National: Murder Rate Rises in Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s First Semester

June 27, 2019
blog de sipaz murder rates

@npr

In June, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP in its Spanish acronym) published data that show that in the first semester of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s administration (December 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019) 17,500 people were killed in the country (of which 17,011 correspond to cases of intentional homicide and 489 to femicides). The murder rate during the first semesters of Vicente Fox, Calderon and Peña Nieto, were 7.12, 4.89 and 8.01 per one hundred thousand inhabitants; while during the first six months of this government, there were 11.51 cases of homicide per hundred thousand inhabitants in the country.

Although there was a slight decrease in April, in May there were 2,903 victims of intentional homicide and 76 of femicide, totaling 2,979 people murdered. It is equivalent to an average of 96 cases per day and represents the highest monthly total of victims so far in the term of office. The states with the greatest increase in crime are Nuevo Leon, which increased 72%; Tabasco, with a growth of 50.7%; Mexico City with 43.2%; Sonora and Morelos, with increases of 43.1%.

 

For more information in Spanish:

Con AMLO y Sheinbaum se vive el primer semestre de sexenio más sangriento de la historia (La Otra opinión, 24 de junio de 2019)

Mayo, el mes más violento (El Siglo de Durango, 22 de junio de 2019)

El primer semestre rojo (El Heraldo de México, 22 de junio de 2019)

Con 17,500 asesinatos, el primer semestre de AMLO es el más violento de los últimos sexenios (Animal Político, 21 de junio de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: Mexico Ranked 99th of 126 in Rule of Law Index – World Justice Project (March 12, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)


Mexico: proposal from future AMLO government – Mayan Train to tour the southern states of the country and attract more tourism

September 15, 2018

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In the multiple proposals of his future government, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, president-elect of Mexico, proposed a project for the construction of a tourist railway in the Yucatan Peninsula (communicating Chiapas, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan and Tabasco) that from the electoral campaign is called the «Mayan Train».

It seeks to communicate the main archaeological centers of the Mayan culture in five states of the Mexican southeast. Thus, it pretends yp detonate the economic development of the main regional tourist destinations such as Cancún, Tulum, Calakmul, Palenque and Chichen Itzá.

López Obrador has indicated that with this railroad Mexico will have “a modern, tourist and cultural train.” “It is a very important work because it is going to communicate one of the most important cultural regions in the world. There is not a region with as much cultural richness as this region of the flowering of the great Mayan culture“, he said.

The president-elect of Mexico has estimated that the Mayan train will cost between 120,000 and 150,000 million pesos (from 6,200 to 7,800 million dollars) and that the work will be completed in four years. “To finance this program, the funds collected from the tourism tax will be used, as it will not be enough, a call will be made to seek a partnership with the private initiative, so that it will be a mixed investment”, he explained when proposing that the construction may begin next year.

For its part, the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Campeche (INAH) has expressed that it considers important that the layout of the new train might be subject to a consultation with the indigenous peoples whose natural and cultural heritage could be affected.

For more information in Spanish:
México: así es el ambicioso proyecto del Tren Maya que propone AMLO y tiene un costo de miles de millones de dólares, BBC, 23 de agosto de 2018

INAH llama a consulta con pueblos indígenas para trazo de Tren Maya (La Jornada, 20 de agosto de 2018)

López Obrador quiere impulsar el turismo en México con la construcción del Tren Maya, El País, 14 de Agosto de 2018

Anuncia AMLO ampliación del proyecto del Tren Maya, La Jornada, 14 de agosto de 2018

For more information about SIPAZ:

National: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador New President Elect in Mexico July 17, 2018


National: Reactions to the recognition of EPN’s electoral victory

September 18, 2012

Handing over of document confirming the PRI’s victory (http://www.enriquepenanieto.com/)

On 31 August 2012, Enrique Peña Nieto, candidate for the coalition Commitment to Mexico which is comprised of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecological Party of Mexico (PVEM), received notice that he was officially accredited president-elect, following the validation by the Judicial Electoral Tribunal of the Federation (TEPJF) of the 1 July election.  He will take office as president on 1 December of this year.  In this way, the TEPFJ unanimously rejected the denunciations brought forward by leftwing parties to invalidate the presidential election.  Surrounding the Tribunal were more than 500 federal police, who protected the center from behind sandbags.

In light of the TEPJF’s decision, the reactions came quickly.  Both the Progressive Movement, led by Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO, candidate for the leftwing parties in the July election), and social movements (#IAm132 in particular) and civil organizations rejected the failure of the magistrates.  Thousands of persons took to the streets of Mexico City to protest and surround the TEPJF center in protest.

AMLO called for a mobilization on 9 September in the Zócalo of the capital so as to discuss steps moving forward.  He declared, “Hopefully it will be understood in this way how they defend the regime of corruption, while we are prepared to abolish this.  We will not sign any cease-fire, nor will be concede anything, even though they continue to attack us, accusing us of being bad losers, messianic madmen, or just hungry for power.”

For his part, President Felipe Calderón congratulated EPN and wished him the best successes as Executive.  PAN members said for their part that they did not support AMLO with his demands, but they will call for transparency in election (in particular, that the IFE resolve the two complaints regarding the Monex case).

Similarly, PRI representatives called for resolutions to be observed.  EPN himself gave a speech in the center of the Electoral Tribunal affirming that legality is fundamental for democratic governance, and that all candidates should have to respect this.

For more information (in Spanish):

“Es tiempo de iniciar una nueva etapa”, dice Enrique Peña Nieto (CNN México, 31 de agosto de 2012)

“No puedo aceptar el fallo del Tribunal Electoral”: López Obrador (CNN México, 31 de agosto de 2012)

Condenan representantes de la izquierda fallo del TEPJF (Proceso, 31 de agosto de 2012)

Panistas piden continuar pesquisas de caso Monex (El Universal, 1 de septiembre de 2012)

Comicios irregulares no pueden ser legítimos, dice #YoSoy132 (La Jornada, 1 de septiembre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Protests against “imposition,” detention, and torture (25 July 2012)

National: “National Convention against Imposition” in Atenco (25 July 2012)

National: In the presidential elections, a controversial electoral process and results (10 July 2012)


National: In the presidential elections, a controversial electoral process and results

July 10, 2012

Elections in San Cristóbal, 1 July 2012 (@SIPAZ)

The presidential elections of 1 July have exhibited a divided Mexican society.  On the one hand, the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) that was to administer these elections declared on election night that the candidate for the electoral alliance “Commitment to Mexico” between the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecological of Mexico (PVEM), Enrique Peña Nieto, defeated Andrés Manuel López Obrador, candidate of the “Progressive Movement” coalition comprised of the Party for Democratic Revolution (PRD), the Labor Party, and the Citizens’ Movement.  In third place came Josefina Vázquez Mota of the National Action Party (PAN), leaving Gabriel Quadri de la Torre in last place (PANAL).  These results were based on the Program of Preliminary Electoral Results (PREP), which indicates the tendencies without necessarily declaring these to be final.  Following the IFE’s announcement by means of its president, Leonardo Valdés, President Felipe Calderón openly supported the IFE’s position, which had granted victory to Peña Nieto.  The PRI candidate then declared himself winner of the elections, while López Obrador expressed on the night of 1 July that he would determine his position once official data on the electoral count had been released.

Beyond this, following the elections there have been presented demonstrations of incomformity with the process, as with the results of the election.  Part of this has to do with the mobilizations taken up by the movement #IAm132 on 2 July due to the irregularities that had been reported from several voting locations in the country, as well as due to the victory awarded to Peña Nieto by the IFE without its having official results.  For his part, López Obrador declared on Tuesday 3 July that he would challenge the results, and that a recount should be had in more than 100,000 voting spaces, given the evidence of irregularities there.  He denounced that the PRI electoral campaign exceeded the spending limits that had been established by law, and that votes had been bought as well as coerced by the PRI apparatus.  The IFE has reported that in the official computation of the vote that began on 4 July, 54.5% of the votes (78,012 booths) would be reviewed.

As of 4 July, according to 98.95% of the PREP’s findings, the following were the results for the presidential election: Enrique Peña Nieto 38.15%; Andrés Manuel López Obrador 31.64%; Josefina Vázquez Mota 25.40 %; Gabriel Quadri de la Torre 2.30%.

For more information (in Spanish):

Resultados del PREP 2012

Hubo irregularidades que afectan 30% de la votación: Alianza Cívica(La Jornada, 5 de julio de 2012)

Coacción y compra de votos benefició al PRI: Alianza Cívica (Animal Político, 4 de julio de 2012)

Canalizó el PRI 160 MDP vía monederos electrónicos para compra de votos, denuncia Monreal (Proceso, 4 de julio de 2012)

 Se contará 54.5% de votos de comicio presidencial: IFE (La Jornada, 4 de julio de 2012)

Marcha #YoSoy132 en repudio a imposición del candidato priísta (La Jornada, 3 de julio de 2012)

Coacción, agresiones, falta de boletas y robo de urnas empañan elecciones en ocho estados (La Jornada, 2 de julio de 2012)

Misión de OEA destaca orden en elecciones (El Universal, 2 de julio de 2012)

La ONU encabeza ejercicio de observación en México, recibe 1,300 denuncias (CNN México, 2 de julio de 2012)


National: Citizens’ Meeting suggests “agenda” to presidential candidates

June 5, 2012


On 21 and 22 May, representatives of more than 300 civil organizations carried out the first Citizens’ Meeting, whose objective is to elaborate public-policy proposals that are to reach President Felipe Calderón as well as the four presidential candidates.  The participating organizations made these proposals in work-tables discussing questions such as citizens’ security, justice and human rights, political reform and citizens’ participation, quality education and the strengthening of civil-society organizations, inclusion and social cohesion, transparency and accountability, sustainable economic development and dignified work.

On 22 March, the agreements made at the meeting were presented for 45 minutes to the four presidential candidates, given them a chance to respond in the following order: Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Enrique Peña Nieto, Josefina Vázquez Mota, and Gabriel Quadri.  The final document expressed among other things concern for the crisis of violence, inequality, exclusion, and lack of opportunity, impunity, corruption, the crisis of governance and representation, as well as the exclusion of the citizenry as regards the decision-making policies that affect the country.

For more information (in Spanish):

http://cumbreciudadana.org/

La Jornada: Es la hora de los ciudadanos, advierte Sicilia (La Jornada, 22 de mayo de 2012)

Candidatos prometen contar con sociedad civil en búsqueda de la paz en México (Terra.com. 22 de mayo de 2012)

Va Peña Nieto a Cumbre Ciudadana; cancelación fue una “táctica disuasiva” (Milenio, 22 de mayo de 2012)

Lograr renacimiento de México, pide AMLO(El Universal, 23 de Mayo)

Deploran activistas que candidatos no aborden temas sobre derechos humanos(La Jornada, 23 de mayo)

Ciudadanos demandan compromisos (El Universal, 23 de mayo)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: Presidential campaigns begin (19 April 2012)


Mexico: Presidential campaigns begin

April 19, 2012

Photo: http://www.cnn.com

On 30 March 2012 began the electoral campaigns that will close on 27 June just before the presidential elections planned for 1 July.  The new president will be elected for a six-year term which would begin on 1 December 2012, to end on 30 November 2018.  The next president will succeed Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, of the National Action Party (PAN).

The four presidential candidates are the following: Andrés Manuel López Obrador, leftist candidate for the Progressive Movement comprised of the Democratic Revolutionary party (PRD), the Labor Party (PT), and the Citizens’ Movement. Enrique Peña Nieto, representatives of the Committment to Mexico coalition, which is formed by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecologists (PVEM), in addition to Josefina Vázquez Mota, representing the National Action Party, and Gabriel Quadri de la Torre, of the New Alliance Party (PANAL).

During these elections will also be elected 500 deputies, 128 senators, 6 governors, and the mayor of Mexico City–in total, 2,217 public offices.  In Chiapas there will be held elections to choose the new state governor, local deputies, and mayors.

For more information (in Spanish):

Sitio Elección 2012 México

Sitio oficial de Andrés Manuel López Obrador

Sitio oficial de Enrique Peña Nieto

Sitio oficial de Gabriel Quadri de la Torre

Sitio oficial de Josefina Vázquez Mota


Chiapas: AMLO calls for reconciliation with EZLN and commits himself to observe the San Andrés Accords

April 13, 2012

Andrés Manuel López Obrador, San Cristóbal, 4 April 2012 (@amlo.org.mx)

On 4 April, in the Cahtedral Plaza of San Cirstóbal de Las Casas, before nearly 10,000 persons, Andrés ManuelLópez Obrador (AMLO), presidential candidate for the Progressive Movement, promised that if he won the elections on 1 July he would observe the San Andrés Larráinzar Accords on Indigenous Rights and Culture that were firmed in 1996.  He called on the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) to reconcile its differences with him, so as to “progress together, Chiapas and the country entire.”  “I want to call on those who in 1994 rose up in rebellion due to oppression, authoritarianism, and poverty; I call on those who participate in teh Zapatista movement so that we can find a way of uniting ourselves, of working together, to reconcile and so jointly finding ways to improve the living and working conditions in Chiapas and throughout the country.”

Since the beginning of the presidential campaigns, this has been the first time that a candidate has directly addressed the EZLN, despite the differences that have existed between AMLO and this organization since 2005, when Subcomandante Marcos released several communiqués and presented discourses that were critical of López Obrador.

For more information (in Spanish):

Promete AMLO al EZLN aprobar “Los Acuerdos de San Andrés” (Proceso, 4 de abril de 2012)

López Obrador llama a la reconciliación al EZLN, para sacar adelante al país (La Jornada, 5 de abril de 2012)

AMLO llama al EZLN a la reconciliación (El Universal, 4 de abril de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: “A death… A life.”  Fourth letter from Subcomandante Marcos to Don Luis Villoro in the Exchange on Ethics and Politics (13 December 2011)