Guerrero: commemoration of the 16th Anniversary of the El Charco Massacre in demand of justice

June 13, 2014
@CIMAC Noticias

@CIMAC Noticias

On June 7, various social organizations marched to commemorate the 16th anniversary of the El Charco Massacre, near Ayutla de Los Libres, where on June 7, 1998, eleven people were killed by soldiers of the Mexican Army.

Jose Rosario Marroquin, director of the Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez Human Rights Center (PRODH), said that “impunity prevails in this case, there is no advance, only two or three spectacular actions, but in the end there is nothing concrete although justice has been demanded for several years. There is nothing that clarify the facts; there is no will from the government to do it. “

Eleven people were killed in the massacre among a group of 70 Mixteco indigenous persons who met in the elementary school in El Charco to discuss the situation of marginalization and poverty in their communities. Mario Palma, one of the survivors of the massacre explained “We had asked commissioners and representatives of the peoples of the region to organize and develop productive projects because we couldn’t endure much more poverty and marginalization provoked by the government. There were no health centers, doctors, schools, or field support. That’s what we were talking about when the people of the government arrived.”

Efren Chavez Cortes, another survivor, said, “Nothing has changed in El Charco in 16 years. There remains the same poverty, the same neglect of Mixteco indigenous peoples and, worse, governor Angel Aguirre Rivero has divided the CRAC- PC. In conclusion, there has been no justice (…) The government only gives pure palliatives. There is no development strategy in the communities.” He added that “the case was presented to other institutions such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), for the summary execution of the compañeros, because they had surrendered. Here the people who were murdered had surrendered and were unarmed.”

“[The] person who is guilty of all is Angel Aguirre Rivero, who was governor at that time as he is today. Therefore, he should be in jail,” said Nazario Gatica, one of the survivors.

During the march, the cartels also demanded the release of the members of the Community Police-Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC-PC), who are imprisoned at present.

For more information (in Spanish):

Exigen ONG y personalidades a la Coidh atender ya el caso de matanza de El Charco (La Jornada, 6 de junio de 2014)

En la matanza de El Charco murieron 100 militares, dicen (La Jornada, 7 de junio de 2014)

Sobreviviente de El Charco desmiente versión oficial; murieron 10 militares, dice (La Jornada Guerrero, 7 de junio de 2014)

En El Charco se asesinó a la gente rendida y desarmada, narra uno de los sobrevivientes (La Jornada, 8 de junio de 2014)

A 16 años, en El Charco lo único que cambió es el partido en el poder: Cortés (La Jornada Guerrero, 8 de junio de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English)

Guerrero: Presentation of the Observation Mission Report “A light against impunity” (April 10, 2014)

Guerrero: 18th anniversary of the Aguas Blancas massacre (July 19, 2013)

Guerrero: 14th anniversary of the El Charco massacre (June 17, 2012)

Guerrero: Police operation provokes confrontations and new arrest of member of CRAC-PC in Tixtla

March 30, 2014

Miembros de las CRAC-PC. Foto (@Sipaz)Members of CRAC-PC. Photo (@Sipaz)

During the morning of 19 March, a police operation carried out by federal and state units took place in the municipal head of Tixtla.

The police intervention had the objective of observing five search-orders and several arrest-orders against members of the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities-Communal Police (CRAC-PC) from the El Paraíso Justice House, Ayutla de los Libres municipality, which had been indicated by the state governor Ángel Rivero as having links with guerrilla movements.

The operation resulted in the arrest of Aurora Molina González, sister to Gonzalo Molina, leader of the communal police who was arrested last October, accused by the state and municipal governments of terrorism and links to guerrilla movements.  According to official reports, Aurora Molina had taken control of the communal police of Tixtla following her brother’s arrest.

During the departure of the police convoy, several confrontations took place between police and youth from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa, which lies adjacent to Tixtla.

In the afternoon, there was held a march to the Tixtla City Hall to demand the release of Aurora Molina and 12 others detained from the CRAC, whom the protestors qualified as political prisoners.

In the past year, there has developed a crossfire of accusations between the Communal Police and the Tixtla mayor, Gustavo Alcaraz (PRD), whom the former accuse of being allied with organized crime, while the latter accuses the Communal Police of being a destabilizing force linked to guerrilla movements and directed by persons from outside the region.

Beyond this, during the night of 19 March, there was produced an armed confrontation between members of the Communal Police pertaining to the group of coordinator Eliseo Villar Castillo and members of the CRAC, who accuse Villar Castillo of embezzling 740,000 pesos.  What is more, they sought to take the San Luís Acatlán House of Justice unarmed.

The confrontation ended with the intervention of the Army, which entered the CRAC offices to disarm the followers of Villar Castillo.

For more information (in Spanish):

Se enfrentan policías de Guerrero y comunitarios en El Fortín (La Jornada, 19 de marzo de 2014)

La Policía Federal detiene a una dirigente de la guardia comunitaria de Tixtla de Guerrero (Proceso, 19 de marzo de 2014)

Chocan miembros de la CRAC con policía y Ejército en Guerrero (El Financiero, 19 de marzo de 2014)

Chocan en Guerrero la CRAC y policías (El Universal, 20 de marzo de 2014)

Autodefensas disidentes atacan a comunitarios (Crónica, 20 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Ministerial Police detain Gonzalo Molina, CRAC promoter, en Tixtla (14 November 2013)

Guerrero: Navy kidnaps coordinator of CRAC in Olinalá (13 September 2013)

Guerrero: Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities-Communal Police (CRAC-PC) pronounces itself against state decree (26 February 2013)

Guerrero: Authorities linked to the UPOEG occupy the House of Justice of the CRAC in San Luis Acatlán (26 February 2013)

Guerrero: CECOP announces creation of Communal Police in Cacahuatepec communities (22 January 2014)

Guerrero: Caravan “A light against impunity” ends in Acapulco after visiting Ayutla de Los Libres

February 14, 2014

Raúl Vera López, Ayutla de los Libres, febrero de 2014 (@SIPAZ)

Raúl Vera López, Ayutla de los Libres, February 2014 (@SIPAZ)

On 11 February, the caravan “A light against impunity” led by the bishop of Saltillo, Raúl López Vera, visited the municipalities of Ayutla de los Libres and Acapulco.

In Ayutla de los Libres, there was held a march comprised of indigenous persons, members of social organizations such as the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People (OPIM), and communal police from the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC).  Upon the arrival of the march to the principal plaza, a rally was held.  Survivors of the El Charco massacre demanded from bishop Raúl Vera López the demilitarization of the region and compensation for the deaths of the 11 campesinos killed by the Mexican Army nearly 16 years ago.  Families of the Communal Police from the El Paraíso House for Justice demanded the release of nine detained persons being held in Acapulco.

Raúl Vera López called on the state government to invest in the communal system of the CRAC, which he finds to be “exemplary” as an alternative to harassment and incarceration.  He called on members of the CRAC to protect the authenticity of their organizational process and not to allow themselves to be corrupted.  He also pronounced himself in favor of the clarification of the El Charco massacre and a cessation of the militarization of the area.

The caravan ended this same day in Acapulco, where it also held a rally in the zócalo.

For more information (in English):

Vital, la policía comunitaria en Guerrero, dice el obispo Vera (La Jornada, 11 de febrero de 2014)

Recomienda Raúl Vera al gobierno invertir en el sistema de la Crac (La Jornada de Guerrero, 11 de febrero de 2014)

Mixtecos piden salida del Ejército en Guerrero (Milenio, 11 de febrero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Beginning of Civil Observation Mission “A light against impunity”(14 February 2014)

Guerrero/National: Network Solidarity Decade against Impunity denounces intimidation against two members days before Observation Mission to Guerrero (5 February 2014)

Guerrero: Navy kidnaps coordinator of CRAC in Olinalá

September 13, 2013


Commander Nestora Salgado, kidnapped by the Navy. Photo @Salvador Cisneros

Nestora Salgado García, coordinator of the Communal Police of the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC) in Olinalá, was on 21 August detained by units from the Army, Navy, State Police, and Municipal Police.  The state forces forced her to board a helicopter, and her whereabouts are unknown.  As a response to the arrest of Salgado, the communal police of Tixtla blockaded the federal highway between Chilpancingo and Chilapa, toward the end of impeding that she be taken before the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) in Chilpancingo.  More than 250 members of the CRAC marched the following day in Guerrero to demand her release, together with that of dozens of other comrades of theirs who are incarcerated.

In parallel terms, close to 500 soldiers and marines invaded the community of E Paraíso, Ayutla de los Libres municipality, in the Costa Chica region, where they forcibly released some thirty persons who had been held by a CRAC faction, including a PRI leader from Olinala and his collaborators.  The previous week, in the Huamuxtitlán community, the Communal Police of Olinalá indicated that Salgado García had detained this PRI leader, Armando Patrón Jimémez, and five others for having covered up the crime of two shock groups; she had them transferred to the justice house of El Paraíso to be prosecuted.  The government of Ángel Aguirre Rivero accused Nestor Salgado of having kidnapped this PRI leader through the State Attorney General’s Office.

To date, the whereabouts of the CRAC members detained by the marines and soldiers are unknown, although it is has been suggested that they could be in the headquarters of the State Attorney General’s Office, to the south of the state capital, where the ministerial authority is expected to arraign them before a judge.  On 22 August, the National Network for communication and urgent action on Human-Rights Defenders in Mexico released a communique demanding “knowledge of the whereabouts and health status of Nestora Salgado García, director of the Communal Police in Olinalá, Guerrero, as well as to assure her physical and psychological integrity [and to] guarantee the security and integrity of all the imprisoned, in addition to the right to defend the rights of the Communal Police.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Detienen en operativo a la coordinadora de la Crac en Olinalá, Nestora Salgado (La Jornada de Guerrero, 22 de agosto de 2013)

Policía Comunitaria de Olinalá marcha para exigir liberación de su líder (Proceso, 22 de agosto de 2013)

Red Nacional de comunicación y acción urgente de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos en México (22 de agosto de 2013)

Guerrero: denunciations of military harassment

August 20, 2013

@Comité Cerezo

On 2 August, the Collective against Torture and Impunity (CCTI) reported that Julián Blanco, one of the leaders of the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to the La Parota Dam (CECOP), was harassed for the sixth time by soldiers who seek clarification regarding his supposed use of firearms that are for the exclusive use of the Army.  Blanco denounced that on 31 July, soldiers newly invaded the Los Huajes community, installing themselves at the home of Blanco Cisneros.

Beyond this, communal police in the El Paraíso house of justice, Ayutla de Los Libres municipality, blockaded highways in Tixtla, Olinalá, Atlixtac, and Huamuxtitlán to reject the structural reforms proposed by the Pact for Mexico and to support the coastal communities (like the CECOP) in their struggle against harassment by the military.  They affirmed that their principal demand for the state government was for it to put an end to the harassment exercised by state, federal, and municipal police, as well as that by the Army and Navy.

For more information (in Spanish):

Bloquea la Crac en 5 municipios (La Jornada de Guerrero, 7 de agosto de 2013)

Farsa, la guerra al narco: CRAC (La Jornada, 6 de agosto de 2013)

Alerta el CCTI sobre el hostigamiento del Ejército contra el cecopista Julián Blanco (La Jornada de Guerrero, 3 de agosto de 2013)

Retoma el Estado la militarización para controlar la inconformidad: Tlachinollan (La Jornada, 21 de julio de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: CECOP on red alert after invasion by Army (5 March 2013)

Guerrero: Governor Aguirre Rivero will not support construction of La Parota (27 August 2012)

Guerrero: Federal tribunal confirms end to La Parota dam project (20 July 2012)

Guerrero: CECOP will initiate a series of mobilizations demanding the definitive cancellation of the La Parota dam (3 April 2012)

Guerrero: Aggresions against displaced, and newly displaced in Tierra Caliente

August 4, 2013


On 17 July, some 180 families from 5 communities of the San Miguel Totolapan municipality abandoned their homes after having received death threats from organized crime groups which operate in the Tierra Caliente region of Guerrero.  Those displaced noted that before leaving, they had requested the assistance of the state government, but met with no response, and for this reason they decided to flee–this after three days of gunfire which left several persons injured and some homes burned down.  On 18 July, the state government announced that it would support them with food aid, and that soldiers and state police had been transferred to the region to guarantee their security.  The majority of those displaced returned to their communities shortly thereafter, with only 40 persons being left in temporary housing.

Displacements from the Tierra Caliente region began more than two years ago, with residents of the La Laguna and Hacienda de Dolores (Coyuca de Catalán municipality).  For its part, the Collective against Torture and Impunity (CCTI) denounced recently that “the deficient attention given to the causes of forced internal displacement effectively imperils the lives and security of the displaced families who survive in precarious conditions.”  On 21 July, it reported that residents from La Laguna and Hacienda de Dolores who had taken refuge in La Unión, Ayutla de los Libres municipality, were expected to be ambushed at any moment.  The CCTI reported that there was an exchange of gunfire in which two aggressors died, and “the displaced, for circumstantial reasons, were not injured.”  It warned that “though 7 years have passed since the beginning of the disappearances and murders, to date there has been no one who is being processed or sentenced for the more than 30 murders suffered by the families of La Laguna, who have experienced nearly 14 months of forced internal displacement […].  This behavior on the part of the state government has allowed the aggressors to enjoy impunity and have the confidence to continue with their aggressions against the displaced, who now find themselves more than 18 hours from their places of origin.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Preocupa a CNDH casos de desplazados en Guerrero (El Universal, 22 de julio de 2013)

Familias de pueblos de Guerrero huyen de sus casas ante amenazas de muerte (La Jornada, 19 de julio de 2013)

Desplazados en Guerrero regresan a sus casas vigilados por el Ejército (CNN México, 22 de julio)

Acción Urgente del Colectivo Contra la Tortura y la Impunidad aquí. (para firmar en línea)

No hay ningún detenido por los 30 homicidios contra los desplazados de La Laguna, reclaman (El Sur de Acapulco, 26 de julio de 2013)

Mueren dos sicarios cuando iban a matar a desplazados de la sierra (La Jornada de Guerrero, 22 de julio de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: new displacement of families from La Laguna to Puerto de las Ollas (7 December 2012)

Guerrero: two nephews of ecological leadership are murdered (16 November 2012)

Guerrero: Urgent Action for disappeared ecologists (8 February 2012)

Guerrero briefs: Two ecologists are kidnapped by armed men in the Sierra de Petatlán (14 December 2011)

Guerrero: violence in the Sierra de Petalán (17 October 2011)

Guerrero: Lucio Cabañas’ widow and her sister are murdered (17 July 2011)

Guerrero: Second murder of ecologists in the Sierra de Petatlán (9 June 2011)

Guerrero: The ecologist campesino Javier Torres Cruz is murdered (6 May 2011)

Guerrero – briefs:  Concern for the safety of the inhabitants of La Morena (28 December 2010)

Guerrero: Teachers’ megamarch ends with the occupation of Congress

April 23, 2013


Photo @Francisco Olvera

On 18 April, thousands of members of the Popular Movement of Guerrero (MPG) and sympathizers from other states marched through the Sol Highway and subsequently took the state Congress to demand that the legislators hold session to approve the decreed reform of the State Law on Education No. 158.  It is estimated that 80,000 people participated in the mobilization.

Upon learning that the legislative session had not begun, the protestors decided to take the building.  Minutes after the occupation of the Congress, the MPG leadership received a telephone call to organize a dialogue-table with governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero in Casa Guerrero, where the 50 members of the negotiation team led by Gonzalo Juárez moved.  The commission of 15 deputies was led by PRD official Víctor Salinas, president of the Education Commission, to analyze the proposed changes to the law.Protestors were joined by teachers from Oaxaca, Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, Zacatecas, and Chiapas, as well as Mexico City; similarly, members of the Mexican Electricians’ Union, #IAm132, workers from the Autonomous University of Guerrero, the College of Bachelors, retired people, normalist students, campesin@s, and some 50 members of the Communal Police from the House of Justice in El Paraíso, Ayutla de los Libres municipality, also joined the march.

For more information (in Spanish):

Megamarcha en Chilpancingo culmina con toma del Congreso (La Jornada de Guerrero, 19 de abril de 2013)

 Alianza Aguirre-PRI frena ley de educación apoyada por una marcha de 80 mil (Sur Acapulco, 19 de abril de 2013)

Se atora la reforma en el Congreso (La Jornada de Guerrero, 19 de abril de 2013)

CETEG libera la Autopista del Sol y Congreso de Guerrero (Excelsior, 19 de abril de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: March-meeting of Section 22 of the SNTE in commemoration of 25 November (30 November 2012)

Guerrero: Briefs – Reactivation of arrest-orders against CETEG members (10 November 2010)

Guerrero: death-threats directed against Obtilia Eugenio Manuel, president of the OPIM

February 26, 2013

Obtilia Eugenio Manuel (@Amnistía Internacional)

The National Network of Communication and Urgent Action for Human-Rights Defenders in Mexico has condemned the new death-threats directed against human-rights defender Obtilia Eugenio Manuel, president of the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous Peoples (OPIM), based in Ayutla de los Libres.  An anonymous letter was found at midday on 11 February in the OPIM offices which said that “You Obtilia are enjoying precautionary measures, but no matter we will beat you Obtilia and Cuauhtémoc, as you are the leaders… The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights does not protect you from bullets.” It should be remembered that she and all OPIM members enjoy precautionary measures, as awarded by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in 2009.

The death-threat, as asserts the communique, makes mention that it is not clear that it was soldiers who raped Inés Fernández Ortega, a Me’phaa indigenous woman and member of the OPIM who took her case before the IACHR.  The IACHR in turn released a sentence of condemnation for the Mexican State in October 2010.

The urgent bulletin of the National Network details that “Lamentably, this is not the first time that Obtilia Eugenio has received this type of threat against her life, as related directly to her denunciations of human-rights violations committed in the state of Guerrero.  Obtilia Eugenio has been victimized by permanent harassment and has been forced to leave the state of Guerrero so as to protect her physical and psychological life, as well as that of her family.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Amenazan de muerte a indígena que denunció violación por parte de militares (Proceso, 20 de febrero de 2013)

Boletín de prensa de la Red Nacional de Comunicación y Acción Urgente de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos en México

For more information in Spanish (in English):

Guerrero: Lucio Cabañas’ widow and her sister are murdered (17 July 2011)

Guerrero: The ecologist campesino Javier Torres Cruz is murdered (6 May 2011)

Guerrero – briefs:  Concern for the safety of the inhabitants of La Morena (28 December 2010)

Guerrero: briefs – New threats against leaders of the OPIM; inclusion of resources for La Parota in federal budget; Invitation to the sixth anniversary of Radio Ñomndaa (14 December 2010)

Guerrero: briefs – NGOs present amicus brief to Inter-American Court on case of environmentalists; activist is detained (September 23, 2010)

Guerrero: Torres reappears with signs of torture (29 December 2008)

Guerrero: Beginning of “popular trial” to judge 54 arrestees in Ayutla

February 7, 2013


Photo @Xinhua / Camilo Mónaco

Communal authorities from four municipalities of the Costa Chica region who have now for more than three weeks taken up arms to directly confront organized crime have organized a “popular trial” to begin the judgment of 54 persons accused of collaborating with organized crime.  The popular trial had its first session on Thursday 31 January in the El Mezón community (Ayutla de los Libres municipality); around 500 people participated.  The assembly was held despite the insistence on the part of the state-government that the citizenry desist in this action, leaving formal judges to carry out judgment.  The trial ended with the presentation of the accused and with a hand-vote which decided that the process will begin on 22 February in the Tecoanapa municipality, continuing with the review of evidence and analysis of the case.In Chilpancingo, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, state governor, announced that on 1 February there will be installed a commission for peace and development of indigenous peoples, particularly to evaluate “the handing over of the arrested who find themselves in Ayutla […] who should be subjected to the established laws and institutions.”  He assured that this commission “is a proposal that has been accepted by the Union of Peoples and Organizations of the State of Guerrero [UPOEG] and the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities.”  In this will also participate the mayors of these municipalities.In other news, on 3 February, Arturo Campos Herrera, member of the Communal Police in Ayutla, denounced that the directors of the UPOEG have ordered the arrest of three indigenous leaders.  Campos Herrera noted that they were warned that they listed on a blacklist that has been organized by citizens involved with self-defense actions, toward their arrest if they should pass through the checkpoints in Ayutla de los Libres and Tecoanapa.The same day, the state government accepted the petition for precautionary measures for those arrested in Ayutla, as formulated by the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH), but this decision calls for not only that the preservation of the human rights of these accused and all other residents of the state, but also for those who work in social programs to promote health, education, and basic services in indigenous municipalities.  According to the CNDH, the installation of popular trials violates article 17 of the Constitution, which prohibits taking justice into one’s own hands.

For more information (in Spanish):

Acepta el gobierno dar medidas cautelares a detenidos en Ayutla (La Jornada de Guerrero, 4 de febrero de 2013)

Ordenó la Upoeg detener a tres líderes indígenas, denuncia miembro de la CRAC (La Jornada de Guerrero, 3 de febrero de 2013)

Ayutla de los Libres, el lugar donde los civiles ejercen la justicia (CNN, 1 de febrero de 2013)

Instalan “tribunal popular” para juzgar a 54 detenidos en Guerrero (Proceso, 31 de enero)

Comienza juicio a 54 capturados en la Costa Chica (La Jornada, 1 de febrero de 2013)

Presentan ante el Tribunal Popular a 54 detenidos por la autodefensa (La Jornada de Guerrero, 31 de enero de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Self-defense against organized crime in 4 municipalities (15 January 2013)

Guerrero: Social insurrection in Olinalá against organized crime (9 November 2012)

Guerrero: Govenor Aguirre intervenes in situation of insecurity in Ayutla. Communal Police repeats that “it is not us”

January 24, 2013


Anniversary of the Communal Police, October 2011. Photo @SIPAZ

According to information from the newspaper La Jornada de Guerrero, the meeting that took place between members of the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC) and governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero on 21 January resulted in a proposal to formalize the Communal Police in exchange for a handing over of equipment, uniforms, and 1.5 million pesos from the state government to the organization.  Regardless, on that same day, information came out on the Desinformemonos webpage stressing that the CRAC’s position is never to accept orders or conditions from the government.  In the words of a juridical adviser to the CRAC, Valentín Hernández, regarding the movement of self-defense in Ayutla de los Libres and other municipalities: “[The Union of Peoples and Organizations of the State of Guerrero (UPOEG] has for some time been attempting to halt the process of incorporation of the communities of Ayutla de Los Libres, toward the end of handing over the CRAC’s work to the interests of the state government.  This is a very serious problem, something that we have never experienced in CRAC.  For this reason we demand respect for our principles of communal organization.”  The Communal Police reiterates that “it is not us” but rather the UPOEG which is sowing division.

During the 21 January meeting, the governor claimed that the Communal Police functions as an auxiliary police unit for the official police, this despite 17 years of autonomy.  The proposal, he said, is that the CRAC “assist in the prevention and operation of crimes; so that the Communal Police succeed in becoming regular and not contradict its constitutional and legal mark, it will take on a nature of auxiliary for public security, being permanently trained.”  The governor noted that the movement of citizens’ self-defense in Ayutla and Tecoanapa will gradually lessen over time, given that the Secure Guerrero Operation being coordinated among the three levels of government is now taking control.  Vidulfo Rosales Sierra, lawyer for the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, assured that the return of soldiers to Ayutla to combat organized crime “is a huge mistake,” given that this move will cause human-rights violations to increase.  Rosales Sierra recalled that Ayutla is considered to be a red alert as regards the conflictivity that is there experienced: “it is a laboratory of low-intensity warfare following the El Charco massacre.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Guerrero Seguro está tomando el control en Ayutla y Teconapa, dice el gobernador (La Jornada de Guerrero, 22 de enero de 2013)

Propone Ángel Aguirre a la CRAC funcionar como una policía auxiliar (La Jornada de Guerrero, 22 de enero de 2013)

Las autodefensas comunitarias frente al crimen organizado en Guerrero, “no son harina del mismo costal” (Desinformémonos, 21 de enero de 2013)

Guerrero: Ya son 3 mil “vigilantes” (Excelsior, 22 de enero de 2013)

Un error, el regreso de los militares a Ayutla, lamenta Tlachinollan (La Jornada de Guerrero, 21 de enero de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Self-defense against organized crime in 4 municipalities (15 January 2013)

Guerrero: Social insurrection in Olinalá against organized crime (9 November 2012)