Oaxaca: State meeting of communities and organizations in resistance to mining projects

February 6, 2016

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Authorities of the communities that attended the meeting @ SIPAZ

On January 29 and 30, representatives of 48 communities, 30 social organizations, two research centers, and three community radio stations took part in the State Encounter of Communities and Organizations against Mining (Encuentro Estatal de Comunidades y Organizaciones contra la Minería), in Cerro de Las Huertas community, in the municipality of Ejutla de Crespo. The meeting had the aim of generating a space for reflection at a state level on the advances and challenges of movements against mining, strengthening the resistance and defense of communities and organizations in Oaxaca, analyzing how to improve movements in struggle against mining projects, and the coordination of activists to confront foreign companies. In a statement agreed by the participants in the event, they demanded the cancellation of all mining projects in state by the state and federal governments. There are more than 400 mining concessions in the territory of Oaxaca, “none of which was subjected to consultation.” They recalled that apart from environmental violations and effects, the companies create internal conflicts in each location. The participants in the encounter showed the close relationship that exists between mining magnates and federal and state government representatives to strip the peoples and indigenous communities of their territories.

In their statement they emphasized that, “They are violating the people’s right to information as there are already mining concessions given by the government without the consent of our community assemblies. The mining companies violate our rights using a range of strategies and mechanisms to divide and confront communities, while on the other hand the federal and state governments make legislative and institutional changes to benefit the interests of the transnational companies, such as Fondo Minero, and these changes have as their aim taking territories away from the indigenous peoples and communities. At the same time, the work of defenders of territory is criminalized, they are persecuted, imprisoned, and in the worst of cases their lives are taken away.”

Those gathered called on communities, peoples and organizations to defend land and territory against “death projects” and declared July 22 of each year as “State Day of Resistance against Mining”.

For more information in Spanish:

Exigen cancelación de 400 concesiones mineras en Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, 2 de febrero de 2016)

La Minuta de EDUCA con audios del evento (EDUCA, 2 de febrero de 2016)

Comunidades y organizaciones exigen cancelar proyectos mineros en Oaxaca (La Jornada, 1 de febrero de 2016)

DECLARATORIA DE CERRO DE LAS HUERTAS EJUTLA DE CRESPO OAXACA (EDUCA, 30 de enero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Encuentro Chiapaneco de afectadas y afectados por represas y minería (2 de febrero de 2016)

Oaxaca: Ejidos y comunidades de Valles Centrales declaran sus territorios libres de minería (4 de diciembre de 2015)

Oaxaca: En la Costa declaran el rechazo a proyectos hidroeléctricos y de minería (18 de noviembre de 2015)

Oaxaca: A 3 años del asesinato de Bernardo Vásquez, Fortuna Silver espera mayores ganancias (26 de marzo de 2015)

 


National/Guerrero: Unfavorable reports about corruption and human rights in Mexico

February 5, 2016

CNDH

Luis Raúl González Pérez, CNDH president. Photo: @CuartOscuro

Two reports on human rights in Mexico coincided in that there is little progress in the areas of human rights and combatting corruption. In one report, the president of the National Commission for Human Rights (Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos – CNDH), Luis Raul Gonzalez Perez, declared that Guerrero is the state with most complaints, followed by Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and Veracruz. According to Aristegui Noticias news outlet, forced disappearances have risen to 26 thousand since the beginning of the “war against drugs” in 2006 to the present. During the presentation of the Commission’s (CNDH) annual report to the Permanent Commission of the General Congress, Gonzalez Perez highlighted that “the problem of disappearances challenges and questions the abilities and resources of the Mexican State to respond to a situation that, we the passage of time, we have not been able to overcome.” Likewise, he added that “the Chalchihuapan, Tlatlaya, Iguala, and Apatzingán cases had altered the general and historical perception of human rights in our country, testing its institutions.” As regards the violation of human rights, Chiapas is the sixth state with the highest frequency of reports, and Oaxaca eighth.

In another report, Human Rights Watch (HRW) noted in its 2015 annual report that “members of the Mexican security forces have participated in numerous forced disappearances. […] Since 2006, the CNDH received approximately 9,000 complaints of abuses committed by members of the army – including 1,700 during the [term of office] of the current government.” The same organization highlighted that the executive has made little progress in sanctioning members of the military implicated in cases of human rights violations as they are under the jurisdiction of military courts. Added to this, Alejandro Salas, director of Americas of International Transparency (Americas de Transparencia Internacional), noted that ‘in countries like Mexico where the police are at the service of local ‘caciques’, or at the service of mayors, of provincial governors, the police is not doing its professional and independent work, but instead responding to the interests of certain groups, often illegal groups, such as drug traffickers.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guerrero, Tamaulipas y Veracruz, los estados con más denuncias por desapariciones: CNDH (Eme Equis, 27 de enero de 2016)

Ni combate a la corrupción, ni avances en DDHH, coinciden dos reportes globales sobre México (Sin Embargo, 27 de enero de 2016)

Autoridades, incapaces de responder a casos de desaparición forzada: CNDH, en su informe 2015 (Animal Político, 27 de enero de 2016)

Escasos avances para castigar a militares violadores de derechos humanos en México: Human Rights Watch (Sididh, 28 de enero de 2016)

Impunidad enmarca desapariciones en México, denuncia Cadhac ante la ONU (Proceso, 27 de enero de 2016)

Informe anual de actividades 2015 (Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (27 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)

Guererro: Se cumplen 4 años de desaparición forzada de campesinos ecologistas de la Costa Grande (8 de diciembre de 2015)

Nacional/Internacional: Ejército y fuerzas de seguridad involucradas en asesinatos extrajudiciales, tortura, desaparición forzada: EU (10 de julio de 2015)

 


Oaxaca: Oaxaca Truth Commission announces the prompt publication of its final report

February 5, 2016

 

Fox

Ex-president Vicente Fox giving evidence before the Truth Commission. Photo@CVO

The Oaxaca Truth Commission (Comisión de la Verdad de Oaxaca – CVO) announced through its Facebook account on January 25 that “it is in the final draft stage of its report on the events that brought about the violations of the human rights of the people of Oaxaca in 2006.” This autonomous organism was founded in 2013 to investigate possible violations of human rights during the repression in Oaxaca in 2006 and 2007, mainly directed against the National Coordination of Education Workers (Coordinadora Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación – CNTE) and the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca – APPO). In the post, they included a photo of ex-president Fox, giving evidence to the Commission as ex-head of state during the time of the events under investigation.

In the same vein, the Truth Commission reported mid-January through one of its members, Father Alejandro Solalinde, that deputies of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional – PRI), in complicity with the National Action Party (Partido de Acción Nacional – PAN) and the Mexican Green Ecologist Party (Partido Verde Ecologista de México – PVEM) attempted to protect the ex-governor of the state, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, preventing the mission of the Truth Commission through a budgetary cutback of two million pesos. As a result, the Federal Electricity Commission (Comisión Federal de Electricidad – CFE) cut off the electricity supply at the offices of the Truth Commission. In spite of this, “this document that seeks to propel truth, justice and reparation and not repeat the events of Oaxaca ten years ago, will be ready in a few weeks”, they declared.

For more information in Spanish:

Fox declara ante la Comisión de la Verdad de Oaxaca (Foto) (Aristegui Noticias, 25 de enero de 2016

PRONUNCIAMIENTO ANTE DECISIÓN DEL CONGRESO DE RECORTAR PRESUPUESTO (Comisión de la Verdad de Oaxaca, 19 de enero de 2016)

Diputados locales de PRI, PAN y PVEM protegen a Ulises Ruiz, acusa Solalinde (Proceso, 14 de enero de 2016)

Por nulo presupuesto, cortan luz en oficinas de la Comisión de la Verdad (Ciudadanía Express, 1 de febrero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Más de 500 casos de tortura y 26 ejecuciones: Comisión de la Verdad (16 de junio de 2015)


Chiapas: Public apology from the Mexican government for El Aguaje case (2000)

January 30, 2016

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@SIPAZ

On January 28, there was an act of recognition of responsibility of the Mexican State and the signing of an agreement of amicable settlement in the El Aguaje case, a community located in Rancho Nuevo, some ten kilometers from San Cristobal de Las Casas, where a child died and two more were wounded in 2000 when a grenade exploded, which had been left by members of the 31st Military Zone, which borders the community. The event took place in the auditorium of the Faculty of Law of the Autonomous University of Chiapas (UNACH) in San Cristobal.

Jose Lopez Cruz, representing his family (his children were wounded) and Cristina Reyna Cruz Lopez (mother of the deceased child), said at the event, “The authorities never recognized that we were civilians and that our case should be seen to by a civil and not a military court, as they only cared about the type of weapon that exploded but never cared for our human rights. […] The days were long, have been long, as we have sought justice during these 15 years. Up to now, we do not know who was truly guilty of causing this tragedy and even less what their punishment was.”

For their part, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC, better known as Frayba), which took on the defense of this case and took it to the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights, pointed out that the actions of the judiciary in Mexico came “late and in partial form, mutilated, incomplete and somewhat battered.” They highlighted that no representative of the army was present at the event saying that, “Today the main character of this story is missing […] The Mexican Army is not present because it is untouchable in Mexico; it is clear to us that it is a power above civil government.”

Representing the State, Roberto Campa Cifrían, sub-secretary for the Human Rights division of the Ministry of the Interior, recognized the responsibility of the State for not having adequately taken charge of and guarded artifacts as dangerous as rifle grenades, used for practice in security institutions. He specified that the agreement that was signed during the event includes promises of transparency in the case, acts of rehabilitation, guarantees of non-repetition, and economic compensation “fair and calculated according to the highest national and international standards in this subject”, the provision of health care, productive projects, and grants among other things. He added that the clinic in the community of El Aguaje, part of the agreement, will bear the name of Angel Diaz Cruz, the child who died when the grenade exploded.

For more information in Spanish:

Boletín: La justicia en México llega tarde y mutilada: Caso El Aguaje (CDHFBC, 28 de enero de 2016)

“Nuestro caso debió ser atendido por la jurisdicción civil y no la militar”, reclamo de indígenas tsotsiles al Estado mexicano. (Pozol Colectivo, 28 de enero de 2016)

El Estado mexicano cumple reparación del daño por niño muerto y dos heridos (La Jornada, 29 de enero de 2016)

Una disculpa pública sin el agresor presente. Fuerzas Armadas son un poder superior al civil, acusan (Chiapas Paralelo, 29 de


Chiapas: “Armed group of CIOAC-H attacked” community in the municipality of Las Margaritas

January 29, 2016

 

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@Periódico Enfoque

On January 15, members of the Historical Independent Center of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos (CIOAC-H), led by Andulio Hernandez Hernandez, son of the leader of CIOAC-H, Luis Hernandez Cruz, entered the November 20 ejido in the municipality of Las Margaritas. According to sources, “The events occurred due to the non-fulfillment of agreements by a minority group of women from CIOAC-H, who refused to carry out health-related activities, included in the ‘Prospera’ program of SEDESOL, resulting in the application of a sanction used in the community as practices and customs.” The residents of the ejido specified that, “some hundred members of CIOAC-H from the village of Justo Sierra entered on November 20 in Toyota trucks with firearms […] They fired their weapons in the attack and Aquiles Jiminez Luna was shot down.” Ten other people were injured, seven of them seriously, who had to be transferred to the public hospital in Altimirano, a neighboring municipality of Las Margaritas. Another of the wounded died on Saturday as a result of the violent incidents.

It is noteworthy that for a number of decades CIOAC-H was a campesino organization that fought for the rights of this sector. Now the organization “has split, and it violently disputes transport rights and social programs with other social groups.” The National Committee of the Independent Center of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos Jose Dolores Lopez Dominguez (CIOAC-JDLD) condemned the actions and demanded in its statement “respect for the agreements, for practices and customs, we reject any intervention by violent groups and murdering leaders in the communities and ‘ejidos’ of the state of Chiapas and the country in general.” Finally, members of CIOAC asked the authorities for the immediate installation of a dialogue table to deeply revise and solve the persistent problems in a number of communities, as is the case in the November 20 ejido.

For more information in Spanish:

Responsabilizan a CIOAC por los hechos violentos en Las Margaritas (Péndulo de Chiapas, 20 de enero de 2016)

Condena CIOAC-JDLD irrupción de grupo armado en Chiapas (Chiapas sin censura, 17 de enero de 2016)

Se enfrentan militantes del EZLN y la Cioac-H, un muerto (Oro Negro, 17 de enero de 2016)

Grupo armado de la Cioac ataca comunidad en Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 15 de enero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas: Desplazados del Poblado Primero de Agosto denunciaron escalamiento de hostigamiento, amenazas de muerte y desalojo (7 de enero de 2016)

Chiapas: Denuncian hostigamiento militar a la JBG zapatista de La Realidad (13 de marzo de 2015)

Chiapas: Agresión contra Bases de Apoyo del EZLN deja un muerto y 15 heridos zapatistas (6 de mayo de 2014)


National/Chiapas: CNI and General Command of the EZLN demand release of Mario Luna

September 16, 2014

Foto de archivo @ SIPAZ

On 14 September, the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) and the Revolutionary Clandestine Indigenous Committee-General Command of the EZLN publicly pronounced themselves in favor of the release of Mario Luna, a spokesperson from the Yaqui people in the state of Sonora, who was arrested on 11 September, “falsely accused of crimes that were fabricated [against him]; with this, they seek to arrest the very struggle of the Yaqui tribe to defend the waters that in 1940 were recognized as theirs by Lázaro Cárdenas following a long war, and that since 2010 owners of capital have sought to take away from them by means of the Independence aqueduct.”  The two groups denounced that said aqueduct “is said to be constructed so that the poor have water and progress, as those from above call it, but [in fact] it is so that the rich take away the water that for centuries has belonged to the Yaquis.  Instead of irrigating crops, they want to take it for the large industries in Sonora.”

For the CNI and the General Command, the developmentalist megaprojects are a threat to the lives of indigenous peoples, given that “they want to kill us with wind-energy plants, highways, mines, dams, airports, and drug-trafficking; today, above all, it hurts us that they want to kill us in Sonora with aqueducts.”  For this reason, they demanded “the immediate release of Mario Luna; we call for the cancellation of all arrest-orders against him and the fabrication of charges against members of the Yaqui tribe and, together with this, we demand the release of all our prisoners and particularly that of our Nahua brothers Juan Carlos Flores Solís and Enedina Rosas Vélez, who have been imprisoned by the bad government since April, similarly accused falsely of fabricated crimes, toward the end of halting the struggle of the Front of Peoples in Defense of Water and Land in Morelos, Puebla, and Tlaxcala against the comprehensive infrastructural project for Morelos.”

Beyond this, the Network against Repression and for Solidarity identified Sonoran Governor Guillermo Padrés and President Enrique Peña Nieto as responsible for the health and safety of Mario Luna: “We hold them responsible for any repressive act that is taken against the Yaquis.  Above all, we call on our comrades from this network, the Sixth, who feel this attack as your own to express your solidarity by protesting and pronouncing yourselves according to your means and forms in favor of the liberty of our comrade Mario Luna and against this attack on the Yaqui people.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento del CNI y el EZLN por la libertad de Mario Luna, vocero de la tribu yaqui (Enlace Zapatista, 14 de septiembre de 2014)

RvsR: ¡Libertad a Mario Luna! (Enlace Zapatista, 13 de septiembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: EZLN and members of the CNI united against the plundering of their peoples (29 August 2014)


Chiapas: EZLN announces upcoming activities

June 10, 2014
Bases de Apoyo Zapatistas en el homenaje a Galeano. Foto (@Sipaz)

Support-bases of the Zapatista Army in Galeano’s homage (@Sipaz)

Subcomandante Moisés, spokesperson of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), announced in a communiqué upcoming activities scheduled by the organization.

Among these are the announcement of upcoming sessions of the Escuelita “both the first degree for those who have not yet arrived, and the second degree for those who have been approved.” There are no specified dates for those activities yet.

Other news include the installation, at the initiative of the Human Rights Center Fray Bartolome de Las Casas, of a Civil Peace Camp in the community of La Realidad, and a new meeting with the National Indigenous Congress (CNI).

Finally, the EZLN also called for the provision of materials for the rebuilding of the autonomous schools and clinic destroyed by “paramilitaries at the service of the bad governments […] This is so that the bad governments understand that no matter how much they destroy, we will always build more.

In the final part of the communiqué, a review is made to the paid media, which were not invited to the homage to the Galeano which took place on May 24: “I want to say that I have been seeing what the paid media has been saying happened in reality in La Realidad. And I see that what the now defunct Supmarcos said was right: they neither listened nor understood. Those above don’t understand that we didn’t lose anything; on the contrary, we recovered a compañero. And those on the outside don’t understand that they in fact did lose something, because now they don’t have a window through which to see us, much less a door through which to enter.”

For more information:

Escuelita, Camp of Peace, Sharing and Reconstruction (Enlace Zapatista, May 29, 2014)

For more information (in Spanish):

Instalarán Campamento Civil por la Paz en La Realidad: Sub Moisés (Chiapas Paralelo, 29 de mayo de 2014)

El EZLN anuncia la reanudación de las “Escuelitas Zapatistas” (Proceso, 29 de mayo de 2014)

Escuela de La Realidad dañada por agresores será reconstruida: subcomandante Moisés (La Jornada, 29 de mayo de 2014)

EZLN retoma diálogo con Congreso Nacional Indígena (El Universal, 29 de mayo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: EZLN pays tribute to murdered Support-base and announces organizational changes (June 10, 2014)

Chiapas: indigenous organizations and communities also affected by “counterinsurgency and war of extermination” express their solidarity with the EZLN (June 9, 2014)

Chiapas: EZLN announces homage to Zapatista murdered in La Realidad and announces primary results of investigation on the case (May 18, 2014)


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