In observance of 10 December, International Day for Human Rights, there was presented the Special Report on Violence and Impunity against Female Activists and Human-Rights Defenders in Oaxaca, which took as its aim to call attention to the state of risk in which work those who defend human rights in the state, particularly female activists and defenders. In accordance with the registry of the National Network of Human Rights Defenders in Mexico, Oaxaca is the state with the largest number of cases of abuse against human-rights defenders: in 2012, 48 aggressions have been registered against 30 female defenders in the state. “Intimidation and harassment become daily attacks, while death threats, injuries, arbitrary detentions, and campaigns of slander and defamation become more common, with their principal goal being to impede struggle, effective vigilance, and the protection of the defense and promotion of human rights,” declared the organizations in their press conference.
For its part, Services for an Alternative Education (EDUCA), made public a study regarding the question entitled “Diagnostic on aggressions against communal defenders and the role of public human rights organs in Oaxaca 2012,” which reveals that from January to November 2012, 120 acts of violence against human-rights defenders have been seen in the state, a reality that means that a communal activist is victimized every 3 days by violence in the state.
Beyond this, the Committee for Comprehensive Defense of Human Rights Gobixha (CódigoDH) presenetd its analysis of the situation on human rights in Oaxaca following 2 years of the administration of Gabino Cué Monteagudo (GCM). In its report “The Human-Rights Situation in Oaxaca,” Gobixha analyzed questions of relevance that it addresses, such as torture, the status of female human-rights defenders, access to justice in the Amuzga region, shortcomings in public policies on human rights, including transitional justice and reparations for the 2006 events, as well as the San Dionisio del Mar case.
Furthermore, Amnesty International (AI) released a report entitled “Transforming Pain into Hope: Human-Rights Defenders in America,” which is based on more than 300 cases of intimidation, harassment, attacks, and murders of human-rights defenders in a dozen countries, acts which took place between January 2010 and September 2012, 47 of which are cases that refer to attacks committed in Mexico.It should be noted that in Mexico, the Congress unanimously approved the Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists in April 2012. This law establishes a mechanism to protect rights-defenders and journalists who are at risk, this within one of the most dangerous countries in the world for the exercise of journalism and rights-defense, as AI notes. “Now it is fundamental that the Mexican representatives assure themselves that during the discussions of the federal budget, the necessary resources be set aside to guarantee the effective functioning of the protection mechanism,” suggested AI.
For more information (in Spanish):
Comunicado de prensa: Presentación del Informe Especial 2012 Violencia e impunidad contra las mujeres activistas y defensoras de Derechos Humanos en Oaxaca” (Consorcio para el Diálogo Parlamentario y la Equidad de Género, 10 de diciembre de 2012)
Defensoras y defensores de derechos humanos sufren cada vez más ataques (Página 3, 7 de diciembre de 2012)
Impunes agresiones contra mujeres activistas (Noticias Net, 10 de diciembre de 2012)
Oaxaca primer lugar en ataques contra mujeres activistas (Reflexión en Línea, 10 de diciembre de 2012)
Campaña de defensoras y defensores comunitarios: “Defendiendo derechos sembramos futuro” (EDUCA, 6 de diciembre de 2012)
Cada tercer día es agredido un activista en Oaxaca: Educa (Proceso, 6 de diciembre de 2012)
Documentan 120 actos contra defensores en Oaxaca (El Universal, 6 de diciembre de 2012)
300 casos de abusos contra defensoras de derechos humanos (Milenio, 6 de diciembre de 2012)
Reports (in Spanish):
For more information from SIPAZ (in English):
Oaxaca: Harassment and robbery of offices of Consorcio (14 November 2011)
Oaxaca: new intimidation directed at Alba Cruz (18 January 2011)
Oaxaca: attack on union leader Marcelino Coache (20 May 2010)