National: Murder Rate Rises in Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s First Semester

June 27, 2019
blog de sipaz murder rates

@npr

In June, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP in its Spanish acronym) published data that show that in the first semester of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s administration (December 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019) 17,500 people were killed in the country (of which 17,011 correspond to cases of intentional homicide and 489 to femicides). The murder rate during the first semesters of Vicente Fox, Calderon and Peña Nieto, were 7.12, 4.89 and 8.01 per one hundred thousand inhabitants; while during the first six months of this government, there were 11.51 cases of homicide per hundred thousand inhabitants in the country.

Although there was a slight decrease in April, in May there were 2,903 victims of intentional homicide and 76 of femicide, totaling 2,979 people murdered. It is equivalent to an average of 96 cases per day and represents the highest monthly total of victims so far in the term of office. The states with the greatest increase in crime are Nuevo Leon, which increased 72%; Tabasco, with a growth of 50.7%; Mexico City with 43.2%; Sonora and Morelos, with increases of 43.1%.

 

For more information in Spanish:

Con AMLO y Sheinbaum se vive el primer semestre de sexenio más sangriento de la historia (La Otra opinión, 24 de junio de 2019)

Mayo, el mes más violento (El Siglo de Durango, 22 de junio de 2019)

El primer semestre rojo (El Heraldo de México, 22 de junio de 2019)

Con 17,500 asesinatos, el primer semestre de AMLO es el más violento de los últimos sexenios (Animal Político, 21 de junio de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: Mexico Ranked 99th of 126 in Rule of Law Index – World Justice Project (March 12, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)


National: Mexico International Airport in Texcoco is canceled after consultation

November 3, 2018

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On October 29, the elected president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), who will take office on December 1, announced that he will cancel the construction of the New Mexico International Airport (NAIM) in Texcoco and that, instead, it will support the project at the current military base in Santa Lucia, about 40 kilometers north of Mexico City.

He made this decision after a national consultation in which more than one million people participated (a little more than 1% of the electoral register in the country): 29% of them voted to continue the Texcoco airport while 69% voted in favor of Santa Lucia.

Before this announcement, President Enrique Peña Nieto announced that his government will continue with the construction of NAIM in Texcoco until the last day of his term. It is estimated that the current project has an advance of 30%. “If the decision to cancel the work continues, as of December 1, the next government will have to face the payment of commitments, which will probably require the use of fiscal resources in addition to the tax paid by airport users,” he said. .

Businessmen and opposition parties to the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) have questioned the proposal of Santa Lucia and the consultation process that they consider illegal, without binding character and only a montage or a simulation to endorse a decision already taken by AMLO. They believe that it will have a negative impact on the financial markets and that it will generate heavy economic losses. According to the Airport Group of Mexico City, it will cost the country at least 120 billion pesos.

Those who did celebrate the decision were the members of the People’s Front in Defense of the Land of Atenco and the coalition Pueblos Unidos contra el Nuevo Aeropuerto who have been opposing the project in Texcoco since 2001. Before the consultation, they conducted a campaign in social networks labeled #YoPrefieroElLago, expressing that “they prefer to conserve Lake Nabor Carrillo and to avoid environmental damage, instead of continuing the NAIM, which is located in the municipalities of Atenco, Ecatepec de Morelos and Texcoco, in the State of Mexico “.

On the other hand, before the closing of the consultation, the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) and its Indigenous Council of Government (CIG) as well as the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), rejected the construction of a new airport, whatever its location. : “Deciding where to put the new airport should not be what the government ask us, because if they had a bit of shame in front of the millions who suffer from dispossession, poverty, repression, before those who must migrate by thousands before the destruction left in the whole world, before our mother earth that can no longer bear the serious illness caused by capitalism; the question should be whether we agree that they continue or not along that road that is leading us, all of us, to death, to war, to extermination.” They affirmed that “the indigenous peoples can not say yes to their extermination, even if the bad government pretends to make a consultation, even if it falsifies votes, even if it buys them or gets them deceived (…). The attack against the territories that sustain life and against freedom, will not be in our name.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Obras del NAIM continuarán hasta hasta el 30 de noviembre, dice Peña Nieto; afores, sin riesgo (Animal Político, 29 de octubre de 2018)

Nuevo Aeropuerto de México: AMLO confirma que su gobierno cancelará la construcción del aeródromo (BBC Mundo, 29 de octubre de 2018)

Santa Lucía: en qué consiste el proyecto de AMLO para construir un nuevo aeropuerto para Ciudad de México (BBC Mundo, 29 de octubre de 2018)

El caso Santa Lucía: qué nos enseña AMLO sobre el poder (Huffington Post, 29 de octubre de 2018)

Adiós al NAIM en Texcoco: arrasa Santa Lucía en consulta sobre Aeropuerto (Aristegui Noticias, 28 de octubre de 2018)

Adiós al NAIM: La opción de construir pistas en Santa Lucía gana en la consulta convocada por López Obrador (Animal Político, 28 de octubre de 2018)

Consulta tumba el proyecto del NAIM en Texcoco; gana opción de Santa Lucía (Proceso, 28 de octubre de 2018)

Rechazan NAIM en Texcoco, en casilla de Atenco (La Jornada, 28 de octubre de 2018)

El EZLN y el CNI rechazan “aerópolis” en Texcoco o Santa Lucía (Proceso, 27 de octubre de 2018)

COMUNICADO CONJUNTO DEL CNI, EL CIG Y EL EZLN EN RECHAZO AL MEGAPROYECTO DEL NAIM Y EN APOYO Y SOLIDARIDAD CON LAS POBLACIONES MIGRANTES (CNI/EZLN, 26 de octubre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Disturbances in Indigenous Territories over the Implementation of Megaprojects: San Francisco Xochicuautla and Atenco (April 14, 2016)

National: FPDT of Atenco initiates mobilizations following announcement of new airport (September 15, 2014)

National: After 8 years of impunity in Atenco, threat to build airport continues (16 May 2014)

Atenco: repression in San Salvador Atenco, 4 years on (11 May 2010)


National: AMLO “The Army and the Navy will continue on the streets in internal public security tasks”

September 15, 2018

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On August 24, at a press conference, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), president-elect of Mexico, informed that his government will continue with the security policy that began in 2006, during the administration of Felipe Calderón, to use the military forces in tasks of public security before “the bitter reality” of insecurity and violence that prevails in the country. He affirmed that “in the current circumstances there is no alternative” and that it would be “an irresponsibility on his part” to remove marines and soldiers from the streets, since it would leave the Mexicans “in a state of defenselessness“. He stressed that the Federal Police “is not prepared to replace them” in their tasks, and that the state and municipal police “are not fulfilling their responsibility”.

He added that his government will seek a gradual exit from these two forces, but acknowledged that it will be a process for the medium and long term. He added that “no change is going to be made in the current Law of Internal Security, as long as there are no results. Let’s first operate with the current legal framework. “ He maintained however that his government will take care that marines and soldiers respect human rights.

These proposals were made after having meetings with the Ministries of the Navy, Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz, and of the National Defense, Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda. AMLO also said that the names of the future ministers of both agencies will be defined by mid-October.

Given these statements, the #SeguridadSinGuerra collective stated that “the signs are confusing. On the one hand, throughout the country, Forums for Peace and Reconciliation are held and on the other hand, fragments of the discourse we have heard in almost 12 years of war, are repeated in contrast to the effort, the expectations and the historic moment that Mexico lives ».

He expressed concern that “the President-Elect has omitted to commit to what the IACHR, the UN, the CNDH and our group have repeatedly recommended: the gradual withdrawal of the Armed Forces from public security tasks and the recovery of these by the civil police. “ He also claimed “the absence of commitment to reject the Law of Internal Security, [that the next government] turns a deaf ear to what is said repeatedly in the forums organized by those who will make up the future Ministry of Public Security and that this situation contributes to the uncertainty about the will of the next government to stop the militarization that throughout the country has been accompanied by an increase in violence and serious human rights violations. “

He concluded by reiterating its “willingness to contribute in the public debate and its demands to reject the Law of Internal Security, to develop a responsible plan for the gradual withdrawal of the Armed Forces and adopt the necessary measures to strengthen the police and put an end to the impunity that prevails regarding the military elements involved in serious human rights violations. As long as militarization continues, peace and reconciliation can not begin to be built. ”

For more information (in Spanish) :

AMLO: sin condiciones para sacar a Ejército y Marina de la calle (Político.mx, 24 de agosto de 2018)

Sería irresponsable mandar al cuartel a Ejército y Marina, ni PF ni Gendarmería resultaron: AMLO (Sin Embargo, 24 de agosto de 2018)

Que militares sigan en la calle es realista, pero con AMLO se deben castigar sus crímenes, dice Sicilia (Sin Embargo, 24 de agosto de 2018)

Ejército y Marina seguirán en las calles: AMLO; “sin su apoyo, no podríamos con la inseguridad” (El Sur, 25 de agosto de 2018)

AMLO, el nuevo rehén del Ejército y la Marina (Sin Embargo, 27 de agosto de 2018)

La militarización nunca permitirá la paz y la reconciliación (CMDPDH, 28 de agosto de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:


National: Cerezo Committee Demands Amnesty, Truth Commissions and Protection of Defenders and Journalists from AMLO August 2, 2018

National: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador New President Elect in Mexico July 17, 2018


Mexico: proposal from future AMLO government – Mayan Train to tour the southern states of the country and attract more tourism

September 15, 2018

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In the multiple proposals of his future government, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, president-elect of Mexico, proposed a project for the construction of a tourist railway in the Yucatan Peninsula (communicating Chiapas, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan and Tabasco) that from the electoral campaign is called the «Mayan Train».

It seeks to communicate the main archaeological centers of the Mayan culture in five states of the Mexican southeast. Thus, it pretends yp detonate the economic development of the main regional tourist destinations such as Cancún, Tulum, Calakmul, Palenque and Chichen Itzá.

López Obrador has indicated that with this railroad Mexico will have “a modern, tourist and cultural train.” “It is a very important work because it is going to communicate one of the most important cultural regions in the world. There is not a region with as much cultural richness as this region of the flowering of the great Mayan culture“, he said.

The president-elect of Mexico has estimated that the Mayan train will cost between 120,000 and 150,000 million pesos (from 6,200 to 7,800 million dollars) and that the work will be completed in four years. “To finance this program, the funds collected from the tourism tax will be used, as it will not be enough, a call will be made to seek a partnership with the private initiative, so that it will be a mixed investment”, he explained when proposing that the construction may begin next year.

For its part, the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Campeche (INAH) has expressed that it considers important that the layout of the new train might be subject to a consultation with the indigenous peoples whose natural and cultural heritage could be affected.

For more information in Spanish:
México: así es el ambicioso proyecto del Tren Maya que propone AMLO y tiene un costo de miles de millones de dólares, BBC, 23 de agosto de 2018

INAH llama a consulta con pueblos indígenas para trazo de Tren Maya (La Jornada, 20 de agosto de 2018)

López Obrador quiere impulsar el turismo en México con la construcción del Tren Maya, El País, 14 de Agosto de 2018

Anuncia AMLO ampliación del proyecto del Tren Maya, La Jornada, 14 de agosto de 2018

For more information about SIPAZ:

National: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador New President Elect in Mexico July 17, 2018


Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo renounces MORENA candidacy after attack

June 9, 2015

Valentina Rosendo Cantú (@Amnesty International)

Valentina Rosendo Cantú (@Amnesty International)

Valentina Rosendo Cantú has renounced her candidacy for the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA, led by Andrés Manuel López Obrador) for the mayorship of Acatepec, after she received death-threats and suffered a motor-vehicle accident that she qualified as an attack on her person. On 10 May, she was followed on the highway that leads to Tlapa de Comomfort, and for this reason had an accident. Pablo Amílcar Sandoval Ballesteros, the MORENA candidate for Guerrero state, reported the decision.

It should be recalled that Valentina Rosendo Cantú is an indigenous woman who was raped in 2000 by Army soldiers in the Ayutla de los Libres municipalities. In 2010, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights sentenced the Mexican State in the case, and demanded compensation for damages, and ordered an adequate investigation and punishment for those responsible, among other dictates.

For more information (in Spanish):

Atentan contra Valentina Rosendo y renuncia a candidatura de Morena en Guerrero (Proceso, 20 de mayo de 2015)

Una candidata de Morena en Guerrero deja la contienda por seguridad (CNN México, 20 de mayo de 2015)

La mujer a la que el gobierno de México pidió perdón renuncia a su candidatura en Guerrero (Animal Político, 20 de mayo de 2015)

Candidata de Morena a edil renuncia por temor (EL Universal, 20 de mayo de 2015)

From more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: SCJN decision in the case of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo “far from the heights” of the Court’s decision on the Radilla case (2010) (17 May 2015)

Guerrero: Murders and death-threats against candidates for June elections (17 May 2015)