Guerrero/National: More Information Published on Role of Army in Ayotzinapa Case

March 15, 2019

ayotzi@Cuartoscuro

The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) has reported that it has corroborated a link between organized crime and the Mexican government in the forced disappearance of the 43 students of the Normal Rural School of Ayotzinapa in Iguala, Guerrero, on September 26th, 2014. In addition, the Commission has declared that there was “connivance or collusion” between the local, state, and federal governments regarding the follow-up of the case. Additionally, the CNDH has indicated obstacles on the part of the authorities during its investigation that led to a series of recommendations at the end of 2018.

In December, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) in one of his first acts as the new president created by decree the Commission for Truth and Access to Justice in the Ayotzinapa case. On March 11th, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) presented the Technical Support Group (TSG) that will provide technical support to the Mexican authorities to arrive at the truth in the facts. In presenting the new work plan, the president of the IACHR and rapporteur of that agency for Mexico, Esmeralda Arosamena de Troitiño, applauded the position of the new federal authorities, which unlike the previous administration, have opened an impulse that represents “a historic opportunity to break impunity.” During the event, the Undersecretary of the Interior for Human Rights, Alejandro Encinas, remarked that the TSG will technically support all the open criminal investigation lines, which were not followed by the former Attorney General’s Office.

One of the most delicate in this sense is the role that the Mexican Army could have played in the events. On March 12th, a video was published that shows that Julio Cesar Lopez Patolzin, one of the 43 missing student teachers, had been recruited by the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA in its Spanish acronym) to infiltrate the Ayotzinapa School.

Faced with this, civil organizations accompanying the families of the 43 students declared that the video shows that the army “did not deliver or have given all the information it has about the Iguala case and its context (…) to more than four and a half years after the events.”

The second reason for concern, they said, is that it confirmed that SEDENA practices the infiltration of the Ayotzinapa School, which “does not delegitimize in any way the requirement of the relatives of Julio Cesar to know the whereabouts of their son.”

Finally, they stressed that this new material “confirms the urgent need for a thorough investigation into the role of the Armed Forces in this new phase” and that they provide “all information in their possession that is relevant to the full clarification of the whereabouts of the 43 students, as ordered in the presidential decree that instructed to establish effective material, legal and human conditions, to strengthen the human rights of the relatives of the victims of the Ayotzinapa case to the truth and access to justice, signed, among other authorities, by the President of the Republic, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of National Defense and the Secretary of the Navy.”

For more information in Spanish:

CNDH a ONU: “obstáculos y negativas” en caso Iguala (Milenio, 14 de marzo de 2019.)

Proceso y la historia del normalista-soldado infiltrado en Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 14 de marzo de 2019)

CNDH presenta recomendación por violaciones graves en caso Ayotzinapa (Excelsior, 13 de marzo de 2019.)

Normalista de Ayotzinapa desaparecido era infiltrado de la Sedena (VIDEO) (Radio Formula, 13 de marzo de 2019)

Un normalista de Ayotzinapa era militar e informante del Ejército: reporte (ADN Politico, 13 de marzo de 2019.)

Señalan necesidad de esclarecer papel del Ejército en caso Ayotzinapa SIDIDH, 13 de marzo de 2019.)

Abren, formalmente, nueva etapa de investigación por caso Ayotzinapa (La Jornada, 11 de marzo de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/National: Commission for Truth and Access to Justice in Ayotzinapa Case Set Up. Federal Judge Orders Investigation into Possible Responsibility of Attorney General Employees for Irregularities (January 22nd, 2019)

Guerrero/National: Decree Establishes Truth Commission for Ayotzinapa Case

(December 19th, 2018)

Guerrero/National/International: CNDH and IACHR Ayotzinapa Reports  (December 14th, 2018)

Guerrero/National: Ayotzinapa, Four Years On…  (October 1st, 2018)

Guerrero/National: Incoming Government Confirms Creation of Truth Commission for Ayotzinapa Case (Aug. 13th, 12018)

 

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Guerrero: Urgent Action “No Dam, No Prisoners”, Demands Release of 16 Indigenous CECOP Members

March 14, 2019

cecop

On March 8th, more than 2,000 people had already demanded “the immediate release of the 16 indigenous members of the Council of Ejidos and Opposition Communities to the Presa la Parota (CECOP), whose crime was to defend their lands and natural assets against the La Parota Dam”, through the Avaaz petition website. This is due to the multiple violations of due process, torture and the arbitrary and illegal circumstances of the arrests, which “demonstrate that there are political and economic interests against the communities that oppose the dam.” They also requested that harassment and arbitrary arrests of the inhabitants of the community of Cacahuatepec, municipality of Acapulco, stop.

In the same case, on March 5th, members of CECOP, the Movement for the Freedom of Political Prisoners of the State of Guerrero (MOLPPEG in its Spanish acronym) and the Montaña Tlachinollan Center for Human Rights held a meeting with the Governor of Guerrero, Hector Astudillo Flores, to follow up on the tables established to review the cases of these same prisoners, as well as to demand the cessation of harassment against the members of CECOP. The MOLPPEG reported that, “it filed a complaint with the State Human Rights Commission (CODDEHUM in its Spanish acronym), to intervene and no longer continue to pressurize the comrades of the communal property of Cacahuatepec, in the municipality of Acapulco, as well as the Zapata Vive collective.” He explained that the State and Ministerial police have been raiding computers to identify comrades who have an arrest warrant.

For his part, the Tlachinollan lawyer, Vidulfo Rosales Sierra, reported that through this meeting he was following up a dialogue path begun in December, with a view to solving the problem of political prisoners in the state, mainly those of CECOP. He stated that the government authorities have said that it will be resolved according to law and that the legal route will be that which is privileged.

A day earlier, Tlachinollan listed 8 reasons why it considers that the 16 CECOP prisoners should be granted freedom:

“• They were arbitrarily detained on January 7th, 2018 in a violent operation where the police murdered three CECOP campesinos.

  • On the way to the Prosecutor’s Office they were tortured and given cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment to force them to plead guilty. • During their detention, they were held incommunicado for more than 48 hours, preventing their relatives and lawyers from being interviewed.
  • During their solitary confinement, the Public Ministry obtained evidence in an unlawful manner to indict them for homicide.
  • The weapons allegedly obtained by the police were obtained from illegal searches carried out at the houses of the CECOP community members.
  • The CECOP detainees were not at the scene when the confrontation took place between those who were killed on both sides. They were arrested in the place when they went to the Sunday Assembly of the CECOP.
  • There is an onslaught to dismantle the CECOP and the resistance against the La Parota hydroelectric project.
  • Gravel workers who irrationally exploit the gravel and sand of the Papagayo River have organized the villagers to confront CECOP.

For more information in Spanish:

Acción Urgente en línea “Ni presa ni presos” (marzo de 2019)

Se reúne ONG con Héctor Astudillo para pedir la libertad de 16 miembros del Cecop (La Jornada de Guerrero, 6 de marzo de 2019)

Denuncian en Guerrero acoso de policías contra opositores a La Parota (LA Jornada, 5 de marzo de 2019)

Se reúne Astudillo con Tlachinollan, Cecop y Molppeg (Quadratin, 5 de marzo de 2019)
8 Razones para la libertad de los presos políticos del CECOP (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 4 de marzo de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Liberan bajo fianza a dos integrantes de la CECOP (28 de febrero de 2019)

Guerrero/Internacional : Europarlamentarios y organizaciones internacionales expresan su preocupación por criminalización de integrantes de CECOP; marchan en Acapulco a favor de la liberación de sus presos (7 de febrero de 2019)

Guerrero : Siguen exigiendo la libertad de 19 presos detenidos por oponerse a la construcción de la Presa La Parota (1ero de febrero de 2019)

Guerrero: Piden la liberación de 19 presos políticos (10 de enero de 2019)

Guerrero: organizaciones nacionales e internacionales visitan a presos del CECOP y la CRAC-PC (6 de octubre de 2018)

Guerrero: 50 órdenes de aprehensión contra comuneros del CECOP (17 de septiembre de 2018)


National/International: Mexico Ranked 99th of 126 in Rule of Law Index – World Justice Project

March 12, 2019

Index.pngPhoto @ CentroPro DH

At the end of February, the civil organization World Justice Project (WJP) published its “Index on Rule of Law 2019”, in which Mexico was ranked 99 out of 126 listed countries, worse than countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone and its neighbor, Guatemala. At a Latin American level, Mexico is still considered one of the countries with the least respect for the rule of law, ranking 26 out of 30.

The results obtained by the WJP are “based on surveys in 120,000 households and 3,800 experts in 126 countries, and measures the perception and experience of the general population of the rule of law in practical and everyday situations.” The Index evaluates eight key categories: Limits to Government Power, Absence of Corruption, Open Government, Fundamental Rights, Order and Security, Regulatory Compliance, Civil Justice, and Criminal Justice.

Leslie Solis, researcher in the project, highlights in the report published by Animal Politico that the hot spots that Mexico should dedicate “immediate attention” to are: corruption, security and criminal justice. These factors are the worst valued by the citizens and the experts consulted, being in second last place regionally in two of the three categories. Jorge Morales, a member of WJP, adds that, “the rule of law in Mexico has not improved in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to begin to change this situation with decisions based on evidence and data such as those shown in this Index, because these data will serve to identify weaknesses and strengths, and what are the priorities in the public policies to be developed, so that they have an impact on the population.”

Globally, the three countries with the highest rates are: Denmark, ranking leader, Norway and Finland; the last three, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cambodia and Venezuela, occupying last place. It is striking that in general more countries have obtained lower scores than the previous year, which according to the researchers “is a sign that suggests an increase in authoritarianism, the score of the factor ‘Limits to Government Power’ was the one that showed the highest deterioration: 61 countries decreased, 23 remained the same, and 29 improved.”

The founder of WJP, William Neukom, reiterates that, “the Rule of Law is the basis for communities to enjoy peace, equality and opportunities.” That is why the results of this research project are important as “a first step to establish reference points, inform and direct reforms.”

For more information in Spanish:

México, entre los países del mundo donde menos respeto hay por el Estado de Derecho: World Justice Project (Animal Político, 28 de febrero de 2019)

El Estado de Derecho continúa debilitándose en el mundo (World Justice Project, 28 de ferbrero de 2019)

México más corrupto que Venezuela: estudio de WJP 2019 (Vanguardia, 1 de marzo de 2019)

For more infromation from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: denuncian grave incremento de la violencia feminicida en el primer bimestre de 2019 (18 de febrero de 2019)

Nacional/Internacional: ONU-DH condena asesinatos de defensores y periodistas en Chiapas y Baja California. Cuestiona eficacia del Mecanismo de protección gubernamental para dichos sectores (25 de enero de 2019)

International/National: Mexico’s 2018 Universal Periodic Review (UPR) (November 14th, 2018)

International/National: Human Rights Watch Publishes Report on Human Rights Situation in Mexico and the World
(February 4th, 2018)

 


National: Chamber of Deputies Approves Law that Creates National Guard after Three Months of Debate and Negotiation

March 9, 2019

National Guard.png(@Cuarotoscuro)

On February 28th, after three months of intense debates and negotiations, the plenary of the Chamber of Deputies approved the law that will allow the creation of the National Guard, with 463 votes in favor and one against by the independent member, Ana Lucia Riojas Martinez. The latter questioned that despite the approval of a civilian command, nothing prevents the National Guard from having a retired or licensed military officer. She also expressed on Twitter viewing “problematic and irresponsible such a long term (five years, the time that the National Guard will remain in the streets) and the absence of a transition plan to return the Army to barracks. The government leaves the responsibilities in the hands of its successor that are its own.”

After the modifications of the Senate, it was established that the National Guard would be a body with civilian control, with a term of five years to finalize its formation, during which the participation of the Armed Forces in public security tasks will be maintained. This new security force will have military discipline and training, and should have 150 thousand elements at the end of the current six-year term of office.

The discussion was passed on to local congresses given that the approval of at least 17 of them will be required before it can be enacted.

On another note, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Marcelo Ebrard, said that in April, Mexico will sign an agreement with the United Nations (UN) to train the National Guard in the field of human rights, an agreement that will take shape during the visit that will be made to the country by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, and that will address “the definition of content, selection systems and training in the use of force.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guardia Nacional es aprobada por diputados tras 100 días de debates y modificaciones en el Congreso (Proceso, 28 de febrero de 2019)

Diputados aprueban la creación de la Guardia Nacional; pasa a los congresos estatales (Animal Político, 28 de febrero de 2019)

Aprueban en San Lázaro creación de la Guardia Nacional (La Jornada, 28 de febrero de 2019)

Cámara de Diputados aprueba creación de la Guardia Nacional en México (CNN México, 28 de febrero de 2019)

En abril, convenio de capacitación entre ONU y Guardia Nacional (La Jornada, 27 de febrero de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Senate Will Not Approve National Guard Bill. Morena and #SeguridadSinGuerra Propose Alternatives (February 13th, 2019)

National: Deputies Approve National Guard amid Doubts in the Executive (January 24th, 2019)

National: Public Hearings to Debate the Creation of National Guard Begin (January 15th, 2019)

National/International: UNHCHR Asks Congress for Civil Controlled National Guard and that it Last Five Years Maximum (January 2nd, 2019)

National: Faced with Rejection of National Guard, AMLO Proposes New Consultation (December 12th, 2018)

National: Supreme Court Invalidates Security Law; AMLO Announces National Peace and Security Plan 2018-2024  (November 27th, 2018)

National: CNDH Asks SCJN to Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (November 7th, 2018)

National: Reactions to Minister for Supreme Court’s Proposal on Interior Security Law (November 7th, 2018)

National: AMLO “The Army and the Navy will continue on the streets in internal public security tasks” (September 15th, 2018)

 

 

 

 

 


National/Guerrero: Support Plan for Victims of the Dirty War

February 14, 2019

Dirty warPhoto @ EllosyNosotros

On February 11th, the Plan of Attention and Reparation for the Victims of Political Violence of the Dirty War was announced in the municipality of Atoyac de Alvarez in Guerrero.

The Executive Commission of Attention to Victims (CEAV in its Spanish acronym), relatives and survivors of victims of the “dirty war”, as well as the governor Hector Astudillo Flores, the president of the CEAV, Jaime Rochin del Rincon, presented the strategy of collective reparation that is intended to be implemented.

“The Care and Reparation Plan for the victims of past political violence in Guerrero seeks to give visibility to those who disappeared, give voice to those who were silenced and recover and reconstruct the social fabric of the communities”, according to information from Proceso.

According to the Economist, Jaime Rochin del Rincon, executive commissioner of the CEAV, acknowledged that, “actions such as forced disappearance, torture and arbitrary detention in Guerrero during the period of the Dirty War, followed a State policy of repression and extermination.”

The strategy emerged from the recommendation 26/2001 endorsed by the National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanisg acronym) addressed to the then president of the republic, Vicente Fox, and as well as the proposals included in the Special Report on the Disappearance of Persons and Clandestine Graves in Mexico of the CNDH, presented in 2017.

Through a statement, the CNDH announced that “in assessing the institutional progress represented by the Plan for Attention and Reparation for the Victims of the “Dirty War”, the CNDH established that the Mexican State has an outstanding debt with the victims of disappearance and their families, which will not be paid while the authorities of the three levels of government fail to comply with their basic and fundamental obligation to guarantee minimum conditions of security for peaceful coexistence between people and to put an end to the environment of violence, impunity and illegality that we face.”

For more information in Spanish:

Presentan en Guerrero plan de atención a víctimas de la guerra sucia (Aristegui Noticias, 11 de febrero de 2019)

La CEAV presenta Plan de Atención y Reparación a las Víctimas de la Violencia Política del Pasado (Proceso, 11 de febrero de 2019)

CNDH EL PLAN DE REPARACIÓN A VÍCTIMAS DE LA “GUERRA SUCIA”, QUE ATIENDE LAS PROPUESTAS DE LA RECOMENDACIÓN 26/2001 Y EL INFORME ESPECIAL SOBRE DESAPARICIÓN DE PERSONAS Y FOSAS CLANDESTINAS DE ESTE ORGANISMO NACIONAL (CNDH, 11 de febrero de 2019)

Recomendación 26/2001 (CNDH, 2001)

INFORME ESPECIAL SOBRE DESAPARICIÓN DE PERSONAS Y FOSAS CLANDESTINAS EN MÉXICO. (CNDH, 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: INAI Orders SENEDA to Submit Information on Generals Linked to “Dirty War” (June 26, 2018)

International/National: IACHR presents report regarding right to truth which includes the case of the “Dirty War” in Mexico (December 14, 2014)

The Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal condemns Mexican State for crimes against humanity (October 11, 2014)


National: Senate Will Not Approve National Guard Bill. Morena and #SeguridadSinGuerra Propose Alternatives

February 13, 2019

National Guard.jpg

The discussion of the bill to create the National Guard approved by the Chamber of Deputies last January will not be endorsed in its current terms by the Senate of the Republic. The discussion will take place in an open parliament in which specialists and civil organizations will be invited, the Senate announced.

Before this decision, the United Nations (UN) had sent a letter to the senators, through which it expressed its serious concern about the constitutional reform project that “constitutionalizes and makes permanent the military presence in security tasks, giving continuity to a policy that has generated more violence and increased the commission of serious human rights violations (…) All this, in a context of fragile controls, ineffective mechanisms of accountability and alarming impunity.”

Morena already announced that it will distribute a project with various modifications to the legislators, while the more than 300 organizations and people grouped in the collective #SeguridadSinGuerra also presented an alternative reform proposal that eliminates the military component in its operation as well as in its conformation, and in which the National Guard would be a “police institution of character and civil direction” attached to the Secretariat of Public Safety, which acts with respect to human rights and with a gender perspective.

“The political discussion has been marked by the simulation and distortion between what is in the Minute and public discourse. Morena’s proposal plays with words again and again because they tell us that it is civil when it is actually military, and they tell us that it will be temporary when in reality it will be permanent (…) and when civil society has complained it accuses us of not having alternative proposals. That is why today we present this opinion,” said Denise Dresser, a member of the collective.

SeguridadSinGuerra celebrated the decision of the Senate to open the debate for the creation of the National Guard, through the open parliament format: “We understand the problem of insecurity and violence that the country is experiencing, but we are convinced that the use of the Armed Forces in security tasks must be exceptional, temporary, auditable and based on conventionality criteria, (…) We urge all senators, and especially the majority group, to discuss and work this issue in an open parliament exercise (…) If the war on drugs is over, its causes and effects can not be constitutionalized. We must build peace, with proof and democratic responsibility.”

For more information in Spanish:

En el Senado, Morena hará cambios a minuta sobre la Guardia Nacional (La Jornada, 8 de febrero de 2019)

#SeguridadSinGuerra pide a senadores tomar en serio su propuesta de una “Guardia Nacional Civil” (Proceso, 7 de febrero de 2019)

Senado no avalará dictamen de Guardia aprobado por diputados; Morena y ONG presentan nuevas propuestas (Animal Político, 7 de febrero de 2019)

PROPONEMOS UNA GUARDIA NACIONAL CIVIL (Boletín de prensa Seguridad sin Guerra, 7 de febrero de 2019)

Propuesta de dictamen a la minuta (Seguridad sin Guerra, 7 de febrero)

La ONU rechaza la Guardia Nacional y pide a legisladores reconsiderarla (Animal Político, 6 de febrero de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Aprueban diputados Guardia Nacional. Siguen los cuestionamientos incluso de parte del Ejecutivo (19 de enero de 2019)

Nacional:

Inician audiencias públicas para debatir la creación de la

Guardia Nacional
(9 de enero de 2019)

Nacional/Internacional:

ONU-DH pide al Congreso que guardia nacional se plantee con mando

civil y por un máximo de 5 años

(15 de diciembre de 2018)

Nacional: Ante rechazo al anuncio de Guardia Nacional, AMLO propone nueva consulta (23 de noviembre de 2018)

Nacional: La Suprema Corte invalida Ley de Seguridad; AMLO anuncia Plan Nacional de Paz y Seguridad 2018-2024 (16 de noviembre de 2018)


National: Deputies Approve National Guard amid Doubts in the Executive

January 24, 2019

National Guard.png(@Chamber of Deputies)

On January 16th, after a 10-hour session, deputies from the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA in its Spanish acronym, party of the current president), the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI in its Spanish acronym) and the Green Party of Mexico approved in general and in particular the constitutional reform created by the National Guard proposed by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) to fight against insecurity in the country. It passed with 362 votes in favor, 119 against and four abstentions. The proposal indicates that the National Guard will have a civil command in its administration, but it will remain military in its organization and discipline. It also indicates that it will collaborate with the states, local police will be strengthened and its members will be evaluated.

It was taken to the Senate to be analyzed, discussed and eventually ratified. However, the process is taking place in the midst of strong controversy and questions to AMLO and his party, since the campaign had promised to withdraw the armed forces from the streets, an option that seems canceled or postponed.

The representative of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Jan Jarab, expressed in a letter addressed to the Congress of the Union that the approved poposal, even with modifications, is “worrying” in three aspects: the structure of the Guard with a board of military leaders; the improper regulation of the scope of the military jurisdiction; and the provision for detainees. Members of the European Parliament, also called to reject the proposal because “during the last two governments, the strategy of militarization of public safety has resulted in alarming figures of assassinations, torture, forced disappearances and arbitrary detentions.”

Several national and international human rights organizations have expressed criticism in this regard. “The country’s Armed Forces are made for war, not for public security, and have committed very serious abuses against civilians, with widespread impunity”, Human Rights Watch said among others. In a statement, Amnesty International called for the distinction and clear separation of the functions of the civil elements and the military of the Guard and thereby permit the action of military elements only exceptionally, assessed on a case-by-case basis and subject to the limitations imposed by international law. In addition, it made it clear that military elements of the National Guard should not be allowed to participate in crime investigations or act as auxiliaries of the public prosecutor’s office.

The day after the approval, AMLO himself said he was not satisfied with the elimination of the transitory that stated that “as the National Guard develops its structure, capabilities and territorial implementation, the permanent Armed Forces will lend their collaboration for public safety.” “It will remain the same, as if it were a reissue of the Federal Police, which we already know did not work”, he said. Senator Ricardo Monreal reported that the Senate of the Republic will seek to take into account what was proposed by the Executive so that the approval of the law for the National Guard will be postponed for the regular session.

It should be noted that because this is a constitutional reform, the approval of the Chamber of Senators will be required first and then that of at least 17 state congresses.

For more information in Spanish:

Guardia
Nacional, nuevo fiscal y otras polémicas de AMLO a 50 días de
gobierno (ADN

Político, 19 de enero de 2019)

Estos
son los cambios a la Guardia Nacional que tienen insatisfecho a AMLO

(ADN

Político, 18 de enero de 2019)

AMLO
pedirá al Senado cambios en Guardia Nacional; Monreal dice que
retomarán peticiones del presidente (Animal

Político, 17 de enero de 2019)

¿Qué
sigue para la Guardia Nacional? Luz verde del Senado, de 17 congresos
estatales y tres leyes restantes (Animal

Político, 17 de enero de 2019)

Diputados
quitaron transitorio que agrega Fuerzas Armadas a la Guardia
Nacional, se queja AMLO (Sin

Embargo, 17 de enero de 2019)

Diputados
avalan crear la Guardia Nacional; turnan reforma al Senado (La

Jornada, 16 de enero de 2019)

Qué
es la Guardia Nacional, el polémico cuerpo militar de élite con el
que AMLO pretende combatir la violencia en México (BBC

News, 16 de enero de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Public Hearings to Debate the Creation of National Guard Begin (January 15th, 2019)

National/International: UNHCHR Asks Congress for Civil Controlled National Guard and that it Last Five Years Maximum (January 2nd, 2019)

National: Faced with Rejection of National Guard, AMLO Proposes New Consultation (December 12th, 2018)

National: Supreme Court Invalidates Security Law; AMLO Announces National Peace and Security Plan 2018-2024  (November 27th, 2018)

National: CNDH Asks SCJN to Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (November 7th, 2018)

National: Reactions to Minister for Supreme Court’s Proposal on Interior Security Law (November 7th, 2018)

National: AMLO “The Army and the Navy will continue on the streets in internal public security tasks” (September 15th, 2015)