On November 1st, the collective #SeguridadSinGuerra publicly declared that the proposal of the Minister of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN in its Spanish acronym), Jorge Mario Pardo Rebolledo on the Interior Security Law (LSI in its Spanish acronym), is “deficient and insufficient“: although it invalidates some parts of the text, it keeps the Armed Forces “on the streets without effective control mechanisms and leaves intact the heart of militarization,” the group said. It should be remembered that the SCJN plans to review the constitutionality of the Law passed in December 2017, possibly from November 12, amid national and international criticism.
The project of Minister Pardo “proposes to declare unconstitutional seven articles, modify four and declare the validity of 23 of the 34 that make up the law. Although the proposal invalidates some of the most serious parts of the Law, it leaves intact the central part of the Law and requires that at least eight of the 11 ministers vote to eliminate said parts. However, the risks of keeping the army on the streets, without effective control mechanisms, remain. Therefore, from #SeguridadSinGuerra we consider that the project is deficient and insufficient,” the collective said.
“Peace cannot be built with a law that maintains the paradigm of the militarization of public security, hindering legitimate efforts to listen to the victims of the country and build mechanisms of transitional justice,” he concluded.
According to the media, the SCJN intends to endorse the Law on the premise that it does not violate the Constitution provided that the intervention of the armed forces is limited to serious and exceptional situations, and at the express request of state governments. “Not only is participation of the armed forces in aid or support of civil authorities constitutional, but is necessary to safeguard the legal order emanating from the fundamental law itself (…) In time of peace the military are constitutionally empowered to assist or support the civil authorities, at the express request of them and without usurping their sphere of competence,” the group says.
Among what would disappear in the approved text is any word or clause that opens the door for the Army to act on its own; the automatic classification as “reserved information” of the data that may trigger operations (Article 9); and the inclusion of the topic of social protest or political – electoral protests as a possible threat to internal security (Article 8).
For more information in Spanish:
Proyecto de la Corte avala Ley de Seguridad Interior pero con 14 cambios. Aquí los detalles de las modificaciones (Animal Político, 31 de octubre de 2018)
Ministro SCJN por avalar Ley de Seguridad Interior (Político MX, 31 de octubre de 2018)
Proyecto de SCJN mantiene ‘corazón’ de la Ley de Seguridad Interior: Pérez Correa (Aristegui Noticias, 31 de octubre de 2018)
Propone ministro Pardo Rebolledo invalidar 7 de los 34 artículos de la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Aristegui Noticias, 30 de octubre de 2018)
La SCJN considera acotar participación de Fuerzas Armadas en seguridad (Proceso, 30 de octubre de 2018)
For more information from SIPAZ:
National: Two Judges Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (May 24th, 2018)
Chiapas: Organizations seek legal shelter from the Interior Security Law (April 2nd, 2018)
National: EPN Enacts Interior Security Law. CNDH Declares it Unconstitutional (January 14th, 2018)
National: Interior Security Law Passed amidst Protests (December 7th, 2017)