@Juan Carlos Cruz, Cuarto Oscuro
On March 31st, over 50 civil organizations, academics and activists, including #SeguridadsinGuerra published a statement in which they insisted on the need for a “truly civilian” National Guard. The decree that will allow its creation was published five days before. They expressed their concern about the possibility of it ending up being a military body if it is confirmed that the recruitment, training and operation will be in the charge of the Armed Forces taking the risk that “the only civil thing about this guard will be their administrative disguise.”
They asked President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) to fulfill his campaign promises and “no longer insist on militarizing the country” by stressing that the indications sent by the Federal Government point towards the construction of a military body. They recalled in particular that as recently as March 27th, AMLO declared that it was not ruled out that the National Guard should have as a commander an active member of the military.
“It would be a militarization that does not dare to speak its name, a simulation and a betrayal of the meaning of the reform approved by Congress … it should already be clear that military structures have not served or will serve to address situations of public insecurity, especially when More than 90% of crimes committed in the country are not federal, but common law”, they said.
“It would also be an attack against the project of a democratic country that strengthens the rule of law and that places the defense of human rights as the highest priority”, they said.
“Mr. President, fulfill what you promised. No longer insist on militarizing the country, build a truly civil Guard, do not destroy the Federal Police and promote the development of our local police”, they concluded.
On the other hand, on April 3rd, Luis Raul Gonzalez Perez, president of the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH in its Spanish acronym), met with President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador and also urged that the command of the National Guard be civil.
For more information in Spanish:
La CNDH pide a AMLO un mando civil para la Guardia Nacional durante su reunión en Palacio Nacional (Sin Embargo, 3 de abril de 2019)
Construya una Guardia verdaderamente civil, no insista en militarizar, exigen organizaciones a AMLO (Animal Político, 1ero de abril de 2019)
ONGs advierte militarización en Guardia Nacional (El Universal, 1ero de abril de 2019)
Critican activistas conformación de la Guardia Nacional (MVS Noticias, 31 de marzo de 2019) Guardia Nacional se convertiría en corporación militar, advierten ONGs (OSC, 31 de marzo de 2019)
Ahora sí, todo está listo para crear la Guardia Nacional; Presidencia publica decreto (Animal Político, 26 de marzo de 2019)
For more information from SIPAZ:
National: Deputies Approve National Guard amid Doubts in the Executive (January 24th, 2019)
National: Public Hearings to Debate the Creation of National Guard Begin (January 15th, 2019)
National: Faced with Rejection of National Guard, AMLO Proposes New Consultation (December 12th, 2018)
National: CNDH Asks SCJN to Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (November 7th, 2018)