Chiapas: 18 years since the disappearance of Minerva Pérez, her case remains unpunished

June 25, 2014
Aniversario luctuoso en Mashojá Chucjá 2011 @ SIPAZ

Anniversary of her death, Mashojá Shucjá, 2011 @ SIPAZ

 June 20 is the 18th anniversary of the forced disappearance of Minerva Guadalupe Pérez Torres, an indigenous Ch’ol and native of the community of Masojá Shucjá, in the municipality of Tila, who in 1996, at the age of only 19, “was disappeared by members of the then paramilitary group Development Peace and Justice,” as it says in the bulletin of the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Human Rights Centre (CDHFBC). In addition, the CDHFBC has evidence of persistent “impunity for the gross and systematic violations of the human rights to truth and justice in five unresolved cases of forced disappearance of women, victims of internal armed conflict in Chiapas.”

It should be noted that Minerva was tortured and gang-raped for three days; even today her whereabouts are unknown, according to testimony gathered by the CDHFBLC. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) is currently studying the cases of the disappearance of 37 persons, 85 executions, and forcible displacement of more than 12 thousand people in the lower area of ​​Tila during the years of armed conflict.

For more Information (in Spanish):

18 años de exigencia de justicia, 18 años de impunidad. 18 años de no cansarse de buscar a Minerva hasta encontrarla (CDHFBLC, June 20, 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: 17 years after the forced disappearance of Minerva Guadalupe Pérez Torres, her case is taken up at the IACHR (25 June 2013)

Chiapas: 16 years of impunity in the case of the forced disappearance of Minerva Guadalupe Pérez Torres (25 June 2012)

Chiapas: Masojá Shucjá, commemoration of the victims of the victims of the conflict of ’95 and ’96 (7 October 2011)

 

 

 


Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case

June 2, 2014

rosendo radilla

Nearly 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco and 5 years since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) handed down its sentence in the case, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM) denounced that the federal government has failed to observe its obligation of providing the whereabouts of the disappeared and that it continues not to investigate those responsible for the disappearance: “the investigation has not been conducted with due diligence, such that it has not succeeded in identifying the responsible of the disappearance, much less process them.  It is also true that the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) has similarly failed with its duty to provide the relatives of Mr. Radilla with a copy of the investigation in a form that would respect the rights of victims, as the IACHR has ordered.  Due to both omissions, the rights of Rosendo Radilla’s relatives have been repeatedly violated, as have those of society to know the truth of the acts, context, and circumstances in which the crime was committed.”

Last April, CMDPDH and AFADEM presented observations for the eleventh report of the federal government regarding the observance of the sentence in the case, noting that the federal congress “similarly has failed to modify the Federal Penal Code to adequately classify this type of crime of forced disappearance of persons.”

Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, a social activist from the municipality of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, was disappeared by Army units in 1974.  In 2009, the IACHR released a sentence in the case condemning the Mexican State for grave human-rights violations.

For more information (in Spanish):

Impunidad y negación: respuestas del Estado mexicano sobre Caso Radilla (CMDPDH, 23 de abril de 2014)

Exige Afadem pesquisa seria sobre los desaparecidos de la guerra sucia(La Jornada de Guerrero, 14 de mayo de 2014)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero/Mexico/Latin America: Grave challenges to Goldcorp and other Canadian mining firms

May 3, 2014

Imagen @ M4

Image @ M4

The Mesoamerican Movement against the Mining Extractive Model (M4) has published a communique entitled “GOLDCORP SICKENS ME!” in which it demands “that the Canadian firm GoldCorp Inc. engage in a corporate audit for the damages to health and environment that its mines provoke in our territories as well as on our governmental and non-governmental authorities,” given that on 1 May the Goldcorp stockholders will hold their annual meeting.

With reference to said Canadian firm, M4 indicated that “in terms of human rights as well as the environment, health, labor, and agriculture: it illegally appropriates lands and rejects the judicial resolutions against it; it observes agreements it has made with communities only in the breach; it violates collective rights when it perniciously evades and avoids free, prior, and informed consent.”  And with regard to the mining project of Carrizalillo, Guerrero, M4 specified that “much more incomprehensible still is the reality that in 7 of its mines, the company displays a certificate of its compliance with the ‘International Code on the Management of Cyanide’ even when it breaks leaching pools, as has happen in Carrizalillo, Mexico, where two people have died due to toxicity from exposure to this dangerous element.”

With regard to the project in Carrizalillo, for his part, the CEO of Goldcorp sent a document to the Secretary for Economic Development assuring the latter that “to date there exist no social agreements that have not been observed,” even while he minimized the reports of ejidatarios regarding impacts on health.  He attempted to “delegitimize” the demand of the ejidatarios, who request an increase in the rent for their lands paid by the Canadian firm, the very reason for which on 1 April they began a blockade on the access roads to the mine, thus disabling its operations to date.

It should be noted that the Work Group on Mining and Human Rights in Latin America presented a report from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights which affirms that between 50 and 70% of mining activity in Latin America is carried out by Canadian firms and that mineral extraction is the industrial sector which provokes the most denunciations and complaints regarding human-rights violations.  Mexico is the American country in which Canadian companies have most activity ($20 billion), and the Work Group further observes that, as a consequence of this model, in the cases in question grave environmental, social, economic, and cultural impacts have been denounced, in addition to violations to several rights, including the right to life, physical integrity, and property for the communities which neighbor these respective mining projects.

For more information (in Spanish):

Acción de denuncia: GoldCorp no merece premios, exigimos justicia(Movimiento M4, 28 de abril de 2014)

Pide la minera Gold Corp al gobierno que intervenga en el conflicto de Carrizalillo (Red Mexicana de Afectados por la Minería – REMA, 26 de abril de 2014)

Daños a la salud por minería a cielo abierto de la canadiense GoldCorp(Red Mexicana de Afectados por la Minería – REMA, 27 de abril de 2014)

El impacto de la minería canadiense en América Latina (El Ciudadano, 27 de abril de 2014)

Informe presentado a la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos HumanosEl impacto de la minería canadiense en América Latina y la responsabilidad de Canadá (Grupo de Trabajo sobre Minería y Derechos Humanos en América Latina)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Ejidatarios from Carrizalillo to sue mining company before the Agrarian Tribunal (29 April 2014)

Guerrero: ejidatarios of Los Filos close gold mine in Carrizalillo (10 April 2014)

In Focus: The unsustainability of the Extractive Mineral Model (May 2013)

Mexico: “Mined land, the defense of the rights of communities and of the environment” (14 December 2011)


National: “La 72″ migrant home denounces kidnapping, robbery, and threats against migrants by INM

March 30, 2014

Foto @ Zapateando

Photo @ Zapateando

Fray Tomás González Castillo, director of the migrant home “La 72,” denounced that on 10 March a truck belonging to the National Institute on Migration (INM) from the Tenosique delegation stopped before several migrant persons.  “They took them into the vehicle and transferred them to a place very close to the jungle.  There, they released two persons, threatened them, took the only money they had (2700 pesos), threatened them once again, tortured them psychologically, and finally released them,” as the public denunciation notes.

He added that “this description is of a kidnapping comparable with the kidnappings carried out by organized crime in the zone, given that they deprive migrants of their liberty, take them to the jungle, extort them, torture them verbally, psychologically, and physically, and finally charge them for letting them go.”

It should be noted that two months prior, the federal police “arrested, beat, and threatened two migrants staying in ‘La 72′ with death.”  It should also be stressed that “La 72″ is a beneficiary of the Mechanism for the Protection of Rights-Defenders and Journalists, in addition to precautionary measures awarded by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

For more information (in Spanish):

Agentes del INM en Tenosique, secuestran migrantes (Frontera Sur, 24 de marzo de 2014)

También INM secuestra migrantes: La 72 (Noticias sin Fronteras, 25 de marzo de 2014)

Agentes del Instituto Nacional de Migración secuestran, extorsionan y amenazan de muerte a dos personas migrantes en Tenosique, Tabasco (Centro de Medios Libres México, 24 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Collaborators of the “72″ migrant home abandon work due to threats (24 June 2013)

National: New death-threats directed against Fray Tomás, director of “La 72″ (27 March 2013)

Chiapas/Tabasco: “The forgotten border” press-conference (13 December 2011)

 


Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army

March 15, 2014

rosendo radilla

Coinciding with the centenary of the birth of the activist Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, who was forcibly disappeared by Army elements in 1974, relatives and members of social organizations have rendered him an homage in Atoyac de los Libres, demanding punishment of the perpetrators of his disappearance.

“100 years have passed in the life of Rosendo; for us this is a very special date, because as family we cannot let this important date pass because this man struggled greatly for his people, and though we do not have him with us anymore, we remember him with much tenderness,” said Tita Radilla, Rosendo’s daughter and president of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violation (AFADEM).

Although the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released a sentence condemning the Mexican State for grave human-rights violations, Tita Radilla has criticized the lack of observance of said sentence on the government’s part: “yes there has been compensation, but due to security concerns I would rather not disclose the amount.  The problem is not this; the problem is the hope that we would like to share with the families of the disappeared.  We always think that if we found Rosendo, then there would be hope among the people: we continue with this hope, but it takes its toll.  I am now 62 years old.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Celebran centenario de Rosendo Radilla en Guerrero (El Universal, 1 de marzo de 2014)

Activistas y familiares rinden homenaje a Rosendo Radilla (Terra, 1 de marzo de 2014)

Celebran deudos 100 años del nacimiento de Rosendo Radilla (La Jornada de Guerrero, 2 de marzo de 2014)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Oaxaca: Harassment and death-threats directed against members of the Democratic Civic Union of Neighborhoods Colonies and Communities (UCIDEBACC)

March 1, 2014

Denuncia púbica sobre las agresiones a integrantes de Ucidebacc. Foto (@Kaos en la Red)

On 15 February, Eva Lucero Rivero Ortiz, a human-rights defender and spokesperson for the Democratic Civic Union of Neighborhoods Colonies and Communities (UCIDEBACC), received two death-threats to her cell phone after having participated in a meeting with Oaxaca state officials.

The previous day, other members of UCIDEBACC, María Dolores Merino Ortiz, Reina Clavel Tapia, Cinthia Narciso Bernal, and a minor, were injured as a result of beatings received by the State Preventive Police during a peaceful protest they were carrying out in Pinotepa Nacional, Oaxaca.

According to the urgent action released by Consorcio for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity Oaxaca A.C., “These acts take place within a context of constant and systematic attacks against the rights-defender Eva Lucero Rivero Ortiz and her organization,” which since June 2013 has suffered multiple acts of intimidation, death threats, defamation, harassment, and arbitrary arrest.

Though the case has been presented before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Defense Institute for the Human Rights of the Oaxacan People (DDHPO), the security of neither the defender nor the other members of the organization has been maintained.

For more information (in Spanish):

Denuncian ataque de la Secretaría de Seguridad a organización UCIDEBACC (NSS Oaxaca, 16 de febrero de 2014)

Policía Estatal agrede a manifestantes de la Ucidebacc en Pinotepa Nacional (Diario Oaxaca, 17 de febrero de 2014)

Denuncia pública de la represión policial contra Ucidebacc (Kaos en la Red, 17 de febrero de 2014)

Preocupación por la vida e integridad física de Defensoras de DH integrantes de la UCIDEBACC (Consorcio Oaxaca, 18 de febrero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Communique by Consorcio in light of multiple attacks by the State (2 July 2012)


Mexico: Human-rights organizations call on Senate to reform military justice system

October 5, 2013

Audiencias públicas sobre justicia militar en el Senado (@PAN)Within the context of the public audiences regarding military courts carried out between 24 and 27 September 2013 in the Senate of the Republic, national human-rights organizations called on the present legislature to pass reforms as soon as possible to restrict the use of military tribunals in accordance with international standards.  By means of a communique, these organizations indicated that said reform should observe the four sentences emitted by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) and the recommendations made by different international human-rights mechanisms affiliated with the United Nations, as well as those advanced by the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN).

Amnesty International (AI) publicly expressed its support for the Mexican organizations, claiming that “due to its lack of impartiality and independence, military justice has proven to be an obstacle in the struggle to put an end to the impunity of human-rights violations committed by armed forces.”

With regard to the public audiences, Javier Hernández Valencia, representative of the UN High Commissioner’s Office for Human Rights, stressed that “the military courts should be limited, that is, the human rights violations committed by soldiers should be judged in civilian tribunals.”  Valencia questioned the senators why it is that “there has been excluded the term human rights or persons within the proposed reform, for it is important that this definition be included in the changes that you will carry out.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento de organizaciones civiles: Reformas al Código de Justicia Militar deben ser conformes con las obligaciones de México: organizaciones de derechos humanos (27 de septiembre de 2013)

Pide AI a Senado reformar justicia militar (El Universal, 27 de septiembre de 2013)

Emplazan al Senado a reformar justicia militar (Proceso, 27 de septiembre de 2013)

El fuero militar debe ser acotado ante violaciones a civiles: ONU (La Jornada, 25 de septiembre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: Civil society calls on SCJN to consolidate restriction of military tribunals (28 September 2012)

Guerrero: SCJN orders that the Bonfilio Rubio case be tried in civil court (27 August 2012)

National: NGOs request that SCJN resolve affairs relating to military tribunals in 32 cases (17 June 2012)


Chiapas: Rejection of recognition of Patishtán’s innocence. “There is a look of denigration toward the indigenous sector,” says lawyer

October 4, 2013

P1030717

On 12 September, the Primary Collegiate Tribunal based in Tuxtla Gutiérrez declared Alberto Patishtán Gómez’s motion for the recognition of his innocence to be unfounded, reported his lawyer Leonel Rivero.  This decision signifies that the Tsotsil teacher, who has been imprisoned 13 years, will serve an additional 47 years.  The resolution was announced hours after the pilgrimage of thousands of members of the Believing People from the Cathedral of San Cristóbal de Las Casas to express their desire for Patishtán’s liberation.

Leonel Rivero indicates that “Today we have all lost.  But the one who has lost the most is the judicial branch of the Federation, because it has decided to let an innocent man spend the rest of his life imprisoned.”  “Clearly this is not good news; we are enraged, because we are humans; it is something that cannot be accepted–that is what I felt, but now I am calm and patient, seeing how this will end.  We are alive, and as long as we are alive hope does not die,” said Alberto Patishtán after receiving the news.

Many other persons also pronounced themselves.  Jaime Martínez Veloz, commisioner for Dialogue with Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, declared that he would “struggle with all my strength so that professor Alberto Patishtán be released [...] he does not have to ask forgiveness from anyone for anything, because without a doubt he did not commit any of the charges of which he is accused,” he noted, referring to the possibility of a petition for presidential pardon.  Politician Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas declared that the “Collegiate Tribunal has committed a great injustice in failing the indigenous professor [...] it is the Collegiate Tribunal of Tuxtla Gutiérrez which has broken the state of right and the State’s obligations.”

For its part, the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC) recalled that it would continue with the request to petition the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) against the Mexican State that it had submitted in August 2010 for the case of professor Patishtán.

For more information (in Spanish):

La justicia mexicana decide mantener en prisión al maestro indígena Patishtán (El País, 13 de septiembre de 2013)

Niegan la libertad a Patishtán (Desinformémonos, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Boletín de prensa Nº26 del CDHFBLC: Una más, la justicia en México oscura y decadente (Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Firma la petición de Avaaz.org

Audio-Video:

Leonel Rivero Habla Sobre Fallo Tribunal en contra de #LibertadPatishtan (Koman Ilel, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Patishtán rechaza pedir indulto tras ratificarse su sentencia en Chiapas (CNN México, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Tribunal de México niega libertad de líder indígena acusado de asesinato (Tele Sur, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Conferencia de prensa de Alberto Patishtán (Koman Ilel, 13 de septiembre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: “We are convinced he is innocent (Patishtán),” Martínez Veloz (13 September 2013)

National: Forum “justice for all” pronounces itself in favor of the release of Alberto Patishtán.  Amnesty International joins the call (13 September 2013)

Chiapas: Global action to demand the release of Alberto Patishtán and justice for political prisoners (20 August 2013)

Chiapas: 9 prisoners in solidarity with the Voz del Amate released, but Patishtán will remain imprisoned (20 July 2013)


National: Suprema Corte presents protocol to judge gender crimes

September 13, 2013

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On 26 August, the head justice of the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN), Juan Silva Meza, presented the Protocl to Judge with Gender Perspectives, which he claimed to respond to the constitutional mandate obliging judges to promote and respect the right to gender equality and non-discrimination.  The justice commented that this document, which does not represent a violation of judges’s autonomy, is the result of a reform in terms of human rights, the international treaties signed by Mexico in these terms, and particularly represents a result of the resolutions made by the Inter-American Court on Human RIghts in the cases of cotton agriculture (due  to the lack of interest of the government in doing justice for the thousands of females killed in Ciudad Juárez) and that of the indigenous females Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo.

For more information (in Spanish):

Protocolo para Juzgar con Perspectiva de Género

Presenta la SCJN protocolo para juzgar con perspectiva de género (La Jornada, 27 de agosto de 2013)


Guerrero: Governance pretends to have observed IACHR sentence, claim NGOs

July 20, 2013

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Inés Fernández Ortega, photo @SIPAZ

Civil organizations denounced that the Secretary of Governance claimed to have observed measures that in fact had not been observed in the sentence released against the Mexican State by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in the cases of Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, indigenous women of Guerrero who were sexually abused by soldiers in 2002.  The Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) and the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, as well as the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People (OPIM), sent a letter to the Secretary of Governance, Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong, in which they express their concern and confusion in these terms.  “In the response, Governance claimed to have observed measures that in fact have not been observed and makes claims that have very little to do with reality,” they mention.  Furthermore, the organizations reported that in these cases “there exists lack of observation in terms of compensation, health, and education, whose mechanisms of observation have not been realized.  The fault in these terms lies directly with Governance.”

For more information (in Spanish):

ONG: Gobernación finge haber cumplido sentencia de la CIDH (La Jornada, 2 de julio de 2013)

Carta de las ONGs a SEGOB (1 de julio de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: NGOs call on Peña Nieto to observe the sentences on Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo (5 February 2013)

Guerrero – briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO demands that Calderón observe sentence in case of Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Judge acquits attacker of Radio Ñomndaa Committee member; Interior Ministry evades compliance with sentencing in the case of Inés and Valentina (4 February 2011)

 


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