International/National: Human Rights Watch Publishes Report on Human Rights Situation in Mexico and the World

February 4, 2018

Human Rights Watch

In its most recent report on the situation of human rights in the world, Human Rights Watch, an organization based in Washington, USA, highlighted the abuses of members of the armed forces, impunity in emblematic cases (as Tlatlaya and Ayotzinapa), the habitual use of torture, the Law of Internal Security and violence against defenders and journalists in the case of Mexico among other issues.

The document states that, “during the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto, which began in 2012, members of the security forces have been implicated in serious and repeated human rights violations -including extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, and torture- in the framework of actions against organized crime.” In addition, “the government has made little progress in the prosecution of those responsible for recent abuses, and even less in the large number of abuses committed by soldiers and police since former President Felipe Calderon began the “war on drug trafficking” in Mexico in 2006.”

Regarding forced disappearance, it indicated that “it is common for agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and police officers not to take basic investigative measures to identify those responsible for forced disappearances, and they often indicate to relatives of missing persons that they should investigate on their own. In general, the authorities have not identified remains or parts of human bodies found in different parts of the country, including clandestine graves”, despite the fact that “the federal government has promoted potentially promising initiatives to find people whose whereabouts are unknown.”

Regarding access to justice, the report emphasizes that “it is common for Mexico to torture detainees to obtain information and confessions. Torture is most frequently applied in the period between which the victims are detained, often arbitrarily, and until they are placed at the disposal of agents of the Public Ministry. During this time, victims are often held incommunicado in military bases or other illegal detention centers.” It also adds that “it is common for the criminal justice system not to provide justice to victims of violent crimes and human rights violations. This is due to reasons that include corruption, lack of training and sufficient resources, and the complicity of agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and public defenders with delinquents and abusive officials.”

For more information in Spanish:

Informe Mundial 2018 (Human Rights Watch, enero de 2018)

Human Rights Watch condena impunidad en abusos de fuerzas de seguridad en México (Proceso, 18 de enero de 2018)

Con Peña, “graves y reiteradas violaciones de derechos humanos”: HRW (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de enero de 2018)

Señalan impunidad en México (NVI Noticias, 19 de enero de 2018).

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Guerrero: Informes poco favorables sobre corrupción y derechos humanos en México (3 de febrero de 2016)

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Guerrero: Ayotzinapa Case: Handover of Courthouse Videos Demanded

February 4, 2018

Ayotzi.png

Almost 40 months after the disappearance of the 43 student teachers, the execution of six and two seriously wounded, the mothers, fathers, students of Ayotzinapa, organizations and collectives started a new Day of Struggle for Truth and Justice from January 17th to 27th, over the events which took place on September 26th and 27th, 2014 in Iguala. Part of this demands the Superior Court of Justice of the State (TSJ) to deliver the videos of Iguala Courthouse to know what happened on September 26th, 2014 at the Chipote bridge.

According to the Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center “at least six closed-circuit cameras with a wide range of vision could have captured what happened. However, when the videos of those hours were requested by the GIEI and the PGR, Tribunal staff informed them that they did not have the recordings as they were handed over to and lost by the then President of the Superior Court of Justice Lambertina Galeana Marin.”

Fathers and mothers of the students demanded a thorough investigation and jail for Lambertina Galeana Marin. For its part, the current Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice, Alberto Lopez Celis, promised to trace the chain that followed the videos made at the Courthouse in Iguala and will initiate an internal procedure of responsibility for the loss of the videos if it were the case. In the same way, he promised that in 10 days he will meet the fathers and mothers of the 43 to give answers to the proposals made in the meeting.

For more information in Spanish:

NOTA INFORMATIVA | Madres y padres de los 43 inician nueva Jornada de lucha por la presentación con vida de los normalistas (Centro de derechos Humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 18 de enero de 2018)

Familiares de Ayotzinapa inician nueva joranda de lucha por los 43 (Bajo Palabra, 18 de enero de 2018)

Movimiento Ayotzinapa protesta en Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Bajo Palabra, 17 de enero de 2018)

Ayotzinapa: Los videos destruidos de las cámaras del Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Proceso, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional : A tres años de Ayotzinapa (2 de octubre de 2017)

Guerrero: tercera visita del mecanismo de seguimiento de la CIDH sobre le caso Ayotzinapa a casi tres años de los hechos (7 de septiembre)

Guerrero: Sesión de seguimiento de la CIDH del caso Ayotzinapa : avances nulos (10 de julio de 2017)


National: UN Declaration on Forced Disappearance Law

February 4, 2018

Disappearances(@Regeneración, archive)

On January 16th, the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances issued a statement from Geneva welcoming the entry into force of the General Law on Forced Disappearance and Disappearance by Individuals in Mexico. The Working Group recognized the Mexican State for attending to the recommendation that was made to it after its work visit in 2011. It also celebrated “the opening of the authorities to guarantee the participation of the families of disappeared persons, as well as other organizations of civil society”, an experience that, it considered, should be imitated by other countries.

On the other hand, it urged the Mexican State to channel “all the efforts and resources” to “ensure an effective and immediate search for the thousands of missing persons, the main demand of families who want to know the fate or whereabouts of their loved ones.”

It stressed that for the legislation “to have an impact on the reality, especially on the needs of the victims”, a “process of selection of the officials in charge of implementing the Law” must be set up, which must “guarantee the suitability of the profiles, be transparent, and include the participation of victims’ groups and civil society specialists.” It encouraged the new law to “lead to the development of effective and non-fragmented research strategies to bring those responsible to justice and end the prevailing impunity in relation to the disappearance of people in Mexico.” It warned: “It is essential that prosecutors carry out exhaustive and diligent investigations and that they have the resources and political support to do so. Otherwise, if progress is not made in the fight against impunity, it will be impossible to stop this scourge.”

Finally, the members of the Working Group expressed their interest in following up on the implementation of the new law and reiterated their offer to “continue collaborating with the Mexican State towards the prevention and eradication of the forced disappearance of people.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley sobre desaparición forzada sólo será efectiva si se combate la impunidad: ONU (Proceso, 16 de enero de 2018)

Pide ONU garantizar participación de familias en búsquedas, para lograr implementación de Ley sobre Desapariciones (Aristegui Noticias, 16 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Promulgan Ley contra la Desaparición forzada (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional: aprueban Ley de Desaparición forzada (17 de octubre de 2017)

México : Pronunciamientos y acciones en el marco del Día Internacional de las Víctimas de Desapariciones Forzadas (5 de septiembre de 2017)


Chiapas: Another Femicide at the Start of the Year

February 4, 2018

FemicideImage @: feminicidio.net

On January 16th, the body of Gloria Castellanos Balcazar, 24 years old, was found at the bottom of a well of a vacant lot in Tuxtla Gutierrez. Her family had reported her missing since Friday the 12th.

The next day, about a thousand people marched in the state capital to demand that justice be done for this femicide. During the march, Itzel Molina Trejo of the Voces Feministas collective said that “the murder of Castellanos Balcazar is added to that of five more murdered women this year in different municipalities of the state, as well as the disappearance of a girl, a teenager and a woman, in recent hours. […] gender alerts, preventive and procurement systems do not work in Chiapas, because public policies in this regard are reduced to announcements and declarations.”

Another participant at the meeting recalled that, “the gender violence alert for 23 municipalities of Chiapas, including Tuxtla Gutierrez, was declared in November 2016, but since then to this date there have been 258 violent deaths of women, according to data from the Feminist Observatory against Violence against Women in the state.”

The State Prosecutor General’s Office (FGE in its Spanish acronym), for its part, reported it had arrested the likely cuplrits.

For more information in Spansih:

Detienen a presuntos responsables de feminicidio en Chiapas (La Jornada, 18 de enero de 2018)

Multitudinaria marcha en Chiapas; exigen justicia por feminicidio (La Jornada, 17 de enero de 2018)

El cuerpo de Gloria fue hallado en un terreno baldío en Chiapas; indagan feminicidio (Animal Político, 17 de enero de 2018)

En menos de un mes, Chiapas registra 4 casos de feminicidio (Cimacnoticias, de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIAPZ:

Chiapas: El Centro de Derechos de la Mujer denuncia faltas al debido proceso y al acceso a la justicia en casos de violencia contra las mujeres y feminicidios (27 de junio de 2017)


Guerrero: Femicides on the Rise in 2017

January 26, 2018

Femicide.pngImage @: La hoja de arena

According to data collected by the newspaper El Sur de Acapulco, 149 feminicides were reported in the state of Guerrero in 2017, including 55 victims who could not be identified. The greatest number occurred in Acapulco with 70 cases. 18 were in Chilpancingo, 13 in Chilapa and five in Tlapa. Among the victims, nine were minors. Their bodies were found half-naked in squares, avenues, clandestine graves, garbage dumps, several of them beaten and/or raped, which shows a clear gender motive.

The Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights expressed its concern in a statement regarding this increasingly serious situation. Abel Barrera, director of the center, said, “In a worrying way the viciousness with which women are murdered has increased exponentially. The cruelty against them is expressed in the cases of women who were stabbed, beheaded, burned, suffocated, stoned, beheaded or hanged. These are horrifying realities that are caused by the indolence of the authorities and their complicity with the perpetrators.”

It should be noted that in 2018, the Mexican State will be evaluated with regard to the recommendations made in 2012 by the Committee of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in relation to the actions that the authorities have carried out to eradicate violence against women in Mexico. “Faced with this evaluation, the omissions of the authorities of Guerrero will be again in the international arena”, said Abel Barrera.

For more information in Spanish:

Violencia feminicida en Guerrero (Centro de derechos humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 10 de enero de 2018)

Ocurrieron 149 feminicidios en Guerrero en 2017 ; 55 víctimas no fueron identificadas (El Sur periódico de Guerrero, 03 de enero de 2018)

Acapulco, el municipio del país con más asesinato de mujeres (El Sur periódico de Guerrero, 14 de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: en búsqueda de justicia ante feminicido de mujer Me´phaa (6 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero : emiten Alerta de Género en 8 municipios del estado (24 de junio de 2017)


Oaxaca: Special Comission to Investigate Femicidal Violence Set Up after Delays

January 24, 2018

FemoaxPhoto @ Educa Oaxaca

On January 10th, the Political Coordination Board of Oaxaca (JUCOPO in its Spanish acronym) decided to set up a Special Commission to attend to and investigate femicidal violence.

According to Educa Oaxaca, “since last September 6th JUCOPO had unanimously approved the creation of a specialized group to investigate and analyze the violence that women live through in the state.”

When JUCOPO made the decision in September, “more than 70 femicides had occurred until then under the current administration”, according to data from Dialogos Oaxaca.

During the presidency of Alejandro Murat Hinojosa, governor of Oaxaca, the number of women murdered stands at 123 according to the Consortium for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity for Femicides of Oaxaca

For more information in Spanish:

Amañada y con 4 meses de retraso  instalan Comisión para Atender e Investigar Violencia Feminicida en Oaxaca (Diálogos Oaxaca, 10 de enero de 2018)

Tardan 4 meses para instalar comisión especial para atender violencia feminicida; casos se duplican (Educa Oaxaca, 10 de enero de 2018)

Asociación Civil Feminista: Consorcio Para el Diálogo Parlamentario y la Equidad Oaxaca

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: 4° encuentro de mujeres activistas y defensoras de derechos humanos de Oaxaca (21 de junio de 2017)

Oaxaca: 344 mujeres asesinadas durante administración de Gabino Cué, Consorcio Oaxaca  (26 de noviembre de 2014)

Oaxaca: Cada dos días es asesinada una mujer (6 de junio de 2014)

Oaxaca: Solicitan activación de Alerta de Violencia de Género ante el aumento de los feminicidios (26 de febrero de 2014)

Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero: Actividades en el Día Internacional de la No violencia contra las Mujeres (27 de nobiembre de 2013)


National: 2018 Electoral Process Most Violent of the Century

January 23, 2018

ElectionsPhoto @ Impulso Quintana Roo

On September 8th, the 2018 electoral process began. According to Excelsior, “it is the most violent on record in Mexico.”

It already exceeds the number of cases registered in 2015, which totaled 21 homicides.

“Of the politicians murdered from September 2018 to date, nine were from the PRD and nine from the PRI, two from Movimiento Ciudadano (MC), two from Morena, one from the PAN, one from PT, one from Nuevo Alianza (NA) and another one from the Guerrero Party of the Poor.” The Huffington Post reported.

Among them was the mayor of Bochil, Chiapas, Antonio Zenteno Albores from the PRI, who was murdered in Tuxtla Gutiérrez on December 18th, 2017.

For more information in Spanish:

Apenas arranca 2018 y ya es el proceso electoral más violento en lo que va del siglo (Huffington Post, 9 de enero de 2018)

Nuevo proceso electoral mexicano es el más violento del siglo (Tele Sur, 9 de enero de 2018)

Asesinan a alcalde de Chiapas (El Financiero, 18 de diciembre de 2017)

Detienen a un involucrado en homicidio de edil de Bochil, Chiapas (El Excélsior, 29 de diciembre de 2017)