National: Poor results ten years into war against organized crime; Army will remain on the streets, EPN

December 28, 2016

10yearsProtest in Mexico City ten years after the start of the war on organized crime(@La Jornada)

This December 11 marked a decade of the beginning of the war against crime launched by former President Felipe Calderon Hinojosa (2006-2012). Ten years later, the toll of violence is alarming: 186,000 dead, more than 28,000 missing, tens of thousands of people displaced according to official figures, a balance comparable to that of Central American armed conflicts in the 1980s. Over the term, according to the media, over one trillion pesos has been spent without reducing insecurity and harassment of civilians with a significant increase in human rights violations. In addition, domestic drug use has increased and, although some capos have been arrested, nine organized crime cartels and 37 criminal cells continue to operate.

Civil organizations have ruled that, “the tightening of security measures has not nor will reduce violence in the country. Today we live in a much more insecure country, with weaker institutions and a criminal justice system that does not work properly.” One of the most contested players in the anti-crime strategy has been the Army, which, outside its constitutional mandate, has been deployed to carry out security tasks. From December 1, 2006 to the end of last October, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) issued a total of 158 recommendations to the armed forces, of which 121 were addressed to the Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena) and the remaining 37 to the Secretariat of the Navy. Most of these recommendations were issued for violations, such as searches and arbitrary detentions; excessive, disproportionate and arbitrary use of force; injuries, and also for deprivation of life or arbitrary executions; forced disappearances, torture and cruel and inhuman treatment, as well as unduly imputing events to detainees.

In a press conference, Secretary of National Defense, Major General Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda, was direct: “The military do not study to chase criminals.” And in the absence of a legal framework “our soldiers are already thinking if it’s worth it for them to continue to confront these (criminal) groups, with the risk of being prosecuted for a crime related to human rights or maybe its better for them if we prosecute them for disobedience, which is cheaper for them.” He said: “We are asking for regularization of the actions of the Armed Forces,” (that it should be defined) “what Mexicans want the Armed Forces to do. If they want us to be in the barracks, go ahead. I would be the first to raise not one, but the two hands so that we go to do our constitutional tasks … (…) We do not ask to be here … we do not feel at ease, those of us here with you do not study to chase criminals … We are performing functions that do not correspond to us, all because there is no one who should perform them or they are not trained.” He also said: “there is a lack commitment of the part of many sectors for this to work. It is not an issue that is going to be resolved by bullets, it requires other components that have not had the necessary major efforts and budgets to address these situations.”

In this context, the business leadership demanded that the Mexican Army not return to the barracks until state governments have the capacity to deal with organized crime, for which it urged the legislature to pass laws that give greater legal certainty to the armed forces.

At the end of the National Encounter for Procurement and Delivery of Justice 2016, President Enrique Peña Nieto acknowledged that the goal had not been achieved and stated that soldiers will continue in the streets “until we achieve the aim of this subject still pending, not only now, but for several decades, to have a country in conditions of greater peace and tranquility.”

Mario Patron, director of the Agustin Pro HR Center, has questioned that “instead of taking seriously the design of a program for the gradual withdrawal of the Armed Forces from the security tasks – as proposed by international mechanisms in this area – it revives the idea of creating an ad hoc legal framework for the Army and Navy, normalizing the state of emergency under the concept of internal security.” For the same reason, dozens of civil organizations, academics and researchers asked the Chamber of Deputies – who were debating this issue these days – “not to hastily approve” military permanence in public security tasks and the suspension of guarantees for the population.

For more information in Spanish:

El tamaño del fracaso: 186 mil muertos en una década de guerra en México, según datos oficiales (Sin Embargo, 5 de diciembre de 2016)

Diez años de guerra contra las drogas: Civiles se organizan para responder al fracaso del Estado (Sin Embargo, 7 de diciembre de 2016)

Militares no estudiamos para perseguir delincuentes: Cienfuegos (Aristegui Noticias, 8 de diciembre de 2016)

Reprocha Cienfuegos falta de apoyo de Segob; “no estamos a gusto persiguiendo delincuentes”, dice (Proceso, 8 de diciembre de 2016)

Exige Cienfuegos regularizar función de las fuerzas armadas (La Jornada, 9 de diciembre de 2016)

Pide CCE aprobar leyes que den certeza jurídica a fuerzas armadas (La Jornada, 9 de diciembre de 2016)

El baño de sangre en 10 años deja más consumidores de drogas, más cárteles y más líderes criminales (Sin Embargo, 9 de diciembre de 2016)

El Ejército seguirá en las calles: Peña Nieto (El Heraldo de Chiapas, 10 de diciembre de 2016)

Activistas protestan ante “guerra contra el narco” (La Jornada, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

Violencia, dudas y la sombra de la corrupción marcan los 10 años de la guerra contra el narco (Animal Político, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

Con Felipe Calderón, se generó un tsunami de sangre que no teníamos: especialista (Revolucion 3.0, 12 de diciembre de 2016)

Sedena, la que más recomendaciones ha recibido de la CNDH en 10 años (La Jornada, 12 de diciembre de 2016)

Seguridad pública, función de civiles, dice CNDH (La Jornada, 12 de diciembre de 2016)

Especial 10 años de la guerra contra el narco (Vice News, diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ :

Nacional: La CNDH presentó su informe sobre recomendaciones por violaciones a derechos humanos (28 de septiembre de 2016)

Nacional: “Violencia del narco” ha desplazado a 281 mil personas (22 de julio de 2016)

 

 

 

 


Chiapas: Frayba Presents its Annual Report “Paths of Resistance”

December 28, 2016

Frayba.png

On December 19, the Fray Bartolome de las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC) presented its “Annual Report: Paths of Resistance”, in an event attended by Marina Pages, coordinator of the International Service for Peace (SIPAZ); Ana Valadez Ortega, member of the Center for Studies for Change in the Mexican Field (CECCAM); Rafael Landerreche Morin, member of the Pastoral Team of Chenalho; Marcelo Perez Perez, parish priest of Simojovel and coordinator of the Social Pastoral of the Chiapas Province, as well as Pedro Faro Navarro, director of CDHFBC.

 The objective of the book is to “make visible the men and women, people and communities organized in the construction of dreams and hopes that crack the system, generate life and dignity, ways of resistance to this cruel and bloodthirsty reality that we live in Mexico.”

It has five chapters: “Detention and Megaprojects, Impacts on Human Rights”, “Forced Displacement in a War Context”, “From Discredit to Repression” (focused on human rights defenders), “From Internal Armed Conflict to Widespread Violence”, and “In the Midst of the Whistling of the Mountains, the Call to Truth and Justice ” (on historical memory and the “Other Justice “).

For more information in Spanish:

Informe completo “Los caminos de la Resistencia” (CDHFBC, diciembre de 2016)

Lucha de EZLN por DH de indígenas, blanco de ataques: Frayba (La Jornada, 20 de diciembre de 2016)

« Andamos los caminos de la resistencia » (Boletín de prensa, CDHFBC, 19 de diciembre de 2016)

Persisten violaciones a derechos a 19 años de masacre de Acteal: Frayba (Proceso, 19 de diciembre de 2016)

Los caminos de la resistencia: Informe Frayba 2016 (Audios, Radio Zapatista, 19 de diciembre de 2016)

Documenta Frayba, despojos, megaproyectos y ataques contra defensores de DH; en Chiapas, “ocasionadas por el Estado mexicano” (Revolucion 3.0, 20 de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ :

Nacional : presentación del informe “Defender los derechos humanos en México, la normalización de la represión política” (31 de agosto de 2016)


Oaxaca/National: NGOs Document Arbitrary Detentions of Defenders – Relatives Demand their Release

December 28, 2016

Defenders.pngPedro Canche Herrera, Nestora Salgado and Enrique Guerrero Aviña (Photo@: Consorciooaxaca)

On December 14, 2016, the report Arbitrary and Illegal Detentions – Criminalization: a State Policy to Inhibit the Defense of Human Rights in Mexico, jointly prepared by 11 Mexican and international civil society organizations, was launched in Oaxaca. This report analyzes the case of five human rights defenders who were “illegally arrested without warrant and imprisoned for crimes they committed only for their legitimate activities in defense of human rights”: Damian Gallardo Martinez, Enrique Guerrero Aviña, Librado Baños Rodriguez, Pedro Canche Herrera and Nestora Salgado – the last two of whom have already been released.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, having studied these cases, confirmed that they were arbitrary detentions and that they were carried out “without warrant or charges against them [those involved in the said cases]“. The WG underlined the numerous irregularities presented by criminal proceedings. In its opinion, the detention of Librado Baños corresponds to “acts of retaliation and reprisal for his active defense of the rights of the indigenous and Afro-descendant population of the region.” It should be noted that the Working Group stated that it requested information from the Mexican Government regarding those cases, which was not provided in the legal period for that purpose.

The 11 organizations and relatives of the victims say that the arrests, acts of torture and other human rights violations they have been subjected to illustrate “a much broader pattern of criminalization of social protest in Mexico that seeks to inhibit the defense of human rights and social protest, turning them into illegal and criminal activities. In addition to this the fact that, far from affecting the eradication of this practice, the Mexican state continues to detain and intimidate defenders in the country.”

The authors of the report emphasize that “the responsibility for these violations of human rights is shared between the plurality of players directly or indirectly involved in the process of criminalization and arbitrary detention of defenders: the Mexican State may be involved at different levels, federal and state, as well as the police, the army, the same government authorities, the judiciary through justice operators, sharing responsibility with private players such as private companies and landowners.”

During the presentation of the report, the organizations and families demanded: “the immediate release of Damian Gallardo, Enrique Guerrero and Librado Baños as well as the cessation of criminalization and full reparation to the five human rights defenders for the numerous human rights violations to which they have been subjected.”

The report clarifies that “the five cases of arbitrary detention presented show the serious human rights crisis in Mexico. These five cases are emblematic and represent only a small part of the arbitrary detentions that occur with impunity in the country.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Inéditas, 5 detenciones arbitrarias de defensores de DDHH reconocidas por la ONU (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

ONGs documentan detenciones arbitrarias de defensoras y defensores, familiares exigen su libertad (Educa, 15 de diciembre 2016)

Informe : detenciones arbitraria e ilegal (Consorcio Oaxaca, diciembre 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:


Guerrero/Nacional: Nestora Salgado lanza campaña para exigir la libertad de los presos políticos del país (4 de abril 2016)


National: Legislative Year Ends with Controversial Agenda in Congress

December 27, 2016

Congress.jpgCongress of the Union (@ADN Político)

The closing of the legislative year was marked by a particularly sensitive agenda on human rights in the Congress of the Union. In short, the reforms to the General Law of Victims were approved. On the other hand, although they were approved by the Justice and Human Rights Commission, the laws on trafficking, torture, and the regulatory law of Article 29 of the Constitution, which regulates the declaration of a State of emergency in cases of invasion, serious disturbance of the public peace or another phenomenon that puts society in serious danger or conflict.

All of these issues have been sources of great controversy over their contents and possible impacts. The reform of the general law to prevent, investigate and punish torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment has been questioned by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for its “regressive” modifications. In particular, a modification that would prevent an official accused of torture from being removed from office was criticized.

The initiative that generated the biggest stir was the possible approval of a judgement for a statutory law of Article 29 of the constitution. The debate became even more intense after statements by the Secretary of National Defense, Salvador Cienfuegos, who urged that a legal framework be defined for the actions of the military in the fight against organized crime. The All Rights for All Network demanded a public discussion on this project. It said: “The legislative initiatives that have been proposed with the aim of normalizing the presence and military intervention in the country are of concern. They seek to normalize what in any democracy would be an exception: the involvement of the army in public security tasks – from patrol, to arrests, to crime investigation. Providing the Armed Forces with a legal framework is undoubtedly important. The Armed Forces have done a job that the civil authorities have not been able to or wanted to do, tasks that constitutionally do not correspond to them and they are not trained to perform. This has put its members in a situation of legal vulnerability. However, such a legal framework cannot simply – as in the legislative proposals for Internal Security proposed by Roberto Gil Zuarth (PAN) and by Cesar Camacho (PRI) – normalize and make permanent what today happens unconstitutionally. Neither should they advocate suspending individual guarantees so that the army can carry out the task that corresponds to civil authority without controls and without transparency.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Golpe de Estado silencioso (Proceso, 3 de diciembre de 2016)

Debatir el modelo de seguridad, SIDIDH, 5 de diciembre de 2016

Sociedad civil exige a Diputados no militarizar al país ni legislar sin discusión la suspensión de garantías (Red Todos los Derechos para Todos, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

ONG instan a no apresurar ley sobre militares (La Jornada, 11 de septiembre)

ONG piden al Congreso frenar iniciativas que normalicen presencia militar para seguridad pública (Animal Político, 11 de diciembre de 2016)

Una Ley de Tortura sin contradicciones y que respete ddhh (Animal Político, 12 de diciembre de 2012)

A marchas forzadas, aprueban Ley contra Tortura y de Trata de Personas (Quadratín, 13 de diciembre de 2016)
Cuestiona la ONU cambios a legislación (El Economista, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Aprueban diputados reforma a Ley General de Víctimas (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

PRI cierra las puertas a expertos internacionales al aprobarse Ley de Víctimas (Proceso, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Retira PRI dictamen de reforma a ley de trata y tortura (La Jornada, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Urgen en Sedena a aprobar la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Proceso, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

Las dos iniciativas de ley de seguridad interior (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Nacional : Pobres resultados diez años después de iniciar la guerra contra el crimen organizado ; El Ejército seguirá en las calles, EPN (16 de diciembre de 2016)

Nacional: Organizaciones sociales se pronuncian sobre ley de tortura (31 de mayo de 2016)

Nacional: Gobierno rechazó visita del relator para la tortura de la ONU (31 de marzo de 2016)

Nacional: Dudas de organismos de la sociedad civil por la iniciativa de Ley contra la Tortura (9 de febrero de 2016)

México: Publicación de la Ley General de Atención a Víctimas (10 de enero de 2013)


Chiapas: “Forum on Defense of the Earth, Life and Territory” Declares itself against Presence of Environmental Gendarmerie in Lacandon Jungle

December 16, 2016

Forum.pngForum in Amador Hernandez (Photo@Noe Pineda)

On December 5, the “Forum on Defense of the Earth, Life and Territory” was held in the ejido of Amador Hernandez, in the Municipality of Ocosingo, Lacandon Jungle. About 1,000 people from communities in the region analyzed the problems they are experiencing, including several agrarian conflicts.

In their final declaration, they said: “We are against the introduction of the Environmental Gendarmerie and their entry into our territory. From now on we state that in the case that the corresponding authorities do not take our disagreement into account … we will carry out more actions against the introduction of the Environmental Gendarmerie until we are heard.”

They questioned whether the presence of the Environmental Gendarmerie “for the supposed care and conservation of the environment” responds to other objectives: “We know that the true objective of this security force is a strategy for the destruction of our communities, our cultures and our organizations, it represents the violation of our rights and that its true intention is to guarantee the entry of transnational corporations dedicated to the extraction of natural resources for the benefit of big capital.”

According to the authorities, the Environmental Gendarmerie will “have the mission of preventing administrative crimes and faults in environmental matters, due to its security and police operational model.” It is envisaged that it will be installed in 61 points of the country, among others, the Lacandon Jungle, Montes Azules and the monarch butterfly reserves, Pico de Orizaba, Nevado de Toluca and Tulum.

It should be noted that on the same day, President Enrique Peña Nieto was in the Lacandon Jungle in the framework of an activity, which was part of the COP (Conferences of the Parties) 13 under the heading “Integrating Biodiversity for Wellbeing”. In that context, he instructed the Secretariat of Agrarian, Territorial and Urban Development to prevent the regularization of irregular settlements; and the Secretariats of Energy and Economy, to ensure that there are no hydrocarbon or mining explorations or holdings in the region.

For more information in Spanish:

Con la amenaza de la instalación de la Gendarmería Ambiental se realiza Foro sobre Defensa de la Tierra en Amador Hernández, Chiapas (Serapaz, 7 de diciembre de 2016)

Pueblos de Chiapas dicen no a la Gendarmería Ambiental (Somos el Medio, 8 de diciembre de 2016)

Se pronuncian en contra de la Gendarmería Ambiental comunidades de la Selva Lacandona y Montes Azules (Desinformémonos, 8 de diciembre de 2016)

Peña Nieto destaca acciones para preservar la Selva Lacandona (La Jornada, 5 de de diciembre de 2016)

Los de abajo (Artículo de opinión, La Jornada, 10 de diciembre de 2016)

COP 13- Conservación y áreas de salvaguarda, la cara más reciente del modelo extractivo en México (Otros Mundos, 8 de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Despliegue de elementos de la División de Gendarmería en 6 estados de México (3 de septiembre de 2014)


Guerrero: NCHR and OHCHR on Joint Mission in the State

December 16, 2016

HR.pngMembers of the NCHR and OHCHR (Photo@Tlachinollan)

On December 6 and 7, the National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Mexico carried out a joint mission in the state of Guerrero during which they held various meetings with victims, human rights defenders and authorities. At the end of that mission, both institutions reaffirmed their concern about “the state of insecurity in the State, impunity in cases of human rights violations, particularly disappearances, lack of access to justice, threats against human rights defenders, and forced internal displacement.” They reiterated “the need to address the situation in the state of Guerrero in a comprehensive manner so that proposed security solutions also address the problem of access to justice.”

The NCHR and OHCHR agreed that to reduce levels of violence impunity must end. In this context, both institutions reiterated their concern about the lack of human and material resources available to the Attorney General’s Office and other institutions to deal with the worrying human rights situation in the state. They stated that, “it is necessary that the three branches of the State, the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary, be actively and effectively involved, especially in the area of justice.”

At the closing session of the mission, both institutions sent a message of solidarity to families and victims of human rights violations and reaffirmed their readiness to support them in their search for truth, justice and reparation. They also expressed their permanent willingness to technically assist the state of Guerrero in the field of human rights.

For more information in Spanish:

Termina misión conjunta de CNDH y ONU-DH México al estado de Guerrero (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, a 8 de diciembre de 2016)

ONU-DH y CNDH instan a atender derechos humanos en Guerrero ( La Jornada, a 7 de diciembre de 2016)

Termina misión conjunta de CNDH y ONU-DH México al estado de Guerrero ( Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos, a 7 de diciembre de 2016)

 


Chiapas: Citizens of Tuxtla Gutierrez Worried about Drinking Water

December 14, 2016

Tuxtla.pngForum “Principles Related to Freedom of Expression and the Right to Water” in Tuxtla Gutierrez. Archive photo @ChiapasParalelo

On December 6, the Promoting Committee of the Citizen Observatory “Aguas SMAPA con el Agua”, for the Defense of Life, Land and Territory issued a statement warning of the privatization of water in Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas.

The Committee is composed of a group of citizens, academics and members of civil and social organizations. It seeks to establish by 2017 a citizen observatory of the Drinking Water and Sewerage System of Tuxtla Gutierrez (SMAPA) in order to “monitor and check the functioning of the municipal unit, in addition to compliance with the human right to drinking water.” It pointed out that in Tuxtla about 60 colonies of the 500 that comprise it do not have the universal service of drinking water, which violates human rights.”

In a statement, the members of the Promoter Committee denounced: “We know of SMAPA’s financial crisis, generated by robbery, pillage, corruption and diversion of resources, which are intended to justify a poor service and its privatization; this, like an ant advances under the modern mercantile strategy called “outsourcing” that is nothing more than “subcontracting a service”, this is to transfer the resources and responsibilities of certain tasks to a third party, as an example we have the concession of The installation and management of the meters to the company CISSA”.

 They warned that: “The water service is bad because it is a strategy of the authorities to bother us and make us believe that privatization is necessary, but it would be the same as with Proactiva [for the management of waste] and would fail.” Due to this, they expressed their “total rejection of any form of water privatization and operator systems”.

 For more information in Spanish:

“SMAPA ya privatizó los medidores de agua de Tuxtla”: Ciudadanos (Chiapas Paralelo, a 6 de diciembre de 2016)

Contra la privatización del agua crean un observatorio ciudadano del agua en Tuxtla (Espoir Chiapas, a 6 de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas : Sigue el movimiento en contra de la privatización del agua en Tuxtla