Mexico – National/International: Latest Amnesty International Report on the Deadly Return of Central American Asylum Seekers from Mexico

February 15, 2018

AI

Amnesty International (AI) denounced in its latest report “Ignored and Unprotected: The Deadly Return of Central American Asylum Seekers from Mexico” that the Mexican immigration authorities routinely force thousands of people from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to return to their countries without taking into account the risks to their lives and safety when they return.

The report is based on a survey that reflects 500 experiences of Central American people traveling through Mexico. AI concluded that the National Institute of Migration (INM in its Spanish acronym) systematically violates the non-refoulement principle, a binding pillar of international and Mexican law that prohibits the return of people to situations where they are at real risk of persecution or other serious violations of human rights. “Instead of giving them the protection to which they are entitled, Mexico is illegally turning its back on these people in need”, said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Amnesty International’s director for the Americas.

Amnesty International found that 75% of the people detained by the INM had not been informed of their right to seek asylum in Mexico, despite the fact that Mexican law expressly provides that it be done and that the public authorities assured Amnesty International that this provision was observed.

For more information in Spanish:

Informe: Ignoradas y sin protección (Amnistía Internacional)

Cortometraje: A través de los ojos de una persona refugiada (Amnistía Internacional)

México envía a centroamericanos a la muerte, denuncia Amnistía Internacional (Sididh, 24 de enero de 2018)

México incumple ante migrantes: Amnistía Internacional; “es un área de oportunidad”, responde el INM (Proceso, 23 de enero 2018)

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Guerrero/National/International: MEPs Highlight the Grave Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Mexico

February 8, 2018

MEPs

On January 9th, 35 European parliamentarians issued a letter to Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico, Luis Videgaray Case, Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Hector Astudillo Flores, Constitutional Governor of the State of Guerrero, to express their deep concern over the situation of human rights defenders in Mexico.

The parliamentarians refer to the report of the DTT Network “Hope Does Not End”, according to which “during the presidential term of President Enrique Peña Nieto, 106 murders or extrajudicial executions of human rights defenders and 81 disappearances took place, to highlight only the most serious crimes within a broader list of attacks.”

They call on the Mexican state and especially the state of Guerrero to address this situation: “We are particularly concerned about the grave situation in the State of Guerrero of the relatives of disappeared persons, the communities that have been forcibly displaced, as well as the people and human rights organizations that accompany them.”

For more information in Spanish:

Carta de los parlamentarios europeos (Parlamento Europeo, 9 de enero de 2018)

Informe: La esperanza no se agota (Red TdT, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

Apremian parlamentarios europeos a resolver la “grave situación” en Guerrero (La Jornada Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Parlamentarios de Europa alertan ante la falta de garantías para defensores de derechos humanos en Guerrero (El Sur Periódico de Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Urgen parlamentarios europeos a defender a activistas en México (SIDIDH, 18 de enero)

Parlamentarios europeos dan la voz de alarma sobre situación de personas defensoras de derechos humanos en Guerrero (Centro de derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 17 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Acción urgente: Ejecuciones extrajudiciales y detenciones de policías comunitarios y de miembros del CECOP (10 de enero de 2018)

Guerrero : ONGs piden « garantizar derechos de víctimas, comunidades y personas y organizaciones defensoras de derechos humanos en el Estado » (29 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero : se declara “alerta” para proteger a defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos (19 de septiembre de 2017)


International/National: Human Rights Watch Publishes Report on Human Rights Situation in Mexico and the World

February 4, 2018

Human Rights Watch

In its most recent report on the situation of human rights in the world, Human Rights Watch, an organization based in Washington, USA, highlighted the abuses of members of the armed forces, impunity in emblematic cases (as Tlatlaya and Ayotzinapa), the habitual use of torture, the Law of Internal Security and violence against defenders and journalists in the case of Mexico among other issues.

The document states that, “during the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto, which began in 2012, members of the security forces have been implicated in serious and repeated human rights violations -including extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, and torture- in the framework of actions against organized crime.” In addition, “the government has made little progress in the prosecution of those responsible for recent abuses, and even less in the large number of abuses committed by soldiers and police since former President Felipe Calderon began the “war on drug trafficking” in Mexico in 2006.”

Regarding forced disappearance, it indicated that “it is common for agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and police officers not to take basic investigative measures to identify those responsible for forced disappearances, and they often indicate to relatives of missing persons that they should investigate on their own. In general, the authorities have not identified remains or parts of human bodies found in different parts of the country, including clandestine graves”, despite the fact that “the federal government has promoted potentially promising initiatives to find people whose whereabouts are unknown.”

Regarding access to justice, the report emphasizes that “it is common for Mexico to torture detainees to obtain information and confessions. Torture is most frequently applied in the period between which the victims are detained, often arbitrarily, and until they are placed at the disposal of agents of the Public Ministry. During this time, victims are often held incommunicado in military bases or other illegal detention centers.” It also adds that “it is common for the criminal justice system not to provide justice to victims of violent crimes and human rights violations. This is due to reasons that include corruption, lack of training and sufficient resources, and the complicity of agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and public defenders with delinquents and abusive officials.”

For more information in Spanish:

Informe Mundial 2018 (Human Rights Watch, enero de 2018)

Human Rights Watch condena impunidad en abusos de fuerzas de seguridad en México (Proceso, 18 de enero de 2018)

Con Peña, “graves y reiteradas violaciones de derechos humanos”: HRW (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de enero de 2018)

Señalan impunidad en México (NVI Noticias, 19 de enero de 2018).

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Guerrero: Informes poco favorables sobre corrupción y derechos humanos en México (3 de febrero de 2016)


National: UN Declaration on Forced Disappearance Law

February 4, 2018

Disappearances(@Regeneración, archive)

On January 16th, the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances issued a statement from Geneva welcoming the entry into force of the General Law on Forced Disappearance and Disappearance by Individuals in Mexico. The Working Group recognized the Mexican State for attending to the recommendation that was made to it after its work visit in 2011. It also celebrated “the opening of the authorities to guarantee the participation of the families of disappeared persons, as well as other organizations of civil society”, an experience that, it considered, should be imitated by other countries.

On the other hand, it urged the Mexican State to channel “all the efforts and resources” to “ensure an effective and immediate search for the thousands of missing persons, the main demand of families who want to know the fate or whereabouts of their loved ones.”

It stressed that for the legislation “to have an impact on the reality, especially on the needs of the victims”, a “process of selection of the officials in charge of implementing the Law” must be set up, which must “guarantee the suitability of the profiles, be transparent, and include the participation of victims’ groups and civil society specialists.” It encouraged the new law to “lead to the development of effective and non-fragmented research strategies to bring those responsible to justice and end the prevailing impunity in relation to the disappearance of people in Mexico.” It warned: “It is essential that prosecutors carry out exhaustive and diligent investigations and that they have the resources and political support to do so. Otherwise, if progress is not made in the fight against impunity, it will be impossible to stop this scourge.”

Finally, the members of the Working Group expressed their interest in following up on the implementation of the new law and reiterated their offer to “continue collaborating with the Mexican State towards the prevention and eradication of the forced disappearance of people.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley sobre desaparición forzada sólo será efectiva si se combate la impunidad: ONU (Proceso, 16 de enero de 2018)

Pide ONU garantizar participación de familias en búsquedas, para lograr implementación de Ley sobre Desapariciones (Aristegui Noticias, 16 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Promulgan Ley contra la Desaparición forzada (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional: aprueban Ley de Desaparición forzada (17 de octubre de 2017)

México : Pronunciamientos y acciones en el marco del Día Internacional de las Víctimas de Desapariciones Forzadas (5 de septiembre de 2017)


National/International: PBI Publishes “Defending Life” Report

December 28, 2017

PBI.jpg(@PBI)

Peace Brigades International (PBI) published a new publication “Defending Life: People who Defend Land, Territory and the Environment at Risk”, which collects testimonies and analysis that highlight the same reality: the extreme vulnerability of the defenders of the land and the environment in Mexico and the world.

For more information in Spanish:

Defender la Vida: personas defensoras de la tierra, el territorio y el medioambiente en riesgo (PBI, noviembre de 2017)

Defensor ambiental, labor de alto riesgo (El Universal, 6 de diciembre de 2017)

México debe actuar urgentemente para proteger a las personas defensoras del medio ambiente (Global Witness, 6 de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ: 

Oaxaca: V Encuentro de defensores y defensoras Comunitarias (29 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional : informes de organizaciones de derechos humanos contrastan con avances señalados en el Quinto Informe de Gobierno (7 de septiembre de 2017)

México: Amnistía Internacional presenta nueva campaña mundial en contra de la ola de ataques a defensores y defensoras (30 de mayo de 2017)

Nacional: Relator Especial de la ONU visita a México para evaluar la situación de Derechos Humanos (1 de febrero de 2017)


National/International: UN and IACHR Rapporteurs for Freedom of Expression Call on Mexico to Increase its Efforts to Protect Journalists

December 27, 2017

UNO.pngDavid Kaye and Edison Lanza, Special Rapporteurs for Freedom of Expression from the United Nations and Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (@OAS)

“Mexico should take bold steps to address the violence faced by those who practice journalism”, said David Kaye and Edison Lanza, Special Rapporteurs on Freedom of expression for the United Nations and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, respectively after an official mission that they carried out from November 27th to December 4th to examine the situation of freedom of expression in Mexico. During this visit, they met with more than 250 journalists and members of civil organizations, from 21 states of the Mexican Republic.

In a joint statement at the end of their mission, they declared that, “violence against those who practice journalism has been a crisis for Mexico for more than a decade and despite the creation by the Government of mechanisms of protection and persecution, impunity and insecurity continue to characterize this situation throughout the country.” They also expressed that “we were horrified by the stories we heard from journalists, in which they presented a harsh picture of the hostile environment they have faced. Sexual harassment against women journalists, the forced displacement of reporters, assassinations and disappearances, as well as deep impunity, were common elements in their narratives.” They also warned that, “the need to address issues of protection and transparency will be especially critical in 2018, when Mexican citizens will vote in federal, state and local elections.”

In their recommendations, they urged the Mexican government to “rapidly and substantially increase the resources available for the mechanisms that have been established to provide protection and transparency. Mexico has already taken a laudable step by creating these institutions; now it should give them the tools to be effective.”

For more information in Spanish:

México debe redoblar esfuerzos para proteger periodistas, instan expertos de derechos humanos (Comunicado conjunto de ONU y CIDH, 4 de diciembre de 2017)

Observaciones preliminares (4 de diciembre de 2017)

Urgen ONU y CIDH a frenar violencia contra periodistas en México (La Jornada, 4 de diciembre de 2017)

Periodismo en México se ejerce bajo “condiciones de terror”: Relatores de ONU y CIDH (Aristegui Noticias, 4 de diciembre de 2017)

La ONU alerta sobre la impunidad de los crímenes contra los periodistas en México (El País, 4 de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Oaxaca: Red nacional de periodistas exige detener la violencia contra comunicadoras (17 de octubre de 2017)

Nacional/Internacional: Espionaje a periodistas y activistas en México (27 de junio de 2017)

Nacional/Guerrero: Siguen ataques y homicidios de periodistas y defensores de Derechos Humanos (19 de mayo de 2017)

Nacional: Pronunciamiento de WOLA frente al recrudecimiento de violencia contra periodistas y defensores de derechos humanos (11 de abril de 2017)

Nacional: Informe de Artículo 19 “de lo digital a lo tangible” (3 de diciembre de 2016)

 


Chiapas: Humanitarian Aid for Displaced Demanded

December 4, 2017

Chenalho.png(@ Chiapas Paralelo)

On November 27th, Civil Society organizations, including SIPAZ, issued an Urgent Action for the risk to life, security and integrity of communities in the Altos region due to an agrarian conflict between the municipalities of Chenalho and Chalchihuitan, which has been going on for more than 40 years without a solution.

The document reports that there are more than 5000 displaced people today. It details that the displaced communities of Chalchihuitan are: a) Ch’en Mut 700 people, 120 families, 8 pregnant women; b) Pom more than 2000 people, 436 families, 100 pregnant women; c) Tzomolton 800 people, 107 families, 6 pregnant women; d) C’analumtic 600 people, 191 families; e) Bejelton 150 people, 30 families; f) Tulantic 350 people, 50 families; g) Vololch’ojon. 150 people, 40 families; e) Cruz c’ac’al nam 200 people; f) Cruzton 73 people, 20 displaced families. Also affected by the situation of violence are the communities of Balunac’o, Cotolchij, Lobolaltic, Pacanam, Pat C’anteal, Chiquin xulum, Saclum.

From Chenalho, 300 people from Majompepentik and Fraccion Polho moved, in addition to Las Limas and other communities that sleep outside their homes such as Yabteclum, Campo Los Toros, Tsabalho, among others.

In the communique, the organizations urge the Mexican State to respond promptly and expeditiously to this situation of violence that may lead to greater violations of human rights. They request:

“First – The necessary and pertinent precautionary measures are urgently implemented in order to respect, guarantee and protect the life and integrity of the families of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho.

 Second – The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of the United Nations Organization will be applied to protect the hundreds of families who have fled from the generalized violence and who are in total vulnerability, as well as the affected families who are living in a situation of terror due to the armed actions in the region that are also at risk of increasing the number of forced displacements.

 Third – Free transit and social peace in the communities of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho municipalities are guaranteed, prioritizing the dialogue between the parties under the essential respect of human rights.

Fourth – The murder of Samuel Perez Luna is investigated, those responsible are punished, and armed groups that act with impunity under the permissiveness of the government of Chiapas are disarmed.

 Fifth – In the face of the humanitarian crisis, international and national solidarity is necessary, due to the inefficiency and inability to address this emergency situation on the part of the federal and state governments. Humanitarian aid is urgent for the displaced communities: Food, medicines, blankets, cold clothes, doctors. Contact Caritas de La Diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas at the telephone number: 9671203722.”

For its part, the diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas issued a statement on November 28 where it expressed its surprise “at the impunity with which the armed groups act to the extent that neither the police nor the Army have been able to be present to prevent the violence, nor to disarm those who impose their control oon the territory and the population through fear.” It also requested actions from the State and called for solidarity to address the humanitarian crisis in which the displaced are.

For more infoemation in Spanish:

Alto al Fuego: Organizaciones urgen ayuda humanitaria para personas desplazadas (CDHFBC, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Acción Urgente: Violencia generalizada en los municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (CDHFBC, 21 de noviembre de 2017)

Acusan a Velasco de encubrir a alcaldesa de Chenalhó y proteger a grupo armado que provocó desplazamiento (Proceso, 28 de noviembre de 2017)

Escalan violencia y desplazados por conflicto agrario en Chiapas (Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Entran comuneros de Chenalhó a terreno en disputa con vecinos de Chalchihuitán (La Jornada, 15 de mayo de 2014)

Pronunciamiento de la diócesis de San Cristóbal de Las Casas (28 de noviembre de 2017)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Otra vez resurgió el conflicto agrario entre los municipios de Chenalhó y Chalchihuitán (14 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Resurgimiento del conflicto agrario entre los vecinos municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (29 de mayo de 2014)