Guerrero: Ayotzinapa Case: Meeting with Council of Federal Judiciary and 5th Official Visit of the Follow-up Mechanism of the IACHR

February 17, 2018

AyotziPhoto: @ SIPAZ archive

On February 6th, a commission of mothers and fathers of the 43 students of student teachers from Ayotzinapa, disappeared in 2014, met with members of the Plenary Council of the Federal Judiciary (CJF in its Spanish acronym) to ask them to review the correct application of the law by judges of the Judicial power of the Federation. The Minister of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, Luis Maria Aguilar Morales, said that while they would not tell the judges what they should do, they could seek to make them “impartial, honest, and not be afraid”.

On another note, on February 6th and 7th, members of the Special Follow-up Mechanism of the IACHR also met with the fathers and mothers of the 43 and held meetings with officials of the federal government, within the framework of the 5th official visit of the Mechanism. It was agreed that at the 167th session of the international commission, which will be held from February 22nd to March 2nd in Bogota, Colombia, the schedule of activities of the Special Follow-up Mechanism for 2018 will be defined, with the idea of ​​achieving progress and substantive actions that lead to truth and justice, and give certainty about the whereabouts of the missing students. They also spoke with the representative of the High Commission of Nations in Mexico, Jan Jarab.

The mechanism expressed concern about the lack of significant progress. It indicated that almost a month ago, the IACHR sent a questionnaire with more than 100 specific questions on the subject to the Mexican government, which has not yet been answered completely.

For more nformation in Spanish:

Boletín de prensa | Se reúne Comité de padres y madres de los 43 con el Consejo de la Judicatura Federal (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 7 de febrero de 2018)

Jueces del caso Ayotzinapa actuarán “de manera independiente frente a cualquier presión”: CJF (Proceso, 7 de febrero de 2018)

CIDH apremia a que se den conclusiones del caso Ayotzinapa (La Jornada, 8 de febrero de 2018)

Sin avances significativos, investigación sobre los 43: comisionados de la CIDH (La Jornada, 8 de febrero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Ayotzinapa, tercera audiencia de oficio en la CIDH: “el gobierno federal no quiere resolver el caso” (26 de octubre de 2017)

Guerrero: Sesión de seguimiento de la CIDH del caso Ayotzinapa : avances nulos (10 de julio de 2017)

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Guerrero/National: Government “Sloth” Continues 40 Months after the Disappearance of the 43 from Ayotzinapa

February 15, 2018

Ayotzi.pngDay of Struggle at the PGR, photo @: La Jornada, Cesar Arellano

On January 24th, as part of a day of struggle for the life of the student teachers from Ayotzinapa held in Mexico City, the fathers and mothers of the 43 had a scheduled appointment at the offices of the Secretariat of Governance. However, when they arrived they found a fence of officials that prevented them from entering.

The objective of the meeting was to have a dialogue with the new Secretary of the Interior, Alfonso Navarrete Prida, so that he could resume the commitments that his predecessor, Miguel Angel Osorio Chong, had maintained. The committee of fathers and mothers of the 43 condemned “the sloth of the Secretary of the Interior with the victims of forced disappearance. Its zero commitment to human rights and justice”, and they demanded “the pending dialogue as soon as possible.”

On January 26th, 40 months after the forced disappearance of the 43 and within the framework of the last day of struggle, they made a march to the offices of the Evaluation and Control Center of the Attorney General’s Office (PGR in its Spanish acronym) to demand “the live presentation of the youths” and to denounce that the PGR has not complied with the four lines of research proposed by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), regarding the transfer of drugs from Iguala to Chicago, the participation of elements of the 27th Infantry Battalion in Iguala, of the federal police, as well as the mobile telephone records of the missing students.

For more information in Spanish:

Padres de los 43 de Ayotzinapa acusan la “indolencia” de Navarrete Prida por negarles audiencia (Proceso, 24 de enero de 2018)

Padres de los 43 de Ayotzinapa protestan en oficinas de la PGR (Proceso, 23 de enero de 2018)

Marchan familiares de los 43 normalistas a oficinas de la PGR (La Jornada, 23 de enero de 2018)

Indolencia del Gobierno (Centro de derechos humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 24 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: caso Ayotzinapa: se exige la entrega de vídeos del Palacio de Justicia de Iguala para conocer lo ocurrido (19 de enero de 2018)


Guerrero/National/International: MEPs Highlight the Grave Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Mexico

February 8, 2018

MEPs

On January 9th, 35 European parliamentarians issued a letter to Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico, Luis Videgaray Case, Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Hector Astudillo Flores, Constitutional Governor of the State of Guerrero, to express their deep concern over the situation of human rights defenders in Mexico.

The parliamentarians refer to the report of the DTT Network “Hope Does Not End”, according to which “during the presidential term of President Enrique Peña Nieto, 106 murders or extrajudicial executions of human rights defenders and 81 disappearances took place, to highlight only the most serious crimes within a broader list of attacks.”

They call on the Mexican state and especially the state of Guerrero to address this situation: “We are particularly concerned about the grave situation in the State of Guerrero of the relatives of disappeared persons, the communities that have been forcibly displaced, as well as the people and human rights organizations that accompany them.”

For more information in Spanish:

Carta de los parlamentarios europeos (Parlamento Europeo, 9 de enero de 2018)

Informe: La esperanza no se agota (Red TdT, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

Apremian parlamentarios europeos a resolver la “grave situación” en Guerrero (La Jornada Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Parlamentarios de Europa alertan ante la falta de garantías para defensores de derechos humanos en Guerrero (El Sur Periódico de Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Urgen parlamentarios europeos a defender a activistas en México (SIDIDH, 18 de enero)

Parlamentarios europeos dan la voz de alarma sobre situación de personas defensoras de derechos humanos en Guerrero (Centro de derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 17 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Acción urgente: Ejecuciones extrajudiciales y detenciones de policías comunitarios y de miembros del CECOP (10 de enero de 2018)

Guerrero : ONGs piden « garantizar derechos de víctimas, comunidades y personas y organizaciones defensoras de derechos humanos en el Estado » (29 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero : se declara “alerta” para proteger a defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos (19 de septiembre de 2017)


International/National: Human Rights Watch Publishes Report on Human Rights Situation in Mexico and the World

February 4, 2018

Human Rights Watch

In its most recent report on the situation of human rights in the world, Human Rights Watch, an organization based in Washington, USA, highlighted the abuses of members of the armed forces, impunity in emblematic cases (as Tlatlaya and Ayotzinapa), the habitual use of torture, the Law of Internal Security and violence against defenders and journalists in the case of Mexico among other issues.

The document states that, “during the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto, which began in 2012, members of the security forces have been implicated in serious and repeated human rights violations -including extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, and torture- in the framework of actions against organized crime.” In addition, “the government has made little progress in the prosecution of those responsible for recent abuses, and even less in the large number of abuses committed by soldiers and police since former President Felipe Calderon began the “war on drug trafficking” in Mexico in 2006.”

Regarding forced disappearance, it indicated that “it is common for agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and police officers not to take basic investigative measures to identify those responsible for forced disappearances, and they often indicate to relatives of missing persons that they should investigate on their own. In general, the authorities have not identified remains or parts of human bodies found in different parts of the country, including clandestine graves”, despite the fact that “the federal government has promoted potentially promising initiatives to find people whose whereabouts are unknown.”

Regarding access to justice, the report emphasizes that “it is common for Mexico to torture detainees to obtain information and confessions. Torture is most frequently applied in the period between which the victims are detained, often arbitrarily, and until they are placed at the disposal of agents of the Public Ministry. During this time, victims are often held incommunicado in military bases or other illegal detention centers.” It also adds that “it is common for the criminal justice system not to provide justice to victims of violent crimes and human rights violations. This is due to reasons that include corruption, lack of training and sufficient resources, and the complicity of agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and public defenders with delinquents and abusive officials.”

For more information in Spanish:

Informe Mundial 2018 (Human Rights Watch, enero de 2018)

Human Rights Watch condena impunidad en abusos de fuerzas de seguridad en México (Proceso, 18 de enero de 2018)

Con Peña, “graves y reiteradas violaciones de derechos humanos”: HRW (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de enero de 2018)

Señalan impunidad en México (NVI Noticias, 19 de enero de 2018).

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Guerrero: Informes poco favorables sobre corrupción y derechos humanos en México (3 de febrero de 2016)


Guerrero: Ayotzinapa Case: Handover of Courthouse Videos Demanded

February 4, 2018

Ayotzi.png

Almost 40 months after the disappearance of the 43 student teachers, the execution of six and two seriously wounded, the mothers, fathers, students of Ayotzinapa, organizations and collectives started a new Day of Struggle for Truth and Justice from January 17th to 27th, over the events which took place on September 26th and 27th, 2014 in Iguala. Part of this demands the Superior Court of Justice of the State (TSJ) to deliver the videos of Iguala Courthouse to know what happened on September 26th, 2014 at the Chipote bridge.

According to the Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center “at least six closed-circuit cameras with a wide range of vision could have captured what happened. However, when the videos of those hours were requested by the GIEI and the PGR, Tribunal staff informed them that they did not have the recordings as they were handed over to and lost by the then President of the Superior Court of Justice Lambertina Galeana Marin.”

Fathers and mothers of the students demanded a thorough investigation and jail for Lambertina Galeana Marin. For its part, the current Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice, Alberto Lopez Celis, promised to trace the chain that followed the videos made at the Courthouse in Iguala and will initiate an internal procedure of responsibility for the loss of the videos if it were the case. In the same way, he promised that in 10 days he will meet the fathers and mothers of the 43 to give answers to the proposals made in the meeting.

For more information in Spanish:

NOTA INFORMATIVA | Madres y padres de los 43 inician nueva Jornada de lucha por la presentación con vida de los normalistas (Centro de derechos Humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 18 de enero de 2018)

Familiares de Ayotzinapa inician nueva joranda de lucha por los 43 (Bajo Palabra, 18 de enero de 2018)

Movimiento Ayotzinapa protesta en Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Bajo Palabra, 17 de enero de 2018)

Ayotzinapa: Los videos destruidos de las cámaras del Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Proceso, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional : A tres años de Ayotzinapa (2 de octubre de 2017)

Guerrero: tercera visita del mecanismo de seguimiento de la CIDH sobre le caso Ayotzinapa a casi tres años de los hechos (7 de septiembre)

Guerrero: Sesión de seguimiento de la CIDH del caso Ayotzinapa : avances nulos (10 de julio de 2017)


National: UN Declaration on Forced Disappearance Law

February 4, 2018

Disappearances(@Regeneración, archive)

On January 16th, the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances issued a statement from Geneva welcoming the entry into force of the General Law on Forced Disappearance and Disappearance by Individuals in Mexico. The Working Group recognized the Mexican State for attending to the recommendation that was made to it after its work visit in 2011. It also celebrated “the opening of the authorities to guarantee the participation of the families of disappeared persons, as well as other organizations of civil society”, an experience that, it considered, should be imitated by other countries.

On the other hand, it urged the Mexican State to channel “all the efforts and resources” to “ensure an effective and immediate search for the thousands of missing persons, the main demand of families who want to know the fate or whereabouts of their loved ones.”

It stressed that for the legislation “to have an impact on the reality, especially on the needs of the victims”, a “process of selection of the officials in charge of implementing the Law” must be set up, which must “guarantee the suitability of the profiles, be transparent, and include the participation of victims’ groups and civil society specialists.” It encouraged the new law to “lead to the development of effective and non-fragmented research strategies to bring those responsible to justice and end the prevailing impunity in relation to the disappearance of people in Mexico.” It warned: “It is essential that prosecutors carry out exhaustive and diligent investigations and that they have the resources and political support to do so. Otherwise, if progress is not made in the fight against impunity, it will be impossible to stop this scourge.”

Finally, the members of the Working Group expressed their interest in following up on the implementation of the new law and reiterated their offer to “continue collaborating with the Mexican State towards the prevention and eradication of the forced disappearance of people.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley sobre desaparición forzada sólo será efectiva si se combate la impunidad: ONU (Proceso, 16 de enero de 2018)

Pide ONU garantizar participación de familias en búsquedas, para lograr implementación de Ley sobre Desapariciones (Aristegui Noticias, 16 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Promulgan Ley contra la Desaparición forzada (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional: aprueban Ley de Desaparición forzada (17 de octubre de 2017)

México : Pronunciamientos y acciones en el marco del Día Internacional de las Víctimas de Desapariciones Forzadas (5 de septiembre de 2017)


Guerrero: Femicides on the Rise in 2017

January 26, 2018

Femicide.pngImage @: La hoja de arena

According to data collected by the newspaper El Sur de Acapulco, 149 feminicides were reported in the state of Guerrero in 2017, including 55 victims who could not be identified. The greatest number occurred in Acapulco with 70 cases. 18 were in Chilpancingo, 13 in Chilapa and five in Tlapa. Among the victims, nine were minors. Their bodies were found half-naked in squares, avenues, clandestine graves, garbage dumps, several of them beaten and/or raped, which shows a clear gender motive.

The Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights expressed its concern in a statement regarding this increasingly serious situation. Abel Barrera, director of the center, said, “In a worrying way the viciousness with which women are murdered has increased exponentially. The cruelty against them is expressed in the cases of women who were stabbed, beheaded, burned, suffocated, stoned, beheaded or hanged. These are horrifying realities that are caused by the indolence of the authorities and their complicity with the perpetrators.”

It should be noted that in 2018, the Mexican State will be evaluated with regard to the recommendations made in 2012 by the Committee of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in relation to the actions that the authorities have carried out to eradicate violence against women in Mexico. “Faced with this evaluation, the omissions of the authorities of Guerrero will be again in the international arena”, said Abel Barrera.

For more information in Spanish:

Violencia feminicida en Guerrero (Centro de derechos humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 10 de enero de 2018)

Ocurrieron 149 feminicidios en Guerrero en 2017 ; 55 víctimas no fueron identificadas (El Sur periódico de Guerrero, 03 de enero de 2018)

Acapulco, el municipio del país con más asesinato de mujeres (El Sur periódico de Guerrero, 14 de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: en búsqueda de justicia ante feminicido de mujer Me´phaa (6 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero : emiten Alerta de Género en 8 municipios del estado (24 de junio de 2017)