Chiapas/National: Enforced Disappearance of Maximiliano Gordillo Martinez by INM Agents Denounced

May 30, 2016

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In a [call to] Urgent Action on May 18, 2016, the civil organizations Mesoamerican Voices, Action with Migrant Peoples A.C., the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Human Rights Center (CDHFBC, also known as Frayba), and The 72 Hogar Refuge for Migrants, denounced the enforced disappearance of Maximiliano Martinez Gordillo, an 18-year-old native of Tzinil community, Socoltenango municipality, Chiapas.

On 7 May, he was detained by people who presented themselves as agents of the National Migration Institute (INM) and unidentified elements of the police, on the road from Comitan de Domínguez, Chiapas, to Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, to where he was travelling to look for work. Six or seven people who did not have official voter identification were taken off the vehicle, including Maximilian. Realizing that he was being accused of being an undocumented migrant, he showed his original birth certificate and CURP as proof of his Mexican nationality, as he had no voter identification. However the agents claimed that they were false documents. The last time Maximiliano was seen was in the migration office, where there were between 15 to 20 more people detained by the INM.

The INM has denied registration of Maximilian in the national system of INM, and has not provided more information to assist in his search. A complaint was filed with the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), a body that reported the INM denial that there was any detention of migrants on the date referred to along the entire said route. A complaint was filed with the District Attorney’s office of the Highlands, Chiapas.

For more information in Spanish:

Acción Urgente Desaparición Forzada de Maximiliano Gordillo Martínez por agentes del INM (18 de mayo de 2016)

Denuncian desaparición forzada de joven chiapaneco en retén de Migración (Desinformémonos, 20 de mayo de 2016)

La extraña desaparición de Maximiliano Gordillo (La Opinión, 19 de mayo de 2016)


Chiapas: Monthly Celebration of Las Abejas de Acteal

May 30, 2016

Abejas.pngWomen of Las Abejas de Acteal in their May monthly celebration. Photo: @Las Abejas de Acteal.

As on each 22nd, Las Abejas of Acteal Civil Society Organization held its monthly celebration commemorating the Acteal massacre (1997). On this occasion, they recalled in a statement that, “18 years 5 months [have already passed] living the most difficult moments in our lives […] because there is no authority that cares about justice, that agrees with the rule of law”.

They said that the discontent and protests that have taken place in recent months in Chiapas, in towns like Oxchuc, Simojovel and Chenalhó, “is not a true struggle to defend the rights of the people; it is only a struggle of political parties for the power and money of the town halls”. They also denounced that in “Chicomuselo transnational companies are offering people money to accept their projects”, where someone has already been killed due to this conflict. In addition, they mentioned several examples of injustice: the murder of Berta Caceres, the disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa, the repression of the Otomi people of San Francisco Xochicuautla and the Tlatlaya massacre.

Following this, the statement noted that, “peace cannot be established while those above continue to promote violence. They just try to cheat the people with their strategies of giving crumbs while they have no will to resolve conflicts. They just impose their own decision to generate more violence and deaths.” Las Abejas of Acteal made a call for conflict resolution without resorting to violence from below, without political parties, through consistency, dialogue and mutual understanding, recalling the example of the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi.

Finally, they added that “you cannot use the name of our organization, the photographs and logos to distort the meaning of our peaceful and active organization, but they do not stop deceiving” referring to the Consejo Pacifista Sembradores de la Paz (Sowers of Peace Pacifist Council). It should be recalled that the Consejo Pacifista appeared publicly in March 2015, disowning the Board of Directors as the governing body of Las Abejas but using the same stamp and logo of the organization.

For more information in Spanish:

Ante la inestabilidad social, tenemos que resistirnos, no hay que olvidar la lucha del gran maestro Mahatma Gandhi (Las Abejas de Acteal, 22 de mayo de 2016)

Presentación pública del CONSEJO PACIFISTA SEMBRADORES DE LA PAZ. (Consejo Pacifista Sembradores de la Paz, 29 de marzo de 2015)

Triste conflicto en Las Abejas de Acteal (Desinformémonos, 21 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Denuncian Las Abejas de Acteal usurpación de nombre, sello y logotipo por parte del Consejo Pacifista (22 de abril de 2016)

Chiapas: Consejo Pacifista Sembradores de la Paz, conformado por sobrevivientes de la Masacre de Acteal, realiza acción en caseta de cobro entre Tuxtla Gutiérrez y San Cristóbal de Las Casas (25 de marzo de 2015)

Chiapas: a 18 años de la masacre de Acteal (23 de diciembre de 2015)


Guerrero/National: Judges Presume 43 Missing Students from Ayotzinapa Dead

May 22, 2016

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According to Reforma, based on a copy of the judgements issued by the Tamaulipas courts, enforced disappearance has been discarded in the case of the 43 trainee teachers from the Teacher Training School in Ayotzinapa, Guerrero (September 2014) given that the indications are that the youths were executed and not hidden by an authority: “the procedural records coincidentally point [to the fact] that the victims were not kept in concealment; on the contrary, they were detained, deprived of their liberty and transported to where they were summarily executed.”

Due to this,  overturning the arrest warrants against 56 accused, including the former mayor of Iguala, Jose Luis Abarca, his wife, members of the Iguala and Cocula municipal police, and alleged members of “Guerreros Unidos” gang, was rejected.

On another note, two of the victims have been identified, Jhosivani Guerrero de la Cruz and Alexander Mora Venancio based on analysis of the remains found in Río San Juan, in Cocula. These identifications could eventually consign those involved for the crime of homicide.

For more information in Spanish: 

Los 43 normalistas, víctimas de ejecución sumaria, concluyen jueces (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de mayo de 2016)

Sentencias de jueces descartan el delito de desaparición forzada en el caso Ayotzinapa (Animal Político, 14 de mayo de 2016)

Los 43 están muertos y no fueron ocultados por el Gobierno: Jueces (Sdp Noticias, 14 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Guerrero/México: GIEI concluye su trabajo México entregando un segundo informe. (28 de abril de 2016)

Nacional/Internacional : PGR abre investigación contra Emilio Álvarez Icaza, Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH (31 de marzo de 2016)

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (27 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)


Guerrero/Mexico: IGIE Ends its Work in Mexico Presenting a Second Report

May 7, 2016

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On April 24, the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), appointed by the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (IACHR) to investigate the enforced disappearance of 43 students from the Teacher Training School at Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, in September 2014, ended its work of more than one year with the presentation of a second report. The final stage of the work the IGIE carried out occurred in the middle of a media campaign to discredit its members and work. Some weeks ago, a complaint was made against the executive secretary of the IACHR, Emilio Alvarez Icaza, for alleged fraud in detriment of the Federation for almost two million dollars given by the Federal Government for the investigation of the Ayotzinapa case.

The mothers and fathers of the disappeared believe that the group of experts “has been thrown out of the country” by the Federal Government as their work has not been concluded and the 43 have not been found. The Government for its part argues that the presence of the IGIG was agreed with a time limit, which was even extended by a second six-month period. Since its first report, the IGIE concluded that there is not sufficient scientific evidence to support the official version of the Attorney General of the Republic (PGR in its Spanish acronym) which claims that the missing student teachers were incinerated at a dump in the municipality of Cocula, Guerrero. This presumably happened at the hands of municipal police in collusion with members of organized crime.

In the second report (of over 600 pages) various inconsistencies and omissions in the file of the Attorney General of the Republic on the Ayotzinapa case were revealed. It pointed out that, “The investigation had difficulties that cannot be exclusively attributed to the complexity of the case. The slowness in responses to requests of the IGIE, the delay in the practice of evidence, the formal and not substantial responses to many concerns, the [fact that] other lines of investigation were not followed, cannot be seen as simple improvised or partial obstacles. They demonstrate structural barriers.” Among the lines of investigation which were not exhausted are the cell phones of the some of the student teachers, which continued to work hours and even days after the events, the participation of police from other localities, and the fifth bus that the students had taken and that was not being investigated. All of these lines could give more clues as to what happened.

The document also produced evidence that proved the participation of the Federal Police in the events and the responsibility at least through negligence of the 27 Battallion of the army in Iguala. It poses that at least 17 of the 61 arrested by the State and Federal authorities were tortured. Another fact that posed questions was the presence of the director of the Criminal Investigation Agency of the PGR on Sunday, October 28, 2014, at the San Juan riverbed, the day before the “official version” of the discovery of the supposed remains of some of the students in the same river and the Cocula dump was made public. The IGIE commented that, “We did not find any report about these facts, any dispatch of the 28. All the official information begins after the 29 of October.”

For more information in Spanish:

Los 10 puntos explosivos del informe #GIEIAyotzinapa (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

Mostró el GIEI un sistema judicial corrupto y brutal: NYT (La Jornada, 26 de abril de 2016)

Padres reciben con tristeza informe GIEI, nos sentimos desamparados: voc. Con Ricardo Rocha (Radio Formula, 26 de abril de 2016)

Evita Osorio Chong reunirse con integrantes del GIEI; los remite con Campa Cifrián (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

9 ‘huecos’ del expediente Ayotzinapa detectados en el informe final del GIEI (Expansión CNN, 25 de abril de 2016)

Remata el GIEI: evidencias manipuladas, omisiones y torturas en caso Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 24 de abril de 2016)

Confrontado con el gobierno, concluye el GIEI trabajo en México (La Jornada, 24 de abril de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/ Nacional: EAAF y GIEI reaccionan ante conclusiones sobre fuego en el basurero de Cocula (11 de abril de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)

Nacional/Internacional : PGR abre investigación contra Emilio Álvarez Icaza, Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH (31 de marzo de 2016)


Guerrero/National AFAT and IGIE Respond to the Conclusions on Fire at Dump in Cocula

April 16, 2016

43.pngThe search continues. Photo: @Mujeres y La Sexta

On April 1, the Attorney General of the Republic and a representative of the panel of experts on the dynamics of fire caused controversy at a press conference where they shared preliminary conclusions on the possibility that the 43 missing students from Ayotzinapa had been burned at the dump at Cocula. Dr. Ricardo Damian Torres, from the panel of experts, confirmed that it is possible that the 43 were incinerated in the said dump given that “there was a controlled fire of huge proportions at the place called the dump of Cocula” and that “at least 17 adult humans were burned at that place.” According to Damian Torres, this allows for the establishment of a hypothesis that there was a massive cremation of 43 bodies, but that “this possibility could only be confirmed with large scale proof.”

Both the Argentinian Forensic Anthropology Team (AFAT) and the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE) doubted the hypothesis of the Attorney General. On the one hand, the AFAT – which also confirmed that there had been cremation of human bodies at the dump – pointed out that the analysis of the panel of experts “neither confirms nor denies the Attorney General’s hypothesis” as it could not determine when the fire occurred, if it was a question of one or various cremations, nor did it manage to identify the human remains found. On the other hand, the members of the IGIE dubbed the press conference as “a unilateral action against previous agreements” and were of the opinion that the preliminary two-and-a-half page report “lacks answers to a number of technical questions that been made to the judges at the outset of their work.” Like the AFAT, the IGIE were of the opinion that the report had few novelties on the Iguala case but that the public presentation had not been agreed neither with the relatives of the disappeared nor with the IGIE, which “demonstrated great irresponsibility and little sensitivity as regards the rights of the victims.”

For more information in Spanish:

Nuevo peritaje: hubo 17 quemados; se atiza pugna PGR-GIEI por Cocula (Excelsior, 6 de abril de 2016)

EAAF emite opinión sobre peritaje de Cocula (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 2 de abril de 2016)

Equipo Argentino de Antropología forense (EAAF) presenta peritaje sobre caso Ayotzinapa; confirma la imposibilidad científica de la “verdad histórica” oficial (Centro Prodh, 9 de febrero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Familiares de los 43 emprenden caravana de búsqueda a Iguala (7 de marzo de 2016)

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos  (27 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)


Guerrero: Threats Against Member of “The Other Disappeared”

April 9, 2016

Disappeared.pngMember of “The Other Disappeared” during the searches. Photo: @Revolución Tres Punto Cero.

Mario Vergara, member of the Search Committee of the “The Other Disappeared” (Los Otros Desaparecidos), reported an increase in threats against his person and family by organized crime. The Other Disappeared is made up of over 500 families that have a missing relative, who organize to find their disappeared loved ones. On Sundays they gather in the hills of and surroundings of Iguala, in the state of Guerrero, to locate hidden graves and bodies. “Recently we have found many bones of our disappeared relatives, we are experiencing something horrible”, Vergara declared. It should be pointed out that since its establishment until now, they have found more than 90 graves with some 140 bodies and hundreds of incomplete remains. Of these, 15 have been identified.

As the Committee pointed out, ” we don’t seek justice, nor who killed our relatives, we only want to get the body back, the bones, to give them a burial.” Despite this, they have received threats since it was founded in November 2014. “Many people have threatened us and the threats have become harder”, Vergara claimed. The activist asked for cautionary measures to protect him and his family, which were denied as “there were not sufficient grounds” to grant them according to Pueblo Guerrero. The Committee member expresses the opinion that, “delinquency is unstoppable, they continue to kidnap, disappear people, collect protection money. What the government says about implementing security programs and that violence rates have dropped are lies […] on the contrary, it is getting worse.” In February of this year, Norma Angelica Bruno, member of The Other Disappeared, was killed. It should be noted that the official figures from the National Register of Lost or Missing People indicate that there are currently more than 27 thousand missing people throughout the Republic. Moreover, it is suspected that this figure could be higher as only cases that are under investigation by the Public Prosecutor are registered. According to United Forces for Our Disappeared in Mexico (FUNDEM in its Spanish acronym), only one in every nine disappearances is reported. “Mexico is a huge mass grave”, Javier Sicilia, member of the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD in its Spanish acronym) stated.

For more information in Spanish:

“El jefe te va a chingar a ti y a toda tu familia”, amenazan a familiares que buscan a sus desaparecidos en Iguala (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 5 de abril de 2016)

Los Otros Desaparecidos hallan restos humanos en fosas clandestinas en Iguala (El Financiero, 4 de abril de 2016)

Amenaza crimen organizado a “Los Otros Desaparecidos” de Iguala (Agencia Periodística de Investigación, 1 de abril de 2016)

“Los Otros Desparecidos” denuncian amenazas de crimen organizado (SDP Noticias, 1 de abril de 2016)

 

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Asesinan en Iguala a la activista Norma Angélica Bruno (26 de febrero de 2016)

Nacional: Manifestaciones dentro y fuera del país por el primer aniversario de la desaparición forzada de los 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa (29 de septiembre de 2015)


Guerrero: Phone threats to Community Development Workshop (TADECO)

April 1, 2016

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The coordinator of the Community Development Workshop (TADECO), Javier Monroy Hernandez, reported receiving threatening phone calls through a statement. In one call, a man said he was from the Michoacan Knights Templar drug cartel and asked, “if he wanted to be treated as a friend or an enemy.” According to TADECO, although it could be a case of common extortion, “it seems strange to us that we should be victims of threats at a time that we are carrying out activities in favor of victims of social violence, as recently we held an event to remember our colleague Jorge Gabriel Ceron Silva, nine years after his disappearance and on a national level we took part in the process of elaboration of a Law on Forced Disappearance and Disappearance for the full recognition of the rights of the victims of these crimes and their families.”

It is worth remembering that this organization had experienced harassment and threats since 2009, after the establishment of the Committee of Relatives and Friends of the Kidnapped, Disappeared and Murdered of Guerrero. Since that date, TADECO has had an information point evicted, been asked for protection money, been arrested, received threats, been subjected to aggression, assault, received anonymous messages, along with the minimization or omission [of these events] by the authorities and defamation in the media.

“We do not know the origin of these threats and given that it is not the first time, we place the responsibility for the physical integrity of our colleague Javier Monroy and other members of our Association on the authorities.” They asked for solidarity from the people of Guerrero, along with the intervention of human rights groups and authorities to guarantee that they can continue to carry out their work “of support, orientation, assessment and accompaniment for the victims of social violence and for community development in the state.”

For more information in Spanish:

Denuncia director de Tadeco amenazas de presuntos Caballeros Templarios; responsabiliza al gobierno (El Sur, 30 de marzo de 2016)

Denuncia Tadeco amenazas por medio de llamadas telefónicas (La Jornada de Guerrero, 30 de marzo de 2016)

COMUNICADO SOBRE AMENAZAS A INTEGRANTE DE NUESTRA ASOCIACIÓN, EL TALLER DE DESARROLLO COMUNITARIO (Resistencia Creativa, 30 de marzo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Denuncia TADECO hostigamiento hacia Javier Monroy (1 de diciembre de 2014)

Guerrero: TADECO sigue sin módulo en la Plaza Cívica de Chilpancingo e integrante cumple 5 años de desaparición (2 de abril de 2012)


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