National: SCJN Recognizes Mandatory Nature of UN Urgent Actions on Forced Disappearances

@El Siglo de Durango

On June 16th, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) accepted the mandatory nature of Urgent Actions issued by the UN Committee against Forced Disappearance (CED), as well as the right of relatives of a disappeared person to participate in search and investigation procedures. Organizations such as the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), the National Search Commission positively valued this decision. “It is important to highlight the fundamental role of the judicial powers in combating enforced disappearances. The decision of the First Chamber of the SCJN represents a great advance in the fight against this crime and the recognition of the rights of the victims”, said Guillermo Fernandez Maldonado, Representative of the UNHCHR in Mexico.

The SCJN ordered the Mexican authorities to implement the measures recommended by the CED in the 284 urgent actions that are active for Mexico and to which more may be added from now on.

This decision derives from the ruling on the protection under review 1077/2019 related to the forced disappearance of the youth Víctor Alvarez Damian, which occurred on December 11th, 2013 in the port of Veracruz. By doing this, the SCJN recognized the obligation of the prosecution to undertake the search for missing or non-located persons to determine the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared youth, as well as to investigate the facts that led to his disappearance and the possible perpetrators.

For more information in Spanish:

CNDH celebra orden de SCJN a autoridades para acatar acciones urgentes de la ONU en materia de desapariciones forzadas (El Economista, 16 de junio de 2021)

ONU celebra que se cumpla orden de SCJN para buscar a desaparecidos(proceso, 17 de junio de 2021)

El Cumplimiento de las medidas y acciones urgentes emitidas por el comité contra la desaparición forzada de la ONU es obligatorio para las autoridades del Estado de Mexicano: Primera Sala (SCJN, 17 de junio de 2021)

En una decisión histórica, la SCJN de México reconoció que las Acciones Urgentes emitidas por la ONU son vinculantes y obligatorias para todas las autoridades encargadas de la búsqueda e investigación de las personas desaparecidas (i(dh)eas, 16 de junio de 2021)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Data on Forced Disappearances Updated (October 14, 2020)

National: Senate Approves Competence of UNO Committee against Forced Disappearances(September 3, 2020)

National: Mexico Accepts UN Intervention in Forced Disappearance Cases – AMLO (August 28, 2020)

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