National: EPN Enacts Interior Security Law. CNDH Declares it Unconstitutional.

SecurityOn December 21st, President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) enacted the Internal Security Law, recently approved by Congress, which regulates the participation and timing in which the armed forces can participate in public safety work in municipalities and states. EPN affirmed that it will not implement it until the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN in its Spanish acronym) pronounces on its constitutionality. He acknowledged that “different civil society organizations, human rights groups and academics have expressed that, in their opinion, the content of the law is unconstitutional.”

For his part, the head of the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA in its Spanish acronym), General Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda, said that the armed forces will respect what both the Legislative and Judicial Powers decide and thanked Congress for its efforts to grant this law that they had been requesting.

The collective #SeguridadSinGuerra, made up of more than 250 civil organizations and more than 100 people, questioned that “if the President has doubts about the constitutionality of the law, the responsible thing would have been to make the pertinent observations to the Legislative Power, as is indicated by the Constitution.” It declared that, “today is a very sad day for the nation, but its citizens will be up to the challenge of building a rule of law despite a government that despises the Constitution and undermines its institutions.”

Amnesty International Mexico regretted that “the President has decided to enact the Internal Security Law despite multiple evidence against him and refusing to listen to international human rights organizations that have warned of the serious consequences of the presence of the armed forces on the streets.” It stressed that, “Enrique Peña Nieto has lost the opportunity to show his respect for the human rights of millions of Mexicans, by enacting a law that puts them in grave danger.”

The National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) also regretted that the federal executive enacted the Internal Security Law and set aside the opportunity to conduct an honest, plural, inclusive and informed dialogue. It stressed that, “its absence prevented the construction of consensus in society that would have avoided the polarization of positions implicit in the solution through the jurisdictional route.” It announced that it will present a claim of unconstitutionality before the SCJN on the grounds that “the Internal Security Law makes it possible to violate basic rights and freedoms recognized in favor of Mexicans, affecting the design and constitutionally established balance between entities, institutions, organs of the State and powers, and apply conditions of exception to democratic coexistence in Mexican society.” It trusted that, “the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation will exercise, in the actions and controversies on this subject, its full knowledge and full responsibility, its function as the maximum guarantor of constitutionality in Mexico, taking into account the content of the 2011 reform on human rights, which, due to its relevance and transcendence, marked the beginning of a new era for the high court and for Mexico.”

For more information in Spanish:

EPN promulga la Ley de Seguridad Interior; SCJN decidirá su constitucionalidad, dice (Animal Político, 21 de diciembre de 2017)

La Ley de Seguridad Interior posibilita que se vulneren derechos y libertades básicas: CNDH (Proceso, 27 de diciembre de 2017)

Ley de Seguridad no beneficia a ciudadanos, al Ejército, ni a la Policía: CNDH ante promulgación (Animal Político, 27 de diciembre de 2017)

Acataremos fallo de la Corte sobre ley de seguridad: Cienfuegos (La Jornada, 28 de diciembre de 2017)

Duras críticas de ‘Marcos’ (Galeano) contra el PRI, por Ley de Seguridad (Aristegui Noticias, 28 de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Más aprobaciones controvertidas de Leyes Mexicanas (20 de diciembre de 2017)

Nacional: Senado aprueba Ley de seguridad interior (16 de diciembre de 2017)

Nacional: Ante rechazo a la Ley de Seguridad Interior, EPN pide ampliar “los espacios de diálogo y acercamiento con las distintas organizaciones de la sociedad civil” (11 de diciembre de 2017)

Nacional: Entre protestas se aprueba Ley de seguridad interior (1 de diciembre de 2017)

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