National: “Narco Violence” Has Displaced 281,000 People

July 25, 2016

Narco.pngViolence in the country has increased due to the presence of “narcos” (Photo:@Economia hoy)

According to research from the Center of Social Studies and Public Opinion (CESOP) of the Chamber of Deputies, the situation of generalized violence in which various zones of the country find themselves, has led to an increased number of people who have been forced to displace in the country. According to CESOP “the violence generated by drug cartels throughout the country” is one of the most recognized reasons people are forced to flee their lands. Despite discrepancies in the figures and not counting with official statistics, it is estimated that between 2011 and 2015 “281,418 people were forced to escape” from their homes. According to the results of the research, the states of Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas, among others, are the states with the highest number of displaced.

The “criminal organizations not only fight over drug trafficking routes now, but also aspire to control more and more territory in general.” According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of the UNO, forced displacement happens when “persons or groups of persons have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as result of or to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural disasters or [those] caused by humans, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border.” In most cases, the families have been displaced within Mexico. While internationally there are extensive regulations and a legal basis for the protection of displaced persons in the area of forced internal displacement, there are no equivalent legal instruments.

For this reason, and in order to continue adding to the analysis of this problem, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) published the “Special Report on Forced Internal Displacement (FID) in Mexico” in May of this year. It says that, “the Federal Government recognized that among the factors that most influenced the increase in violence, disputes in and between criminal organizations involved in drug trafficking stand out.” “However the importance of the protection of human rights and displaced persons stands out,” the research concludes. Having recognized that there is no global figure for internal displacement generated by the violence of the drug cartels, it warns that “the Mexican authorities have downplayed or ignored the problem” to date. The CESOP document stresses that as happens with the information included in reports of kidnapping of migrants, the Mexican State has discredited figures on internal displacement.

For more information in Spanish

Violencia del narco ha desplazado a 281 mil (Milenio, 18 de julio de 2016)

El gobierno minimiza el creciente problema de las personas desplazadas, afirma el Legislativo (La Jornada, 18 de julio de 2016)

Los desplazados del narco (Vanguardia, 15 de julio de 2016)

El Estado mexicano se contradice ante el desplazamiento interno forzado (Animal Político, 4 de julio de 2016)

Informe Especial sobre Desplazamiento Forzado Interno (DFI) en México (CNDH, 1 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Nacional: CNDH lamenta más de 35 mil víctimas de desplazamiento forzado interno en el país (16 de mayo de 2016)


Chiapas: Believing Peoples Hold Pilgrimage in Tuxtla in Support of Teachers

July 20, 2016

Believing People.pngBelieving Peoples pilgrimage in Tuxtla Gutiérrez

On July 18, about 30 thousand members of Believing Peoples representing 52 parishes throughout the state as well as thousands of teachers, members of the CNTE, held a pilgrimage together on Monday in Tuxtla Gutierrez demanding that the government of Enrique Peña Nieto, discuss in “public dialogue” not only education reform, but also the so-called structural reforms that the government has been promoting. “We came to demand that the government act honestly, because even when there is a negotiating table with the CNTE, we remember what happened to the San Andres Accords (signed in 1996 between the Federal Government and the EZLN). The government betrayed them, and that can also happen now”, the indigenous pastor of Simojovel parish, Marcelo Perez Perez said, during the demonstration on Monday in the central square of the state capital, where teachers installed in a camp two months ago as part of protests against education reform.

Apart from Believing Peoples, several organizations, communities and groups expressed their objection to the reforms and their support for the teachers in recent weeks.

For more information in Spanish:

Indígenas de Chiapas advierten posible “traición” del gobierno en diálogo con la CNTE, Chiapasparalelo, 18 de julio de 2016

CNTE y Pueblo Creyente marchan en Tuxtla; en duda el inicio del próximo ciclo escolar, reporte ciudadano chiapas, 18 de julio de 2016

Comunicado del Pueblo Creyente de la diócesis de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, 18 de julio de 2016

Candelaria el Alto se solidariza con el movimiento magisterial, 12 de julio de 2016

Pronunciamiento en apoyo del Movimiento Magisterial: pudee,  4 de julio de 2016

Estamos con ustedes resistan y resistiremos: Xinich al magisterio,5 de julio de 2016

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/ Nacional: La CNTE y la Segob acuerdan mesas de negociación (13 de julio de 2016)

Oaxaca: Organizaciones de Derechos Humanos presentan informe sobre represión en Nochixtlán(11 de julio de 2016)

Chiapas: Miles de creyentes peregrinan en apoyo al movimiento magisterial (5 de julio de 2016)

BOLETÍN URGENTE: REPRESIÓN MAGISTERIAL EN OAXACA (22 de junio de 2016)

 


Guerrero/National: Family of Julio Cesar Mondragon Fontes Demands Comprehensive Investigation

July 19, 2016

Ayotzi.pngCommemoration area in the Normal Rural School, Ayotzinapa. Photo:@SIPAZ

Following the results of recent studies carried out on the student teacher from Ayotzinapa, Julio Cesar Mondragon Fontes, the family believes that they are at the beginning of a way to achieve truth and justice almost 22 months after the events of September 26 and 27, 2014, in Iguala, Guerrero. The family confirms its full confidence in the assessment presented by the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (AFAT), and believes it will contribute to “the authorities conducing the relevant investigation to lead to truth and justice.” They also showed concern about the inadequacy of the investigation that the Attorney of Guerrero carried out. The case of Julio Caesar was retaken by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), which since its first report recommended the exhumation due to the forensic delay. The IGIE noted in its second report that the fragmentation of the investigation and the delay in analysis, after the body was exhumed, caused “unnecessary family re-victimization.” The demand is so that this family and others may have, finally, a clarification of the facts, and punishment of the real culprits.

Furthermore, twelve international civilian organizations sent an open letter to the President of the Republic on July 13. In it they asked to establish a mechanism of investigation into the forced disappearance of students from Ayotzinapa, more than two months after the end of the mandate of the IGIE. They regretted that until “this day the Mexican authorities have not complied with the main purpose of the agreement or the IGIE: the location of the missing students. This means that the injunction of the IACHR that led to the creation of the IGIE remains in force.” The open letter ends with a plea to the authorities “to create a mechanism that has full cooperation and coordination of the Mexican State so that the obstacles faced by the IGIE during its tenure are not repeated. The mechanism is a new opportunity for the Mexican government to demonstrate to the international community and especially to its citizens that it is committed to the effective guarantee of human rights and compliance with its national and international obligations. “

For more information in Spanish

Familia de Julio César Mondragón exige investigación integral para conocer la verdad (Sididh 2.0, 14 de julio de 2016)

Piden a Peña Nieto instalar mecanismo de seguimiento sobre el caso Iguala (Sididh 2.0, 14 de julio de 2016)

Carta abierta para seguir en el caso de Ayotzinapa (PBI México, 13 de julio de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas/Nacional: Movilizaciones a 21 meses de la desaparición de “los 43” (28 de junio de 2016)

Guerrero: Cuerpo de Julio Cesar Mondragón fue inhumado por segunda vez (17 de febrero de 2016)

Guerrero: Exhuman cuerpo del estudiante de Ayotzinapa torturado y ejecutado, Julio César Mondragón (9 de noviembre de 2016)


National: Head of Special Economic Zones Appointed

July 18, 2016

SEZMap of zones affected by SEZ. Photo: @EDUCA Oaxaca

On July 8, “while public attention was focused on the teachers’ problem and its political and social consequences, Enrique Peña Nieto openly confirmed the intention to privatize much of the ‘backward’ south on appointing Gerardo Gutierrez Candiani head of the Federal Authority for the Development of Special Economic zones (AFDZEE).” The new official presided over the Confederation of Employers of the Mexican Republic (Coparmex) from 2009 to 2011 and the Business Coordinating Council (CCE) from 2012 to 2015. Julio Hernández López ffom La Jornada said that Gutierrez Candiani “ran a pre-campaign for the title citizen seeking Los Pinos [the presidency] and that the PRI made him candidate for governor of his native Oaxaca (which failed)”. He also said that “the handing over of the delicate project of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to a representative of businessmen means an open conflict of interest and a threat to the legitimate interest of the nation, especially if you take into account that the plan may make domestic and foreign businesses virtual executive authorities in certain regions, politically above state and municipal governments. “

Gustavo Castro de Otros Mundos, Chiapas, explains in an interview the owrkings of the so-called of SEZ, which are “like a country within a country, breaking and crumbling national sovereignty”. The purpose of the SEZ, according to Castro, is “to ensure the transnational of everything they need for extraction, for example, from Mexico, a special visa will be required to enter the SEZ, they will have their own structure, their own laws, their own autonomy.”

For more information in Spanish:

Privatizar el sur: Nombran a Gutierrez Candiani titular de Zonas Económicas Especiales (EDUCA, 11 de julio de 2016)

Astillero (La Jornada, 11 de julio de 2016)

Gutiérrez Candiani liderará Zonas Económicas Especiales (El financiero, 8 de julio de 2016)

Zonas Económicas Especiales resquebrajan soberanía: Gustavo Castro (Educa, 1 de julio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: El Senado aprueba la Ley Federal de Zonas Económicas Especiales (ZEE) (15 de abril de 2016)

México / Nacional: Diputados aprueban Ley Federal de Zonas Económicas Especiales (18 de diciembre 2015)


Oaxaca: Human Rights Organizations Present Report on Repression in Nochixtlan

July 18, 2016

Nochixtlan.pngHuman Rights Defenders. Photo:@CentroProDH

On July 8, various civil society organizations, including the Gobixha Committee for Integral Defense of Human Rights (CODE DH) and Fundar, presented the “Preliminary Report on Violations of Human Rights on June 19 in Oaxaca”. It is based on research and documentation by those organizations, who interviewed witnesses and victims of the repressive events that occurred on June 19, confrontations arising from political decisions of the state and federal governments, to send in an operation to clear the roads. According to the report, “it responds to the need to publicize the chronology of events and human rights violations that occurred in Nochixtlán, and close to the city of Oaxaca in places like Hacienda Blanca, Viguera, San Pablo Huitzo and San Francisco Telixtlahuaca, some of them carried simultaneously.” For the safety of the people who shared their testimonies, their personal details were omitted. Beginning with an introduction to the context, chapters follow on the events in those places near the city of Oaxaca, and then there a list of human rights violations and urgent recommendations.

One day after the publication of the report, the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) and the Commission of Authorities of various municipalities met at the “Teachers and Popular Meeting” on Saturday July 9, along with agricultural authorities, unions and social organizations to “provide a context for the information on the situation of the teachers and popular movement, operate the agreements last meeting of the authorities held in Nochixtlán, and build an agenda of the peoples against structural reforms”. One of the agreements that came out is to have a caravan to Mexico City on Sunday July 17 to get there on July 19, one month after “the Nochixtlán massacre”.

For more information in Spanish

La Minuta del 11 de julio (EDUCA A.C., 11 de julio de 2016)

Acuerdan maestros, ediles y grupos sociales “caravana motorizada” a la CDMX el día 17 (La Jornada, 10 de julio de 2016)

INFORME PRELIMINAR SOBRE VIOLACIONES DE DERECHOS HUMANOS 19 DE JUNIO EN OAXACA (EDUCA A.C., 8 de julio de 2016)

El asalto a Nochixtlán (Ojarasca La Jornada, 8 de julio de 2016)

La Minuta del 8 de julio (EDUCA A.C., 8 de julio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas: Miles de creyentes peregrinan en apoyo al movimiento magisterial (5 de julio de 2016)

BOLETÍN URGENTE: REPRESIÓN MAGISTERIAL EN OAXACA (22 de junio de 2016)

Chiapas/Oaxaca: Actualización de las protestas magisteriales; al menos 6 muertos en Oaxaca (21 de junio de 2016)

 

 


Chiapas: Opening of Photographic Exhibition of Banavil Displaced Families

July 13, 2016

BanavilPhoto from the exhibition (retaken from Faces of Dispossession)

July 5 saw the opening of the photo exhibition “20 Windows on Forced Displacement in Chiapas” in Palicate cultural center in San Cristobal de Las Casas. They invited the Banavil displaced families, the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Human Rights Center (Frayba) and Melel Xojobal. The exhibition is the result of an action of the Faces of Dispossession campaign and the four displaced Banavil families, who were expelled from their land after an attack by a group of members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) carrying firearms the December 4, 2011 in the municipality of Tenejapa. The exhibition contains 20 photos, 20 photographic windows that are “our memory that will not break and will never be broken”, the families at the event said. The photos represent a selection made and titled by the families themselves in “an exercise in self-recognition and a return of the solidarity received from those who also have provided security in the three provisional returns in 2015 and to those who have walked with them for more than four years”. The photographs are mostly anonymous, born of the lens international observation and free media accompaniment.

In the audiovisual event, visitors were actually included in the exhibition. Through an activity where testimonies and descriptions for each photo were told, people better understood the value of each photo. Looking for the story of each of the photos, one participant said that, “due to the testimonies, I felt a closer relationship to the photos and the story that is behind all that.” One example is the testimony of Maria, where she speaks about how they support their families: “We were embroidering the cloth, that’s how we started working. It was not the work we did before when we were in Banavil. This is very different, the work that is done. Now we embroider cloth to get money to keep our daughters and sons too … It is to survive in this displacement we are in right now, that’s the work we do, the women ” (see photo on this post). The documentary “Justice, Truth and Return for Banavil Displaced  Families” (2015) from the Koman Ilel collective was also shown. At times, recordings of the voices of members of families in Tzotzil were heard, telling stories of everyday life and the daily challenges they face in their temporary homes where they live since their displacement four years and seven months ago.

Faces of dispossession analyzes that “forced displacement in a context of counterinsurgency warfare to eliminate experiences of autonomous organization in Chiapas is a daily violation of human rights”. These are the same families in forced displacement, and their support networks, who do not cease in their path of dignity to demand return, justice and truth so that the human rights violations committed against them do not go unpunished and the events are not repeated. The Banavil families also sympathize with other displaced families in Chiapas such as in Shulvo, Zinacantán and Primero de Agosto in the Municipality of Margaritas.

For more information in Spanish

Chiapas: Se inauguró exposición fotográfica “20 ventanas al desplazamiento forzado” (Rostros del Despojo, 11 de julio de 2016)

Invitacion Expo Fotos Banavil (Familias Desplazadas de Banavil, 4 de julio de 2016)

Documental “Justicia, verdad y retorno para las familias desplazadas de Banavil “ (YouTube, 17 abril de 2016)

20 ventanas al desplazamiento forzado en Chiapas (Rostros del Deposjo, 15 de enero de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas: Desplazados y desplazadas de Banavil, 4 años de impunidad (9 de diciembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Retorno provisional de las familias desplazadas de Banavil para Día de MuertosTumba de Antonia López Méndez (9 de noviembre de 2016)

Chiapas: Desplazados de Banavil retornan temporalmente a su comunidad (12 de agosto de 2015)

 


Oaxaca: Death of Teacher Wounded in Violent Eviction of IEEPO

July 10, 2016

Palabras.pngImage from the “Barricade of Words” in San Cristobal de Las Casas [In Mexico education is not free…you pay for it with life and liberty] (Photo:@SIPAZ)

On July 5, the teacher Jose Caballero Julian died as a result of a brain injury he received from a blow of a stone to the head during the eviction in front of the Oaxaca State Institute of Public Education (IEEPO), carried out by the state police on June 11. Relatives said in a statement that he died “as a result of State aggression in the eviction of IEEPO, causing him a head injury from which he seemed to be recovering but had a relapse.”

On June 11, some teachers blocked Federal Highway 190 Oaxaca-Mexico in protest over the arrest of Francisco Villalobos, secretary of Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE). After almost five hours, state police removed them using tear gas and stones. “The number of deaths associated with the implementation of the educational reform rises to nine in Oaxaca in three violent evictions by the State and Federal Police in IEEPO, Nochixtlan and Viguera” with the death of Caballero Julian. The teachers demanded punishment for the police who injured him and those who ordered the eviction, among them, the director of IEEPO, Moises Robles; the Governor, Gabino Cue, and President Enrique Peña Nieto.

The teachers continued to take over shopping centers and businesses in the center of the Oaxaca State capital in support of their demands for the repeal of the education reform bill, justice for the fallen in Nochixtlan and the release of their leaders and they blocked access to the Victoria Hotel, which has been the seat of meetings of school supervisors. They also maintained blockades in the rest of the state, especially in the Tehuantepec Isthmus where they have been blocking roads for 22 days.

For more information in Spanish:

Muere maestro herido durante el desalojo realizado por la policía el pasado 11 de junio (La Jornada, 6 de julio de 2016)

México: Muere otro profesor en el estado de Oaxaca por la violencia de la policía+video del desalojo del 11 de junio (Avispa Midia, 6 de julio de 2016)

Fallece maestro herido en el desalojo del IEEPO del 11 de junio (CódigoDH, 5 de julio de 2016)

Muere otro maestro que fue herido en desalojo del 11 de junio frente al IEEPO (Proceso, 5 de julio de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas/Oaxaca: Actualización de las protestas magisteriales; al menos 6 muertos en Oaxaca (21 de junio de 2016)

Nacional: Actualización de las protestas magisteriales y comunicado de apoyo del EZLN (1 de junio de 2016)

Oaxaca: 162 normalistas detenidos/as en desalojo de la Policía Estatal Preventiva (24 de marzo de 2016)


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,340 other followers