On August 9th, in the framework of International Day of Indigenous Peoples, the Special Rapporteur of the UN, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, published her report on her visit to Mexico in November 2017. This report will be presented to the Council of Human Rights of the United Nations in September 2018.
In the document, the rapporteur presented her main concerns and recommendations. In general terms, she warned that after the visit made by her predecessor in the post and despite the commitments subsequently made by Mexico, indigenous peoples continue to face serious challenges in the exercise of their human rights, which “reflects the considerable existing gap between the legal, political and institutional reality and the international commitments assumed by the country.” This, in “a context of profound inequality, poverty and discrimination of indigenous peoples that limits their access to justice, education, health and other basic services.”
In more specific aspects, she stressed that, “current development policies based on extractive megaprojects, energy, tourism, real estate, agriculture, for example, are a major challenge for the enjoyment of human rights of indigenous peoples.” “The lack of self-determination and prior, free, informed and culturally appropriate consultation, adds territorial conflicts, forced displacements, criminalization and violence against indigenous peoples who defend their rights,” she stressed.
The recommendations to Mexico point to the creation of “a new relationship between indigenous peoples and the State, based on equality, respect and non-discrimination.” “They also urge measures to solve the problems of violence and insecurity, as well as poverty, marginalization and structural discrimination,” the rapporteur said.
For more informaton in Spanish:
MÉXICO. Situación de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas en México. Informe de la Visita al país de la Relatora Especial ONU, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz. Conclusiones y Recomendaciones (ONU, 9 de agosto de 2018)
Los pueblos indígenas de Guerrero en el informe de la relatora (CDH Tlachinollan, 9 de agosto de 2018)
Relatora de ONU sobre pueblos indígenas advierte sobre impacto de megaproyectos en México (El País, 8 de agosto de 20018)
For more information from SIPAZ:
Nacional – México: Visita de la Relatora especial de la ONU sobre derechos de los pueblos indígenas (8 de noviembre de 2017)