Oaxaca: 126 Femicides One Year after Declaration of Gender Violence Alert

September 2, 2019

GVA(@Rio Oaxaca)

On August 30th, one year after the declaration of the Gender Violence Alert (GVA) in 40 municipalities in Oaxaca, several organizations that work in defense of women’s rights reported that 126 women were killed in this period, including a victim the same day. This figure implies that the GVA “did not make a difference” and in addition, 60% of the cases occurred in municipalities that have the GVA. Symbolically, protesters placed 126 masks and 126 hearts with the names of each of the women killed.

Yessica Sanchez Maya, a member of the Consortium for Dialogue and Equity, said that the Oaxaca Prosecutor, Ruben Vasconcelos Mendez, has spent his time making up figures and that state and federal governments have not been complying with the actions established in the GVA.

GESMujer organization considered the scope of the alerts limited and called on the government to continue implementing and strengthening the “State Program to Prevent, Address, Punish and Eradicate Gender Violence Against Women”, recently published in the Official State Bulletin.

They called on the governor of the state to meet immediately with the municipal presidents so that they do not continue to simulate and apply the gender alert as it should be. Likewise, they asked the three levels of government as well as the executive, judicial and legislative branches to make public the budget for the implementation of the alert (more than 12 million pesos are allocated to Oaxaca), as well as a detailed report of the results of each of the actions.

For more information in Spanish:

Oaxaca : 126 feminicidios en un año, 60 en municipios con AVG (Proceso, 30 de agosto de 2019)

A pesar de la Alerta de Género, Oaxaca registró 126 feminicidios en un año (Desinformémonos, 30 de agosto de 2019)

Van 126 feminicidios, a un año de la Alerta de Violencia de Género (NVI Noticias, 30 de agosto de 2019)

Van 126 feminicidios en Oaxaca, a un año de la alerta de género (Río Oaxaca, 30 de agosto de 2019)

Colectivos feministas se manifiestan ante las 126 mujeres asesinadas en Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 30 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Aprueban la ley contra la violencia digital de género (12 de julio de 2019)

Oaxaca: Se suman 37 feminicidios en lo que va del año (24 de abril de 2019)

National: Over 424,000 on Mexican #Me Too (May 7, 2019)

 

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Chiapas: Public Act of Recognition of State Responsibility in Gonzalez Sisters Case Announced

September 2, 2019

Gonzalez Sisters

On August 26th, several media released statements by Gloria Flores, representative of the Gonzalez Perez Sisters Committee (Tseltal Indians who were raped by members of the Mexican Army at a military checkpoint in Altamirano, Chiapas in June 1994). She reported that after a meeting with the Undersecretary for Human Rights, Population and Migration of the Ministry of the Interior, Alejandro Encinas in July, the official promised to hold a Public Act of Recognition of Responsibility of the Mexican State, which is scheduled for next October 18th in the municipality of Ocosingo, near Altamirano.

Under the conditions under which the State will offer this apology, the Gonzalez Perez sisters and their mother, Delia Perez de Gonzalez have insisted on the presence of the high command of the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA in its Spanish acronym). In 2001, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) recognized that they were victims of arbitrary detention, deprivation of liberty and sexual torture, in addition to the violation of the rights of children in the case of Celia Gonzalez Perez who at that time was a minor, such that it recommended the investigation of the case and adequate reparation to the sisters.

Accompanying organizations in the case stressed that, “the recognition of responsibility of the Mexican State is an essential guarantee for the non-repetition of human rights violations, hence the importance of public apology as a primary symbolic measure that allows repairing the hurt to begin. Therefore, the presence of senior officials of the Ministry of National Defense in the event is essential and necessary as part of the victims’ access to justice: the Gonzalez Perez sisters, their mother, their family and the Tseltal Maya indigenous people. By not fulfilling these conditions, the Mexican State would be omitting its obligation to guarantee adequate reparation.”

For more information in Spanish:

El Estado ofrecerá disculpa pública a indígenas violadas (La Jornada, 26 de agosto de 2019)

Estado se disculpará por militares que violaron a indígenas (El Universal, 26 de agosto de 2019)

El Estado mexicano ofrecerá disculpas públicas a las Hermanas González Pérez por la violación a sus derechos humanos perpetrados por militares hace 25 años (Comité Hermanas González Pérez, CMDPDH, Amnistía Internacional, 24 de julio de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Tzeltal Women Tortured and Raped by Military in 1994 Denounce Total Impunity (June 9, 2019)

Chiapas: Indigenous Tzeltal women raped by the Mexican Army accept “compensation” with conditions (October 25, 2010)


Chiapas: Groups Denounce Increase in Femicides and Transfemicides in the State

August 27, 2019

Femicide

On August 22nd, the Popular Campaign against Femicide in Chiapas expressed its “repudiation” in a statement given the “lack of commitment of the Governments of the different levels, given the serious increase of femicidal violence in Chiapas and in the whole country.” It denounced that, according to figures from the Feminist Observatory against Violence against Women, so far in 2019 there have been 120 violent deaths of women, of which only 49 have been classified as femicides; and that “to these figures are added the data of four cases of femicides and 63 cases of disappearances of girls and adolescents (between two and 17 years of age)”.

The Campaign noted that although since November 2016, a Gender Violence Alert has been activated in the state, “the alarming figures cited” that reflect gender violence cannot be explained except by “the lack of interest of the authorities of the different levels for the implementation of concrete and urgent measures in all areas of public action.”

It called for the authorities of the three levels of government recognize femicidal violence as a social, cultural and political problem that requires concrete and urgent action in all areas of public action; greater coordination in prevention and protection actions to eradicate violence against women and femicide; and that the Gender Violence Alert be extended to all the municipalities of the state and not only be limited to the 23 municipalities that were integrated into the original declaration, among other demands.

The next day, lesbian, trans women and members of the Chuvajetik Collective held a press conference in San Cristobal de Las Casas, broadening their eyes to the situation of violence faced by the LGTBI community and demanding that homicides against trans people be classified as femicides. They underlined that ”although the initiative was presented to recognize the right to identity of transgender people in the State Congress, so far there is no resolution that recognizes this fundamental right. For trans women, such denial violates the guarantee of other rights: education, health, decent work and living a life free of violence.”

For more information in Spanish:

Colectivo Chuvajetik piden un alto a la violencia de género (Portavoz, 26 de agosto de 2019)

Entre el odio y la impunidad (Cuarto Poder, 24 de agosto de 2019)

Mujeres ‘trans’, también peligran en San Cristóbal (Diario de Chiapas, 23 de agosto de 2019)

Chiapas Estado Feminicida (Campaña Popular contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres y el Feminicidio en Chiapas, 22 de agosto de 2019)

Van 120 muertes violentas y 63 desapariciones de mujeres en el año (Chiapas Paralelo, 22 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: March in San Cristobal de Las Casas Following Another Femicide (August 25, 2019)

National: Over 424,000 on Mexican #Me Too (May 7, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)

Chiapas/National: Femicides on the Rise (May 24, 2018)


Chiapas: Environmentalist Nora Lopez Murdered in Palenque

August 27, 2019

Nora

On August 21st, Nora Patricia Lopez Leon’s body was found in a room at the TYC Camping hostel in Palenque. Environmentalist and responsible for the red macaw project AT Aluxes ecopark, owned by former Chiapas Governor Patrocinio Gonzalez Garrido (father of the first Secretary of the Environment of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s government, Josefa Gonzalez), had at least four knife wounds.

Last June, environmentalist Jose Luis Alvarez Flores, from the municipality of Emiliano Zapata, Tabasco, in charge of the Environmental Management Unit (EMU) of Mono Saraguato, was killed in that area, his killers having left a message with threats to his family. In January, the human rights defender Sinar Corzo Esquinca was also murdered, who was part of the Citizen Committee for the Defense of Human Rights and worked in defense of the right to water. There have also been intimidations, threats and kidnappings against environmentalists in Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chilon and San Cristobal de Las Casas

“It is of utmost concern, the vulnerability and the high risk faced by those who defend natural resources, the environment and territory,” said the Collective Education for Peace and Human Rights A.C. (CEPAZ in its Spanish acronym) before asking to stop the criminalization of this sector.

Given this new murder, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMANAT in its Spanish acronym) said that the environmental sector mourns this event.

For its part, the State Attorney General’s Office (FGE in its Spanish acronym) reported that the Office of Homicide and Femicide took on the case, to continue the investigation of femicide against those who are responsible.

For more information in Spanish:

Asesinan en Palenque, Chiapas, a la ambientalista Nora López (La Jornada, 22 de agosto de 2019)

Fiscalía de Chiapas Investiga feminicidio de bióloga en un hostal de Palenque (Proceso, 22 de agosto de 2019)

Asesinan a la ambientalista Nora Patricia López en Palenque, Chiapas (Animal Político, 22 de agosto de 2019)

Organizaciones ambientalistas condenan el asesinato de Nora Patricia López (CNN México, 22 de agosto de 2019)

Ser ambientalista, un riesgo latente (Cuarto Poder, 23 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas/Tabasco: Ecologist Jose Luis Alvarez Flores Murdered (June 17, 2019)

Chiapas: denunciation of criminalization against environmental activists in San Cristóbal de Las Casas (January 4, 2019)

National: 21 Environmental Defenders Murdered in 2018 (CEMDA) (April 1, 2019)

Chiapas: Two Members of Movement for Welfare, Peace and Common Good of Amatan and Independent Revolutionary Campesino Movement Murdered (January 28, 2019)

Chiapas: Human Rights Defender Sinar Corzo Esquinca Murdered (January 14, 2019)

Chiapas: Asesinan al defensor de derechos humanos Sinar Corzo Esquinca (4 de enero de 2019)

Chiapas: denunciation of criminalization against environmental activists in San Cristóbal de Las Casas (January 4, 2019)


Chiapas: EZLN Announces Creation of New Caracoles, Autonomous Municipalities, Centers of Autonomous Resistance and Rebellion and Various Other Initiatives

August 25, 2019

EZLNNew Caracol at CIDECI Unitierra

In a statement published on August 17th, Subcomandante Moises, on behalf of the General Command of the Indigenous Revolutionary Clandestine Committee (CG-CCRI in its Spanish acronym) of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN in its Spanish acronym), announced that, in accordance with what was stated by the National Indigenous Congress (CNI in its Spanish acronym), of “going on the offensive and extending the word and action of resistance and rebellion”, the EZLN decided to “break the fence” forming new Caracoles (autonomous regions that will now be 12) and more autonomous Zapatista rebel municipalities in new areas of southeastern Mexico. He also reported on the creation of Centers of Autonomous Resistance and Zapatista Rebellion (CRAREZ in its Spanish acronym), which in most cases “will also be the headquarters of Caracoles, Good Government Councils and Zapatista Rebel Autonomous Municipalities (MAREZ in its Spanish acronym)”.

He stressed that, “who thought that with their counterinsurgency policy of alms, he would divide Zapatismo and buy the loyalty of non-Zapatistas, encouraging confrontation and discouragement, gave the reasons that were needed to convince those brothers and sisters that it is necessary to defend the earth and nature.”

He invited “the Sixth, the Networks, the CNI and the honest people to come and, together with the Zapatista peoples, participate in the construction of the CRAREZ, be it obtaining materials and economic support, be it hammering, cutting, loading, orienting and living with us or in the way and manner that they see that suits them.”

He also summoned a Forum in defense of territory and Mother Earth be held in a Zapatista Caracol on dates to be defined in October “to meet and know the work we have committed to, share problems, difficulties, blows, headaches, but also the seeds that serve to harvest better from the struggle.”

He called the Sixth and the Networks “to begin the analysis and discussion for the formation of an International Network of Resistance and Rebellion, Polo, Nucleus, Federation, Confederation, or whatever it is called, based on the independence and autonomy of those who form it, explicitly renouncing to hegemonize and homogenize, in which mutual solidarity and support are unconditional, share the good and bad experiences of each other’s struggle, and work on the dissemination of the stories from below and to the left.” He announced that “bilateral meetings with groups, collectives and organizations that are working in their geographies” will be convened.

He said that they will invite “THOSE WHO MAKE ART, SCIENCE AND CRITICAL THOUGHT THEIR VOCATION AND LIFE” “to festivals, meetings, seedbeds, parties, exchanges, or whatever those sharings are going to be called”; that they will convene “meetings of relatives of murdered, disappeared and imprisoned, as well as organizations, groups and collectives that accompany [them in] their pain, their anger and their search for truth and justice”, that “a new meeting of Women who fight, in the times, places and modalities that they decide” will be held, possibly “a meeting of otroas” as well as a “meeting of groups, collectives and organizations defending Human Rights, in the form and modality they decide.”

Given this announcement, President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador declared that “yesterday there was a Zapatista statement, saying that they were going to expand, that they will create more autonomous municipalities. Welcome. Because this means working for the benefit of communities and peoples.” “More actions, less talk, that is, theory and practice, thought and action. That is what we are sponsoring and we recommend, respectfully”, he said.

In previous days and through three communiqués, Subcomandante Galeano presented a political analysis of the current moment. He stated among other things that, “it rains everywhere and on everyone. At least here below. Perhaps some, just begin to feel the cold drops stinging their body; but for others, and not only for native peoples, it rains on the wet: pillage, robbery, threats, persecution, jail, disappearance, rape, blows, death … and, yes, sometimes alms.” He stressed that “up there they declare that everything is going well, and down here that everything is going wrong, and that it is going to get worse” and that in the present it is sought to cancel “any criticism, pointing out, observation that have as a basis a rigorous and documented analysis.”

He also warned that, “a world economic crisis is coming” recognizing that “anyone who would have stayed (Meade, Anaya, El Bronco or Miss Xerox) would have had to face that “adverse global environment” (this is what Think Tanks of big capital say) and get defeated and look guilty. And everyone would have done and would be doing what the current government does: lie and cover up.” “They would have started celebrating themselves; they would have solemnly declared that a new cycle of hope, work and bonanza began for the territory that is south of the Rio Grande and west of Guatemala and Belize: they would have distributed the same alms although with another name; they would have taken care more than a few things they had promised in the campaign; they would have blamed resentment and envy, the criticisms made of them; would have made calls to unity and patriotism, would have prostrated the same before the designs, bravado and insults of the foreman who, in the troubled and brutal north, drools; and they would have attributed their mistakes to the “adverse international environment,” “he said.

The statement addressed among other issues: the treatment of migrants; the “manner and servile tone and crawling in front of the US government”; “The defeat of secularism”; “The impulse and acceleration of megaprojects and the destruction of territories of the original peoples”; and finally “the encouragement of individualism and the confrontation with the community with the delivery of support [programmes] such as Sowing Life.”

For more information in Spanish:

Enter el telonero (EZLN, 10 de agosto de 2019)

“Reaparecen los pueblos zapatistas para desafiar muro en el Istmo”, anuncia EZLN (El Universal, 10 de agosto de 2019)

Obertura: La realidad como enemiga. (EZLN, 11 de agosto de 2019)

Arriba declaran que todo va bien y aquí abajo todo va mal, acusa EZLN (La Jornada, 11 de agosto de 2019)

“Allá arriba declaran que todo va bien, y acá abajo que todo va mal, y que se va a poner peor”: EZLN ante las problemáticas en México (Desinformémonos, 12 de agosto de 2019)

Adagio-Allegro Molto en mi menor: Una realidad posible. (tomado del Cuaderno de Apuntes del Gato-Perro) (EZLN, 13 de agosto de 2019)

El subcomandante Galeano acusa a AMLO de “mentir” y “maquillar” la realidad financiera de México (Proceso, 15 de agosto de 2019)

Rompimos el cerco (CCRI-CG del EZLN, 17 de agosto de 2019)

EZLN crea siete nuevos Caracoles (La Jornada, 18 de agosto de 2019)

El EZLN anuncia 11 “Caracoles” y 16 municipios rebeldes nuevos; AMLO le responde: “Bienvenidos…” (Sin Embrago, 19 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas/National: Commission for Concord and Pacification Seeks to Meet Secretariat of Government to Explore Possibiity of Dialogue between Federal Government and EZLN (May 30, 2019)

National: CNI, EZLN and Indigenous Organizations Announce “Zapata Lives, Samir Lives, The Struggle Continues” (March 21, 2019)

National: Controversy between EZLN and AMLO Supporters Floods Social Networks (January 18, 2019)

Chiapas: Encuentro zapatista en el Caracol de la Realidad a 25 años del levantamiento armado (2 de enero de 2019)


Chiapas: March in San Cristobal de Las Casas Following Another Femicide

August 25, 2019

Femicide“In this femicide town, to be alive is an act of rebellion” Photo @Sipaz

On August 14th, Maria de la Luz Vazquez Jimenez was a victim of femicide in San Cristobal de Las Casas. According to the news, the 23-year-old was killed by Dariel “N”, her former partner. The autopsy performed by the State Attorney General’s Office determined that the cause of death was asphyxiation from strangulation. An investigation file against Dariel “N” for the crime of feminicide was opened, leaving him under preventive detention, where he will face the criminal charges against him.

On August 16th, women from San Cristobal de Las Casas called for a march to express their indignation and grief in the face of so many femicides, trans femicides and gender violence. They expressed their fury for “the nine daily femicides, for the 99 women raped every day, for the 1,199 femicides so far this year and for the 35 compañeras we are missing here in Chiapas, according to official figures.”

On the same day in several states of the Republic similar protests were held against violence and femicide.

For more information in Spanish:


Mujeres marchan en Tuxtla y San Cristóbal de las Casas contra los feminicidios, trans feminicidios y la violencia hacia genero (Alerta Chiapas, 17 de agosto de 2019)

#NoMeCuidanMeViolan: mujeres protestan en estados contra violencia y feminicidios (Animal político, 16 de agosto de 2019)

CERO IMPUNIDAD Esclarece Fiscalía feminicidio en San Cristóbal de Las Casas (Prensa libre Chiapas, 15 de agosto)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Over 424,000 on Mexican #Me Too (May 7, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)

Chiapas/National: Femicides on the Rise (May 24, 2018)


National: Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation Eases Abortion for Rape Victims

August 12, 2019

Rape@Uniradio Informa

On August 5th, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN in its Spanish acronym) endorsed the Official Mexican Standard (NOM) 046-SSA2-2005 that allows abortion after rape without making an official complaint to the Public Ministry (PM). Terminating a pregnancy for rape was already legal in all the states of the Republic. The new modifications, which will also come into force throughout the country, include access to abortion with a written request under oath to tell the truth without needing the authorization of a competent authority. Among these modifications, the personnel terminating the pregnancy do not need to verify the veracity of the applicant’s word. In the case of girls under 12 years of age, the request will be made by the father and/or the mother or, in their absence, their guardian.

“According to the previous Official Mexican Standard they [women] had to prove that violation, resorting, forcibly, to accusing their aggressor before the PM and they had to wait for the PM’s authorization to terminate the pregnancy. In this case, the norm is aimed primarily at teenage women and women in general,” Javier Laynez Potisek, SCJN minister, said. Arturo Zaldivar, Minister of the SCJN and one of the eight ministers who voted in favor of the modifications, said that, “what is being done is to facilitate access to the victims, precisely so that they can interrupt the pregnancy when it is the result of rape. In the case of rape it seems to me that it is almost unquestionable that this right must be accessible, close, fast and soon.”

“We have indexes, we have very serious statistics on abuse of women, mistreatment, femicide, rape and we also have, unfortunately, recent cases where the authorities try to enforce any subterfuge to deny access to the legal interruption of pregnancy to women and, particularly, girls. As we have said on other occasions, this type of limitations, of obstructions to this right of women, normally affects the poorest, most unprotected women, girls, indigenous women, because there is a certain social sector of the Mexican population that interrupts pregnancy anyway, because it has access to reach places where these types of issues are done, but [for] those layers of our population that are more unprotected, more vulnerable, this Official Mexican Standard is a form of protecting women and girls,” he concluded.

For more information in Spanish:

La SCJN protege los derechos de mujeres y niñas víctimas de violación (Suprema Corte Judicial de la Nación el 5 de agosto de 2019)

México aprobó el aborte por violación sin que medie una denuncia (El Nacional el 6 de agosto de 2019)

Corte, a favor de aborto en violaciones (El Universal el de agosto de 2019)

SCJN garantiza el derecho al aborto en caso de violación (Televisa News el 5 de agosto de 2019)

SCJN aprueba aborto en caso de violación aunque no haya denuncia (Radio Formula el 6 de agosto de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: Spotlight Initiative against Gender Violence Launched in Mexico (June 6, 2019)

Chiapas: denuncian grave incremento de la violencia feminicida en el primer bimestre de 2019 (18 de febrero de 2019)

Chiapas: Tzeltal Women Tortured and Raped by Military in 1994 Denounce Total Impunity (June 9, 2019)

National/International: “Green Tide” – Activists March for Free and Safe Abortion; Threatened across Republic (October 9, 2018)

Oaxaca: Nine Femicides after 28 Days of Gender Violence Alert – Some Municipalities Yet to Implement Declaration (October 2, 2018)

Oaxaca: Segob decrees Gender Violence Alert in Oaxaca for unfullfillment of governor Murat (September 18, 2018)