On November 21st, the Second Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation declared unconstitutional the judgments that trans people have to make in order to achieve legal recognition of their gender identity.
In June of this year, the organizations Mexico Igualitario, CHEROS, Trans Solidarity Network, Gender without Borders, Union and Force of Trans Chihuahuan Women, PROtrans, Chihuahua Transgender Project, BITTTRANS Ciudad Juarez and Grupo Fanny Transgender Women decided to promote a thesis contradiction due to two different rulings on the same issue in the federal courts of the states of Chihuahua and Guanajuato.
As a result, the Second Chamber resolved the Contradiction of Thesis 346/2019 approving a jurisprudence that states that “the procedure for the adaptation or issuance of a new birth certificate must be carried out in the administrative process.” This decision will have mandatory effects throughout Mexican territory. It does not mean that the local laws of each state are invalid, rather it forces them to take the necessary measures to ensure that transgender persons can change their birth certificates without the need to take a long trial, the provision of evidence or the consent of third persons.
In the statement published by the promoters of the thesis contradiction they called “to include trans infancy and adolescents in regulatory and institutional changes that seek to guarantee the right to identity of trans people.”
Currently, only nine of the 31 Mexican states offer the possibility of an administrative procedure for the adaptation of records and the legal recognition of gender identity: Mexico City, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi and Tlaxcala. In the rest of the country, including Chiapas, the process that the trans population has to face involves legal, economic and social difficulties, as well as judgments that can take from six months to a year and a half.
In Mexico City, this process is much faster, but since the Chiapas institutions do not recognize the new documents, the trans person has to live a double identity upon return.
In the local Congress of Chiapas, there is still an initiative of law promoted by Deputy Aida Guadalupe Jimenez Sesma for several months that aims to modify the Civil Code so that trans people can make adjustments to their documents.
For more information in Spanish:
Personas trans podrán adecuar actas de nacimiento en Guanajuato y todo México sin juicio (Zona Franca el 26 de noviembre de 2019)
Ordenan reconocimiento a la identidad de género (Cuarto Poder el 27 de noviembre de 2019)
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En Chihuahua, personas trans pueden adecuar acta de nacimiento sin un amparo (Proceso el 26 de noviembre de 2019)
For more information from SIPAZ:
Chiapas: Exigen verdad y justicia por el asesinato de Aylin, mujer transexual y 7 otros casos de odio (3 de septiembre de 2019)
Oaxaca: State Congress Approves Marriage Equality Bill (September 10, 2019)
Chiapas: alto a la violencia homofóbica (17 de mayo de 2018)
National: Senate Agrees to Guarantee Equal Rights to Same-Sex Couples (November 12, 2018)
Oaxaca: Mujer transgénero recibe su credencial de elector de una representación del INE (8 de agosto de 2017)