Photo @ Animal Político
Once again on 2 October, the social movement marched in the streets of Mexico City to commemorate the massacre of students on 2 October 1968, but on this occasion protestors’ advance on the Zócalo was impeded by a strong police presence, such that the march had to end at the Angel of Independence.
Several non-governmental organizations denounced a disproportionate use of public force. “We have documented all the violations that were committed, and we hope that there are sanctions against those responsible,” declared Adrián Ramírez, president of the Mexican League for the Defense of Human Rights (Limeddh). The confrontations left dozens injured, including 32 police, and more than 100 arrested, according to the Ministry for Public Security in Mexico City, which announced that it had acted “with strict conformity to applicable normativity in the case of the arrest of the multitudes.” Regardless, activists indicated that on several occasions the riot police launched tear gas, rubber-coated bullets, and even rocks against protestors, thus violating protocols governing the use of public force. “What we saw yesterday was clearly an unprofessional police force” and a “lack of protocols,” added Darío Ramírez, director of Article 19, which documented more than 30 attacks on journalists and photographers.
The Miguel Agustín Pro-Juárez Center for Human Rights (PRODH) reported that five of its members who had been observing the events were attacked, with two injured. Furthermore, activists noted the presence of plainclothes officers who carried out arrests and that, moreover, police engaged in “actions of provocation.”
The Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights denounced that “during the actions of observation in which the solidarity network #BreakTheFear participated, as organized by civil human rights organizations and groups in favor of liberty of expression, there were registered several violations of human rights against those who were protesting. In particular, we repudiate the acts of violence committed against members of the Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Center for Human Rights A.C., whose labor of observation was inhibited by public security forces of Mexico City.”
At the rally participated leaders of the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) Rubén Núñez (Oaxaca) and Juan José Ortega (Michoacán), who centered their rejection not just on educational reform, but also on the general context of “structural reform,” including for energy and finance.
In the capitals of Chiapas and Oaxaca there were also held massive marches. Arturo Peimbert, president of Defense for the Human Rights of the People of Oaxaca (DDHPO), reported that precautionary measures had been distributed for those persons who had been arrested by the state police during confrontations which took place on 2 October in the Oaxacan capital.
For more information (in Spanish):
A 45 años del 2 de octubre, añejas demandas y violencia (La Jornada, 3 de octubre de 2013)
2 de octubre: balas de goma, gases entintados (Contralínea, 4 de octubre de 2013)
Van 102 detenidos por manifestación del 2 de Octubre (Animal Político, 3 de octubre de 2013)
COMUNICADO | OSC condenan agresiones contra defensores de derechos humanos durante la marcha conmemorativa del 68 (CDHMTlachinollan, 3 de octubre de 2013)
Boletín: Represión en México, signo de este gobierno (CDHFBLC, 3 de octubre de 2013)
Una mega marcha por octubre 2, en Tuxtla (Cuarto Poder, 3 de octubre de 2013)
Video: Violencia en marcha del 2 de octubre debe ser esclarecida (Aristegui Noticias, 3 de octubre de 2013)