National: Legislative Year Ends with Controversial Agenda in Congress

Congress.jpgCongress of the Union (@ADN Político)

The closing of the legislative year was marked by a particularly sensitive agenda on human rights in the Congress of the Union. In short, the reforms to the General Law of Victims were approved. On the other hand, although they were approved by the Justice and Human Rights Commission, the laws on trafficking, torture, and the regulatory law of Article 29 of the Constitution, which regulates the declaration of a State of emergency in cases of invasion, serious disturbance of the public peace or another phenomenon that puts society in serious danger or conflict.

All of these issues have been sources of great controversy over their contents and possible impacts. The reform of the general law to prevent, investigate and punish torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment has been questioned by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for its “regressive” modifications. In particular, a modification that would prevent an official accused of torture from being removed from office was criticized.

The initiative that generated the biggest stir was the possible approval of a judgement for a statutory law of Article 29 of the constitution. The debate became even more intense after statements by the Secretary of National Defense, Salvador Cienfuegos, who urged that a legal framework be defined for the actions of the military in the fight against organized crime. The All Rights for All Network demanded a public discussion on this project. It said: “The legislative initiatives that have been proposed with the aim of normalizing the presence and military intervention in the country are of concern. They seek to normalize what in any democracy would be an exception: the involvement of the army in public security tasks – from patrol, to arrests, to crime investigation. Providing the Armed Forces with a legal framework is undoubtedly important. The Armed Forces have done a job that the civil authorities have not been able to or wanted to do, tasks that constitutionally do not correspond to them and they are not trained to perform. This has put its members in a situation of legal vulnerability. However, such a legal framework cannot simply – as in the legislative proposals for Internal Security proposed by Roberto Gil Zuarth (PAN) and by Cesar Camacho (PRI) – normalize and make permanent what today happens unconstitutionally. Neither should they advocate suspending individual guarantees so that the army can carry out the task that corresponds to civil authority without controls and without transparency.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Golpe de Estado silencioso (Proceso, 3 de diciembre de 2016)

Debatir el modelo de seguridad, SIDIDH, 5 de diciembre de 2016

Sociedad civil exige a Diputados no militarizar al país ni legislar sin discusión la suspensión de garantías (Red Todos los Derechos para Todos, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

ONG instan a no apresurar ley sobre militares (La Jornada, 11 de septiembre)

ONG piden al Congreso frenar iniciativas que normalicen presencia militar para seguridad pública (Animal Político, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

Una Ley de Tortura sin contradicciones y que respete ddhh (Animal Político, 12 de diciembre de 2012)

A marchas forzadas, aprueban Ley contra Tortura y de Trata de Personas (Quadratín, 13 de diciembre de 2016)
Cuestiona la ONU cambios a legislación (El Economista, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Aprueban diputados reforma a Ley General de Víctimas (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

PRI cierra las puertas a expertos internacionales al aprobarse Ley de Víctimas (Proceso, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Retira PRI dictamen de reforma a ley de trata y tortura (La Jornada, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Urgen en Sedena a aprobar la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Proceso, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Las dos iniciativas de ley de seguridad interior (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Nacional : Pobres resultados diez años después de iniciar la guerra contra el crimen organizado ; El Ejército seguirá en las calles, EPN (16 de diciembre de 2016)

Nacional: Organizaciones sociales se pronuncian sobre ley de tortura (31 de mayo de 2016)

Nacional: Gobierno rechazó visita del relator para la tortura de la ONU (31 de marzo de 2016)

Nacional: Dudas de organismos de la sociedad civil por la iniciativa de Ley contra la Tortura (9 de febrero de 2016)

México: Publicación de la Ley General de Atención a Víctimas (10 de enero de 2013)

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