On 27 November, a day after 2 months had passed since the forcible disappearance of 43 normalist students in Iguala, Guerrero, President Enrique Peña Nieto publicly announced 10 actions to be taken in terms of public security, as well as in prosecution the administration of justice. These measures include the following:
1. To submit on 1 December a bill against the Infiltration of Organized Crime in the municipal authorities which would allow the federal government to take control of security in municipalities where there are indications of collusion between local authorities and organized crime.
2. An initiative to redefine the competence of each authority with regard to fighting crime.
3. The obligatory creation of state police that will substitute the “more than 1,800 weak municipal police.”
4. A national number for emergencies: 911.
5. A single identification card.
6. A special federal force located in the region of Tierra Caliente that would cover municipalities in Guerrero and Michoacán.
7. A solution for justice “that too often is slow, complex, and costly.”
8. Different actions in terms of human rights that include the following: provide Congress with the ability to expedite the general laws on torture and forcible disappearance; strengthening the protocols and proceedings in cases of torture, forcible disappearance, and extrajudicial executions; creation of a national system to search for disappeared persons, as well as a national genetic information database, and the entrance into law of a General Law on Victims.
9. Support from the federal executive for the National Anti-Corruption System and the Regulatory Law for Constitutional Reforms in terms of transparency that is being discussed in the federal congress.
10. Transparency, accountability, and popular participation.
Beyond the ten points, EPN announced a strategy “for comprehensive development to reduce poverty,marginalization, and inequality in Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.”
In reaction, the parliamentary groups of the Party for Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the National Action Party (PAN) lamented that the federal executive had not engaged in self-criticism in its transfer of responsibility to the local level, or even really provided a truthful diagnostic of the crisis in the country.
With regards to this latter point, human-rights organizations and victims’ groups denounced that the attention provided to the serious problem of forcible disappearances continues being inadequate. They recalled that this is not the first time that the present government announces search plans and actions, with no results to date. They lamented that there has not been any progress in terms of consultation for the construction of the proposal with those who for year have denounced the exponential increase in the number of disappearances in Mexico. These groups warned furthermore that a large part of the measures that were announced correspond to the legislative branch, and so do not imply immediate actions that would help advance the investigations of thousands of cases of forcible disappearances that have been denounced in recent years. Specifically, they affirmed that “we consider that, amidst the magnitude of the crisis of disappearances, it is reproachable that the central message today would not be recognition of the magnitude of this crisis but would instead omit immediate and urgent measures to be taken in terms of justice to guarantee that in all cases of disappearances that have been denounced, justice and truth prevail […]. We lament that today, two months following the forced disappearance of the 43 normalist students from Ayotzinapa, the president has not revealed any concrete actions to deepen the search for the students, whose whereabouts still to date has not been clarified using scientific evidence. Neither has there been any pivot to the parents who have experienced rage and negation since 26 and 27 September 2014, amidst the promises of those who to date still have yet to observe them.”
For more information (in Spanish):
Estos son los 10 puntos que anunció Peña Nieto en respuesta al caso Ayotzinapa (Animal Político, 28 de noviembre de 2014)
Presenta Peña Nieto nuevo plan de justicia (27 de noviembre de 2014)
Propuesta de 10 puntos de EPN confronta a bancadas en el Senado (La Jornada, 27 de noviembre de 2014)
Propone PRD ampliar decálogo de Peña; “insuficiente” el punto de la corrupción, dice (Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2014)
Comunicado completo de las OSC (27 de noviembre de 2014)
Ante crisis son insuficientes medidas anunciadas por EPN: derechohumanistas (Radio Fórmula, 28 de noviembre de 2014)