Oaxaca: In response to 4 years of impunity, hunger strikes and protests taken to resist murders of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola

May 2, 2014

Imagen @ Red Política

Image @ Red Política

On 27 April, four years passed since the murder of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola when they were participating in a humanitarian-aid caravan destined for San Juan Copala.  Members of the European Parliament and relatives affirmed that the cases could have been resolved within two months, but that the authorities have not demonstrated the necessary political will to do so.  Barbara Lochbihler, president of the Subcommission on Human Rights from the European Parliament, commented that “we have been discussing the situation of human-rights defenders and social activists in Mexico for nearly two months.  And year by year we see that the situation continues to worsen.”  Relatives denounced that, despite the fact that 13 people have been identified as the presumed murderers, the federal and state governments refuse to release arrest-orders against them.  For her part, Karla Michel Salas, president of the National Association of Democratic Lawyers, stressed that “we know their names and that some of them even are public officials, but the arrest-orders are refused” using the argument that the government cannot itself enter the region of San Juan Copala.

It is for this reason that Omar Esparza, husband of Bety Cariño, and Eeva-Leena and Raimo Jaakkola, parents of the Finn Jyri, have initiated a day of national and international protest to obligate the Mexican State to observe its responsibility and to demand justice.  Esparza and two members of the Zapatista Indigenous Agrarian Movement (MAIZ) undertook a hunger strike in front o the UN High Commissioner’s Office for Human Rights on 29 April to denounce the failures of the Mexican State to respect human rights in this case.

For more information (in Spanish):

Al cumplirse 4 años, sigue impune el asesinato de la Defensora de Derechos Humanos Bety Cariño (Red de Mujeres Activistas y Defensoras de Derechos Humanos de Oaxaca, 24 de abril de 2014)

Bety Cariño, puente de organizaciones y amistades (Desinformémonos, 28 de abril de 2014)

Con huelga de hambre y protestas en Europa recordaran asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (Página3, 26 de abril de 2014)

Oaxaca: Es inaceptable la inacción de autoridades federales y estatales para detener a posibles responsables del asesinato de activistas(Amnistía Internacional México, 28 de abril de 2014)

Madre de activista finlandés asesinado en Oaxaca en 2010 acusa a México de negligencia y de ignorar su tragedia
Madre de activista finlandés asesinado en Oaxaca en 2010 acusa a México de negligencia y de ignorar su tragedia

Audio-video:

Familiares de Bety Cariño anuncian huelga de hambre (Cencos, 24 de abril de 2014)

Sembrando sueños, cosechando esperanzas: Bety Cariño (CodigoDH, abril de 2013)

Jyri Jaakola activista preocupado por los derechos humanos (Radio Camote, 19 de marzo 2012)

Message on the 4th anniversary of murders of Jyri Jaakkola & Bety Carino 27.4.2014 (Satu Hassi, 24 de abril de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Three-year impunity continues in the case of the murders of Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (17 May 2013)

Oaxaca: 12 arrest-orders released against presumed material authors of the murder of the Mexican defender Bety Cariño and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola (12 October 2012)

Oaxaca: Meeting in front of the PGR against impunity in the case of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, nearly two years after their murders (21 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)


Oaxaca: state police forcibly removed displaced Triquis in Oaxaca City

January 8, 2013

Mesa de diálogo previa al desalojo (@Gobierno del estado de Oaxaca)

For more information (in Spanish):

Desalojan policías campamento de desplazados triquis en Oaxaca (La Jornada, 24 de diciembre de 2012)

Gabino Cué ‘limpia’ el centro de Oaxaca de manifestantes triquis (Milenio, 24 de diciembre de 2012)

Policías impiden plantón de triquis en Oaxaca (El Universal, 26 de diciembre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Triquis return to sit-in (9 February 2012)

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)


Oaxaca: 12 arrest-orders released against the presumed material authors of the murder of the Mexican defender Beatriz Cariño and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola

October 12, 2012

On 27 September, two years and five months after the murders of the Mexican human-rights defenders Beatriz Cariñ and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola, 12 arrest-orders were released against the presumed material authors of their deaths.  The announcement was made in a press-conference carried out in Mexico City on 1 October.  At the event, the lawyer David Peña from the National Association of Democratic Lawyers (ANAD) announced that a penal denunciation will be presented before Finnish prosecutors against the intellectual authors of these crimes; included within these are the PRI ex-governor of Oaxaca, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, Evencio Nicolás Martínez Ramírez, then the secretary general of Oaxaca, as well as the mayor of Juxtlahuaca in 2010, when the ambush was perpetrated in which Cariño and Jaakkola lost their lives.  “None of this is being investigated in Mexico; the PGR has not opened an investigation into the intellectual authors, among them former governor Ulises Ruiz for his financing of armed groups like Ubisort.”  Peña noted that the team will meet in Mexico City with officials from Governance, the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR), and the Chancellery to request security measures for witnesses and those who were injured on 27 April 2010, given that they fear for their lives.

For his part, Omar Esparza, husband to Beatriz Cariño, stressed that it is not enough to release arrest orders, but rather that now it depends on the government of Gabino Cué to observe the orders and arrest these 12 persons.

This information was released to coincide with the visit of the Eurodeputies Satu Hassi y Ska Keller, who were in the country from 1 to 5 October to verify the grave humanitarian situation that prevails in states like Oaxaca and Guerrero.

For more information (in Spanish):

Ordenan capturar a 12 presuntos asesinos de Cariño y Jaakkola (La Jornada, 1ero de octubre de 2012)

Denunciarán a Ulises Ruiz en Finlandia por muerte de activistas (Proceso, 1ero de octubre de 2012)

Boletín de prensa de la ANAD y Alianza Mexicana por la Autodeterminación de los Pueblos (1ero de octubre de 2012)

Video conferencia de prensa aquí (33 min.)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Meeting in front of the PGR against impunity in the case of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, nearly two years after their murders (21 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)


Oaxaca: Two years after the murder of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola

May 16, 2012

 

On 27 April 2012, 2 years passed since the murder of the human-rights defender Beatriz Cariño and of the Finnish international observer Jyri Jaakkola, an event that took place as they were traveling in a humanitarian caravan toward the community of San Juan Copala in the Triqui region of Oaxaca.

Many civil-society organizations, both national and international, pronounced themselves on the occasion: “During all this time we have observed the weak advance of investigations into the murders.  None of the corresponding institutions have committed themselves seriously to resolving the cases; on the contrary, the investigations are on hold, demonstrating yet again the total lack of political will to resolve the aberrant crimes that were committed against Bety and Jyri.”

The Union of Indigenous Communities of the Northern Zone of the Isthmus (UCIZONI) emphasized for its part that “On this 27 of April, two years have passed since the murder of our comrade and friend Alberta Cariño and the Finnish activist Jyri Jaakkola, who died as they were attempting to enter the Triqui community of San Juan Copala on a humanitarian mission.   Despite the fact that the murderers from the UBISORT paramilitary gang have been plainly identified, to date neither the Federal nor State Attorney General’s Offices have proceeded with investigations corresponding to this double homicide.  This has allowed that the material and intellectual authors of the crime continue enjoying impunity.  It would seem that the idea is to protect them.”

The organization Agrarian Indigenous Zapatista Movement (MAIZ) of which Omar Esparza is a part, being the widower of Bety Cariño, has noted that “Because today once again after two years we continue to see how the assassins and tyrants such as Ulises Ruíz Ortiz and all others who decided on the attack on the caravan en route to San Juan Copala on 27 April 2010 are protected and defended.  In light of the absence and incompetence of the Attorney General, it has had to be we the families who have investigated, and we will seek the truth.  On the other hand, in recent days, representatives of the federal government have sought by all means to evade legal actions being taken against Ulises Ruiz Ortiz.”  It should be remembered that just previously to the anniversary of the double murder, the Mexican lawyers for the Jaakkola family, David Peña and Karla Michel Salas, who found themselves in Brussels, Belgium, to report to human-rights organizations and Eurodeputies about the state of the investigations in the case, indicated their surprise at the unexpected presence at the event of Max Diener Sala, subsecretary for Juridical Affairs and Human Rights from the Secretary for Governance.

For more information (in Spanish):

Critican a Calderón por impedir denuncia contra Ulises Ruiz en Finlandia (Proceso, 28 de abril de 2012)

Pronunciamiento nacional e internacional: ¡Justicia para Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola! (OSC, 28 de abril de 2012)

Betty y Jyri, 2 años, Copala, e impunidad (Noticias.net, 27 de abril de 2012)

Comunicado de MAIZ (Movimiento Agrario Indígena Zapatista, 26 de abril de 2012)

Comunicado de Ucizoni en demanda de justicia para Bety Cariño (26 de abril de 2012)

Busca Calderón impedir denuncia contra Ulises Ruiz en Finlandia(Proceso, 25 de abril de 2012)

La ANAD demandará a Ulises Ruiz en Finlandia (La Jornada, 22 de abril de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Meeting in front of the PGR against impunity in the case of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, nearly two years after their murders (21 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Attack on observation caravan–2 dead and 4 missing (29 April 2010)


Oaxaca: Meeting in front of the PGR against impunity in the case of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, nearly two years after their murders

April 21, 2012

(@zapateando.com.mx)

On 17 April, members of different civil and social organizations carried out a meeting in front of the headquarters of the Federal Attorney General’s Office in Mexico City to demand the clarification of the murder of the human-rights defenders Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola that occurred on 27 April 2010 when they were attempting to bring humanitarian support to the community of San Juan Copala in the Triqui region of the state of Oaxaca.  Protestors demanded that authorities conclude with their investigations, “given that they now have all the necessary evidence and testimony, and it is just a question of political will to resolve it.”

They announced that they will submit an international criminal denunciation against the Oaxacan ex-governor Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (2004-2010).  Beyond this, the Cariño family declared that it will next week visit Finland, Jaakkola’s country of origin, to officially submit the denunciation against Ruiz for his responsibility for the crime.  “Yes, it is necessary to go to the other side of the world to find justice, so that is how we will do it,” signaled Omar Esparza, Bety Cariño’s husband.

In the protest participated organizations like the Zapatista Indigenous Agrarian Movement, the Mexican Alliance for the Self-Determination of Peoples, the National Association of Democratic Lawyers, and Campesino and Urban Communities in Solidarity with Alternatives, among others.

For more information (in Spanish):

Piden aclarar asesinato de Cariño y Jaakkola (La Jornada, 18 de abril de 2012)

OSC anuncian denuncia penal internacional contra Ulises Ruíz a dos años del asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (Boletín de Prensa MAIZ  / Alianza Mexicana por la Auto Determinación de los Pueblos, 17 de abril de 2012)

Convocan a protesta para exigir detención de homicidas de activistas (Proceso, 30 de marzo de 2012)

For more information (in Spanish):

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Attack on observation caravan–2 dead and 4 missing (29 April 2010)


Oaxaca: Triquis return to sit-in

February 9, 2012

State police impeding movement @ El Universal

The displaced Triqui families who on 26 January sought to return to their communities of origin announced on 7 February that they will newly install themselves in a sit-in in front of the Palace of Governance in Oaxaca de Juárez, due to disagreement among them to return in small groups, in accordance with the communal assembly held in San Juan Copala on 4 February.

Reina Martínez Flores, spokesperson for the Movement for Triqui Unification and Struggle-Independent (MULTI), reported that the 135 persons who have been awarded precautionary measures by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) have installed a camp in the community of Yosoyuxi, seeking to return.

An assembly was held on 29 January and another on 4 February, but the only suggestion made was that they return in groups of five families each week, a proposal that was rejected, as the Triqui families would like all to return at the same time.  “They asked us to sign a letter of commitment to return slowly every 15 days, and we cannot tolerate that,” said Martínez Flores.  She stressed that the displaced Triquis cannot accept the conditions suggested by Antonio Cruz García, alias “Toño Pájaro,” who is accused of being one of the principal authors of the crimes in the region.  The spokesperson added also that during the march from Yucudaa to the state capital Triquis would demand that the state government ensure them security guarantees for their return.

For more information (in Spanish):

Regresan triquis a la capital de Oaxaca (La Jornada, 7 February 2012)

Se complica el retorno de triquis desplazados (El Universal, 7 February 2012)

Triquis desplazados reinstalan plantón en Oaxaca (El Universal, 6 February 2012)

Se trunca regreso de 110 familias triquis desplazadas en Oaxaca(Milenio, 5 February 2012)

Retornan otra vez triquis desplazados de Copala… pero a la capital (Página 3, 7 February 2012)

Impiden el retorno de triquis desplazados (Informador, 7 February 2012)

Decide MULT no dejar entrar a 5 familias desplazadas a San Juan Copala (Chacatorex, 6 February 2012)

Nueva asamblea comunitaria de Copala termina sin acuerdos (Noticias net, 6 February 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: Heriberto Pazos Ortiz, leader and founder of MULT, is killed (26 October 2010)

Oaxaca: the autonomous municipality of San Juan Copala is dismantled (30 September 2010)

Oaxaca: new ambush in Triqui region against individuals who had been granted precautionary measures by the IACHR (20 October 2010)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Attack on observation caravan–2 dead and 4 missing (29 April 2010)


Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities following 16 months of sit-in

February 8, 2012

Triqui girls during the press-conference @ La Jornada

The Triqui indigenous people from the autonomous municipality of San Juan Copala pertaining to the Movement for Triqui Unification and Struggle-Independent (MULTI) called on society to participate in a caravan on 23 January so as to return to their communities after having been displaced 16 months previously by paramilitaries from the Union for the Social Welfare of the Triqui Region (Ubisort).  They had been maintaining a sit-in in front of the Palace of governance in Oaxaca de Juárez since the time of their displacement.

The communiqué read at the press conference expressed that “we have reached some agreements with the state government, and this leads us to think that there exist favorable conditions for our peaceful return to our homes.  We do not understand this to be a provocation.”  The return to their communities was agreed to after 23 work-tables held with the state and federal governments so as to continue with the provisional measures dictated by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) in their favor.  Reina Martínez Flores, spokesperson for the organization who read the communiqué, clarified that the agreements were reached with the state government only because “the federal government has not demonstrated an actual interest in attending to our demands.”  There was added as well that “We are convinced that this is the only way to strengthen our culture and conserve our history; that our differences in reality do not exist, and that hatred comes from where it has always come: from the powerful, who are assisted by some indigenous persons who have lost their dignity and honor and so lend themselves to cultivating pain among our people, in exchange for some coins.”

In other news, on 1 January there was released an interview in the magazine Contralínea in which a supposed member of the armed group that attacked the caravan that sought to enter the ceremonial center of San Juan Copala to provide humanitarian aid to the besieged populace accuses Antonio Cruz García (also known as Toño Pájaro) and Rufino Juárez Hernández as being the principal perpetrators of the action.  Cruz García was then the “commander” of Ubisort, and he is now at the front of the armed group that since September 2010 has occupied San Juan Copala.  Juárez Hernández was at the time of the attack the political leader of Ubisort; he is now being held on other charges.  In the assault of 27 April 2010 died Alberta Cariño Trujillo, director of the Center of Communal Support Working Together (Cactus), and the Finnish human-rights observer Jyri Jaakkola.  Beyond this, that day there were more than a dozen injured, and two activists and two Contralínea journalists went missing for 60 hours.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado del retorno de desplazados a San Juan Copala (Blog Municipio Autónomo de San Juan Copala, 15 January 2012)

Planean regresar a sus comunidades, triquis expulsados hace 16 meses por paramilitares (La Jornada, 15 January 2012)

¡Si vienen, nos los chingamos! (Contralínea, 1 January 2012)

Triquis volverán a Copala el lunes 23 (Oaxaca ya.com, 14 January 2012)

Paz, pide MULTI a MULT; regresan a San Juan Copala (Noticias net, 15 January 2012)

Llaman mujeres triquis de Copala a la paz al MULT (Noticias net, 16 January 2012)

Regresan Desplazadas a San Juan Copala y hacen un llamado de Paz (Frida Guerrera, 15 January 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: Heriberto Pazos Ortiz, leader and founder of MULT, is killed (26 October 2010)

Oaxaca: the autonomous municipality of San Juan Copala is dismantled (30 September 2010)

Oaxaca: new ambush in Triqui region against individuals who had been granted precautionary measures by the IACHR (20 October 2010)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Attack on observation caravan–2 dead and 4 missing (29 April 2010)


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