National/International: “Caravan of Mothers of Missing Migrants” Arrives to Mexico

December 27, 2017

MMM(@caravana.wordpress.com)

 From December 1st to 18th, the thirteenth “Caravan of Mothers of Missing Migrants” will be held, which will enter Mexico to “search for the disappeared, break the silence and demand justice,” as well as to “show the consequences of anti-migrant policies, make visible the mourning of mothers and create awareness that they are as important as any other person.” The Caravan entered the country through the border of Ciudad Hidalgo, Chiapas to begin a journey of 4,000 kilometers along the migratory route, crossing 12 states and 22 locations in Mexico.

In an initial communiqué, the Mesoamerican Migrant Movement (MMM) denounced that, “according to the United Nations, approximately 500,000 people cross the southern Mexican border each year. Most come from the Northern Triangle of Central America, a region hit by widespread violence and economic inequality. Economic insecurity combined with the impact of mega-projects for the extraction of minerals and other resources create a situation of structural violence and forced displacement. This economic precariousness occurs in a context of acute violence in these countries that have the highest levels of homicide and gender violence worldwide. When migrants flee from these conditions they encounter serious threats during their journey through Mexico where the violence of criminal groups and the corruption of state institutions results in migrants being kidnapped, extorted and trafficked by organized crime groups, among many other violations of their human rights.”

The MMM also expressed that “the risks of transit through Mexico have increased in recent years where the Mexican government, in cooperation with the government of the United States, has tried to prevent the migratory flow from reaching the northern border through the militarization of the territory. These tactics of persecution, detention and deportation combined with the threat of corrupt authorities colluded with criminal groups, have increased the vulnerability of migrants in transit. As in the case of disappeared Mexicans, there is a level of absolute impunity in cases of abuse and disappearance of migrants in Mexico. The absence of political will and the corruption of local authorities force the relatives of the disappeared migrants to carry out the difficult job of seeking and demanding justice. “

For more information in Spanish:

Caravana de madres de migrantes desaparecidos viaja a Veracruz (La Jornada, 6 de diciembre de 2017)

Madres de migrantes desaparecidos inician caravana en México (La Jornada, 2 de diciembre de 2017)

Llega a México la XIII Caravana de Madres Centroamericanas en busca de sus desaparecidos (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

Comunicado de prensa (Movimiento Migrante Mesoamericano, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

México : Caravana de Madres de Migrantes Desaparecidos “buscando vida en caminos de muerte” (25 de noviembre de 2016)

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Chiapas: Otros Mundos Warns about the Risk Implications of the SEZ for Puerto Chiapas

December 27, 2017

SEZ.png

In an article published on December 1st, the civil organization Otros Mundos shared information on the implications and risks that would result from the imposition of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) on the Chiapas coast, describing it as a “kind of walled city, liberated territory to transnational companies.” Among other elements to take into account, they denounced that “the companies that are installed in the SEZ will not pay taxes and will not do so for the use, enjoyment or exploitation of public domain assets of the Federation, which will mean decreasing public revenues that could be destined to education, health, among other issues. Poverty will increase and the cost of living of the region will become more expensive. Its operation will involve an excess of energy consumption and also water that will compete with the communities and the surrounding region. Their solid and liquid waste will place in crisis not only the local fishing activity but La Encrucijada Reserve that aims to protect the mangrove forest.”

For more information in Spanish:

La Zona Económica Especial de Puerto Chiapas (Otros Mundos, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: El Senado aprueba la Ley Federal de Zonas Económicas Especiales (ZEE) (15 de abril de 2016)

México / Nacional: Diputados aprueban Ley Federal de Zonas Económicas Especiales (18 de diciembre 2015)

 


National: Action Group for Human Rights and Social Justice and (GADH) Association for Human Rights Culture (ACCEDEH) Offices Ransacked

December 27, 2017

offices

On November 19th, the offices of the Action Group for Human Rights and Social Justice (GADH in its Spanish acronym) were ransacked, as well as the Association for Human Rights Culture (ACCEDEH in its Spanish acronym), in the Narvarte neighborhood of Mexico City. Computer equipment, documents and records of various investigations for alleged violations of human rights were seized.

It is not the first time that these organizations suffer incidents of this type but they have already reported telephone threats, espionage attempts, and even other burglaries because of their work in defense of human rights. The director of GADH, Karla Micheel Salas Ramirez and the legal coordinator, David Peña Rodriguez, had a hacking attempt on their mobile phones in October 2015 through “Pegasus”, an espionage program allegedly acquired by the Mexican government. It should be mentioned that these organizations represent victims of various cases of human rights violations, including the murder of human rights defender Digna Ochoa y Placido, and the murders of defenders Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola in Oaxaca (2010 ).

 For more information in Spanish:

Allanan oficinas del Grupo de Acción por los Derechos Humanos y Justicia Social (CIMAC Noticias, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

CDHDF dará seguimiento al caso del allanamiento y robo en instalaciones del Grupo de Acción por los Derechos Humanos y la Justicia Social y de la Asociación ACCEDEH (CDHDF, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/Nacional : Detienen a otro presunto implicado en el asesinato de los defensores Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakola (1 de septiembre de 2017)

Oaxaca: Omar Esparza denuncia grupo contratado para asesinarlo; amenazas para abogados del caso Bety y Jyri (3 de junio de 2015)

Oaxaca: Amenazan a dos mujeres testigos en el caso del asesinato de los activistas Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (13 de febrero de 2015)

 


National: Internal Security Law Passed amidst Protests

December 7, 2017

LawPhoto @ Regeneracion

On November 30th, the Internal Security Law was passed by the Chamber of Deputies, with 248 votes in favor, 115 against and 48 abstentions. This law that aims to regulate the actions of the armed forces in public security work has been strongly questioned by civil organizations and opposition parties that believe that it would militarize the country even more and that it would open the door to more human rights violations.

Among other aspects, the Internal Security Law establishes the procedure by which the president may order the intervention of the armed forces when “threats to internal security” are identified and when the capacities of the federal or local police forces are insufficient to face them. In the possible safeguards, article 7 establishes that “the acts carried out by the authorities for the application of this Law shall be subject, at all times and without exception, to the unrestricted preservation of human rights and their guarantees”.

The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) justified its support for the Law by arguing that “for no reason” will social protest mobilizations will be the target of the law, and that it will seek to guarantee the protection of human rights. The previous day, President Enrique Peña Nieto had expressed that “I trust that the Congress of the Union will address with the urgency that is required this important initiative that will provide greater certainty to the Armed Forces and Mexican society.”

The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) expressed its concern about the progress of this Law. The representative of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Mexico, Jan Jarab, warned that its approval “petrifies” the situation of violence and human rights violations, “You need (…) a true evaluation of how the strategy (of militarization of public security) worked for ten years, and that those who want to continue with it or legislate to continue, explain why they are convinced that it worked.” National and international civil organizations strongly questioned its wording and approval. Amnesty International Mexico stated that the approval marks “a day of backsliding for human rights.” It expressed that “We cannot allow the participation of the armed forces in police work to be normalized, since we have documented the violations of human rights that prevail under the sustained use of the armed forces for decades; on the contrary, one has to think about a progressive retirement along with a professionalization of the police.” In a statement #SeguridadSinGuerra said: “We categorically oppose the issuance of a law or reforms that allow federal, state and municipal authorities to continue evading their constitutional responsibilities in matters of public safety.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley de Seguridad Interior ya es una “imperiosa necesidad”, dice Peña Nieto a legisladores (Proceso, 29 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados sellan cobertura legal a militares en tareas de seguridad pública; activistas los acusan de “golpistas” (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Aval a Ley de Seguridad Interior “petrifica” la situación de violencia y abuso a derechos: ONU-DH (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados aprueban en lo general ley de seguridad interior (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

8 puntos clave de la Ley de Seguridad Interior aprobada por los diputados (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Cronología de la militarización: cómo fue que se aprobó la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Hufftington Post, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: WOLA evidencia el alto grado de impunidad ante violaciones a derechos humanos por soldados en México (8 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional : cierre de año legislativo con agenda polémica en el Congreso (18 de diciembre de 2016)


National/Chiapas: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

December 7, 2017

Violence ii.png

(@ Movement in Defense of Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions)

On November 25th, within the framework of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, the United Nations (UN) issued a call to the Mexican government and society to eradicate violence, which 66% of women in Mexico suffer in different ways (physical, economic and psychological), ranging from sexual comments and whistles, groping, and violations, to the most extreme form: femicide.

In this same framework, Amnesty International Mexico stated that, “We live in a country in which male violence is standardized, accepted and even tolerated, by authorities that should prevent and act to end violence. As women, sexist violence has taken away our freedoms, they have expelled us from public space and killed us. We will not stop denouncing and demanding our rights as citizens.”

In Chiapas, on November 23rd and 24th, the fifth assembly of the Movement in Defense of the Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions was held whose main objective was “to make visible, discuss and find alternatives to the failure of the State and its institutions responsible for the implementation of the Declaration of Gender Violence Alert (GVA) in Chiapas.” In a final statement they stated that “violence against women and femicide in Chiapas is not a problem that only men and women in the private sphere have to resolve, families in their relationships, communities within the villages and civil organizations in the promotion and defense of rights, it is a responsibility especially of the State since the dimension of femicidal violence has its origins and causes in structural violence such as poverty, discrimination, injustice, misogyny, class inequality, gender, ethnicity, age, sexual preference, etc. that is reproduced by the institutions and agents of the patriarchal State.”

More than one hundred women marched in San Cristobal de Las Casas on the 25th to denounce that, “the federal and state governments have not complied effectively with the implementation of the Gender Violence Alert, declared in November of last year for 23 municipalities of the state. (…) On the contrary, the rates of violence in Chiapas such as physical aggressions, disappearance and kidnapping of people, especially women, trafficking, dispossession, forced displacement, evictions, abuse, rape and femicide have increased alarmingly in the 122 municipalities”. They also affirmed that the budget for the Gender Violence Alert is a “political booty of corrupt officials who steal money from the people, as happens with the resources for those affected by the earthquake of September 7th”.

For more information in Spanish:

NACIONAL

En México, 2 de cada 3 mujeres sufren violencia, alerta la ONU(ONU Noticias, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

En el día internacional contra la violencia a la mujer, 6 asesinadas (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer (Amnistía Internacional, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

CHIAPAS

Primer día de la quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 23 de noviembre de 2017)

Segundo día quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 24 de noviembre de 2017)

Pronunciamiento del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Marchan en Chiapas contra violencia hacia las mujeres (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: Se lanza la campaña 16 días de activismo contra la violencia hacia las mujeres (30 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: a un año de la Declaratoria de Alerta de Violencia de Género (AVG) en Chiapas (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Día Internacional de Lucha Contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres (28 de noviembre de 2016)

 


National/International: Campaign of 16 days of Activism against Violence against Women Launched

December 7, 2017

Violence.pngPhoto: @IM-Defensoras.org

From November 25th, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, until December 10th, Human Rights Day, the Campaign of 16 days of Activism against Violence against Women will take place, it being an opportunity to promote actions that put an end to violence against women and girls throughout the world.

This year, UN Women’s UNiTE campaign has as its general motto: “Let no one be left behind: Let us stop violence against women and girls”, aiming to reinforce the commitment of a world without violence for women and girls by looking out for situations that cause more marginalized and neglected people, such as refugees, migrants, minorities, indigenous peoples and populations affected by conflict and natural disasters.

Within the framework of the 16-day campaign, it highlighted the Mesoamerican Initiative of Women Human Rights Defenders that wanted to direct the campaign “to visibilize the context of risk and aggressions that defenders suffer,” under the slogan “Women defenders take care of themselves, we build collective power, we demand protection.”

In their pronouncement they affirmed that according to their own register between 2012 and 2016, at least 53 women defenders have been murdered and there have been 3,886 attacks against women defenders in Mesoamerica. They hold the State responsible for these attacks, as is seen in the fact that in “59% of cases, the State has been responsible for these aggressions, in breach of its obligation to guarantee the safety and protection of those who defend human rights, even in cases where protection measures issued by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) or by national protection mechanisms existed. States are also responsible for the continued attacks, threats or defamation of women defenders by players such as business monopolies, organized crime or religious fundamentalisms.”

They denounce the extreme vulnerability of women defenders, in which the increasingly serious phenomenon of the feminization of poverty, the dispossession of lands and the plundering of community assets such as water and seeds, among others, stand out, adding even more seriousness to the matter since “at least in 37% of the aggressions registered against WHRDs some gender component has been identified, that is, elements of aggression that are directly and explicitly oriented to the fact that the assaulted person is woman.”

In Mexico, within the framework of this campaign, the murder of 22 activists during Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration was reported. The death of the murdered compañeras, they say, “is accompanied by life, their conscience and strength is our legacy”. The National Network of Human Rights Defenders in Mexico denounce and repudiate “the violence that we experience as a result of our work and our gender, including those that come from our organizations, communities and the social movement because we challenge the laws of patriarchy,” and demand that the State “comply with its duty to guarantee our right to defend rights in conditions of equality, security and dignity: # ProtecciónYa “.

For more information in Spanish:

16 días de activismo. (ONU Mujeres)

Campaña únete para eliminar la violencia contra las mujers y las niñas. (ONU Mujeres-México)

Pronunciamiento IM-Defensoras/29 de noviembre: Día Internacional de las Defensoras de Derechos Humanos

For more information from SIPAZ:

Foros y marchas en el marco del Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer. (SIPAZ, 27 noviembre 2017)

En el marco de la conmemoración del día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer. (SIPAZ, 29 noviembre 2017)

Día Internacional de Lucha Contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres. (SIPAZ, 28 de noviembre 2016)


Chiapas: Humanitarian Aid for Displaced Demanded

December 4, 2017

Chenalho.png(@ Chiapas Paralelo)

On November 27th, Civil Society organizations, including SIPAZ, issued an Urgent Action for the risk to life, security and integrity of communities in the Altos region due to an agrarian conflict between the municipalities of Chenalho and Chalchihuitan, which has been going on for more than 40 years without a solution.

The document reports that there are more than 5000 displaced people today. It details that the displaced communities of Chalchihuitan are: a) Ch’en Mut 700 people, 120 families, 8 pregnant women; b) Pom more than 2000 people, 436 families, 100 pregnant women; c) Tzomolton 800 people, 107 families, 6 pregnant women; d) C’analumtic 600 people, 191 families; e) Bejelton 150 people, 30 families; f) Tulantic 350 people, 50 families; g) Vololch’ojon. 150 people, 40 families; e) Cruz c’ac’al nam 200 people; f) Cruzton 73 people, 20 displaced families. Also affected by the situation of violence are the communities of Balunac’o, Cotolchij, Lobolaltic, Pacanam, Pat C’anteal, Chiquin xulum, Saclum.

From Chenalho, 300 people from Majompepentik and Fraccion Polho moved, in addition to Las Limas and other communities that sleep outside their homes such as Yabteclum, Campo Los Toros, Tsabalho, among others.

In the communique, the organizations urge the Mexican State to respond promptly and expeditiously to this situation of violence that may lead to greater violations of human rights. They request:

“First – The necessary and pertinent precautionary measures are urgently implemented in order to respect, guarantee and protect the life and integrity of the families of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho.

 Second – The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of the United Nations Organization will be applied to protect the hundreds of families who have fled from the generalized violence and who are in total vulnerability, as well as the affected families who are living in a situation of terror due to the armed actions in the region that are also at risk of increasing the number of forced displacements.

 Third – Free transit and social peace in the communities of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho municipalities are guaranteed, prioritizing the dialogue between the parties under the essential respect of human rights.

Fourth – The murder of Samuel Perez Luna is investigated, those responsible are punished, and armed groups that act with impunity under the permissiveness of the government of Chiapas are disarmed.

 Fifth – In the face of the humanitarian crisis, international and national solidarity is necessary, due to the inefficiency and inability to address this emergency situation on the part of the federal and state governments. Humanitarian aid is urgent for the displaced communities: Food, medicines, blankets, cold clothes, doctors. Contact Caritas de La Diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas at the telephone number: 9671203722.”

For its part, the diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas issued a statement on November 28 where it expressed its surprise “at the impunity with which the armed groups act to the extent that neither the police nor the Army have been able to be present to prevent the violence, nor to disarm those who impose their control oon the territory and the population through fear.” It also requested actions from the State and called for solidarity to address the humanitarian crisis in which the displaced are.

For more infoemation in Spanish:

Alto al Fuego: Organizaciones urgen ayuda humanitaria para personas desplazadas (CDHFBC, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Acción Urgente: Violencia generalizada en los municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (CDHFBC, 21 de noviembre de 2017)

Acusan a Velasco de encubrir a alcaldesa de Chenalhó y proteger a grupo armado que provocó desplazamiento (Proceso, 28 de noviembre de 2017)

Escalan violencia y desplazados por conflicto agrario en Chiapas (Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Entran comuneros de Chenalhó a terreno en disputa con vecinos de Chalchihuitán (La Jornada, 15 de mayo de 2014)

Pronunciamiento de la diócesis de San Cristóbal de Las Casas (28 de noviembre de 2017)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Otra vez resurgió el conflicto agrario entre los municipios de Chenalhó y Chalchihuitán (14 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Resurgimiento del conflicto agrario entre los vecinos municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (29 de mayo de 2014)