Opening session of the conference on the Global Migration Pact, Marrakesh (@AP)
On December 10th, 2018, in Marrakesh, Morocco, 164 of the 193 member countries of the United Nations approved the Global Migration Pact.
This Pact aims to be a response to growing global migration, and the need to provide more protection and cooperation to guarantee the safety of migrants. According to the International Organization for Migration, more than 3,300 migrants died or disappeared in 2018. The Covenant recognizes not only the rights of refugees, but also the rights of migrants in general. Although the Pact is not legally binding, it represents an advance for the human rights of migrants.
The process to reach this Pact began two years ago when a United Nations summit in New York, USA, recognized the need to promote greater global cooperation for the protection of migrants.
The United States did not sign the agreement. Australia, Chile, and several European countries did not support it either, saying it could undermine their autonomy even if this agreement is not binding and explicitly states that countries will maintain their sovereignty to establish their own immigration laws. However, almost 85 percent of the member countries of the United Nations adopted the Pact,
The General Assembly of the United Nations was set to ratify it on December 19th, 2018.
Although the Pact remains largely symbolic, it is another step in the struggle for the rights of 3.4 percent of the world’s population who are migrants.
For more information in Spanish:
Adopta ONU pacto mundial sobre migración (La Jornada, 10 de diciembre de 2018).
La ONU aprueba el primer Pacto Mundial para la Migración sin la presencia de EE UU (La Rioja, 10 de diciembre de 2018).
ONU adopta pacto para la migración, pese a tensiones (El Universal, 11 de diciembre de 2018).
For more information from SIPAZ: