National/International: 181 Countries Approve United Nations Global Pact for Refugees

January 4, 2019

refugeesUnited Nations (@TRT)

On December 17th, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) approved the Global Pact for Refugees. This victory for human rights and international cooperation comes one week after the General Assembly approved the Global Pact on Migration.

181 countries signed the pact that outlines steps that the international community will take to guarantee the welfare of refugees. Three countries abstained, and the United States and Hungary voted against it. The United States had previously stated that, although it agreed with most of the Covenant, it did not want to accept a limitation on the detention of asylum seekers.

The Pact will try to give more support to the countries that host refugees, and when possible, help refugees to return to their countries of origin. It also calls for promoting the independence of refugees. To improve infrastructure and services to refugees, the pact will try to encourage more investment from governments and private sources.

Although the Covenant is not binding, it represents a possibility of progress for the international community. Currently there are more than 25 million refugees in the world, representing only a part of the 68 million people who have been forced to flee their homes because of violence. Under international law, to be considered a refugee, you have to cross an international border.

The Pact on Refugees received more votes in its favor than the Global Pact on Migration (which was supported by 164 countries). In general, the rights of refugees have been clearer and therefore more protected than those of migrants.

For more information in Spanish:

Asamblea de la ONU avala el Pacto Mundial sobre Refugiados (La Jornada, 18 de diciembre de 201).

Asamblea de la ONU aprueba pacto mundial sobre refugiados (Telesur, 18 de diciembre de 2018).

ONU: Asamblea General adopta el Pacto Mundial sobre Refugiados (Kausa Justa, 17 de diciembre de 2018).

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: 164 Countries Approve UN Global Migration Pact (January 2nd, 2019)

National/International: World Network of Mothers of Disappeared Migrants Formed in Mexico (November 12th, 2018)

National/Chiapas/Oaxaca/Tabasco: Founding of the Collective of Defenders of Migrants and Refugees (CODEMIRE) (April 23rd, 2015)

 

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National/International: UNHCHR Asks Congress for Civil Controlled National Guard and that it Last Five Years Maximum

January 2, 2019

JanJan Jarab, UNHCHR (@Ibero.mx)

On December 11th, in a meeting with members of the Constitutional Points Commission of the Chamber of Deputies, the Representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) in Mexico, Jan Jarab, requested the Congress of the Union to adhere to the international commitments that Mexico has in the area of ​​Human Rights when carrying out the legislative reforms that create to the National Guard, “proposed by the new Mexican President, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, to address the security, violence and crime problems in the country.”

Jan Jarab reiterated his concern about the continuity of the militarized public security model, stating that, “today we have no doubt about the disastrous effect of the militarization of public security in Mexico in terms of human rights.” He stressed that, “there is a very high rate of lethality derived from supposed ‘confrontations’ between the armed forces and criminals, an index close to ‘perfect lethality’ (which never appears even in contexts of real armed conflicts), which can only be explained by the use of extrajudicial executions.” He also warned of the fact that “a decision to replace the federal civil body with a new body of a military nature, and in addition through a constitutional change, could be practically irreversible.”

Jan Jarab acknowledged that, “the security paradigm change promised by the current President of the Republic in his election campaign was a source of hope. We want to preserve that meaning” and stressed that they coincide with Lopez Obrador in “the desire to materialize peace, overcome the logic of ‘war’, fight corruption, prioritize prevention through social programs for young people, reduce economic inequality and move to a less repressive approach of regulation as regards drug policy.”

Among the considerations that UNHCHR requested to be taken into account are, among others: “ensuring that the immediate line of authority is of civil order”; “That the constitutional transformation that is intended to be carried out is temporary and therefore be reflected in transitory articles that lose their validity in a period no longer than five years”; and “that the constitutional design contemplates the main lines of a program for the strengthening of civil bodies and that a series of safeguards be introduced, such as the subjection of the use of force to a legal framework, the national registry of detention, the impossibility of depriving a person of freedom in military installations, the unconditional recognition of the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court and the design of plans and strategies in matters of security.”

For more information in Spanish:

ONU pide a Congreso mexicano tener en cuenta los Derechos Humanos en creación de Guardia Nacional (ONU-DH, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

Palabras de Jan Jarab, Representante en México de la ONU-DH, durante la Audiencia sobre Estrategia de Seguridad (ONU DH, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

ONU-DH pide que Guardia Nacional sea temporal y con mando civil (El Universal, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

La Guardia Nacional “podría ser la repetición del mismo error” cometido por Calderón y Peña: ONU (Proceso, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

Comisionado de la ONU reprocha en San Lázaro plan de crear la Guardia Nacional (La Jornada, 12 de diciembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Faced with Rejection of National Guard, AMLO Proposes New Consultation (December 12th, 2018)

National: Supreme Court Invalidates Security Law; AMLO Announces National Peace and Security Plan 2018-2024  (November 27th, 2018)

National: CNDH Asks SCJN to Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (November 7th, 2018)

National: Reactions to Minister for Supreme Court’s Proposal on Interior Security Law (November 7th, 2018)

 


Guerrero/National/International: CNDH and IACHR Ayotzinapa Reports

December 14, 2018

AyotziAyotzinapa at Tlachinollan anniversary(@SIPAZ)

On November 27th, three days before the end of the six-year term of office of Enrique Peña Nieto, the president of the National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym), Luis Raul Gonzalez Perez, presented recommendation 15VG/2018 on the events that took place in September 2014, in Iguala, Guerrero, that caused the forced disappearance of 43 students from the Normal Rural School of Ayotzinapa, the death of six people and 42 more wounded. He considered it as a “point of departure and a clear guide to what remains to be done” so that the next government of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador will get truth and justice in the case.

At a press conference, he said that, “what happened in Iguala should not be seen as an isolated case, but as a reflection of the situation that covers several regions of the country, and in which the possibility of generating an episode of similar dimensions and characteristics is a latent risk.”

He stressed that “a crime of the dimensions that happened in Iguala could only occur because of the penetration of organized crime in government structures”, while “various authorities, at federal, local and municipal levels, knew that things were rotten and contaminated, but nobody did anything. This would have prevented an outcome like the one that happened.”

He indicated that the investigation showed “that the authorities violated the right to the truth of the victims and of society when formulating or disseminating biased statements or partial or false information, which disorientated, confused and generated uncertainty in public opinion, causing the victims to be victimized again.”

On another note, two years after the Special Follow-up Mechanism was installed, this body of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) presented its final work report, in which it analyzes the main anomalies, deficiencies and omissions detected in the investigation conducted by the Mexican government. It concludes that “despite all the proceedings contained in a dossier of more than 618 volumes, the investigations continue fragmented, and require a comprehensive analysis (…) many of the proceedings seem to be incomplete, are discarded or fail to be procedurally driven.” The IACHR also expressed its concern at the fact that “there is still no change in the official narrative regarding the line of investigation of the Cocula landfill, despite what has been indicated by this Commission, by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), the Office of the High Commissioner of the United Nations for Human Rights (UNHCHR) and the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (AFAT).” It urged the Mexican State “to redouble the efforts to determine the whereabouts of the student teachers, to know the truth of what happened on the night of September 26th and 27th, 2014, to provide comprehensive assistance to families and to ensure that these atrocious events do happen again”.

For more information in Spanish:

RECOMENDACIÓN No. 15VG/2018 « Caso Iguala » (CNDH, 28 de noviembre de 2018)

Toca a AMLO enderezar investigación por caso Ayotzinapa: CNDH al emitir recomendación a Peña (Proceso, 28 de noviembre de 2018)

La CNDH revive “versión histórica” de la PGR en caso Iguala: mínimo 19 personas calcinadas en Cocula (Proceso, 28 de noviembre de 2018)

La CNDH señala que autoridades violaron el derecho a la verdad en el caso Iguala (ADN Politico, 28 de noviembre de 2018)

Informe Final: Mecanismo de Seguimiento al Asunto Ayotzinapa (CIDH, 25 de noviembre de 2018)

Profundizar investigación a militares y policías por caso Ayotzinapa, recomienda CIDH (Informe) (Aristegui Noticias, 28 de noviembre de 2018)

Sin identificar, 19 calcinados en basurero de Cocula: CNDH (La Jornada, 29 de noviembre de 2018)

Caso Ayotzinapa: la CIDH detecta más indicios de federales y militares en ataque a normalistas⁩ (Animal Político, 29 de noviembre de 2018)

Caso Ayotzinapa aún incompleto y sin detención de involucrados: CIDH (Vanguardia, 29 de noviembre de 2018)

Incompleta y fragmentada la “versión histórica” del caso Ayotzinapa; CIDH pide desecharla (Proceso, 29 de noviembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/National: Ayotzinapa, Four Years On…  (October 1st, 2018)

Guerrero/National: Incoming Government Confirms Creation of Truth Commission for Ayotzinapa Case (Aug. 13th, 12018)

Guerrero/National: Obstruction in Formation of Truth Commission in Ayotzinapa Case Denounced (Aug. 8th, 2018)Guerrero: Classmates of Ayotzinapa 43 Graduate

Guerrero: Classmates of Ayotzinapa 43 Graduate (Aug. 2nd, 2018)

Guerrero/National: Federal Court Orders Creation Truth Commission to Reopen Investigation of Ayotzinapa Case (July 12th, 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional : CNDH informa que se tiene a un preso inocente por el caso Ayotzinapa (22 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Llamados a redigirir investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa (14 de junio de 2018)

 


International/National: Mexico’s 2018 Universal Periodic Review (UPR)

November 14, 2018

UNUnited Nations, Geneva, Switzerland (@Animal Político)

On November 7th, as part of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the United Nations Human Rights Council, representatives from 108 countries made questions and recommendations on the subject to Mexico at the UN headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The last review had been carried out in 2013.

The Mexican government delegation acknowledged that “considerable challenges” persist in the protection of human rights defenders and journalists, torture, forced disappearance, femicidal and anti-migrant violence, as well as impunity in the criminal justice system.

Undersecretary for Multilateral Affairs, Miguel Ruiz Cabañas, leader of the Mexican delegation for this UPR, said that “Mexico remains a country open to international scrutiny, and assured that the State will continue to work with civil society to address the recommendations made in this Review.” The Human Rights Council of the UN, based on this, will make recommendations for the Mexican State, which must answer those it will accept and those it will not for March 2019. It should be noted that by then the government of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) will be in office.

At the end of the session ColectivoEPUmx said that the participation of the States confirmed that the human rights crisis in Mexico persists. It summarized what was stated as follows: “the main issue of concern was the aggressions against and murders of human rights defenders and journalists and the lack of investigation and punishment of the perpetrators. Multiple observations were also made about the structural and institutional violence against women. The need to attack the high levels of violence, corruption and impunity was reiterated, considering that they are accurate and verifiable indicators in the fulfillment of responsibilities regarding the human rights of a State. In this logic, the need for a #FiscaliaQueSirva was reiterated and many concerns of the #SeguridadSinGuerra collective were repeated, such as the revision of the Internal Security Law.”

In view of the above, ColectivoEPU.mx called on the elected federal government to hold a public meeting once these recommendations have been issued and to strengthen the international cooperation for its implementation as well as “generating mechanisms that allow the implementation of the results of this exercise of the UPR and mechanisms to eradicate impunity.”

For more information in Spanish:

COMUNICADO | Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU confirma crisis de DDHH en México (#ColectivoEPUmx, 7 de noviembre de 2018)

En EPU solicitan a México respuestas eficaces para proteger a periodistas y activistas (Aristegui Noticias, 7 de noviembre de 2018)

Persiste violencia estructural contra mujeres e impunidad: EPUmx (La Jornada, 7 de noviembre de 2018)

EPU 2018: México reconoce ante el mundo su deuda en Derechos Humanos; naciones señalan retos y deficiencias (Animal Político, 7 de noviembre de 2018)

EPU2018: Llegó el momento, gobierno de EPN se somete a su examen final sobre Derechos Humanos (Animal Político, 6 de noviembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: 245 NGO publicly present the “Joint Report for the Third Universal Periodic Review of Mexico”  (September 20th, 2018)

2018: México será examinado por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU en el tercer ciclo del Examen Periódico Universal (EPU) (4 de abril de 2018)

National: 176 recommendations for Mexico during the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR)  (November 13th, 2013)

Nacional: informe de OSC sobre DH rumbo al segundo Examen Periódico Universal (EPU) en octubre (12 de julio de 2013)


National/International: “The Time is Now, Effective Public Policies for the Right to Defend Human Rights” Report Published

October 30, 2018

RHR

On October 18th, the report “The Time is Now, Effective Public Policies for the Right to Defend Human Rights,” prepared by the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) and International Protection (PI) was presented in Mexico City. This report makes a diagnosis of the current national mechanisms and programs that several governments of the region have implemented to protect human rights defenders.

The press bulletin released in the context of the publication of the report highlights the main shortcomings of the current mechanisms: “the reductionism of the UN Declaration to the national regulatory environment, not according to international standards; absence of a public policy approach beyond a mechanism with a narrow focus and focused exclusively on security and risk; and the lack of an approach to the problem within the broader framework of guaranteeing the right to defend human rights.”

In the Mexican case, it highlights that the measures adopted “do not follow a broad and comprehensive approach, beyond mechanisms or systems of physical protection that are unaware of the creation of policies aimed at respecting and guaranteeing their rights, in particular, as has been said, the right to defend human rights; prevent violations against them; investigate acts of violence with due diligence; as well as, identify, judge and punish the intellectual and material authors of the commission of crimes, in a context whose impunity is 99.6%.” It should be remembered that in 2017, 31 human rights defenders were murdered in Mexico, according to the Front Line Defenders organization.

“More than just physical protection measures, what is really needed is a general law that has four axes: prevention, protection, investigation of material and intellectual perpetrators, and the area of reparation”, explained Alejandro Cerezo during the presentation of the report. He stressed that the current law is federal in nature, so it only forces the federation to comply with it; there is a legal limbo for states and municipalities.

For his part, the representative in Mexico of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Jan Jarab, criticized that the government of Enrique Peña Nieto boasts the Mechanism of Integral Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists as an achievement on an international level, while at the same time, on a national level, he has reduced the budget for its operation.

For more information in Spanish:

“Es Tiempo Ya, Políticas públicas eficaces para el derecho a defender los derechos humanos” (Informe completo, octubre de 2018)

Presentación en video del informe (Serapaz, 18 de octubre de 2018)

En México, los mecanismos de protección a defensores de DH y periodistas no son adecuados: CEJIL-PI (Proceso, 18 de octubre de 2018)

Es Tiempo Ya, México necesita políticas eficaces para la protección de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos y periodistas (Boletín de prensa, 18 de octubre de 2018)

Insuficiente, el mecanismo para proteger a periodistas: expertos (La Jornada, 19 de octubre de 2018)

Mecanismos de protección para defensores de derechos, negocio de empresas: organizaciones (Animal Político, 19 de octubre de 2018)

México necesita políticas eficaces para proteger a defensores de DH y periodistas; existe impunidad en 99.6% de los delitos: OSC (Revolución 3.0, 19 de octubre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Federal Mechanism for Journalists and Defenders without Funding (October 14th, 2018)

National: Defenders and Journalists Denounce Insufficient Resources for Continuity of Protection Mechanism (September 26th, 2018)

National: UN-DH urges Mexico to guarantee resources for the protection of journalists and human rights defenders (September 17th, 2018)

National/International: International organizations call Mechanism for Protection for Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists into question (May 16th, 2015)

 


National/International: UN Special Rapporteur on Rights of Indigenous Peoples Presents Report in Mexico City One Year after her Visit

October 22, 2018

UN.png

On October 15th, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz presented her report in Mexico City based on the visit she made to the country in November 2017 to four Mexican states: Mexico, Guerrero, Chiapas and Chihuahua.

When making a comparison with what was observed by the then Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, Rodolfo Stavenhagen in 2003, the present report concludes that there have been no significant advances in 14 years, despite the international commitments made by Mexico since then on the issue; this in a context that continues to be of “deep inequality, poverty and discrimination of indigenous peoples that limit their access to justice, education, health and other basic services.”

One of the points that was emphasized in the presentation was the current development policies based on extractivism, energy, tourism, real estate and agricultural megaprojects, which constitute “a major challenge” for the human rights of indigenous peoples. “With regard to social and economic development, government institutions must substitute programs and policies with a welfare approach for those with a human rights focus and that promote empowerment, self-determination, and the priorities and proposals of these peoples,” it said. The report documents that the consultations that have been carried out for the implementation of megaprojects have not complied with the international human rights standards to which Mexico has committed: that they be prior, free, informed, culturally appropriate and in good faith.

On the same subject, the representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Mexico, Jan Jarab said that these consultations become a method of blackmail, as those who make them try to convince the inhabitants of indigenous lands with the promise of benefits, which they will lose if they vote against. “It’s a very manipulative context,” Jarab warned. He also said that the processes that they have accompanied from the UN have been “disappointing”, which “makes us doubt the last characteristic, which is good faith.”

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz also explained that indigenous peoples in Mexico face various violations of their rights such as violence, forced displacement, impunity, criminalization of those who defend their lands, lack of access to education, health, housing, and even assassinations, among others.

Some of its recommendations point to the need to “promote and strengthen autonomy, self-government and indigenous legal systems. As established in Article 4 of the UN Declaration on these communities, they have the right to the provision of the means to finance their autonomous functions”; as well as to “create a new relationship between indigenous peoples and the State based on equality, respect and non-discrimination.”

For more information in Spanish:

Las consultas con los pueblos indígenas para explotar la tierra son una manipulación: ONU (Animal Político, 16 de octubre de 2018)

Gobierno, obligado a consultar megaproyectos a indígenas: ONU (La Jornada, 15 de octubre de 2018)

La ONU exige a México consultar a pueblos indígenas sobre megaproyectos en sus tierras (Sin Embargo, 15 de octubre de 2018)

DESTACA CNDH GRAVEDAD DEL 65% DE DISCRIMINACIÓN EN MÉXICO POR ORIGEN ÉTNICO, Y URGE ATENDER TAMBIÉN POBREZA, ALIMENTACIÓN, VIVIENDA, EDUCACIÓN, SALUD Y JUSTICIA PARA QUE LAS PERSONAS INDÍGENAS ACCEDAN A UNA VIDA DIGNA (CNDH, 15 de octubre de 2018)

PRONUNCIAMIENTO DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES Y COMUNIDADES QUE PROMOVIERON LA VISITA DE LA RELATORA ESPECIAL DE NACIONES UNIDAS SOBRE DERECHOS DE LOS PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS, VICTORIA TAULI-CORPUZ, A CHIAPAS, EN 2017. EN EL MARCO DE LA ENTREGA DE SU INFORME EN MÉXICO (OSC de Chiapas, 15 de octubre)

For more information from SIPAZ:

 

National / International: Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the United Nations presents report on Mexico in Geneva, Switzerland (25/09/2018)

National/International: UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Publishes Report after Visit to Mexico (21/08/2018)

National/International: Visit of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to Mexico Ends (23/11/2017)

National–Mexico: Visit of UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (12/11/2017)

 


National/International: UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Publishes Report after Visit to Mexico

August 21, 2018

UN.png(@ONU-DH)

On August 9th, in the framework of International Day of Indigenous Peoples, the Special Rapporteur of the UN, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, published her report on her visit to Mexico in November 2017. This report will be presented to the Council of Human Rights of the United Nations in September 2018.

In the document, the rapporteur presented her main concerns and recommendations. In general terms, she warned that after the visit made by her predecessor in the post and despite the commitments subsequently made by Mexico, indigenous peoples continue to face serious challenges in the exercise of their human rights, which “reflects the considerable existing gap between the legal, political and institutional reality and the international commitments assumed by the country.” This, in “a context of profound inequality, poverty and discrimination of indigenous peoples that limits their access to justice, education, health and other basic services.”

In more specific aspects, she stressed that, “current development policies based on extractive megaprojects, energy, tourism, real estate, agriculture, for example, are a major challenge for the enjoyment of human rights of indigenous peoples.” “The lack of self-determination and prior, free, informed and culturally appropriate consultation, adds territorial conflicts, forced displacements, criminalization and violence against indigenous peoples who defend their rights,” she stressed.

The recommendations to Mexico point to the creation of “a new relationship between indigenous peoples and the State, based on equality, respect and non-discrimination.” “They also urge measures to solve the problems of violence and insecurity, as well as poverty, marginalization and structural discrimination,” the rapporteur said.

For more informaton in Spanish:

MÉXICO. Situación de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas en México. Informe de la Visita al país de la Relatora Especial ONU, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz. Conclusiones y Recomendaciones (ONU, 9 de agosto de 2018)

Los pueblos indígenas de Guerrero en el informe de la relatora (CDH Tlachinollan, 9 de agosto de 2018)

Relatora de ONU sobre pueblos indígenas advierte sobre impacto de megaproyectos en México (El País, 8 de agosto de 20018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: Termina visita de la Relatora Especial de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas a México (23 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional – México: Visita de la Relatora especial de la ONU sobre derechos de los pueblos indígenas (8 de noviembre de 2017)