Tita Radilla. Foto @CentroProdh
On 22 November, at least 79 national and international organizations as well as intellectuals demanded that President Felipe Calderón make effective his commitment to observe the sentences of the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in the cases of Valentina Rosendo Cantú and Inés Fernández Ortega, indigenous Guerrero women who were raped by soldiers in 2002. In their letter to Calderón, the NGOs stress that in accordance with the IACHR ruling in the cases of these women, the act of public recognition of responsibility “is one of the central measures of reparation,” above all for the victims. It has to do with, they say, a “solemn and public event in which the State would recognize the truth of the denunciation of the victims and reaffirm publicly the commitment of the State to respecting human rights, non-discrimination, and the struggle against violence against women.” They insist that the sentences of the IACHR must be observed in their totality and, in the case of the act of recognition of responsibility, the tribunal has noted that “the modality and content of the event, the presence of authorities, the space in which it will be carried out and the date of its realization should be agreed to in accordance” previously with the relatives of the victims.
In other news, on 22 November, Carlos Moreno Derbez, president of the Junta for Agrarian Conciliation, reported that the Mexican Army and the state police are patrolling the zone between the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca to avoid that there be new violent events there. Moreno Derbez noted that the Oaxacan population of Jicaral finds itself settled on the border region with Guerrero, due to “having received authorization to occupy land in the ejidal property of Jicayan de Tovar,” in Guerrero. The Mixtecos of Jicaral, a community that pertains tot he municipality of Coicoyán de Las Flores, reject the idea that they should have to abandon the land, while the ejidatarios of Jicayán de Tovar–who pertain to Tlacoachistlahuaca, Guerero–reject the sale of these lands and on the contrary seek to recover them. The conflict between the Mixteco peoples of Jicaral and Jicayán is for the possession of between 100 and 150 hectares, and it has already left 2 dead and 3 injured this year. The latest killed was a communard from El Jicaral, who was killed during the morning of 21 November in an attack by residents of Jicayán del Tovar.
Lastly, also on 22 November, there was presented in the local Congress the advances of the legal initiative to create a Commission of Truth, and it was announced that this would deal only with the disappearances and executions committed in the state between 1969 and 1979, a period known as the Dirty War, but would exclude the massacre of Aguas Blancas (1995), for which ex-governor Rubén Figueroa Alocer has been found responsible, and that of El Charco (1997), to which the present governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero has been linked, as was announced. The same day, in a ceremony held in London, Peace Brigades International and the Alliance in Favor of Lawyers at Risk awarded a recognition to Tita Radilla, daughter since 1974 of the disappeared social activist Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, “in recognition of her courage and commitment to human rights in Mexico.”
For more information (in Spanish):
Exigen ONG a Calderón cumplir con sentencias de la CoIDH (Proceso, 21 November)
Carta a Calderón de OSC (Cencos, 22 November)
Militares y policías patrullan zona limítrofe entre Oaxaca y Guerrero(Proceso, 22 November)
Matan a comunero de Oaxaca por tierras (La Jornada, 22 November)
Comisión de la Verdad de Guerrero nacerá acotada, admiten promotores (La Jornada, 23 November)
Tita Radilla recibe reconocimiento internacional (La Jornada, 23 November)
Tita Radilla recibe premio de derechos humanos en Londres (CentroProdh, 23 November)
For more information from SIPAZ (in English):