.
Finally, on 3 October, civil organizations from Guerrero and Chiapas that comprise the “Program of Interchange, Dialogue, and Assessment in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security” (PIDAASSA) denounced that due to the violence of drug-trafficking and the militarization of the country, many communities find themselves obligated to abandon their homes, lands, and crops. They emphasized in particular the case of the sierra of Petatlán in Guerrero, where families from 15 communities have been displaced. In a press-conference, they affirmed that in this place “from July to present, 471 persons from 85 families have been forced to leave their communities int his region. Of these 15 communities, seven–Zapotillo, Campo del Cielo, El Timbirichal, El Roblar, La Florida, El Guamilón y Los Limones–have been left either abandoned entirely or cut off.”
For more information (in Spanish):
A un año de las sentencias de la CoIDH a favor de Inés y Valentina México no avanza en su cumplimiento (Boletín de prensa Tlachinollan, CEJIL, OPIM, 4 October 2011)
CARTA ABIERTA A FELIPE CALDERÓN: Solicitan al Presidente Felipe Calderón dar cumplimiento a las sentencias emitidas por la CoIDH en los casos de Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (OSC de derechos humanos, 5 October 2011)
Punto de acuerdo en el Senado para que Segob comparezca sobre el Caso de Inés y Valentina (Sididh, 7 October)
Campaña “Cumplir las Sentencias para Romper el Muro de la Impunidad” (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, August 2011)
Más comunidades tendrán policía propia (La Jornada, 3 October)
Las mujeres en La Montaña de Guerrero(Desinformémonos, 4 October)
Convocatoria al XVI Aniversario de la Policía Comunitaria, 14-15 October 2011
Familias desplazadas de sus pueblos exigen al Estado seguridad(Pronunciamiento del Programa de Intercambio, Diálogo y Asesoría en Agricultura Sostenible y Seguridad Alimentaria,PIDAASSA México, 3 October)
Para más información de SIPAZ: