National: Internal Security Law Passed amidst Protests

December 7, 2017

LawPhoto @ Regeneracion

On November 30th, the Internal Security Law was passed by the Chamber of Deputies, with 248 votes in favor, 115 against and 48 abstentions. This law that aims to regulate the actions of the armed forces in public security work has been strongly questioned by civil organizations and opposition parties that believe that it would militarize the country even more and that it would open the door to more human rights violations.

Among other aspects, the Internal Security Law establishes the procedure by which the president may order the intervention of the armed forces when “threats to internal security” are identified and when the capacities of the federal or local police forces are insufficient to face them. In the possible safeguards, article 7 establishes that “the acts carried out by the authorities for the application of this Law shall be subject, at all times and without exception, to the unrestricted preservation of human rights and their guarantees”.

The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) justified its support for the Law by arguing that “for no reason” will social protest mobilizations will be the target of the law, and that it will seek to guarantee the protection of human rights. The previous day, President Enrique Peña Nieto had expressed that “I trust that the Congress of the Union will address with the urgency that is required this important initiative that will provide greater certainty to the Armed Forces and Mexican society.”

The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) expressed its concern about the progress of this Law. The representative of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Mexico, Jan Jarab, warned that its approval “petrifies” the situation of violence and human rights violations, “You need (…) a true evaluation of how the strategy (of militarization of public security) worked for ten years, and that those who want to continue with it or legislate to continue, explain why they are convinced that it worked.” National and international civil organizations strongly questioned its wording and approval. Amnesty International Mexico stated that the approval marks “a day of backsliding for human rights.” It expressed that “We cannot allow the participation of the armed forces in police work to be normalized, since we have documented the violations of human rights that prevail under the sustained use of the armed forces for decades; on the contrary, one has to think about a progressive retirement along with a professionalization of the police.” In a statement #SeguridadSinGuerra said: “We categorically oppose the issuance of a law or reforms that allow federal, state and municipal authorities to continue evading their constitutional responsibilities in matters of public safety.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley de Seguridad Interior ya es una “imperiosa necesidad”, dice Peña Nieto a legisladores (Proceso, 29 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados sellan cobertura legal a militares en tareas de seguridad pública; activistas los acusan de “golpistas” (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Aval a Ley de Seguridad Interior “petrifica” la situación de violencia y abuso a derechos: ONU-DH (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados aprueban en lo general ley de seguridad interior (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

8 puntos clave de la Ley de Seguridad Interior aprobada por los diputados (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Cronología de la militarización: cómo fue que se aprobó la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Hufftington Post, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: WOLA evidencia el alto grado de impunidad ante violaciones a derechos humanos por soldados en México (8 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional : cierre de año legislativo con agenda polémica en el Congreso (18 de diciembre de 2016)

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National/Chiapas: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

December 7, 2017

Violence ii.png

(@ Movement in Defense of Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions)

On November 25th, within the framework of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, the United Nations (UN) issued a call to the Mexican government and society to eradicate violence, which 66% of women in Mexico suffer in different ways (physical, economic and psychological), ranging from sexual comments and whistles, groping, and violations, to the most extreme form: femicide.

In this same framework, Amnesty International Mexico stated that, “We live in a country in which male violence is standardized, accepted and even tolerated, by authorities that should prevent and act to end violence. As women, sexist violence has taken away our freedoms, they have expelled us from public space and killed us. We will not stop denouncing and demanding our rights as citizens.”

In Chiapas, on November 23rd and 24th, the fifth assembly of the Movement in Defense of the Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions was held whose main objective was “to make visible, discuss and find alternatives to the failure of the State and its institutions responsible for the implementation of the Declaration of Gender Violence Alert (GVA) in Chiapas.” In a final statement they stated that “violence against women and femicide in Chiapas is not a problem that only men and women in the private sphere have to resolve, families in their relationships, communities within the villages and civil organizations in the promotion and defense of rights, it is a responsibility especially of the State since the dimension of femicidal violence has its origins and causes in structural violence such as poverty, discrimination, injustice, misogyny, class inequality, gender, ethnicity, age, sexual preference, etc. that is reproduced by the institutions and agents of the patriarchal State.”

More than one hundred women marched in San Cristobal de Las Casas on the 25th to denounce that, “the federal and state governments have not complied effectively with the implementation of the Gender Violence Alert, declared in November of last year for 23 municipalities of the state. (…) On the contrary, the rates of violence in Chiapas such as physical aggressions, disappearance and kidnapping of people, especially women, trafficking, dispossession, forced displacement, evictions, abuse, rape and femicide have increased alarmingly in the 122 municipalities”. They also affirmed that the budget for the Gender Violence Alert is a “political booty of corrupt officials who steal money from the people, as happens with the resources for those affected by the earthquake of September 7th”.

For more information in Spanish:

NACIONAL

En México, 2 de cada 3 mujeres sufren violencia, alerta la ONU(ONU Noticias, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

En el día internacional contra la violencia a la mujer, 6 asesinadas (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer (Amnistía Internacional, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

CHIAPAS

Primer día de la quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 23 de noviembre de 2017)

Segundo día quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 24 de noviembre de 2017)

Pronunciamiento del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Marchan en Chiapas contra violencia hacia las mujeres (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: Se lanza la campaña 16 días de activismo contra la violencia hacia las mujeres (30 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: a un año de la Declaratoria de Alerta de Violencia de Género (AVG) en Chiapas (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Día Internacional de Lucha Contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres (28 de noviembre de 2016)

 


Oaxaca: Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders

December 4, 2017

Defenders.png(@EDUCA)

On November 17th, the Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders was held in Santa Rosa de Lima, Tututepec with the aim of “exchanging community security strategies and expressions of resistance from the cultural practices that have been used by the movements and communities of Mexico and Colombia.” This meeting also marked the closing of the Oaxacan Campaign of Community Defenders “Exercising our Rights, we Weave Dignity”, started last July to raise awareness of the work of defenders, as well as the risks they face in carrying out their work.

In the subjects reflected we find “the predatory capitalist model that continues to drive development and infrastructure projects into towns and communities and how the imposition of these projects contributes to the violation of the collective rights of peoples and communities and the rights of women and men. Human rights defenders.” “It also reflected on the criminalization of the work of defenders and threats and disqualifications to their work,” according to the final statement.

From this analysis, they made “a call to resistance, to the organization and twinning of struggles for the defense of territories, natural commons and the rights of community defenders.”

For more information in Spanish:

Pronunciamiento del V Encuentro de Defensoras y Defensores Comunitarios de Oaxaca (17 de noviembre de 2017)

Cuarto festival cultural por la defensa del río verde en el marco de la celebración de un década de resistencia contra el Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Paso de la Reina (18 de noviembre de 2017)

Campaña Oaxaqueña de Defensores y Defensoras Comunitarias: Ejerciendo nuestros derechos, tejemos dignidad (julio de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Celebra COPUDEVER su octavo aniversario. (17 de julio de 2015)


National: Hearing of Cases of Sexual Torture in San Salvador Atenco at IACHR Court

November 29, 2017

Torture(@Ciudadanía Expres)

On November 16th and 17th, in the framework of a public hearing before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR Court), the eleven women survivors of sexual torture in the events of San Salvador Atenco, State of Mexico, in May 2006, shared their testimonies about what happened and the impunity that has prevailed.

It should be recalled that on May 3rd and 4th, 2006, police forces carried out an operation in San Salvador Atenco supposedly to “re-establish order.” More than 200 people were arrested during the raids. 50 of them were women, 31 of whom later reported sexual assaults by the police.

Human rights defenders requested that the I/A Court HR order the State to carry out a serious investigation to end impunity, as well as “adopt transparent policies and mechanisms to regulate the use of police force and eradicate sexual torture as an extended practice.”

Civil organizations that have accompanied the case stressed that “the eleven women of Atenco represent thousands of victims and account for the major structural problems of the State: the excessive use of police force, violence against women, torture as a mechanism of control and the impunity that allows its chronic repetition.”

The representation of the Mexican State asked the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to declare before the Court that the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) the IACHR committed a “serious error” in its report by not taking into account the reparation measures proposed by the State to the women who were victims of sexual violence in that operation, nor the advances that the State has implemented in terms of gender equity after the facts. However, it said that the State admits its responsibility for human rights violations committed, including sexual torture. However, although some people are still under trial, there is no public servant with a conviction for the case.

For more information in Spanish:

Mujeres de Atenco (Síntesis de medios del Centro ProDH, noviembre de 2017)

Las mujeres de Atenco, ante la CIDH: “Nos han hecho sentir, repetidamente, pequeñas” (El País, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

“Error grave” de CIDH sobre Atenco, alega el Estado mexicano, pero acepta tortura (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de noviembre de 2017)

Luchadoras de Atenco rompen el silencio (Animal Político, 24 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

México: La CIDH exige una investigación sobre el caso de varias mujeres víctimas de abuso sexual en San Salvador Atenco en el 2006 (30 de septiembre de 2016)


National: Law on Forced Disappearance Enacted

November 28, 2017

Disappeared(@CMDPDH)

On November 16th, President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) enacted the new General Law on Enforced Disappearances and Disappearances by Individuals and declared that “a legal framework or a set of public institutions dedicated specifically to providing a comprehensive response to this serious problem had never been established, with all the instruments of the State.” It should be remembered that Mexico has more than 30,000 disappeared.

In a private event at the Official Residence of Los Pinos, attended only by families of the Movement for Our Disappeared in Mexico, Peña Nieto said there will be a 60-day deadline to move towards the implementation of this legislation, and among other things, the creation of the National Search System that will lead the actions, and the establishment of the National Registry of Missing Persons. The Ministry of the Interior will have a budget of 186.3 million pesos by 2018 for the creation of the National Search Commission, the strengthening of the Mexico Platform and the operation of the National Forensic Bank.

The Movement for Our Disappeared affirmed that, “the enactment of this new Law is a sign of goodwill in the face of the magnitude of the crisis of disappearances and other violations of human rights and impunity in our country. However, families demand that the enactment have a clear route to implementation and have adequate and sufficient resources, beyond those currently allocated in the 2018 budget.”

It is worth mentioning that a survey on forced disappearance carried out by the Center for Social Studies and Public Opinion (CESOP in its Spanish acronym) of the Chamber of Deputies showed that most Mexicans classify actions searching for people as bad and the work of the government to punish cases of enforced disappearance as bad or very bad. However, 53.3% of the respondents were optimistic about the creation of the general law on forced disappearances.

For more information in Spanish:

Promulga Peña Ley de Desapariciones Forzadas (La Jornada, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Familiares de víctimas exigen a Peña una implementación eficaz de la Ley de desaparecidos (Animal Político, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Acciones por desaparición arrancan con 186.3 mdp (El Economista, 22 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: aprueban Ley de Desaparición forzada (17 de octubre de 2017)

México : Pronunciamientos y acciones en el marco del Día Internacional de las Víctimas de Desapariciones Forzadas (5 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero: Foro sobre desaparición forzada (22 de agosto de 2017)

 


Chiapas: One Year since the Declaration of Gender Violence Alert (GVA) in Chiapas

November 27, 2017

GVA

One year after the Declaration of a Gender Violence Alert in Chiapas (November 18th, 2016), the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas denounced governmental actions and omissions in a communiqué. It reported that in this period it documented “119 violent deaths that must be investigated as femicides and 46 documented femicides; while the State Prosecutor’s Office (FGE) registers 27 femicides and 35 intentional deaths, resulting in a total of 62 women murdered in Chiapas in 2017, from January to October.” For this reason, it concluded: “Everything we have documented throughout this year of the Gender Violence Alert is what allows us to characterize that in Chiapas and Mexico we have a femicidal State, since it is not only permissive but also an accomplice of violence against girls, women and elderly women and the increasing femicidal violence in our homes, streets, communities and cities of the state.”

In the main deficiencies in the implementation of the GVA, the Campaign emphasized:

“The unjustified delay of the state government institutions, specifically the Government Secretariat and the State Attorney General’s Office, to comply with agreements that would make it possible to correct or diminish institutional negligence such as the investigation procedure, the application of protocols, protection measures, translation services and professional assistance in the public service to attend, channel and eradicate frequent vices.”

“The ineffective coordination between the institutions of the three levels of the government, municipal, state and federal.”

“The absence and vacuum of authority of the state executive power.”

“The instrumentalization and the use of the resources destined to the GVA to promote the disqualified image of the governor, that simulates the attention of the causes of the structural violence in Chiapas.”

“The discrimination against women, racism and classism of Governor Velasco Coello that has been publicly evident in sexist and misogynistic advertising messages.”

– “The recurring omission and invisibilization of violence particularly suffered by immigrant and refugee women, girls and women with different abilities, indigenous people, trafficking of persons who, in Chiapas, as a border state, characterize the Gender Violence Alert and its urgent multicultural, multiethnic and generational attention.”

“The state continues to be immersed in an internal armed conflict, and this situation of war, which militarizes the state and ramps up violence and the violation of human rights with an unresolved history of serious violence against women.”

“The issue of punctual attention to women victims of violence remains unanswered, especially due to access to justice and health in cases of sexual, physical, psycho-emotional and other abuse.”

For more information in Spanish

A un año de la Declaratoria de AVG en Chiapas, ONG’S denuncian violaciones a DH por parte de gobierno contra mujeres (Revolución tres punto cero, 22 de noviembre de 2017)

Activistas de Chiapas denuncian “Estado feminicida” en México (Proceso, 21 de noviembre de 2017)

Cumple un año sin resultados, AVG para Chiapas (CIMAC Noticias, 21 de noviembre de 2017)

Comunicado completo « En Chiapas, declaramos Estado Feminicida » (Campaña Popular contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres y el Feminicidio en Chiapas, 20 de noviembre de 2017)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Las organizaciones peticionarias de la AVG en Chiapas, dejaran de asistir a las mesas de trabajo con el Gobierno del Estado por el incumplimiento de acuerdos (16 de octubre de 2017)

Chiapas: Omisiones tras la declaratoria de Alerta de Violencia de Género (9 de septiembre de 2017)

Chiapas: El Centro de Derechos de la Mujer denuncia faltas al debido proceso y al acceso a la justicia en casos de violencia contra las mujeres y feminicidios. (27 de junio de 2017)


Chiapas: MODEVITE Mobilizes in Defense of Mother Earth and Self-Determination

November 24, 2017

MODEVITEAuthorities from La Candelaria, Municipality of San Cristobal de Las Casas. Photo @: SIPAZ

On November 20th, thousands of indigenous people grouped in the Movement in Defense of Life and the Territory (Modevite in its Spanish acronym) mobilized in 11 municipalities and an ejido of Chiapas in defense of Mother Earth, for a dignified life and to demand respect for the free self-determination of indigenous peoples. In a statement, they explained: “We are one people who today want to express ourselves in each of the 12 fronts where we are. We denounce the constant threat of transnational extractive megaprojects and demand our right to the self-determination of peoples, in order to change the outdated and oppressive system that governs us.”

The event was called on 107 years of the beginning of the Mexican Revolution, and stressed that “the marginalization and misery of our peoples persist; violence is the daily bread and insecurity is what is breathed in the environment. Coupled with this, the colorful circus of political parties divides us, and they take advantage of our poverty” while governments at all levels “are accomplices of dispossession, abuses, violence and injustice.”

For this reason they propose “creating another system that promotes the community rather than individuality, that looks at the earth as a Mother and not as merchandise, that embraces the cultural diversity rooted in the spirituality of our ancestors to make way for the reconstruction of the fabric of social community”. They intend to promote “community governments that renew social relations among indigenous peoples, mestizos, diverse religions, adults and youth; community governments that renew politics by exercising the right to elect the authorities according to the indigenous normative systems of each people, to combat corruption and division of bad governments and thus ensure the defense of our Mother Earth and community harmony.”

More specifically, they asked the authorities to respond positively to the requests presented by the Community Government Commissions of the municipalities of Chilon and Sitala to the Electoral and Citizen Participation Institute (IEPC in tis Spanish acronym) of Chiapas, on November 17th for that they can govern themselves according to their own indigenous normative system.

For more information in Spanish:

Indígenas de Chiapas denuncian amenaza constante de megaproyectos y ambición de trasnacionales (Proceso 20 de noviembre de 2017)

MODEVITE se expresa en sus 12 frentes y afirma su apoyo a los municipios de Chilón y Sitalá en su búsqueda del gobierno comunitario (MODEVITE 20 de noviembre de 2017)

Pronunciamiento de las Comisiones de Gobierno Comunitario de Chilón y Sitalá (Boletín de prensa del MODEVITE 18 de noviembre de 2017)

Comisiones de Sitalá y Chilón exigen al IEPC respetar su derecho al Gobierno Comunitario, sin partidos políticos (Anuncio de Conferencia de prensa del MODEVITE 17 de noviembre de 2017)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Pronunciamiento de MOVEDITE ante las campañas políticas anticipadas (22 de agosto de 2017)

Chiapas : Culmina peregrinación de 12 días del Movimiento de Defensa de la Vida y el Territorio en San Cristóbal de Las Casas (29 de noviembre de 2016)