According to an article in La Jornada newspaper in its October 15th edition, only 21 sentences have been handed down for the crime of forced disappearance since it was defined in 2001 in the Federal Criminal Code. 18 of them were convictions and three were acquittals. This was raised by Javier Yankelevich, a researcher at the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN in its Spanish acronym) during the forum “Forced disappearance, legislative and judicial analysis”, which was held a few days earlier at the National Institute of Criminal Sciences (Inacipe in its Spanish acronym).
The analyst also stressed that “in most sentences the punishments are almost always with the minimum penalties and only one high-ranking military man has been sentenced.” “The 18 sentences include 41 men sanctioned with an average of 7.5 years in prison (the recently approved General Law on Disappearance establishes a minimum penalty of 40 years in prison) and in these cases no type of reparation has been given for the victims or their relatives”, he said.
During the same forum, Jorge Carrion, director of investigation at Inacipe, stressed that although the Mexican State has made important efforts to strengthen the legal and legislative framework on forced disappearance, this is not yet a constant practice in the country.
For more information in Spanish:
Desde 2001 sólo hay 21 sentencias por desaparición (La Jornada, 15 de octubre de 2018)
Un estado evaporado (El Sol de México, 18 de octubre de 2018)
For more information from SIPAZ:
National: More than Six Thousand Children Disappeared in Mexico in the last 11 Years
(October 11th, 2018)