National: “Narco Violence” Has Displaced 281,000 People

July 25, 2016

Narco.pngViolence in the country has increased due to the presence of “narcos” (Photo:@Economia hoy)

According to research from the Center of Social Studies and Public Opinion (CESOP) of the Chamber of Deputies, the situation of generalized violence in which various zones of the country find themselves, has led to an increased number of people who have been forced to displace in the country. According to CESOP “the violence generated by drug cartels throughout the country” is one of the most recognized reasons people are forced to flee their lands. Despite discrepancies in the figures and not counting with official statistics, it is estimated that between 2011 and 2015 “281,418 people were forced to escape” from their homes. According to the results of the research, the states of Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas, among others, are the states with the highest number of displaced.

The “criminal organizations not only fight over drug trafficking routes now, but also aspire to control more and more territory in general.” According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of the UNO, forced displacement happens when “persons or groups of persons have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as result of or to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural disasters or [those] caused by humans, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border.” In most cases, the families have been displaced within Mexico. While internationally there are extensive regulations and a legal basis for the protection of displaced persons in the area of forced internal displacement, there are no equivalent legal instruments.

For this reason, and in order to continue adding to the analysis of this problem, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) published the “Special Report on Forced Internal Displacement (FID) in Mexico” in May of this year. It says that, “the Federal Government recognized that among the factors that most influenced the increase in violence, disputes in and between criminal organizations involved in drug trafficking stand out.” “However the importance of the protection of human rights and displaced persons stands out,” the research concludes. Having recognized that there is no global figure for internal displacement generated by the violence of the drug cartels, it warns that “the Mexican authorities have downplayed or ignored the problem” to date. The CESOP document stresses that as happens with the information included in reports of kidnapping of migrants, the Mexican State has discredited figures on internal displacement.

For more information in Spanish

Violencia del narco ha desplazado a 281 mil (Milenio, 18 de julio de 2016)

El gobierno minimiza el creciente problema de las personas desplazadas, afirma el Legislativo (La Jornada, 18 de julio de 2016)

Los desplazados del narco (Vanguardia, 15 de julio de 2016)

El Estado mexicano se contradice ante el desplazamiento interno forzado (Animal Político, 4 de julio de 2016)

Informe Especial sobre Desplazamiento Forzado Interno (DFI) en México (CNDH, 1 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Nacional: CNDH lamenta más de 35 mil víctimas de desplazamiento forzado interno en el país (16 de mayo de 2016)


Guerrero/National: Family of Julio Cesar Mondragon Fontes Demands Comprehensive Investigation

July 19, 2016

Ayotzi.pngCommemoration area in the Normal Rural School, Ayotzinapa. Photo:@SIPAZ

Following the results of recent studies carried out on the student teacher from Ayotzinapa, Julio Cesar Mondragon Fontes, the family believes that they are at the beginning of a way to achieve truth and justice almost 22 months after the events of September 26 and 27, 2014, in Iguala, Guerrero. The family confirms its full confidence in the assessment presented by the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (AFAT), and believes it will contribute to “the authorities conducing the relevant investigation to lead to truth and justice.” They also showed concern about the inadequacy of the investigation that the Attorney of Guerrero carried out. The case of Julio Caesar was retaken by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), which since its first report recommended the exhumation due to the forensic delay. The IGIE noted in its second report that the fragmentation of the investigation and the delay in analysis, after the body was exhumed, caused “unnecessary family re-victimization.” The demand is so that this family and others may have, finally, a clarification of the facts, and punishment of the real culprits.

Furthermore, twelve international civilian organizations sent an open letter to the President of the Republic on July 13. In it they asked to establish a mechanism of investigation into the forced disappearance of students from Ayotzinapa, more than two months after the end of the mandate of the IGIE. They regretted that until “this day the Mexican authorities have not complied with the main purpose of the agreement or the IGIE: the location of the missing students. This means that the injunction of the IACHR that led to the creation of the IGIE remains in force.” The open letter ends with a plea to the authorities “to create a mechanism that has full cooperation and coordination of the Mexican State so that the obstacles faced by the IGIE during its tenure are not repeated. The mechanism is a new opportunity for the Mexican government to demonstrate to the international community and especially to its citizens that it is committed to the effective guarantee of human rights and compliance with its national and international obligations. “

For more information in Spanish

Familia de Julio César Mondragón exige investigación integral para conocer la verdad (Sididh 2.0, 14 de julio de 2016)

Piden a Peña Nieto instalar mecanismo de seguimiento sobre el caso Iguala (Sididh 2.0, 14 de julio de 2016)

Carta abierta para seguir en el caso de Ayotzinapa (PBI México, 13 de julio de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas/Nacional: Movilizaciones a 21 meses de la desaparición de “los 43” (28 de junio de 2016)

Guerrero: Cuerpo de Julio Cesar Mondragón fue inhumado por segunda vez (17 de febrero de 2016)

Guerrero: Exhuman cuerpo del estudiante de Ayotzinapa torturado y ejecutado, Julio César Mondragón (9 de noviembre de 2016)


Chiapas/National: Mobilizations 21 Months After the Disappearance of “The 43”

June 30, 2016

43.pngMarch in San Cristóbal de Las Casas on June 26, 2016. Photo: @Sipaz.

There were national mobilizations 21 months after the disappearance of the 43 students of the Isidro Burgos Normal Rural School of Ayotzinapa, and the murder of six other people in Iguala. In Mexico City, hundreds of people marched to demand the appearance of the students alive, from the Anti-monument for the 43 to the headquarters of the Attorney General of the Republic (PGR). The mothers and fathers of the students stayed separate at all times from the silent march that was taking place near their route, which had been called by the leader of the Movement for National Regeneration (Morena), Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, in support of the struggle of the National Coordinator of Education Workers for the repeal of the educational reform. It should be highlighted that the mothers and fathers of the students denounced that the bus in which they were travelling to Mexico City was stoned as it passed through Cuernavaca, Morelos. According to Sin Embargo, “the occupant of a black car blocked them and threw stones, breaking the window of the bus they were travelling in; they said there were no injuries.”

In San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, the health sector, which is on strike over the lack of supplies, lack of staff in medical centers and for better social benefits, called a march which arrived at the cultural event in front of the old town hall, where documentaries were shown and a mural was painted. It should be noted that on June 22 the health sector also marched in about 70 cities in the Mexican Republic. According to Prensa Libre Chiapas, about 3,000 health workers mobilized along with civil society organized in the neighborhoods. “What we are asking for is 100% supply of medicines in all medical units as this is a problem that the authorities have not solved in four years”, one of the representatives stated in La Jornada. The general secretary of sub-section 03 of the National Union of Health Workers (SNTSA) said that after two weeks on strike they did not have a positive response from the Health chief of the state.

It should be mentioned that investigations into the whereabouts of the 43 students disappeared in September 2014 have made no relevant advances. Recently, the National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Data Protection (INAI) ordered the Mexican Army to hand over material that a soldier from the 27th Infantry Battalion recorded the night of the mass disappearance. Although the soldier declared that he took photos and videos of the events and that he submitted them to his superior, the Secretary for National Defense (Sedena) “declared that the information is non-existent”, according to Sin Embargo. Vidulfo Rosales, attorney for the relatives of the 43 students, asserted that the PGR had dismissed a number of officials and begun an investigation against Tomas Zeron, director of the Criminal Investigation Agency. This was pointed out by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE) as “distorting reality” as regards the diligences at Rio San Juan, where the “historical truth” -the official government version of the disappearance- was strongly questioned, which claimed that the remains of the students were scattered after they had been incinerated in a garbage dump by the organized crime gang Guerreros Unidos. For his part, Emiliano Navarrete, father of one of the 43, reproached that the government summons them “nothing more than meetings” but “hasn’t done anything” to find their missing children.

For more information in Spanish:

“No existe verdad ni justicia”: padres de los 43 a 21 meses de su desaparición (Proceso, 26 de junio de 2016)

“La lucha sigue a 21 meses del caso Ayotzinapa” #Fotos (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 26 de junio de 2016)

El INAI ordena al Ejército entregar las imágenes tomadas durante el ataque a los normalistas en Iguala (Sin Embargo, 26 de junio de 2016)

Padres de los 43 normalistas de Ayotzinapa denuncian que su autobús fue apedreado en Cuernavaca (Sin Embargo, 26 de junio de 2016)

Mega marcha de trabajadores de la salud en SC (Prensa Libre Chiapas, 22 de junio de 2016)

Personal de salud va a paro de labores en Chiapas (La Jornada, 7 de junio de 2016)

Ayotzinapa a 21 meses, ni perdón ni olvido. (Pozol Colectivo, 26 de junio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas/México: Sector salud entra en paro contra las reformas del sector salud, la falta de medicamentos y equipo (22 de junio de 2016)

Guerrero/Nacional : Jueces dan por muertos a los 43 desaparecidos de Ayotzinapa (18 de mayo de 2016)

Guerrero/México: GIEI concluye su trabajo México entregando un segundo informe. (28 de abril de 2016)

Guerrero/ Nacional: EAAF y GIEI reaccionan ante conclusiones sobre fuego en el basurero de Cocula (11 de abril de 2016)

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (27 de enero de 2016)

 


Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Teachers Continue Mobilizations Due to Lack of Agreements over Educational Reform

June 30, 2016

TeachersPeople crossing blockade on foot in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. Photo: @Oscar León.

In negotiations that lasted about seven hours, the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) and the Government Secretariat (SG) resolved that ‘attaining justice for the people of Nochixtlan, Guerrero, is the priority of the dialogue”, according to La Jornada. The news outlet noted that the government will seek to carry out exhaustive investigations into the events in Nochixtlan on June 19, where nine civilians lost their lives in a confrontation between dissident teachers and state and federal police. The government committed itself to damage reparations for the families of the dead.

At the same time, both parties in the dialogue continue to formulate an agenda for discussion in which the CNTE proposed the repeal of educational reform as a central point. In a statement, Adelfo Alejandro Gomez, of Section 7 of Chiapas, declared that they want to find a “deep” solution, one that “is not passing nor momentary.” He warned that the mobilizations and blockades will not be stopped but they will continue with their plan of action so that the educational reform is reversed. For his part, the Secretary for the Interior, Miguel Angel Osorio Chong, reiterated that repeal of the reform is not the competency of his Secretariat: “it is not a theme that we can see to, it is a constitutional mandate, it is a reform made by the legislators, by the Constituent Assembly.” He also emphasized “co-responsibility”, referring to the necessity of both parties to reach an agreement, requesting the teachers to guarantee conditions of calm, stability, passage for supplies and ending the academic year. Meanwhile, blockades continue on ten highways in Oaxaca and 14 in Chiapas, blocked by teachers, families and civil society that sympathizes with the CNTE to reject the police repression in Nochixtlan as well as the repeal of the educational reform. It should be highlighted that the first round of negotiations took place after a month of teachers’ protests against the government refusal to establish communication with the teachers, and that this only happened after the death of nine people in the blockade in Oaxaca. No date has been announced to resume the negotiations for the moment.

On another note, Roberto Paciencia Cruz, unjustly imprisoned in in the State Center for Social Reinsertion for Prisoners (CERSS) No. 5 in San Crsitobal de Las Casas, observed two days of fasting and prayer in solidarity with the CNTE. In a public letter, the adherent to the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), wrote that “such a painful event as occurred in Oaxaca that our brothers lost their lives (sic)” motivated him to sympathize with the teachers “who have been fighting against the educational reform for more than a month.” He also demanded that the President of the Republic, Enrique Peña Nieto, “exhort the Governor of Veracruz, Javier Duarte de Ochoa, for the freedom of compañero Alejandro Diaz Santiz”, an organized prisoner who has been imprisoned for 17 years and would have the right to partial remission of his sentence to be paroled.

For more information in Spanish:

Las protestas seguirán, dice la CNTE luego de 7 horas de diálogo en Segob; la reforma se mantiene: Osorio Chong (Sin Embargo, 28 de junio de 2016)

Impasse en diálogo entre CNTE y Segob; agendan encuentro por Nochixtlán (Aristegui Noticias, 28 de junio de 2016)

Atención a Nochixtlán, primer acuerdo Segob-CNTE (La Jornada, 28 de junio de 2016)

Inicia bloqueo carretero permanente en ocho puntos estratégicos de Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 27 de junio de 2016)

La CNTE reanuda bloqueos en carreteras de Oaxaca; en Chiapas protesta en frontera con Guatemala (Sin Embargo, 27 de junio de 2016)

Desde el CERESO No 5 Roberto Paciencia inicia ayuno en solidaridad a la lucha magisterial (Grupo de Trabajo No Estamos Todxs, 24 de junio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: Aumenta apoyo al magisterio al nivel nacional e internacional (23 de junio de 2016)

Chiapas: Roberto Paciencia escribe a Alejandro Díaz (24 de junio de 2016)

BOLETÍN URGENTE: REPRESIÓN MAGISTERIAL EN OAXACA (22 de junio de 2016)


National: Network for Peace Rejects Violence and Repression of Teachers and Calls for Dialogue

June 26, 2016

Paz

San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, June 21, 2016

The member organizations of Network for Peace (Red por la Paz) express our indignation over the acts of repression that the Mexican State has carried out through the police forces against the teachers’ movement and civil society that has expressed its rejection in recent weeks of the educational reform passed in 2013. It has been repeatedly pointed out that the educational reform promoted by Enrique Peña Nieto, passed by the Congress of the Union and the congresses of the federal states, as well as permitting the gradual privatization of public education, is a labor reform that breaks with the principle of stable employment and the right to form a trade union.

The mobilizations of protest and rejection that have been organized by sections seven and 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) and the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE) in Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Michoacan, among others, have been repressed through the excessive use of public force, extended to the sympathetic population or simply passersby in the places where the protests were happening.

In Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca, the conflict has resulted in murders of teachers and civilians as well as hundreds of wounded and dozens of people arrested.

In this context, the risk of an escalation of repressive and indiscriminate violence, on the part of the State, in all of the states where the teachers’ movement has protested with the support of civil society (Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas, Michoacan, Guerrero, among others) is very high and against this, of a popular response that, tired of attacks and deaths, could respond with defensive violence. Against this context of violence in which several violations of human rights have occurred, and also due to the recurring climate of impunity, we call for national and international solidarity to show, in writing to the President of the Republic, its rejection of excessive use of force against the teachers’ movement and against civil society.

We demand from Enrique Peña Nieto:

  • Public and respectful dialogue that genuinely addresses and presents solutions to the just demands of the teachers’ union.
  • An end to the repression and criminalization of the teachers’ union.

Chiapas Network for Peace:

Servicios y Asesoría para la Paz A.C. (SERAPAZ)

Comisión de Apoyo a la Unidad y Reconciliación Comunitaria, A.C. (CORECO)

Desarrollo Económico y Social de los Mexicanos Indígenas, A.C. (DESMI)

Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (Frayba)

Educación para la Paz, A.C. (EDUPAZ)

ENLACE, Comunicación y Capacitación, A.C. (ENLACE CC)

Servicio Internacional para la Paz (Sipaz)

Centro de Derechos de la Mujer Chiapas, A.C. (CDMCH)

Comité de Derechos Humanos Fray Pedro Lorenzo de La Nada (CDHFP)

Centro de Derechos Indígenas A.C. (CEDIAC)


National/International: Growing Support for Teachers At Home and Abroad

June 23, 2016

Teachers.pngStudents and teachers support the CNTE in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Photo: @Rafael del Río

In support of the struggle that thousands of members of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) carry on and following the most recent repressive actions against them by federal forces on June 19 last in the Oaxaca State, many civil society organizations expressed their solidarity with the teachers, demanding a peaceful solution to the conflict from the state and federal governments.

In Chiapas, Believing People parishes called a pilgrimage on June 20 in Tuxtla Gutierrez. They showed their support for the teachers and repudiated the violent acts that occurred in Nochixtlán, Oaxaca, which left a toll of at least 11 people dead in altercations with the police. In a statement they explained that, “with such events we cannot remain on the sidelines, as a church we will always be on the side of the oppressed and we will raise our prophetic voice. The reforms are the expression of a new ‘Porfiariato’. We must struggle, we shouldn’t be conformists or slaves.” Father Marcelo from Simojovel parish extended an invitation to a mega-pilgrimage in support of the teachers for July 1 next with around thirteen parishes from the diocese of San Cristobal.

Another show of support and solidarity came from the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN). In a communiqué titled “Notes on the War Against the Teachers in Resistance (The Hour of the Police 3)”, they noted that, “There are more and more families helping the teachers, donating support for their trips and marches, becoming anxious when they are attacked, offering food, drink, and refuge.” They also pointed out the lack of educational arguments of the Secretary for Education, Aurelio Nuño Mayer, and the violence employed in repression of the mobilizations. Later, together with the National Indigenous Congress (CNI), they published another communiqué. Titled “FROM THE STORM”, both organizations expressed their repudiation of “the repressive escalation with which they intend to impose throughout the country the neoliberal capitalist reform that they call ‘educational'”. They highlighted that the resistance movement against this reform has become a mirror for more and more people, demanding an end to repression against the teachers in struggle and the immediate and unconditional release of “ALL political prisoners.” Their communiqué closed with an invitation to “all those peoples of the countryside and the cities to be attentive and sympathetic to the teachers’ struggle, to organize ourselves autonomously to be informed and alert facing this storm which falls on all.”

On a national level, Peace Brigades International (PBI) expressed their concern to state and federal authorities and the diplomatic corps over the deterioration of the situation. In a public announcement on June 20, they urged the Mexican authorities to respect the right to protest, to favor dialogue with the teachers and guarantee the integrity of teachers and defenders. On another note, in many states civil society, students, families and health workers are joining the mobilizations. Among others, in Oaxaca de Juarez, Oaxaca State, the artistic community organized a cultural event called “Cultural Barricade”, in which hundreds of artists from Mexico and other parts of the world participated on June 20, raising their voices to repudiate the repression.

On an international level, Amnesty International reminded the authorities that they have an obligation to control public order and take measures to prevent, investigate and sanction those responsible for acts of violence. Due to the events of recent days, the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) reinforced its presence in Oaxaca as well as in Tabasco, Chiapas, Guerrero and Michoacan, states which have also witnessed similar conflicts. The Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (CIDH) strongly condemned the serious acts of violence reported in Oaxaca State and called on the State to promote a process of dialogue in the framework of educational reform that allows the search for a solution in the context of a democratic society with full respect for human rights. Apart from the organizations mentioned, there were many actions on the part of civil society. Some examples are sit-ins and vigils organized in several cities in France, Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, Ecuador, Argentina, and Brazil, among others, in rejection of the repressive events in Mexico.

It is worth mentioning that on July 22 there were negotiations between the CNTE and the Interior Secretary. According to the CNTE, this dialogue, obtained thanks to the broad popular mobilization, did not result in concrete agreements but they were able to table three themes: “repeal of the badly named educational reform; a route for the transformation of education; and measures for the distention and revision of the consequences of the imposition of the administrative labor reform.” A second round of dialogue is expected next week. It is also noteworthy that the 23 people arrested in Nochixtlan have been released.

For more information in Spanish:

Convocan a participar en brigada cultural (El Imparcial, 23 de junio de 2016)

CIDH condena hechos de violencia en Oaxaca, México (CIDH, 22 de junio de 2016)

PBI México, Pronunciamiento público (PBI, 21 de junio de 2016)

Exigen en ciudades del mundo que cese la represión contra los maestros en Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, 21 de junio de 2016)

Pueblo Creyente peregrina de nuevo en respaldo al magisterio (Pye Chiapas, 21 de junio de 2016)

Comunicado Conjunto del Congreso Nacional Indígena y el EZLN (Enlace Zapatista, 20 de junio de 2016)

Apunte sobre la guerra contra el magisterio en resistencia: (La Hora del Policía 3) (Enlace Zapatista, 17 de junio de 2016)

Aún no hay acuerdos concretos con el gobierno: CNTE (La Jornada, 23 de junio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

BOLETÍN URGENTE: REPRESIÓN MAGISTERIAL EN OAXACA (22 de junio de 2016)

Chiapas/Oaxaca: Actualización de las protestas magisteriales; al menos 6 muertos en Oaxaca (21 de junio de 2016)

Nacional: Actualización de las protestas magisteriales y comunicado de apoyo del EZLN (1 de junio de 2016)


Guerrero: Discontent One Year after the Murder of Antonio Vivar

June 7, 2016

Vivar.pngCrowded funeral of Antonio Vivar in Tlapa de Comonfort, Guerrero, in June 2015. Photo: @SIDIDH.

A year after the murder of Antonio Vivar, dozens of social organizations and human rights groups denounced the lack of investigation into the events that occurred on election day in the state of Guerrero in June last year. On that day “the young activist Antonio Diaz Vivar [was] arbitrarily executed and dozens of people were subjected to arbitrary detention and cruel and inhumane treatment” according to the Integrated Information System on Human Rights (SIDIDH). Advocacy organizations recalled that the social unrest in the state “found no channels of dialogue”, leading to “a series of violent incidents between elements of the police and army along with groups of armed men linked to political parties, who had a confrontation with members of the Guerrero Popular Movement (MPG) and the State Coordinator of Education Workers of the State of Guerrero (CETEG) in the city of Tlapa de Comonfort “.

They also noted that the investigation into the murder of Antonio Vivar “has not made significant progress and has failed to carry out important measures, as well as not including the information that the National Human Rights Commission obtained about the involvement of federal forces.” For its part, the Tlachinollan Human Rights Center said that, “the public prosecutor of the federation dismissed the criminal action of the federal police and advocated collecting their testimonies, misrepresenting the events to make them seem like the injured parties.” In a statement they pointed out that the federal police declared that they had not carried firearms, they claim to have been held for several hours in a chapel and to have not known about the murder until the following day through the press. Added to this, they reported that the Attorney General’s Office (PGR) attempted to file the case without notifying the family of the MPG member. In response, the signatory organizations urged the PGR to initiate a thorough investigation and identify the responsibility of elements of the federal police.

 For more information in Spanish:

Tlachinollan | Exigen investigación diligente a un año de violencia electoral del 7 de junio en Guerrero (Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos, 6 de junio de 2016)

Denuncian organizaciones falta de investigación por el asesinato del activista Antonio Díaz (Sistema Integral de Información en Derechos Humanos, 7 de junio de 2016)

ONG de Tlapa bloquean puente para exigir que resuelvan el caso de Toño Vivar (La Jornada Guerrero, 6 de junio de 2016)

OPINIÓN | Permiso para matar (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 6 de junio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Marchan en Tlapa de Comonfort a un mes del asesinato de Antonio Vivar Díaz (10 de julio de 2015)

Guerrero: Gana PRI elecciones en contexto de violencia (9 de junio de 2015)

Chiapas: Muere un maestro en los enfrentamientos de oposición a la evaluación magisterial (10 de diciembre de 2015)


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