National/Guerrero: Unfavorable reports about corruption and human rights in Mexico

February 5, 2016

CNDH

Luis Raúl González Pérez, CNDH president. Photo: @CuartOscuro

Two reports on human rights in Mexico coincided in that there is little progress in the areas of human rights and combatting corruption. In one report, the president of the National Commission for Human Rights (Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos – CNDH), Luis Raul Gonzalez Perez, declared that Guerrero is the state with most complaints, followed by Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and Veracruz. According to Aristegui Noticias news outlet, forced disappearances have risen to 26 thousand since the beginning of the “war against drugs” in 2006 to the present. During the presentation of the Commission’s (CNDH) annual report to the Permanent Commission of the General Congress, Gonzalez Perez highlighted that “the problem of disappearances challenges and questions the abilities and resources of the Mexican State to respond to a situation that, we the passage of time, we have not been able to overcome.” Likewise, he added that “the Chalchihuapan, Tlatlaya, Iguala, and Apatzingán cases had altered the general and historical perception of human rights in our country, testing its institutions.” As regards the violation of human rights, Chiapas is the sixth state with the highest frequency of reports, and Oaxaca eighth.

In another report, Human Rights Watch (HRW) noted in its 2015 annual report that “members of the Mexican security forces have participated in numerous forced disappearances. […] Since 2006, the CNDH received approximately 9,000 complaints of abuses committed by members of the army – including 1,700 during the [term of office] of the current government.” The same organization highlighted that the executive has made little progress in sanctioning members of the military implicated in cases of human rights violations as they are under the jurisdiction of military courts. Added to this, Alejandro Salas, director of Americas of International Transparency (Americas de Transparencia Internacional), noted that ‘in countries like Mexico where the police are at the service of local ‘caciques’, or at the service of mayors, of provincial governors, the police is not doing its professional and independent work, but instead responding to the interests of certain groups, often illegal groups, such as drug traffickers.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guerrero, Tamaulipas y Veracruz, los estados con más denuncias por desapariciones: CNDH (Eme Equis, 27 de enero de 2016)

Ni combate a la corrupción, ni avances en DDHH, coinciden dos reportes globales sobre México (Sin Embargo, 27 de enero de 2016)

Autoridades, incapaces de responder a casos de desaparición forzada: CNDH, en su informe 2015 (Animal Político, 27 de enero de 2016)

Escasos avances para castigar a militares violadores de derechos humanos en México: Human Rights Watch (Sididh, 28 de enero de 2016)

Impunidad enmarca desapariciones en México, denuncia Cadhac ante la ONU (Proceso, 27 de enero de 2016)

Informe anual de actividades 2015 (Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (27 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)

Guererro: Se cumplen 4 años de desaparición forzada de campesinos ecologistas de la Costa Grande (8 de diciembre de 2015)

Nacional/Internacional: Ejército y fuerzas de seguridad involucradas en asesinatos extrajudiciales, tortura, desaparición forzada: EU (10 de julio de 2015)

 


Chiapas: Community of Faith pilgrimage to mark the fifth anniversary of the death of jTatic Samuel

January 30, 2016

PC

Foto @SIPAZ

On Monday, January 25th, some three thousand members of Community of Faith (Pueblo Creyente) of the diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas held a pilgrimage to remember the struggle and path of jTatic Samuel Garcia, ex-bishop of Chiapas, who died five years ago. They reiterated their identity as Catholics and their defense of land, autonomy and social justice. In their pilgrimage they carried banners with texts rejecting structural reforms, the privatization of electricity, mining, dam building, the San Cristobal-Palenque motorway, and they recalled the disappearance of the 43 student teachers from Ayotzinapa.

Before mass, which was held outside the Cathedral of San Cristobal, some members of Community of Faith read out a letter sent to Pope Francis in which they asked him to join the project for life of the communities: “Above all we want to ask you that you continue to pray for us, for the State of Chiapas, that you do not abandon us as the indigenous people of Chiapas, that you do not tire of supporting the poor, that you continue to encourage and give hope to the community of faith, that you continue to denounce injustice, that you go forward, that you continue to drive and motivate us in the struggle for the poor, that you do not forget your indigenous brothers and sisters. We also ask that you engage in dialogue with the government so that it is aware and that it is capable of seeing the extreme poverty in which the people live and that it stops deceiving them.” Community of Faith and the priests of the diocese of San Cristobal preached and practiced the teachings that over 40 years Samuel Ruiz left, and for whom the point of evangelism was not just to announce the Gospel, “but to build a new community, a new community where we live in justice and peace.”

For more information:

Miles de indígenas integrantes del Pueblo Creyente, realizaron una peregrinación (Expreso Chiapas, 26 de enero de 2016)

Marchan en el V aniversario Luctuoso de jTatic Samuel (Prensa Libre Chiapas, 25 de enero de 2016)

VIDEO de la peregrinación (Koman Ilel, 25 de enero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Pueblo Creyente de Simojovel sigue en defensa por la “vida, paz, justicia, libertad y democracia” (13 de noviembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Finaliza en Tuxtla Gutiérrez Peregrinación del Pueblo Creyente después de 4 días de recorrido (27 de marzo de 2015)

Chiapas: Peregrinación del Pueblo Creyente en el marco del cuarto aniversario luctuoso de Don Samuel Ruíz (26 de enero de 2015)

 


Guerrero: Sixteen months after the disappearance of their sons, the mothers and fathers of Ayotzinapa go to the Supreme Court

January 29, 2016

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Photo @Somos el Medio

On January 26, 16 months after the disappearance of the students of Ayotzinapa Normal Rural School, their fathers and parents marched from the Angel of Independence monument to the Supreme Court of the Nation in Mexico City. During the protest, the relatives of the student teachers insisted on their demand that the Federal Judicial System behave according to law, with impartiality and independence in the case of the protections that the Iguala police have sought against the detention orders for homicide. On arrival at the Zocalo of Mexico City they encountered a heavy security presence, which prevented them from entering the public square.

Before the march, a commission of fathers and mothers of the disappeared students went to the Supreme Court and demanded a meeting with the president of the Court, Luis Maria Aguilar. The attorney for the relatives, Vidulfo Rosales, explained that his objective is that the president of the Court “conducts and manages a meeting with the Iguala courts so that they can fully inform us what proceedings are being conducted, what state the protections are in” and that “their resolutions take into account the gravity of the events.”

For more information in Spanish:

Padres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (Animal Político, 26 de enero de 2016)

Acción por Ayotzinapa a 16 meses de la desaparición de los 43 (Sur Acapulco, 26 de enero de 2016)

Marchan a 16 meses de Ayotzinapa; les impide policía ingresar al Zócalo (Aristegui Noticias, 26 de enero de 2016)

Repudian familias de los 43 normalistas amparos a detenidos (Centro ProDH, 27 de enero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero/Nacional: Tras creación de Unidad de Investigación Especializada, familiares de los 43 levantan plantón (4 de diciembre de 2015)


Guerrero: NGOs and human rights experts support the work of IGIE in the Ayotzinapa case

January 29, 2016

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Photo: Lourdes Chávez.

Non-government organizations and experts in human rights supported the work of the of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts in the case of the 43 missing student teachers in a public communiqué on January 19, and they condemned the media and political campaign, which, they assured, attempted to undermine the legitimacy and recognition that their work has achieved. In the announcement signed by the bishop of Saltillo, Raul Vera Lopez, and the human rights experts Luis González Plascencia, Armando Guevara Ramos, Mara Hernandez, Adriana Muro and Jorge Carlos Toledo Sauri among others, they highlight that the work of the IGIE not only needs the support of civil society and the victims, but also of the highest Mexican authorities – expressed publicly.

The announcement emphasizes the sensitivity and the importance of the IGIE: “Since the start of its work on March 1, 2015, the IGIE pointed out the errors and omissions of the official investigation into the whereabouts of the students; it stressed the centrality of the victims within the process, and, by means of a devastating report presented in September 2015, offered new lines of investigation that should be followed through on. This new tool of international supervision in matters of human rights is widely recognized in Mexico and the international community; its report is considered one of the most revealing documents on the situation of human rights in Mexico in recent years. In addition, the IGIE finds itself in a decisive phase in that its mandate is extended until April 30 next so that it can continue to supervise the investigation technically.” The signatories of the announcement recalled that the Mexican State accepted the formation of the group, whose members were selected from proposals made by the petitioners and the government, in November 2014. The campaign to discredit the work of the group of experts is being carried out while the mothers and fathers of the missing students are touring the south and north of the country to demand justice in the case.

For more information in Spanish:

Nos persiguen porque incomoda el trabajo del caso Iguala: Buitrago (La Jornada, 17 de enero de 2016)

Organismos civiles, expertos y expertas en derechos humanos respaldan la labor en México del GIEI e instan al Estado a apoyar su trabajo en el caso Ayotzinapa. (Centro ProDH, 19 de enero de 2016)

ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 19 de enero de 2016)

Conforme el GIEI se acerca a la verdad, sufre una dolosa campaña de desprestigio: organizaciones (Aristegui Noticias, 19 de enero de 2016) Marcha caravana de padres de normalistas de Ayotzinapa en Oaxaca

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional: Tras creación de Unidad de Investigación Especializada, familiares de los 43 levantan plantón (4 de diciembre de 2015)


Chiapas/Oaxaca: Caravan of Civil Observation and Solidarity for Chimalapas

January 15, 2016

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@Desinformémonos

Between January 10 and 11, agrarian authorities, communities and non-government organisms made the Caravan of Civil Observation and Solidarity for Chimilapas to San Francisco de La Paz community, in the municipality of Santa Maria Chimilapa, Oaxaca. Those present noted the repeated incursions against communal territory, particularly on the property of San Isidro la Gringa. They were also witnesses to the “call for justice and respect for human rights of the town and the indigenous families who live there.”

Based on what they observed, the visitors asked the Federal Government and the state governments of Oaxaca and Chiapas to carry out immediate joint peaceful operations to vacate the three locations currently invaded (Reforma-Pescaditos, Arroyo la Gringa-Emanuel I and Arroyo Zapote-Emanuel II); that David Vega, indicated as the material and intellectual author of the kidnapping and disappearance of comunero Pablo Escobedo be brought to justice; for a thorough investigation to locate the whereabouts of the remains of said comunero; and permanent federal supervision and surveillance “to prevent and avoid new invasions and looting of communal territory, as well as any act of harassment, provocation or violence.”

The Caravan of Civil Observation and Solidarity for Chimalapas declared its support for the call for justice for the people of Chimalapa and also its rejection of government attempts to silence this resistance. By the same token, it asks the people of Mexico and the world join the call for the defense of this territory, “the most biodiverse in Mexico and Mesoamerica.”

For more information in Spanish:

Comunicado de la Caravana de Observación Civil y Solidaridad por los Chimalapas (EDUCA, A.C, 11 de enero de 2016)

Concluye caravana de Observación Civil y Solidaridad por los Chimalapas (Desinformémonos, 13 de enero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/Chiapas: nuevo enfrentamiento en los Chimalapas deja dos heridos y 4 detenidos. (21 de mayo de 2015)

Chiapas/Oaxaca: Continúan agresiones en conflicto Chimalapas (19 de febrero de 2014)

Oaxaca/Chiapas: reunión de gobernadores en Gobernación por caso Chimalapas (10 de mayo de 2012)


National/International: WOLA presents new report: “Human-rights violations against migrants continue”

December 27, 2015

On 18 Novembrer 2015, the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) published a report on the human-rights situation of migrant and refugee persons in Mexico from 2014 to present, with a focus on the changes implemented since the start of the Southern Border Program.  Compiled by nine civil organizations based in Mexico and the U.S., the report “An uncertain path: Justice for crimes and human-rights violations against migrants and refugees in Mexico” exposes the problem of security and access to justice for migrants.  Since the implementation of the Southern Border Program, the operations, arrests, and deportations of migrants in Mexico have increased significantly, and so have human-rights violations.  Migrant homes have observed a rise in the abuses and crimes committed by organized and State agents against this population, including kidnapping, robbery, extortion, and trafficking of persons.  In the case of girls and women, more sexual violence has been reported.  As a result of these measures, the number of arrests of foreigners rose 73% between July 2014 and June 2015, relative to the same period the previous year.  “If the indicator for the Southern Border Program is the arrest of persons, obviously it has been very successful, but if it is placed within the context which it was developed, that is to protect the human rights of migrants, it has failed […].  In Mexico, where there are migrants, there is violence,” observed Maureen Meyer, member of WOLA. Beyond this, the civil groups have demanded that the Mexican State “guarantee access to justice, compensation for damages incurred, humanitarian visas, and refuge for the migrant population.”

According to the report, the U.S. government has offered political and economic support for Mexico to carry out the Southern Border Program since the burgeoning number of arrivals of unaccompanied children and adolescents to the U.S. border.  This support has to do with especially with activities related to border security in southern Mexico.  In light of this situation, the civil organizations made nine recommendations to the U.S. and Mexican governments to address the problem.  Among these is one directed at the National Institute for Migration, calling on it to strengthen internal control and to prevent violations of human rights.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe “Un camino incierto. Justicia para delitos y violaciones a los derechos humanos contra personas migrantes y refugiadas en México” (Oficina de Latinoamérica en Washington, WOLA, 18 de noviembre de 2015)

Sin desagregar por sexo denuncias de agresiones a migrantes (Cimac Noticias, 18 de noviembre de 2015)

Siguen violaciones a DH de migrantes: WOLA (El Universal, 18 de noviembre de 2015)

ONG: crecieron detenciones de migrantes, pero también abusos (La Jornada, 18 de noviembre de 2015)

“Un camino incierto: Justicia para delitos y violaciones a los derechos humanos contra personas migrantes y refugiadas en México” (Fundar, 11 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/international: The IACHR expresses concern before hardening of Mexican authorities toward migrants (30 June 2015)

Mexico/National: Honduran migrant dies of drowning in presence of migration agents, says La 72 (22 March 2015)

Chiapas/National: Bishops of southern Mexico pronounce themselves on the “drama of migration” (8 February 2015)


National: Increase in attacks on journalists in Mexico

December 27, 2015

@Cuartoscuro

@Cuartoscuro

In recent weeks have transpired a number of attacks and acts of harassment against journalists in Mexico.  On 20 November in Mexico City, the home of the journalist Gloria Muñoz Ramírez was raided.  Muñoz Ramírez is the director of the electronic magazine Desinformémonos and a columnist for La Jornada.  Moreover, the editorship of Desinformémonos suffered a robbery and a cyber-attack.  The magazine is dedicated to documenting popular struggles and social movements in Mexico and throughout the world.  “This attack takes place within the context of grave attacks on journalists in the country, thus harming the right to information and putting at risk the lives, integrity, and personal security of those who dedicate themselves to communication,” noted the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Center for Human Rights, based in San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, in a communique.

Moreover, on 25 November, the journalist Maite Azuela received a death-threat at her home in Mexico City.  The articles written by the journalist are dedicated to human-rights policies and violations, recently related to the Army, as led by General Salvador Cienfuegos, and the state government of Puebla, directed by Rafael Moreno Valle. On 27 November in Guerrero, the general secretary of the state government, Florencio Salazar Adame, interrupted into a radio program and threatened the journalist Sergio Ocampo Arista, a news reporter, who had been discussing “suspicious” acts taken by the State.  According to the Journalistic Investigation Agency, Salazar Adame “arrived violently to the radio station and took the microphone to warn Ocampo […] that he should be careful with the criticisms he launches against the PRI government of Astudillo Flores,” governor of Guerrero.  Recently in Veracruz, at least 12 journalists were attacked by public-security forces.

Amidst these incidents, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and Amnesty International Mexico (AI Mexico) submitted more than 12,000 signatures to the state authorities to demand that all the necessary measures be taken so that the Mechanism of Protection for Rights-Defenders and Journalists in Mexico function effectively. CMDPDH and AI indicated that the “work of rights-defenders in the country is risky and despite the fact that since 2012, there exists a law establishing a mechanism to protect these defenders and journalists who are at risk, it has not been implemented effectively due to lack of interest on the part of politicians.”  From 2000 to date, the National Commission on Human Rights in Mexico (CNDH) has registered 107 murders of journalists; 20 disappearances of journalists between 2005 and 2015; 48 attacks on media institutions from 2006 to date and a total of 506 complaints from 2010 to 2015.  Beyond this, between 2014 and 2015 the CNDH has authorized 26 precautionary measures.

For more information (in Spanish):

Recibe amenaza de muerte articulista Maite Azuela en el Distrito Federal (Desinformémonos, 30 de noviembre de 2015)

Periodistas veracruzanos exigen tipificar delito de “ataque a la libertad de expresión” y garantías de seguridad (Revolución 3.0, 29 de noviembre de 2015)

Secretario general del gobierno priista de Guerrero irrumpe en cabina de radio con sus guaruras y amenaza a periodista (Revolución 3.0, 28 de noviembre de 2015)

Basta de agresiones contra periodistas en México (Desinformémonos, 27 de noviembre de 2015)

Exigen eficacia en protección a periodistas (El Economista, 26 de noviembre de 2015)

Condenamos agresiones a periodistas y el ataque a Desinformémonos (Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, 24 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/Mexico: Torture and murder of journalist and four women (10 September 2015)

National: Disappeared journalist Gregorio Jiménez is found dead (16 February 2014)

National/International: PBI and WOLA publish report on Mechanism of Protection for Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists in Mexico (10 February 2015)

National: A delicate moment for the Mechanism for the Protection of Rights Defenders and Journalists (30 March 2014)

Oaxaca: New attacks on journalists (2 September 2014)


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