At the beginning of December, the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval) released the most recent statistics regarding poverty in Mexico. While the states with the highest percentages of impoverished persons continues to be Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guerrero, and Veracruz, the greatest number of poor are found in 190 urban localities, particularly in large cities. Coneval attributes this situation to the crisis of 2008, general inflation in the prices of food, as well as commercial dependence on the US. The statistics of this organization take into account a number of variables of social lack including health, education, and housing, in addition to income, factors that are jointly determine whether poverty is moderate or extreme.
The most impoverished municipalities in the country are the following: San Juan Tepeuxila, Oaxaca (with 97.4% of its population impoverished); Aldama, Chiapas (97.3%); San Juan Cancuc, Chiapas (97.3%); Mixtla de Altamirano, Veracruz (97%); Chalchihuitán, Chiapas (96.8%); Santiago Textitlán, Oaxaca (96.6%); San Andrés Duraznal, Chiapas (96.5%); Santiago El Pinar, Chiapas (96.5%); Sitalá, Chiapas (96.5%), and San Simón Zahuatlán, Oaxaca (96.4%).
In previous days, upon presenting the report “Social Panorama of Latin American and the Caribbean,” the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Cepal), a UN organization, had indicated that Mexico and Honduras have been the only two countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in which poverty has increased in the past year. According to Cepal, in contrast, in the majority of Latin America and the Caribbean, poverty rates have diminished. It details that in 2009, 34.8% of the Mexican population found itself in situation of poverty; in 2010, this percentage rose to 36.3% of all residents of the country. The number of Mexicans who live in extreme poverty equaled 13.3% of the total population in 2010 (an increase of 2.1%, compared with 2009).
In related matters, on 7 December, a coalition of 95 Mexican organizations and networks handed over to the Secretary of Foreign Relations more than 18000 citizens’ signatures supporting the signing and ratification of the Facultative Protocol for International Agreement of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (PF PIDESC), a means that could help in the struggle against poverty.
For more information (in Spanish):
Comunicado de prensa completo (CONEVAL, 2 December)
Puebla, DF y Edomex concentran pobreza: Coneval (Proceso, 2 December)
Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guerrero y Veracruz son las entidades con mayor índice de pobres: Coneval (La Jornada, 3 December)
Sólo en México y Honduras creció la pobreza en el último año: Cepal(La Jornada, 30 November)
La campaña mexicana por la ratificación de PF PIDESC entrega el sentir de más de 18 mil mexicanos a la cancillería (Boletín de prensa, 8 December 2011)