Chiapas: Lesbian Police Officer Set on Fire in Tuxtla Gutierrez

April 3, 2020

cuartoscuro_731551_digital-e1585675981459@Cuartoscuro

On March 25th, a female police officer, attached to the Ministry of Public Security and Local Transit in Tuxtla Gutierrez, who refused to hide her homosexuality, was attacked by members of the same police force. She is currently in hospital due to severe burns to her chest and arm.

The Chiapas Citizen Observatory on the Rights of the LGBTTTI Population demanded that the culprits be punished in an exemplary manner and that a thorough investigation be carried out for gender-based violence, especially for violence related to the victim’s sexual orientation. Thanks to that complaint, on March 31st, the State Attorney General’s Office arrested two people allegedly guilty of the crime.

According to the attorney general Jorge Luis Llaven Abarca, the victim known as Dulce “N” and her partner Karla “N” went to the home of the now detained Carlos Mario “N” and Jatziri Miriam “N” where the violent events took place. First Dulce “N” was pushed to the ground by Jaritzi Miriam and then Carlos Mario sprayed her body with alcohol and set fire to her with a match. When Karla “N” entered the room, she ran to her aid, but she also caught fire in the attempt to help her partner.

The LGBTTTI Population Rights Observatory called on the State Commission on Human Rights (CEDH) to issue precautionary measures to protect the physical integrity and life of the victim.

Civil associations and activists published an open letter to Jorge Alexis Zuarth Cordova, Secretary of Public Security and Municipal Transit, who had promised to cover hospital expenses, a promise that has so far not been kept. In that letter they stated that “this police woman is not alone, she has us in her trench.” They demanded “the prompt establishment of the facts, the removal from public office of all those responsible for harassment of any kind exerted on the partner and all material  and intelectual perpetrators, and others involved in the attempted femicide who are linked to the trial.”

For more information in Spanish:

“Policías” queman a compañera en Chiapas por confesar que es lesbiana (Heraldo de México el 31 de marzo de 2020)

Una mujer policía es quemada por sus compañeros en Chiapas luego de revelar su orientación sexual (Sinembargo el 30 de marzo de 2020)

Cámara de Diputados condenan crimen de odio contra mujer policía (Chiapasparalelo el 2 de abril de 2020)

Mujer policía fue quemada por dos compañeros tras revelar que es lesbiana; están detenidos (Radio Formula el 31 de marzo de 2020)

For more informtion SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Exigen justicia y disculpa para mujeres víctimas de violencia cibernética del pueblo ayuuk (el 25 de marzo de 2020)

National Strike – A Day without Women (March 13, 2020)

National: Historic Women’s Day In Mexico (March 11, 2020)

National/Chiapas: Zapatista Women Will Join National “On the Ninth, No Woman Moves” Strike (March 4, 2020)

National: #UnDíaSinNosotras – National Women’s Strike Convened amid Controversy (February 28, 2020)

Chiapas/International: Second Encounter of Women Who Struggle Held by EZLN (January 13, 2020)


National: #UnDíaSinNosotras – National Women’s Strike Convened amid Controversy

February 28, 2020

ERGH5WaWsAEViUwPhoto @MujeresdelMar

Amid the controversy surrounding different cases of femicide in the country, and following the massive response to the call for a national women’s strike by different feminist groups, the issue of violence against women in Mexico was placed in the center of attention, generating controversy nationwide.

On February 18th, the collective Brujas del Mar (Sea Witches) formalized the idea of ​​the national strike “On the 9th, No Woman Moves”, and launched an invitation to the national strike on March 9, 2020, in a Twitter a post.

“If we stop, the world stops,”

NOT ONE WOMAN ON THE STREETS

NOT ONE WOMAN AT WORK

NOT ONE GIRL AT SCHOOLS

NOT ONE YOUNG WOMAN AT UNIVERSITY

NOT ONE WOMAN BUYING

# UnDíaSinNosos #ParoNacional

The post began to go viral and generated a discussion on social networks.

The idea of ​​national strike is not new in the world and exists since 1975, the year in which the UN declared March 8th International Women’s Day. Since that date in different countries women have performed different actions around this date.

“On March 8th, 2018, Spain captured the world’s attention, especially in Europe, with a 24-hour strike of women and demonstrations of unseen proportions: around six million workers stopped, according to trade union organizations, and there were demonstrations in 120 cities, where the conveners spoke of up to one million attendees in Madrid and 600 thousand in Barcelona.” Similarly, in previous years, in the United States, Poland and Argentina, women held national strikes to highlight irregularities in relation to the gender issue.

Currently in Mexico different public and private organizations, universities, civil society and women from different parts of the nation responded to the call. Similarly politicians and parties joined in and the call was “also shared by the president of the party, parliamentary coordinators and governors of PAN, the PRI Twitter account in the State of Mexico, the PRD governor of Michoacan, and supported by the governor Jalisco of Movimiento Ciudadano, among other known personalities,” the newspaper Animal Politico reported.

The dimension of the call and the diversity of players who disseminated it in turn generated confusion about who is really calling for the national strike. Thus there were accusations by public officials that the “right”, opposed to the current government, was behind the call. “Given this wave of accusations about the origin of the call,  Brujas del Mar themselves clarified that they were the authors of the purple background image and that they had nothing to do with the right.”

However, according to information from Animal Politico, after the clarifications of Brujas del Mar, the President of the Republic, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) stated during a press conference from La Paz, Baja California Sur, that he is in favor of the movement but recommended caution with the conservatives who also promote it.

“Just be very careful because now conservatives have already become feminists (…) the only thing is to be aware of the reason for this action, if it is a good thing that helps, and does not allow itself to be manipulated, be careful because conservatism, the right, it is very hypocritical and very given to manipulation.” He also stressed “of course the right is involved, conservatives. That is, as there are women who, out of conviction and freely, protest and will continue to do so, there are also opportunists. I’m seeing that even the political parties, out of respect, I’m not going to say which parties, but they overdo, they overdo it.” During the conference, in relation to the controversy he also referred to the coup d’etat against Salvador Allende in Chile.

The controversy still worsened after these responses from the president. Carmen Aristegui, addressed AMLO, asking him to “make no mistake” since the call itself for the national strike is not against his government. “Although many opportunists are undoubtedly wanting to use this strike for purposes of another nature … women have a very powerful reason for women and men in this country to demonstrate in this way.” For this reason she suggested to the president that it would be better if he joins the strike.

marchafeminista-focus-0-0-400-333Photo @ElHorizonte

Taking into consideration that the fact that “being a woman anywhere in the world is incredibly complex; but, undoubtedly, in Mexico the challenge has intense peculiarities. Especially since gender violence, despite the enormous awareness that already exists about it, continues to increase and is revealed in virtually all social spaces.”

The existing hard data in this regard are sometimes considered too hard, and moreso, “violence against women is not only in murder but in prosecutors who do not respond in time or at all to allegations of disappearance, in police officers who they do not intervene in calls for help, in the community that does not get involved in domestic problems because ‘dirty linen washed at home’”.

It is true that the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) and the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP), under the Ministry of the Interior take account of figures in this regard. However, in spite of all these efforts, according to the organization Data Critica, “although we know a lot about homicides [murders of women], the reality is that there is still a lot to know. And this must be remedied for a simple reason: a problem that we do not understand is a problem that we cannot solve.” In other words, it is difficult to design a successful strategy that fights violence against women without concrete information.

Obviously, the current government, which has a little more than one year in power, cannot be held solely responsible for the high levels of violence in the country. However, the cuts made by the government (for shelters for women who have been victims of violence and to address maternal, sexual and reproductive health issues at the national level, or the reduction of the budget of two agencies aimed at combating violence towards women: the National Commission to Prevent and Eradicate Violence Against Women and the National Women’s Institute), were their responsibility. These decisions are considered counterproductive by organizations that work on the gender issue and have struggled for years to create governmental bodies that address the problem or ensure that sufficient resources are allocated for the corresponding bodies.

From the perspective of Data Critica, the most important lesson derived from the data analyzed by the study “Keys to understanding and preventing the killing of women in Mexico”, “in addition to demanding policies to address, punish and prevent, for example, domestic violence or to eradicate gender discrimination that persists in different spaces, we also have to demand policies that address the broader security crisis. Among them, policies that guarantee effective arms control; that promote the demilitarization of public security; and that they strengthen civil institutions so that they are really capable of responding to violence in an intelligent, focused, transparent and fair way, at local level and together with the community.”

For years, the promotion of the discussion on gender equality and violence in Mexico has been sought in different fields. The call for a national strike is a massive cry to call attention to these complex and urgent problems and to demand a concrete agenda that can lay the foundations of public policies and clear actions to begin to solve them.

For more information in Spanish:

AMLO asegura que los conservadores están infiltrados en #UnDíaSinNosotras (El Economista, 21 de febrero de 2020)

La derecha está metida en protestas de mujeres, dice AMLO y les pide no dejarse manipular (Animal Político, 21 de febrero de 2020)

Cuál es el origen del paro nacional del 9 de marzo #UnDíaSinMujeres (animal Político, 22 de febrero de 2020)

Claves para entender y prevenir los asesinatos de mujeres en México (Data Crítica)

Presidente AMLO, no se equivoque; paro feminista no es contra su gobierno: Aristegui | Video (Aristegui Noticias, 21 de febrero de 2020)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Olimpia Law Used for First Time (February 17, 2020)

Oaxaca: Femicide Violence Worsens as Year Begins (February 5, 2020)

Oaxaca: 126 Femicides One Year after Declaration of Gender Violence Alert (September 2, 2019)

Chiapas: Groups Denounce Increase in Femicides and Transfemicides in the State (August 27, 2019)

National: Over 424,000 on Mexican #Me Too (May 7, 2019)


National/International: Mexico, Fourth Most Dangerous Country for Human Rights Defenders (Frontline Defenders)

February 16, 2020

global_analysis_2019_cover_0

On February 12th, the Frontline Defenders (FLD) organization publicly presented its “Global Analysis 2019” report in Mexico City, in which it pointed out that Latin America is the most dangerous region in the world to defend human and environmental rights: in 2019, it recorded more than 200 of the 304 documented murders in 31 countries globally. It also reported that four of the five most dangerous countries for activism are part of the subcontinent (with 68% of cases). FLD explained that the five countries with the highest number of murders of defenders in 2019 were Colombia with 106, the Philippines – the only non-American country on the list – with 43, Honduras with 31, Mexico with 23 and also Brazil with 23.

Mexico is also the most dangerous country for environmental defenders: 75% of the 23 murders documented by FLD in the country were against nature defenders and against extractive or development megaprojects in which “there are powerful corporate interests and of public officials and possible profits at stake.” 20% of the murders were against women (internationally the figure was 13%). In addition, by 2020, “we have already documented at least three murders of defenders (two in Michoacan and one in Ciudad Juarez)”.

FDL regretted that impunity remains the norm. In the case of Mexican, in at least 11 cases investigations were initiated without results so far. Impunity is common even in cases identified as “emblematic”, not only with murdes but also in the “high level of criminalization of environmental defenders, who are exposed to physical aggressions, acts of legal intimidation and threats, in particular women, indigenous people and sexual diversity groups.”

Jesus Peña, deputy representative in Mexico of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, present at the event condemned the unfortunate fourth place and stressed that “the best form of protection is undoubtedly the fight against impunity in which many of the aggressions are.”

For more information in Spanish:

México, el cuarto país más peligroso en el mundo para ambientalistas y defensores, revela ONG (Sin Embargo, 13 de febrero de 2020)

Colocan a México como el 4° país más peligroso para defensores de DH (La Jornada, 12 de febrero de 2020)

Ambientalistas, 70 % de los activistas asesinadas en 2019 : ONG (El Universal, 12 de febrero de 2020)

Análisis global 2019 (Human Rights Defenders, enero de 2020)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Red TdT Publishes Human Rights Balance for 2019 (January 13, 2020)

Nacional: 28 activistas asesinados en 2019 por rechazar proyectos del gobierno, según organizaciones civiles.  (December 2, 2019)

National/International: “When Words Are Not Enough” – Amnesty International Report almost One Year after AMLO Takes Office (December 4, 2019)

National: Mexico Sixth Most Dangerous Country for Environmentalists According to Global Witness; 12 Activists Killed in 2019 (October 13, 2019)

National: 21 Environmental Defenders Murdered in 2018 (CEMDA) (April 1, 2019)


Oaxaca: Impunity One Year after Murder of Muxe Activist Oscar Cazorla Denounced

February 15, 2020

oaxaca-juchitan-activista-muxe-oscar-cazorla-asesinato-muerte-DianaMAnzo@Diana Manzo

On February 9th, one year after the murder of the muxe activist, Oscar Cazorla, in Juchitan, members of the muxe collective of the “Authentic intrepid seekers of danger” demanded justice and clarification of his death given the total impunity that has prevailed in the case.

Oscar Cazorla was co-founder of this group 44 years ago, which seeks to make visible the inclusion of this vulnerable sector and at the same time eradicate homophobia and discrimination against sexual diversity.

“The justice authorities tell us that they are making progress and everything related to the investigation, but they don’t inform us about anything. We have 365 days since they killed Oscar Cazorla, a person committed to the fight for sexual diversity, always yearning for the well-being of all and seeking support for our events, that’s why we demand that the authorities give results,” said Felina Santiago, one of of the co-founders and friend of the activist. She also stressed that this impunity creates greater vulnerability for other muxes despite the fact that they were given precautionary measures after the murder.

For more information in Spanish:

Impune, asesinato de activista muxe Óscar Cazorla a un año de su muerte (Aristegui Noticias, 10 de febrero de 2020)

Impune asesinato de activista muxe, Oscar Cazorla a un año de su muerte (Página 3, 10 de febrero de 2020)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Muxe Activist Oscar Cazorla Lopez Murdered (February 14, 2019)

Chiapas: alto a la violencia homofóbica (May 17, 2018)

Oaxaca: Mujer transgénero recibe su credencial de elector de una representación del INE (August 8, 2017)


National: Trans Persons Can Now Change their Birth Certificates across Mexico

December 4, 2019

trans@Portavoz Chiapas

On November 21st, the Second Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation declared unconstitutional the judgments that trans people have to make in order to achieve legal recognition of their gender identity.

In June of this year, the organizations Mexico Igualitario, CHEROS, Trans Solidarity Network, Gender without Borders, Union and Force of Trans Chihuahuan Women, PROtrans, Chihuahua Transgender Project, BITTTRANS Ciudad Juarez and Grupo Fanny Transgender Women decided to promote a thesis contradiction due to two different rulings on the same issue in the federal courts of the states of Chihuahua and Guanajuato.

As a result, the Second Chamber resolved the Contradiction of Thesis 346/2019 approving a jurisprudence that states that “the procedure for the adaptation or issuance of a new birth certificate must be carried out in the administrative process.” This decision will have mandatory effects throughout Mexican territory. It does not mean that the local laws of each state are invalid, rather it forces them to take the necessary measures to ensure that transgender persons can change their birth certificates without the need to take a long trial, the provision of evidence or the consent of third persons.

In the statement published by the promoters of the thesis contradiction they called “to include trans infancy and adolescents in regulatory and institutional changes that seek to guarantee the right to identity of trans people.”

Currently, only nine of the 31 Mexican states offer the possibility of an administrative procedure for the adaptation of records and the legal recognition of gender identity: Mexico City, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi and Tlaxcala. In the rest of the country, including Chiapas, the process that the trans population has to face involves legal, economic and social difficulties, as well as judgments that can take from six months to a year and a half.

In Mexico City, this process is much faster, but since the Chiapas institutions do not recognize the new documents, the trans person has to live a double identity upon return.

In the local Congress of Chiapas, there is still an initiative of law promoted by Deputy Aida Guadalupe Jimenez Sesma for several months that aims to modify the Civil Code so that trans people can make adjustments to their documents.

For more information in Spanish:

Personas trans podrán adecuar actas de nacimiento en Guanajuato y todo México sin juicio (Zona Franca el 26 de noviembre de 2019)

Ordenan reconocimiento a la identidad de género (Cuarto Poder el 27 de noviembre de 2019)

REPORT THIS AD

En Chihuahua, personas trans pueden adecuar acta de nacimiento sin un amparo (Proceso el 26 de noviembre de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Meeting of Citizens’ Observatory of LGBT+ Population Rights with Government Representatives (October 7, 2019)

Chiapas: Exigen verdad y justicia por el asesinato de Aylin, mujer transexual y 7 otros casos de odio (3 de septiembre de 2019)

Oaxaca: State Congress Approves Marriage Equality Bill (September 10, 2019)

Chiapas: Organización defensora de la diversidad sexual recibe amenazas por su trabajo en el marco del Mes de Orgullo LGBTTTIQA+ (27 de junio de 2019)

Chiapas: alto a la violencia homofóbica (17 de mayo de 2018)

National: Senate Agrees to Guarantee Equal Rights to Same-Sex Couples (November 12, 2018)

Oaxaca: Mujer transgénero recibe su credencial de elector de una representación del INE (8 de agosto de 2017)


Chiapas: Meeting of Citizens’ Observatory of LGBT+ Population Rights with Government Representatives

October 7, 2019

LGBT@SIPAZ

On September 23rd, the first meeting of the Citizens’ Observatory for the rights of the LGBT+ population was held, which was started in July of this year with representatives of the State Congress, the State Commission on Human Rights (ECHR in its Spanish acronym) and various competent authorities in the field such as the Ministry of Gender Equality and the Ministry of Health. The Citizen Observatory aims to be “a space for cooperation and collaboration between society, government and academia, to conduct studies and evaluations, whose actions and proposals are reflected in benefits for the LGBT+ population, due to the need to highlight the reality of this population”, and it meets at least once a month. This is the first time that there is a Citizen Observatory of this type in all of Mexico.

Representatives of the subcommittees of lesbian, gay, trans, bisexual and transvestite people participated in the September 23rd meeting, as well as the aforementioned government representatives. At first, a minute of silence was requested for Itztayana L.H., a trans woman originally from Pijijiapan, who was murdered in Mexico City on September 19th. The subcommittee on transgender people questioned that the authorities refused to recognize her gender identity as well as access to her birth certificate such that she died without official recognition of her gender identity. It also denounced the lack of an identity law, proposed in May this year by Deputy Aida Guadalupe Jimenez Sesma, which would make the modification of official records such as name and sex change easier.

Another point denounced was the poor education of members of some institutions. The development of internal protocols in all institutions was required because lack of knowledge and basic texts facilitate harassment, bullying and discrimination.

The subcommittee on homosexuals demanded recognition of the LGBT+ population at state and federal levels through legislative reforms that include an adjustment in the civil code that allows for equal marriage and the identification of femicide by gender identity among others. It also asked to know the number of investigation files for hate crimes and progress in specific cases of the State Attorney General’s Office (FGR in its Spanish acronym).

The lesbian subcommittee explained that they live the reality of double-discrimination, because they are women and because of their sexual orientation, and that especially the health sector is problematic for them because it has a heteronormative perspective. In other words, it is presumed that women use some type of contraceptive and that is why access to services for gynecological and reproductive diseases is complicated for them. They also propose a training campaign for health workers because there is a lack of education about sexually transmitted diseases that can also affect lesbian women.

The representative of the bisexual subcommittee also stressed the importance of mental health that can affect anyone who is part of the LGBT+ population. That is why she demanded that work be done with children and youth on the subject.

The representative of the Ministry of Health acknowledged that a person from the LGBT+ community is nine times more likely to commit suicide and four times more to fall into some type of addiction. Therefore, a day of mobilization for LGBT+ health and a diagnosis of the population was proposed . He also pledged to propose a working group in the secretariat as well as promote internal training.

He identified security, justice, health and employment as the most important issues, but also emphasized that we must think about socio-geographic determinants and their impacts because a lesbian woman, for example, lives a different discrimination living in a community than in a city like Tuxtla Gutierrez.

Another response from the headlines came from the Commissioner of the Unit for Crime Prevention and Criminal Policy that underlined the importance of police acknowledging that Human Rights are related to sexuality.

Apart from this first conversation with government representatives, the Observatory plans to create a “heat map” that shows the risk areas for people belonging to the LGBT+ population and a database as well as carrying out a dissemination campaign of their rights.

For more information in Spanish:

LGBTTTIQ+, la población indocumentada en Chiapas (Cuarto Poder el 19 de septiembre de 2019)

Organismos y activistas integran Observatorio Ciudadano LGBT+ en Chiapas (Informate el 1 de agosto de 2019)

En Chiapas, primer Observatorio Ciudadano de Derechos de la Población LGTB+ del país (Diario la voz del sureste el 2 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: State Congress Approves Marriage Equality Bill (September 10, 2019)

Chiapas: Organización defensora de la diversidad sexual recibe amenazas por su trabajo en el marco del Mes de Orgullo LGBTTTIQA+ (June 27, 2019)

Chiapas: alto a la violencia homofóbica (May 17, 2018)

National: Senate Agrees to Guarantee Equal Rights to Same-Sex Couples (November 12, 2018)

Oaxaca: Mujer transgénero recibe su credencial de elector de una representación del INE (August 8, 2017)


Oaxaca: State Congress Approves Marriage Equality Bill

September 10, 2019

Marriage@ororadio

On August 27th, the local Congress of Oaxaca approved a reform of the Civil Code to legalize marriage and cohabitation between same-sex couples with 25 votes in favor and 10 votes against, while several deputies of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA in its Spanish acronym) abstained or were absent during the vote.

This makes Oaxaca the nineteenth state that introduces marriage equality in its legislation. In addition to Mexico City, the states of Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Campeche, Colima, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Quintana Roo and San Luis Potosí recognize this, while in Aguascalientes, Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, and Puebla same-sex couples need validation from the Court if they want to get married.

Until now, Article 143 of the Oaxaca Civil Code defined marriage as “one man and one woman” which aims to “perpetuate the species.” Now the reformed article says that, “marriage is the civil contract between two people, who come together to live a common life and provide respect, equality and mutual help.”

There had already been attempts to enable same-sex marriages before that reform. In August 2011, the requests of three homosexual couples were denied by the Civil Registry of Oaxaca, but in April of the following year, with the support of the civil organization Equaity Mexico (Mexico Igualitario), one of them achieved for the first time in all of Mexico a sentence allowing their marriage by court order without having to reform the constitution. Antonio Medina, national director of Sexual Diversity of the Aztec Sun (Diversidad Sexual del Sol Azteca) stressed that the reform of the Civil Code “was the result of the hard work of civil organizations that for several years did not stop insisting on achieving this goal.”

While the LGBTTTIQ + Oaxaqa community is celebrating the reform presented by deputies Hilda Perez Luis, Magaly Lopez Dominguez and deputy Noe Doroteo Castillejos as a great achievement, the State Confraternity of Christian Evangelical Pastors expressed their dissatisfaction with the decision. On the day of the vote, members of the evangelical community protested in front of Congress and demanded that the initiative be rejected.

Despite the protests, Alex Ali Mendez Diaz, president of the Equal Mexico organization, announced: “we will continue to fight for other rights that are still necessary to achieve the eradication of discrimination based on sex, sexual preference, among others.”

For more information in Spanish:

Oaxaca da luz verde al matrimonio igualitario (Proceso el 28 de agosto de 2019)

Aprueban en Oaxaca matrimonio igualitario; protestan evangélicos (La Jornada el 29 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Organización defensora de la diversidad sexual recibe amenazas por su trabajo en el marco del Mes de Orgullo LGBTTTIQA+ (June 27th, 2019)

Chiapas: alto a la violencia homofóbica (May 17th, 2018)

National: Senate Agrees to Guarantee Equal Rights to Same-Sex Couples (November 12, 2018)

Nacional: Aprueba Senado garantizar igualdad de derechos para las parejas del mismo sexo (7 de noviembre de 2018)

Oaxaca: Mujer transgénero recibe su credencial de elector de una representación del INE (8 de agosto de 2017)