The international feminist organization JASS (Just Associates) has denounced the sexist vision and absence of gender perspective in the protection of women human rights defenders. According to JASS, it’s necessary to introduce such a perspective and to take into account the specific needs of female defenders, “not because women face more or less aggressions, but because the nature of the attacks, the fact that they occur or may occur, their impacts and consequences are different from the attacks against men. Therefore they require specific and comprehensive measures”.
The prevailing patriarchal vision implies a bias in the understanding of the existing reality that deso not distinguish the gender implications of the risks, impacts and needs of a different kind of protection for female defenders. The claim is that instruments and mechanisms of protection were created according to the specific needs of men, which are taken as universal.
JASS recognizes that there have been advances in various United Nations mechanisms and institutions such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to recognize the specific risks that female defenders face. Nonetheless, it stressed that “the civil society and the mechanisms for the protection of human rights still have significant challenges. “
Currently, the Mesoamerican Initiative for Female Human Rights Defenders, a network created in 2010, is generating alternatives of comprehensive protection, including safety measures and self-care. They aim at responding to the violence that female defenders in the region face in their work. In the case of Mexico, there were some advances through national networks of defenders.
For more information (in Spanish):
Porque Importa la Perspectiva de Género en la Protección para Defensoras (JASS, 2 de junio de 2014)
México trata con doble rasero a las mujeres (Cimac noticias, 15 de mayo de 2014)
For more information from SIPAZ (in English)
National: Suprema Corte presents protocol to judge gender crimes (September 13, 2013)