Chiapas: Coastal Civil Observation Mission Ends Two Months after the 8.2 Earthquake

November 23, 2017

QuakePhoto:@ SIPAZ

 From November 15th to 17th, six national and two international organizations carried out an observation mission of human rights on the Coast of Chiapas. They visited the municipalities of Tonala and Pijijiapan, two of the most affected by the earthquake of 8.2 on the Richter scale of September 7th. The objective of the mission was to document human rights violations against the population, assaults on human rights defenders and “provide a solidarity and observation presence in communities affected by the earthquake.”

The mission obtained “the testimony of victims and communities whose situation of humanitarian emergency has not been sufficiently visible or attended” and held meetings with the municipal presidents of Tonala and Arriaga, as well as with State Government officials.

In its main conclusions, the mission found “serious misinformation about the criteria and procedures in granting support for the reconstruction process.” It also observed “certain inequities and discriminatory elements in the granting of support”, as well as “a serious lack of coordination of the federal government with the municipal authorities and with society”.

Regarding the reconstruction process, they expressed their concern about “an attempt to channel public resources without clear bidding that wants to pass themselves off as charity and solidarity” and “a process of cultural imposition through construction prototypes that respond to a centralist logic and they are not capable of adapting to the needs of the local population, they do not meet the minimum criteria that allow an exercise of the human right to decent housing and do not even meet basic quality criteria.” They also affirmed that there are “important deficiencies in the areas of health, water, sanitation and psychosocial care for the population affected by the earthquakes, as well as worrying delays in the care and response to the effects of public health and education facilities.”

Finally, they stressed and asked for actions in response to the “worrying testimonies of assaults on defenders in the context of their work documenting human rights violations and supporting victims and communities in relation to earthquakes and aftershocks.”

For more information in Spanish:

Misión de observación de derechos humanos a la Costa de Chiapas (OSC, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Lanzan misión de observación en costa de Chiapas, a 2 meses del sismo (Contralínea, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Recomendaciones preliminares de misión de observación a la Costa (OSC 17 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: México, sacudido por dos potentes sismos enfrenta el shock con una gran ola de solidaridad (26 de septiembre de 2017)

Nacional: sismo de 8,2 grados Richter. Fuertes afectaciones en Chiapas y Oaxaca (14 de septiembre de 2017)

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National/International: Visit of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to Mexico Ends

November 23, 2017

UNPhoto: @frayba

From November 5th to 17th, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, indigenous leader of the Philippines, made an official visit to Mexico, which included the capitals of the states of Guerrero, Chiapas and Chihuahua. She met with more than 200 representatives of 23 indigenous peoples, civil organizations defending their rights and officials at all levels.

At the end of his visit, she declared that “the current inadequate legal recognition of indigenous peoples as holders of rights, together with structural discrimination, are at the basis of all the issues and concerns” in the areas “lands and territories; autonomy, self-determination and political participation; self-ascription of indigenous peoples; access to justice; violence and impunity; the right to determine their development priorities; consultation and free, prior and informed consent; economic, social and cultural rights, and the particular situation of specific sectors of indigenous peoples.” While acknowledging “Mexico’s support for advancing the indigenous agenda in international forums,” “this commitment must be coherent and should be reflected in the application of these standards in Mexico.”

On the controversial issue of the consultation, she said that “even in the absence of national legislation on this issue, Mexico already has the obligation to consult indigenous peoples on any activity or legislative or administrative measures that could affect them according to the standards of the ILO Convention 169, the Inter-American jurisprudence and the UN Declaration. The adoption of specific legislation is not the only mechanism to apply the right to consultation and the fact that there is no single model for consultation should also be taken into account, since each indigenous people has its own authorities and decision-making processes.”

The rapporteur also stressed that “the initiatives of indigenous peoples in the area of ​​autonomy and self-government should enjoy greater recognition, and be recognized and incorporated into the overall political structure of the country. In addition to self-government, indigenous peoples have the right to participate fully, if they so wish, in the political life of the country. I have seen some positive developments that could facilitate the political participation of indigenous peoples in this area, such as the possibility of registering independent candidacies.”

For more information in Spanish:

Relatora de la ONU constata violaciones a derechos de indígenas en Chiapas (Proceso, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Declaración de cierre de Misión a México (Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, ONU, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

Discriminación indígena persiste por falta de voluntad política: ONU (La Jornada, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

Indígenas no son consultados sobre megaproyectos que afectan su territorio en México: ONU (Aristegui Noticias, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

Relatora Especial sobre Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas de la ONU visita Guerrero (Boletín de prensa, Tlachinollan, Guerrero, 14 de noviembre de 2017)

Pueblos indígenas presentan recomendaciones ante ONU (Boletín de prensa, Chiapas,15 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional – México: Visita de la Relatora especial de la ONU sobre derechos de los pueblos indígenas (8 de noviembre de 2017)


Guerrero: False Accusations of Kidnapping against Community Police

November 15, 2017

CP.pngPhoto@SIPAZ

The Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center denounced another false accusation of kidnapping against community officers of the Regional Coordinator of Community Authorities – Community Police (CRAC – PC in its Spanish acronym). In a bulletin they explained that in the course of a confrontation on November 7th in the Criminal Court of First Instance in Tlapa, Guerrero, three alleged kidnap victims from the community of Santa Cruz, municipality of Huamuxtitlan and one from Tlatlauquitepec, admitted to have not been kidnapped and or deprived of their freedom by community police.

“This is another element that demonstrates the innocence of the community police and that should lead to their complete freedom, because they did not commit any crime, and in any case they only applied and adhered to their normative systems”, said Rogelio Teliz, lawyer of the the Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center, at the end of the confrontation.

Tlachinollan accused the Guerrero state justice system of criminalizing “the community justice system, falsely accusing them of kidnapping when what they exercise what is their right to self-determination and to build their own systems of security and justice under their uses and customs.”

It should be remembered that during its XXII anniversary in October, the CRAC – PC, had already denounced the criminalization and denial of their rights and of Law 701 of Recognition, Rights and Culture of the Indigenous Peoples and Communities of the State of Guerrero.

For more information in Spanish:

Presuntos agraviados, advierten en careo, no reconocer a policías comunitarios acusados falsamente de secuestro(Centro de derechos humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 9 de noviembre de 2017)

Advierteron que quienes de desempeñanan entonces como policia comunitario, no son quienes los secuetraron (Bajo palabra , 9 de noviembre de 2017)

Protestan en Cereso para exigir libertad de dirigente de la policía comunitaria de Tixtla (La Jornada en línea, 6 de noviembre de 2017)

Crac-Pc, 22 años (La Jornada Guerrero, 27 de octubre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: se celebra el XXII Aniversario de la Coordinadora Regional de Autoridades Comunitarias-Policía Comunitaria (CRAC-PC) ( 18 de octubre de 2017)

Guerrero : Testigos de cargo del caso de Arturo Campos Herrera reconocen que no cometió el delito de secuestro por lo cual se encuentra preso (9 de diciembre de 2016)
Guerrero : exigen liberación de Arturo Campos Herrera, integrante de la CRAC PC ( 03 de diciembre de 2016)
Guerrero : marchan en Chilpancingo por la libertad de los presos de la Policía Comunitaria (14 de octubre de 2016)


National/International: WOLA Shows High Level of Impunity for Human Rights Violations by Soldiers in Mexico

November 13, 2017

WOLA.pngPhoto @ Desinformemonos

On November 7th, the Washington Office for Latin American Affairs (WOLA) published its new report with the title “Forgotten Justice: Impunity for human rights violations committed by soldiers in Mexico” In the same report, it denounces that “the soldiers who commit crimes and human rights violations generally do not respond for their actions, neither do the public officials who request the presence of soldiers in their states or municipalities, nor the political leaders who for decades have not committed themselves really improve the police in Mexico.”

The WOLA highlights that of the 505 cases registered between 2012 and 2016 which the PGR has investigated against members of the armed forces, mostly due to human rights violations such as torture and forced disappearance, only 16 accused have been convicted by the civil justice system. That corresponds to a 3.2% level of success in the investigations, against which La Jornada denounces the “lack of effectiveness to sanction the army”.

The report states that, “more than ten years have passed in Mexico of a strategy of security and the fight against organized crime based strongly on the deployment of the military and in the use of force, but not on justice. The strengthening of civil institutions such as the police and the Public Ministry has been left in the background. The United States also supported this approach during the first years of security assistance to Mexico, as through the Merida Initiative a significant part of the resources went to the Mexican armed forces.”

The three serious consequences in the strategy of militarized Mexican security according to the report have been:

  1. The increase in violence in Mexico and the constant violation of human rights.
  2. The decrease in urgency and pressure for police reform.
  3. That the rendering of accounts has been practically non-existent, due to impunity.

According to Proceso, the Mexican government rejected the report and published a statement in which it denies “that there is a violation of human rights.”

For more information in Spanish:

Informe de WOLA expone “impunidad” en violaciones por parte de soldados; gobierno responde (Aristegui Noticias, 8 de noviembre del 2017)

Peña rechaza informe de WOLA sobre abuso militar y pide a EU estudio sobre tráfico de armas (Proceso, 8 de noviembre del 2017)

Sólo 16 condenas en 505 investigaciones contra militares: WOLA (La Jornada, 7 de noviembre del 2017)

Justicia Olvidada: La impunidad de las violaciones a derechos humanos cometidos por soldados en México (WOLA, 7 de noviembre del 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: México ocupa el primer lugar de impunidad en América (12 de septiembre del 2017)

Guerrero: Ayotzinapa, tercera audiencia de oficio en la CIDH: “el gobierno federal no quiere resolver el caso” (26 de octubre del 2017)

Nacional/Internacional: Ejército y fuerzas de seguridad involucradas en asesinatos extrajudiciales, tortura, desaparición forzada: EU (10 de julio del 2015)


National–Mexico: Visit of UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

November 12, 2017

UNSR.pngVictoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Photo@: unwomen.org

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, will make an official visit to Mexico from November 8th to 17th, 2017.

She will visit Mexico City and the states of Guerrero, Chiapas and Oaxaca to meet with representatives of indigenous peoples in order to learn about the problems that affect the communities of these territories. According to La Jornada, the main issues to be addressed will be discrimination, autonomy and indigenous territories, harmonization of domestic legislation, mega-projects, access to justice and the impact of violence on women and indigenous peoples. The Special Rapporteur will also hold meetings with government officials, the National Commission for Human Rights and the National Electoral Institute.

The Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights underlined that “Mrs. Tauli-Corpuz is an indigenous leader of the Cordillera region in the Philippines. She has worked for more than three decades in the construction of movements in favor of indigenous peoples and is a tenacious defender of women’s rights.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guerrero en la agenda de la ONU ( Centre de Derechos Humanos de la montaña de Guerrero Tlachinollan, 6 de noviembre de 2017)

Anuncian visita oficial de Relatora de ONU sobre Derechos de Pueblos Indígenas (Proceso, 7 de noviembre de 2017)

Relatora especial de la ONU se reunirá con representantes en México (La Jornada de Oriente, 8 de noviembre de 2017)

Indígenas llevan a ONU abusos de megaproyectos; pintan al Estado mexicano como un verdugo más (Sín Embargo, 8 de noviembre de 2017)


Guerrero: Ayotzinapa, Third Official Audience of the IACHR : “The Government Doesn’t Want to Solve the Case”

October 29, 2017

AYOTZI.jpg

On October 24th, the third ex officio hearing was held at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH in its Spanish acronym) on the Special Monitoring Mechanism (MES in its Spanish acronym) for the Ayotzinapa case in Montevideo (Uruguay).

According to La Jornada, the IACHR pointed out that “Failure to solve an event of this nature in three years does not mean anything other than that the federal government has not wanted to solve it.” It warned that although “the federal government has banked on the exhaustion of the parents” itwill not abandon the families, nor the case.

At the hearing, it was evident that the Mexican State has not detained any Huitzuco police or Federal Police, has not held any military officer responsible, and has not advanced in order to hold the Guerrero authorities accountable. Therefore, the Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center affirmed that “the Mexican State continues to administer the case for political purposes unrelated to the victims’ justice efforts, given that in each hearing or meeting it doses the information and advances presented” and is convinced that “the Attorney General covers up officials who obstructed the investigation such as Tomas Zeron de Lucio.”

For more information in Spanish:


No hay avances sustanciales en el caso Ayotzinapa, denunciaron en audiencia de la CIDH (Centro de derechos humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 24 de octubre de 2017)

“Inconcebible”, tres años sin respuesta por Ayotzinapa: CIDH (La Jornada, 24 de octubre de 2017)

Audiencia en la CIDH: “Premian a Zerón por Ayotzinapa, y cesan a Santiago Nieto por Odebrecht” (Sin Embargo, 25 de octubre de 2017)

Ayotzinapa: la lucha sigue (La Jornada Guerrero, 25 de octubre de 2017)

Retoma la PGR las cuatro líneas de investigación propuestas por el GIEI para el caso Ayotzinapa ( El Sur Acapulco, 26 de octubre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: tercera visita del mecanismo de seguimiento de la CIDH sobre le caso Ayotzinapa a casi tres años de los hechos (7 de septiembre)

Guerrero: Sesión de seguimiento de la CIDH del caso Ayotzinapa : avances nulos (10 de julio de 2017)

Guerrero/ Nacional: Madres y padres de los 43 consideran no acudir a la reunión con la PGR y la CIDH (20 de abril de 2017)


Oaxaca/National: CNDH Issues Recommendation for Seroius Human Rights Violations during Events in Nochixtlan on June 16th, 2016

October 28, 2017

CNDH

On October 18th, the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) issued a recommendation to the government of Oaxaca, the state’s attorney general’s office, the National Commission for Security (CNS in its Spanish acronym) and the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), for serious violations of human rights in the violent events that occurred in Nochixtlan, Oaxaca, on June 16th, 2016. The said facts resulted in a toll of seven people killed, 453 civilians with physical injuries (45 of them by firearm) and 106 in uniform wounded (four of them shot).

The CNDH accredited the excessive use of public force and that federal and state police committed serious violations of human rights, affecting even third parties who were not actively participating in demonstrations against educational reform. This in consequence “of an operation improperly designed, prepared, coordinated and executed, in which the protocols of action were not fully observed, particularly as regards the legitimate use of force and the need to prioritize the use of mechanisms and non-violent techniques, before using force against the population.”

The national ombudsman, Luis Raul González Perez, said to the media that for an approximate period of 12 hours an operation was carried out “that could well be considered as an example of what should not be police actions of this nature”, in the populations of Nochixtlan, Huitzo and Hacienda Blanca and Viguera. He commented on the other hand that it was confirmed that some of the demonstrators carried firearms and that guns were used against those in uniform.

Gonzalez Perez also informed that the investigation of almost 16 months that led to these conclusions was marked by lack of real and effective cooperation on the part of the authorities involved and those in charge of the criminal investigation of the events, show “the lack of will so that the truth is known and responsibilities are feigned.”

For more information in Spanish:

Efectivos federales y estatales cometieron graves violaciones en Nochixtlán: CNDH (La Jornada, 19 de octubre de 2017)

Policía federal no fue responsable de muertes en Nochixtlán; policías fueron víctimas (Animal Política, 19 de octubre de 2017)

Recomendación No.7VG/2017 (CNDH, octubre de 2017)

Comunicado de prensa (CNDH, 18 de octubre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/Guerrero: Balean autobús de víctimas de Nochixtlán (28 de julio de 2017)

Oaxaca: Persisten agresiones y hostigamientos hacia víctimas de Nochixtlán (24 de abril de 2017)

Oaxaca: Comité de Víctimas de Nochixtlán denuncia “intento de homicidio” contra dos de sus integrantes

Oaxaca: Organizaciones de Derechos Humanos presentan informe sobre represión en Nochixtlán (11 de julio de 2016)