Guerrero: 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco

September 2, 2014

imagesOn 25 August 1974, Rosendo Radilla Pacheco was illegally arrested at a military checkpoint. He was last seen alive in the Military Barracks of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero. Rosendo Radilla was a celebrated social activist from the Atoyac municipality who worked for the health and education of his people and acted as mayor.

For the executive secretary of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM), Julio Mata Montiel, the lack of political will from the federal government, “be from whichever [party] it may be,” is the principal cause for the continued impunity in the case. He assured that “on 25 August will have passed 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla, one of 470 disappearances in Atoyac which took place during this time, despite the recommendations from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and a sentence that was handed down five years ago by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) against the Mexican State. However, the State still refuses to reveal the whereabouts of Rosendo Radilla, such that the Mexican government is not concerned by international condemnation.”

It should be mentioned in these terms that on 22 August ended the excavations which the Guerrero Truth Commission (Comverdad) carried out for three days in Atoyac in an attempt to seek out possible clandestine burial sites associated with the 49th Infantry Batallion. Nicomedes Fuentes García, Comverdad member, reported that they had found bones which will be analyzed to determine their origins. Tita Radilla Martínez, daughter to Rosendo Radilla, has insisted that it is necessary that this labor be carried out by specialized experts. She announced that no public act would be taken to commemorate the anniversary of her father’s disappearance.

For more information (in Spanish):

Más elementos sobre el caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (CMDPDH)

Al reanudar excavaciones, la Comverdad encuentra osamenta en Atoyac (La Jornada de Guerrero, 21 de agosto de 2014)

Sugieren familiares a la Comverdad parar las excavaciones hasta que lleguen especialistas (La Jornada de Guerrero, 23 de agosto de 2014)

Concluye la Comverdad las excavaciones en Atoyac; esperan que se reanuden con peritos (El Sur de Acapulco, 24 de agosto de 2014)

No le importa al gobierno aclarar crímenes: Afadem (La Jornada de Guerrero, 24 de agosto de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case (2 June 2014)

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)


Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case

June 2, 2014

rosendo radilla

Nearly 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco and 5 years since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) handed down its sentence in the case, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM) denounced that the federal government has failed to observe its obligation of providing the whereabouts of the disappeared and that it continues not to investigate those responsible for the disappearance: “the investigation has not been conducted with due diligence, such that it has not succeeded in identifying the responsible of the disappearance, much less process them.  It is also true that the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) has similarly failed with its duty to provide the relatives of Mr. Radilla with a copy of the investigation in a form that would respect the rights of victims, as the IACHR has ordered.  Due to both omissions, the rights of Rosendo Radilla’s relatives have been repeatedly violated, as have those of society to know the truth of the acts, context, and circumstances in which the crime was committed.”

Last April, CMDPDH and AFADEM presented observations for the eleventh report of the federal government regarding the observance of the sentence in the case, noting that the federal congress “similarly has failed to modify the Federal Penal Code to adequately classify this type of crime of forced disappearance of persons.”

Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, a social activist from the municipality of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, was disappeared by Army units in 1974.  In 2009, the IACHR released a sentence in the case condemning the Mexican State for grave human-rights violations.

For more information (in Spanish):

Impunidad y negación: respuestas del Estado mexicano sobre Caso Radilla (CMDPDH, 23 de abril de 2014)

Exige Afadem pesquisa seria sobre los desaparecidos de la guerra sucia(La Jornada de Guerrero, 14 de mayo de 2014)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army

March 15, 2014

rosendo radilla

Coinciding with the centenary of the birth of the activist Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, who was forcibly disappeared by Army elements in 1974, relatives and members of social organizations have rendered him an homage in Atoyac de los Libres, demanding punishment of the perpetrators of his disappearance.

“100 years have passed in the life of Rosendo; for us this is a very special date, because as family we cannot let this important date pass because this man struggled greatly for his people, and though we do not have him with us anymore, we remember him with much tenderness,” said Tita Radilla, Rosendo’s daughter and president of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violation (AFADEM).

Although the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released a sentence condemning the Mexican State for grave human-rights violations, Tita Radilla has criticized the lack of observance of said sentence on the government’s part: “yes there has been compensation, but due to security concerns I would rather not disclose the amount.  The problem is not this; the problem is the hope that we would like to share with the families of the disappeared.  We always think that if we found Rosendo, then there would be hope among the people: we continue with this hope, but it takes its toll.  I am now 62 years old.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Celebran centenario de Rosendo Radilla en Guerrero (El Universal, 1 de marzo de 2014)

Activistas y familiares rinden homenaje a Rosendo Radilla (Terra, 1 de marzo de 2014)

Celebran deudos 100 años del nacimiento de Rosendo Radilla (La Jornada de Guerrero, 2 de marzo de 2014)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero: State accepts responbiility in Radilla case in absence of relatives; CFE contemplates acceleration of La Parota project; invitation to anniversary of Radio Ñomndaa

November 27, 2011

Tita Radilla and members of AFADEM (@SIPAZ)

On 17 November, Juan Marcos Gutiérrez, Secretary of Governance for functions, and chancellor Patricia Espinoza led a public act in Atoyác de Álvarez that recognized the responsibility of Mexican State in the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, which occurred in 1974, in observation of the sentence dictated by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR), an act from which were absent his relatives who for 37 years have sought justice.  “Due to the pressured and unilateral manners in which the Secretary of Governance has communicated with representatives of the Radilla family–the Mexican Commission for Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH)–to report that the public apology would be carried out the following day, the Radilla family, its representatives, and the Association of Relatives of the Detained and Disappeared in Mexico (AFADEM) decided not to attend the event,” noted Julio Mata Motielo, technical secretary of Afadem, on 16 November.  During the act, governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero took the opportunity to announce the creation of a Truth Commission that is to investigate the human-rights violations committed in the state during the decades of the ’70s and ’80s.

In other news, news has been released noting that in light of the growth of demand for energy in the state of Guerrero, the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) is considering accelerating the construction of the hydroelectric dam La Parota, aiming for it to become operational in October of 2016.  The present administration of Ángel Aguirre has sought better relations with the communards, but his position is that the project will be carried out.  The main reason for its approval is that beyond supplying energy to the whole state, the dam would also guarantee drinking water for Acapulco.  The communards opposing the project, associated with the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to La Parota (CECOP), are not convinced about the supposed benefits of the dam, and they have already succeeded in maintaining the project in suspension for the last 8 years.

Lastly, members of the autonomous Ñomndaa radio, from the community of Suljaa’, municipality of Xochistlahuaca, invite civil society to participate in the celebration of its anniversary.  The event will take place in said community from 17-19 December of this year.  The objective is to “strengthen our resolve in the struggle so as to engage in dialogue and live together in resistance and rebellion with joy.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Estado mexicano pierde oportunidad histórica de reconocer a las víctimas de la “guerra sucia”  (Cencos, 17 November)

Una imposición, acto oficial de disculpa pública por caso Radilla: Afadem(Proceso, 16 November)

Reconoce el Estado mexicano su responsabilidad en el caso Radilla (La Jornada, 18 November)

Rachazan perdón en el caso de Radilla (El Universal, 17 November)

Estado acepta culpa en el caso de Radilla (El Universal, 18 November)

Comuneros, en contra de la obra en la región (El Universal, 17 November)

La Parota, el futuro eléctrico para Guerrero (El Universal, 17 November)

Invitación aniversario Radio Ñomndaa

http://lapalabradelagua.org/

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero – briefs – Tierra Caliente is second-highest national location in number of feminicides; SCJN will analyze recommendations of the Inter-American Court in the case of Radilla (14 September 2010)

Guerrero – briefs: CECOP celebrates its 8th anniversary (18 August 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Mining exploration continues in the Montaña region without permission from communities; reinstallation of the blockade against La Parota January 13, 2011


Guerrero – briefs: Military convoys once again in communal territory; AFADEM: “It does not end with being recognized by the government”

November 14, 2011

Members of the Communal Police, photo @ SIPAZ

The Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC) denounced that on the morning of 31 October a convoy comprised of 6 Army trucks coming from Marquelia entered communal territory, arriving in the Me’phaa community Potrerillo del Rincón, later to return to Marquelia during the evening.  Another convoy patrolled the Tlapa-Marquelia highway toward the Me’phaa community of Paraje Montero, and during the night returned to Tlapa.  In this way, they reported that the Army had established a revision checkpoint on the Tlapa-Marquelia road at the Zoyatlán crossroads, a populace that also forms a part of the Communal System of Justice and Security of the CRAC.  The indigenous peoples’ organization expressed its repudiation of these acts, considering that they disturb the daily tranquility and routine of these communities.  Furthermore, they expressed that, not knowing the motives of this operation by the Army, they feel that it could represent a provocation in light of the decision that the communities have taken to promote their collective and individual rights, rejecting the installation of mines and exercising justice against those who commit crimes in the territory.

In other news, on 4 November, Tita Radilla Martínez, vice-president of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM) expressed that “with or without recognition, what matters to us in reality is that Rosendo Radilla Pacheco continues to be disappeared, and the federal government shows no true will to find find him.”  In an interview with La Jornada de Guerrero, she spoke of the act of recognition for responsibility that is expected to be led by Francisco Blake Mora, Secretary of Governance, which will be held on 14 November in the Civic Plaza in Atoyác de Álvarez, Guerrero, at 10am.

Tita Radilla said that the recognition should not only be in the case of Rosendo Radilla, but also for the cases of all the detained and disappeared that were taken in Atoyac during the period of the Dirty War for which the Mexican government is responsible.  She went on to say that members of AFADEM and the Radilla family will make public the points that still have not been observed by the State in the sentence handed down by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR), “which is what we want, and it is very possible that we insist in our demand that the members of the Army who were present at the military barracks be called to testify.”  She noted that this recognition should be accompanied by a commitment “not to oblige them to recognize but rather to commit themselves to investigate effectively that they find the whereabouts of all the disappeared.”  She continued, mentioning the new period of excavations that will be carried out in the terrain of the former barracks: “regardless, the central objective continues, and that is that, though there has been recognition of responsibility, although there be a commemoratory plaque, Rosendo Radilla continues to be disappeared.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Nuevamente convoyes militares entran al Territorio Comunitario desde Marquelia y Tlapa, estableciendo retenes (Zapateando, 2 November)

Nueva incursión del Ejército en comunidades me’phaas de Guerrero(Sididh, 3 November)

www.policiacomunitaria.org

El reconocimiento federal por Radilla no basta, reclama Afadem (La Jornada de Guerrero, 4 November)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero – briefs: XVI Anniversary of the Communal Police (27 October 2011)

Guerrero: Anniversary and expansion of the Communal police (17 October 2011)

Guerrero: “Indigenous peoples are subject to rights and are not electoral merchandise” (February 4, 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Mining exploration continues in the Montaña region without permission from communities; reinstallation of the blockade against La Parota (January 13, 2011)

Guerrero: Mobilization of the Communal Police against mining (9 August)

Guerrero: briefs – failure of Mexican State in Radilla case (21 June 2011)

Guerrero – briefs – Tierra Caliente is second-highest national location in number of feminicides; SCJN will analyze recommendations of the Inter-American Court in the case of Radilla (14 September 2010)

Chiapas: Caravan to the South Day 2 (26 September 2011)

Chiapas: Day 1 of the Caravan to the South (26 September 2011)


Guerrero – briefs: Prodh Center sends Amicus Curiae in the case of Radio Ñomndaa; Union of Peoples and Social Organizations mobilizes to demand preferential rates for electricity; “1,289 murders, 289 disappeared and 25 kidknapped in 4 years”: TADECO

March 27, 2011

On March 15, the Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Center for Human Rights (Centro Prodh) presented an amicus curiae to the High Court of Justice of the state of Guerrero to provide elements to the case of David Valtierra Arango, Genaro Cruz Apóstol y Silverio Matías Domínguez, members of the Committee of Radio Ñomndaa in Xochistlahuaca. Through the amicus curiae, they expressed concerns that called attention to relevant aspects for consideration in the case. The amicus curiae makes a “strong appeal to the Judiciary of the State of Guerrero to be a guarantor of justice.” Also mentioning that “[t]he reasoning of the Judge of the First Instance showed profound lack of consideration for cultural and ethnic diversity, which are  recognized in the Constitution” and that “taking a determination of the Amuzgo regulatory system to the field of criminal law, reflects a lack of recognition for the self-determination of indigenous peoples and their authorities”.

Additionally, the Union of Peoples and Social Organizations of the Montaña, Costa Chica and Central regions of the state of Guerrero, will mobilize on March 21, to demand the application of preferential rates on lighting, in Guerrero, from the Federal Commission of Electricity (CFE). Leaders of the group reported that its motion is seeking that federal and local deputies undertake a bill for the application of the preferential rates, which would take into account socio-economic factors in stead of climatological ones, as has happened in states such as Chiapas and Tabasco.

Lastly, during the Fifth Day for Life, Liberty, Justice and Citizen Rights, on Monday, March 14, the director of the Workshop of Community Development (TADECO), Javier Monroy, denounced that in the last four years, the TADECO and the Committee of Family and Friends of the Kidknapped, Disappeared and Murdered in Guerrero, registered “1,289 murders, 289 disappeared and 25 kidknapped” with no connection to organized crime. The event was held on the fourth anniversary of the disappearance of Jorge Gabriel Cerón Silva, leader of TADECO.

For more information:

Centro Prodh entrega amicus al Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Guerrero en el caso de indígenas defensores de DH de Xochistlahuaca (16 March)

Ante la falta de resultados en la CFE, indígenas se movilizarán para bajar tarifas (Sur Acapulco, 15 March)

En cuatro años, más de mil asesinatos de ciudadanos ajenos al crimen, insiste Tadeco (Sur Acapulco, 15 March)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero – briefs: Tlachinollan requests support inthe case of Radio Ñomndaa; Invitation to a workshop against mining in the Montaña and Costa Chica regions (18 March)