National / International: Mexico, migration filter?

September 21, 2018

@Conexión migrante

In mid-September, several rumors surfaced that the government of Enrique Peña Nieto would be considering signing a commitment with the United States under which Mexico would accept a deportation quota of undocumented non-Mexican immigrants, and a number of asylum seekers seeking refuge in U.S. This would be under the statutes of the bilateral cooperation of the Mérida Initiative signed with the government of President Felipe Calderón to combat drug trafficking and organized crime on a bilateral basis; and as part of the Zero Tolerance policy for undocumented immigration of the Donald Trump government. The New York Times detailed that the 20 million dollars allocated for this would cover the costs of the deportation from Mexico to the countries of origin of some 17,000 undocumented immigrants in order to prevent the flow of migrants in the southern border of the United States.

Days later, it was reported that due to pressure from the transition team of the president-elect, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, the government of Enrique Peña Nieto rejected these 20 million dollars.

Given the rumors, civil organizations in favor of the rights of migrants and refugees, expressed their outright rejection of a plan of this nature and more broadly to bilateral negotiations between the United States and Mexico on a safe Third-Country Agreement in matters of asylum: “these measures represent a threat to the right of each person to seek asylum in the country that he/she considers to be safe, in addition to a renunciation by both governments of their international obligations to offer access to international protection for any person. They pointed out that “Mexico is far from being a safe country for migrants and refugees, and forcing people to seek protection in Mexico would exceed the country’s asylum system, which is already weak. International and Mexican organizations have documented how migrants and refugees traveling through Mexico are frequent victims of crimes such as kidnapping, extortion, robbery and sexual violence, committed by criminal organizations, but also by Mexican migration agents and police. ” They recommended that “US assistance to Mexico should not be aimed at increasing arrests and deportations, and should not support immigration and security authorities that lack mechanisms to make their agents responsible for the abuses committed against migrants. In addition, the United States should not outsource the application of its immigration laws to Mexico. Instead, the United States should support the efforts of UNHCR and civil organizations in strengthening protection mechanisms in the region. “ They concluded that “both countries must comply with their international and moral obligations towards migrants and refugees, respecting due process, the family unity and the right to seek protection in the country migrants consider safe”.

For more information (in Spanish) :

Gobierno de Peña firmará convenio que convierte a México en filtro migratorio de EU (Proceso, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

Gobierno mexicano considera ofrecimiento de 20 millones de dólares de EU para ser filtro migratorio (El Economista, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Por presión del equipo de AMLO, gobierno de Peña rechaza 20 mdd de EU para filtro migratorio (Proceso, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Rechaza gobierno de Peña 20 mdd de EU para filtro migratorio (El Sur, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Organizaciones rechazan que México sea una herramienta de deportación de EU (Conexión Migrante, 14 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: OSC Asks for Suspension of Agreement with US to Convert Mexico into “Migration Filter” in Return for Favors in Renegotiation of NAFTA June 25, 2018

National: 84 Organizations and Collectives Oppose Gendarmerie at Southern Border April 30, 2018

Mexico – National/International: Latest Amnesty International Report on the Deadly Return of Central American Asylum Seekers from Mexico February 15, 2018

National/International: “Caravan of Mothers of Missing Migrants” Arrives to Mexico December 27, 2017


National: 245 NGO publicly present the “Joint Report for the Third Universal Periodic Review of Mexico”

September 20, 2018


On September 12, at a press conference, members of 245 civil society organizations, integrated in #ColectivoEPUmx, presented the “Joint Report for the Third Universal Periodic Review of Mexico”, a mechanism that the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) established to monitor progress and challenges that the countries that make it up may have.

In this context, the defenders urged López Obrador to instruct his next chancellor, Marcelo Ebrard Casaubón, to attend the audience in which the member states of the Human Rights Council will analyze the human rights situation in Mexico on November 7, in Geneva, Switzerland.

Zué Valenzuela, legal coordinator of the Network of Civil Organizations of Human Rights All Rights for All (TDT Network) expressed that there is a “preoccupation” that “the observations of the [International] organisms might be considered as issues that correspond to the administration of Enrique Peña Nieto and not issues to be assumed as a State responsibility, since “until now, there is no clear pronouncement by Ebrard Casaubón about international obligations nor is there a rapprochement with civil society organizations to talk about it”. He stressed that the recommendations resulting from the UPR “will be made known in the first days of December, when the next government has assumed its mandate.”

Fernando Ríos Martínez, executive secretary of the TDT Network, warned that given the “budgetary restriction that the government of López Obrador intends to impose, there might not be enough budget for” human rights policies that have worked fairly well”, such as the Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists, upon which at the moment the security of 702 people depends.

The defenders also underlined that in the two previous reports of the UPR (2009 and 2013), the States that have participated have made 267 recommendations to Mexico. The majority of them have not been complied with, which is why they consider that the Mexican State has unfulfilled its obligations.

They stressed that the situation of violence and violation of human rights in the country remains “critical” and suggested some recommendations that could help reverse it: “an integral system of citizen security, an adequate model of attention to victims, an autonomous prosecutor’s office, effective attention to the victims, the abrogation of the internal security law and a follow-up mechanism to international recommendations as a minimum to demonstrate real commitment to solve the serious structural human rights violations “.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe completo « Tercer Examen Periódico Universal de México por organizaciones de la sociedad civil mexicanas » (OSC, agosto de 2018)

ONG emplazan a López Obrador a aceptar las recomendaciones en derechos humanos (Proceso, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

Piden apertura a Ebrard en tema de DDHH (El Sur, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

México vive una triple crisis de violencia, corrupción e impunidad, al incumplir con recomendaciones emitidas en administraciones de Calderón y Peña Nieto: Informe (Revolución 3,0, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

México reprobó examen de la ONU en derechos humanos: ONG (La Jornada, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Piden ONG’s a AMLO que acepte las recomendaciones en tema de derechos humanos (MX.Politico, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

National: presentation of the seventh report “Defending Human Rights: The six-years term of impunity”

September 17, 2018

Presentation of the seventh report “Defending Human Rights” (@Comité Cerezo)

On August 21, the seventh report “Defending Human Rights in Mexico: The six-years term of impunity” elaborated by Urgent Action for Human Rights Defenders (ACUDDEH), the Cerezo Committee and the Campaign against Enforced Disappearance was presented publicly. It covers the period from June 2017 to May 2018.

This report states that during the government of Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) there have been 5527 attacks against human rights defenders and journalists; 949 of those cases were documented in this last period. It also states that « the largest number of cases registered are related to the opposition against the implementation of the structural reforms, particularly the people who defend the right to education were the most aggressed (224 cases); in second place were activists and people that demostrated in the streets; that is, those who exercised their human right to protest (219 cases) ». It also documents that “in this six-years term the major repression occurred in the states of Michoacán, Guerrero and Chiapas, states that, while suffering from high poverty rates, also have a long history of organizing to defend their human rights.”

The report also analyzes that after the Ayotzinapa case (2014), « the forced disappearance of human rights defenders or journalists implied a high political cost to the government to make it a widespread practice, so it was only used selectively against leaders or founders of indigenous, social or human rights movements, with which the case numbers are lower; however, this had a counterpoint : the Mexican government used extrajudicial execution to silence dissenting voices ». It highlights that the cases of forced disappearance increased by two times those of the previous six-year term.

It adds that “the cases of political imprisonment in Mexico are not unconnected or isolated facts, […], but they respond, in their vast majority, and are part of a mechanism of the strategy of political repression of the Mexican State to limit, dismantle and / or destroy, in practice, the human right to protest”. The organizations that wrote the report propose that within the national reconciliation proposed by the future government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) there might be an amnesty for this type of cases “that is, as a power of the president to “erase” the charges that are raised against these persons so thay they might obtain their freedom, as well as to eliminate the criminal record of those who have already served their sentence so that they might work or avoid being arrested for “recidivism”. An other option is to eliminate the cases that remain open as a silent threat to be able at any time to reactivate criminal proceedings, a situation thats wear down families and organizations and force them to stop demonstrating or compel them to give up from the defense of their rights”.

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín de prensa Defender los Derechos Humanos en México: El Sexenio de la Impunidad (JUNIO DE 2017 A MAYO DE 2018) (Comité Cerezo, 25 de agosto de 2018)

Informe completo (Comité Cerezo, 25 de agosto de 2018)

México entre los países más peligrosos para defensores de derechos humanos (Vanguardia, 25 de agosto de 2018)

Una larga deuda: 5527 agresiones contra activistas y periodistas y el sexenio aún no concluye (Comité Cerezo, 28 de agosto de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Cerezo Committee Demands Amnesty, Truth Commissions and Protection of Defenders and Journalists from AMLO August 2, 2018

Oaxaca: Search for EPR Members Missing for 11 Years on State Properties

August 21, 2018


On August 8th, staff of the Attorney General’s Office (PGR in its Spanish acronym) went to search in facilities of state agencies in Oaxaca for the Revolutionary People’s Army (EPR in its Spanish acronym) members Gabriel Alberto Cruz Sanchez and Edmundo Reyes Amaya, disappeared in the state in May 2007.

Seven years after the forced disappearance of the EPR members, the Judicial Branch of the Federation had ordered their search and location in military centers (Sedena), National Security (Cisen), PGR and Federal Police (PF). Just a few days ago the PGR finally carried out “a search diligence” determining at the end that “there was no discovery.

The Committee of Relatives of Detained-Disappeared “Hasta Encontralos” described these measures as “ridiculous”, regretting that they took place four years after the federal judicial ruling and 11 years after the disappearance of the activists. For Nadin Reyes Maldonado, coordinator of the Committee and daughter of one of the two disappeared, it was demonstrated that this “crime against humanity” was committed with the participation of the police and military bodies of the three levels of government.

On the other hand, Leonel Rivero, lawyer of the victims, denounced that “the search is not being carried out as it should be, there is a lot of improvisation.” He added that “there is still an element of Mexican society that is still untouchable, which is the military, that sector where there is the resistance of a state of emergency that cannot be involved … Here there is a very clear judicial ruling, facilities must be opened and a search must be carried out, and the military commanders must be summoned to declare.”

For more information in Spanish:

Desaparecieron en 2007… y este miércoles los buscaron sin éxito en sede policial de Oaxaca (Aristegui Noticias, 8 de agosto de 2018)

PGR busca a eperristas desaparecidos en instalaciones de la AEI de Oaxaca… cuatro años después (Proceso, 8 de agosto de 2018)

En búsqueda de desaparecidos, “hay mucha improvisación” y militares “son intocables”: abogado de víctimas (Aristegui Noticias, 9 de agosto de 2018)

Una “burla”, la búsqueda de dos eperristas en cuatro dependencias públicas: Comité “Hasta Encontrarlos” (Proceso, 9 de agosto de 2018)

Califican de burla y simulación las diligencias en Fiscalía y Seguridad Pública en búsqueda de eperristas (Página, 10 de agosto de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Jornada Nacional: “Las víctimas del terrorismo de Estado son del pueblo, no desistiremos ¡hasta encontrarlos!” (14 de marzo de 2017)

Chiapas: “Jornada nacional contra el terrorismo del estado en Chiapas” del FNLS (2 de Mayo de 2016)

Nacional/Oaxaca/Chiapas: Gira nacional: desaparición forzada en México (6 de Marzo de 2015)

Nacional: Comisión Civil de Seguimiento y Búsqueda de dos miembros del Ejército Popular Revolucionario (EPR) desaparecidos desde 2007 denuncia falta de avances (19 de Septiembre de 2014)

Oaxaca:Edmundo Reyes Amaya, juez determina delito de desaparición forzada (26 de octubre de 2007)

Guerrero/National: Incoming Government Confirms Creation of Truth Commission for Ayotzinapa Case

August 13, 2018

ayotzi(@SIPAZ Archive)

On August 1st, Alejandro Encinas Rodriguez, the next deputy secretary of Human Rights of the Ministry of the Interior, reported that he met with the parents of the 43 students of the Normal Rural School of Ayotzinapa, who disappeared in Guerrero in September 2014, to whom he endorsed the commitment to create a truth commission. He argued before media that the truth commission has constitutional bases and announced that others will be set up, even of a regional nature, to address the problem of disappearances in the country. He explained that if the ruling of the second unitary court in Tamaulipas last June is not met, it will be agreed directly with the parents of the missing student teachers so that the Commission becomes a reality.

He asserted that, “it is a matter of political will, not just of a judicial nature. There is political will and there will be a commission.” In addition to revealing that “we will evaluate each of the problems; all cases will be seen to. They can be regional, thematic commissions, on specific cases. We will analyze each issue in a particular way.”

For more information in Spanish:

Sí habrá comisión de la verdad para Ayotzinapa, afirma Alejandro Encinas (La Jornada, 2 de agosto de 2018)

Alista próximo gobierno Comisión de la Verdad para caso Ayotzinapa (MVS Noticias, 1 de agosto de 2018)

Encinas promete a padres de normalistas de Ayotzinapa encontrar la verdad (SDP Noticias, 1 de agosto de 2018)

El equipo de AMLO alista la comisión de la verdad por el caso Ayotzinapa (ADN Político, 1 de agosto de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional : Denuncian obstrucción hacia la conformación de una comisión de la Verdad en el caso Ayotzinapa (30 de julio de 2018)

Guerrero: Graduaron los compañeros de los 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa (16 de julio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional : CNDH informa que se tiene a un preso inocente por el caso Ayotzinapa (22 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Llamados a redigirir investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa (14 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional: Tribunal Federal ordena la creación de una Comisión de la Verdad para reponer la investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa(6 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/National: Obstruction in Formation of Truth Commission in Ayotzinapa Case Denounced

August 8, 2018

Ayotzi.png(@CDH Tlachinollan)

On July 25th, relatives of the 43 student teachers from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa, disappeared in Iguala, Guerrero in September 2014, demanded at a press conference that the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN in its Spanish acronym) act with impartiality and autonomy when deciding whether or not there should be a truth commission for the case. “In the face of the unusual legal offensive – formed with more than one hundred legal resources – unleashed by the government of Enrique Peña Nieto against the ruling of a Collegiate Court that orders the creation of a commission of inquiry into the Iguala case with guarantees of impartiality, and in anticipation that the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation must resolve several of these resources, fathers and mothers of the 43 student teachers from Ayotzinapa asked the ministers of the Supreme Court not to bend to the pressures of the Executive and be on the side of the truth and the victims. The families reported that it is “a shame” that, 46 months after the events, the authorities have not found the whereabouts of their children but they are devoting so much energy and coordination to reversing the ruling issued by the First Collegiate Court of the Nineteenth Circuit of Tamaulipas, which – after considering that the investigation of the PGR lacked independence and effectiveness – ordered the creation of a commission of inquiry with external controls to guarantee the rights of the victims“, the statement denounced.

“We are denouncing the appeals filed by institutions such as the Army and the Navy against the ruling of the Collegiate Court. If they do not fear anything, why are they against being investigated?” Mrs. Blanca Nava, mother of student teacher Jorge Alvarez asked, and pointed out that this confirms that the federal government wants to hide the truth before leaving office.

For his part, Mario Patron, director of the PRODH Center, said: “This government, far from using its forces to locate students, has used them to attack the ruling of the Collegiate Court.”

It should be recalled that the previous week, the Third Unitary Court of the Nineteenth Judicial Circuit declared that “there is a legal impossibility to comply with the sentence” issued in June towards the creation of a Truth Commission.

Vidulfo Rosales, lawyer of the parents of the student teachers later informed the media that if the SCJN decides against the creation of the commission they will seek to meet with the representative of the next administration of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to find a way out of “the obstruction” of the current federal authorities.

“We want to give a message to the new government that has been appointed on July 1st, to commit to the truth, to help us find the truth, and also to resume the investigation of the experts of the IGIE (Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts ), following the line of investigation to be able to find the whereabouts of our children”, the relatives proposed.

For more information in Spanish:

Boletín de Prensa / “La Corte debe ser valiente y estar con la verdad”: familias de Ayotzinapa (Cdh Tlachinollan, 25 de julio de 2018)

Denuncian bloqueos a la Comisión de la Verdad en Ayotzinapa (Político MX, 29 de julio de 2018)

Padres de los 43 piden a López Obrador honrar compromisos en caso Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 25 de julio de 2018)

Los padres de Ayotzinapa exigen a la Suprema Corte ser imparcial en el caso (ADN Político, 25 de julio de 2018)

Padres de Ayotzinapa acusan a Peña y ponen esperanzas en AMLO (El Sur, 25 de julio de 2018

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Graduaron los compañeros de los 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa (16 de julio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional : CNDH informa que se tiene a un preso inocente por el caso Ayotzinapa (22 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Llamados a redigirir investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa (14 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional: Tribunal Federal ordena la creación de una Comisión de la Verdad para reponer la investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa(6 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Internacional: nueva audiencia del caso Ayotzinapa ante la CIDH ; riesgo de carpetazo denuncian familiares y sus representantes legales (10 de mayo de 2018)

Internacional/Guerrero: Exigen que la PGR agote todas las líneas de investigación que surgen de nueva información en caso Ayotzinapa (18 de abril de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Nuevos informes sobre caso Ayotzinapa (15 de marzo de 2018)