Oaxaca: 12 arrest-orders released against the presumed material authors of the murder of the Mexican defender Beatriz Cariño and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola

October 12, 2012

On 27 September, two years and five months after the murders of the Mexican human-rights defenders Beatriz Cariñ and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola, 12 arrest-orders were released against the presumed material authors of their deaths.  The announcement was made in a press-conference carried out in Mexico City on 1 October.  At the event, the lawyer David Peña from the National Association of Democratic Lawyers (ANAD) announced that a penal denunciation will be presented before Finnish prosecutors against the intellectual authors of these crimes; included within these are the PRI ex-governor of Oaxaca, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, Evencio Nicolás Martínez Ramírez, then the secretary general of Oaxaca, as well as the mayor of Juxtlahuaca in 2010, when the ambush was perpetrated in which Cariño and Jaakkola lost their lives.  “None of this is being investigated in Mexico; the PGR has not opened an investigation into the intellectual authors, among them former governor Ulises Ruiz for his financing of armed groups like Ubisort.”  Peña noted that the team will meet in Mexico City with officials from Governance, the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR), and the Chancellery to request security measures for witnesses and those who were injured on 27 April 2010, given that they fear for their lives.

For his part, Omar Esparza, husband to Beatriz Cariño, stressed that it is not enough to release arrest orders, but rather that now it depends on the government of Gabino Cué to observe the orders and arrest these 12 persons.

This information was released to coincide with the visit of the Eurodeputies Satu Hassi y Ska Keller, who were in the country from 1 to 5 October to verify the grave humanitarian situation that prevails in states like Oaxaca and Guerrero.

For more information (in Spanish):

Ordenan capturar a 12 presuntos asesinos de Cariño y Jaakkola (La Jornada, 1ero de octubre de 2012)

Denunciarán a Ulises Ruiz en Finlandia por muerte de activistas (Proceso, 1ero de octubre de 2012)

Boletín de prensa de la ANAD y Alianza Mexicana por la Autodeterminación de los Pueblos (1ero de octubre de 2012)

Video conferencia de prensa aquí (33 min.)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Meeting in front of the PGR against impunity in the case of Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, nearly two years after their murders (21 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Triquis return to their communities after 16 months of sit-in (8 February 2012)

Oaxaca: justice demanded for San Juan Copala (14 December 2011)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño and Jaakkola (17 October 2011)

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Eurodeputies in the case of Cariño y Jaakkola

October 17, 2011

Franziska Keller, Satu Hassi, and Gabriela Küppers @ Oaxaca entrelíneas.com

The Eurodeputies Franziska Keller, Satu Hassi, and Gabrielle Küppers met on 3 September during their tour from 2 to 7 September with Governor Gabino Cué Monteagudo to request information regarding the advance of investigations into the murders of the Mexican activist Beatriz Alberta Cariño and the Finnish observer Jyri Jaakkola that occurred on 27 April 2010 in San Juan Copala.  The representatives of the European Parliament lamented that to now those responsible for the deaths of Jyri Jaakkola and Bety Cariño have to date not been detained, though they see progress in that the government at least attends to them, given that the previous administration of Ulises Ruiz Ortiz denied audiences with the Commission of the European Parliament altogether.

Seventeen months after the crimes, which also led to more than a dozen injuries and the disappearance of four persons for 60 hours, no one responsible has been arrested.  “This is a problem of impunity that prevails in all of the country,” say Hassi and Keller.  Though they noted the arrest of Rufino Hernández, leader of the Union for Social Welfare of the Triqui Region (UBISORT), as a positive development, given that he presumably participated in the death of the Finnish citizen and Bety Cariño, they indicated that this arrest has to do with other crimes committed by the leader.

In May of this year, on days 18 and 20, a delegation of the Subcommittee for Human Rights from the European Parliament visited Mexico.  In a recent report they observed that the “militarization” of the war against drugs launched by the government of Felipe Calderón itself represents “a problem in terms of human-rights violations.”

The document also indicates that despite the fact that high officials within the Calderón government with whom they interviewed “have expressed a storng commitment to bring national law into conformity with international conventions,” the representatives of the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH) have complained that the same authorities “very rarely” take seriously the rights-violations documented by them.

The Eurodeputies expressed their concerns regarding the “excessive power of the military.”  Mexican senators, according to the report, “have told us that they do not have any interest in allowing the military to break the law, but that in fact the Army enjoys a much greater public trust than any other public organization, including the Church and obviously the Congress.”

In other news, the visitor of the CNDH confided to the Eurodelegation that “the lack of ongoing investigations into the murder in Oaxaca of Jyri Jaakkola, whom he knew personally, is emblematic of the climate of impunity” that prevails in the country.

“The European Parliament respects the concern Mexico has for its international standing, but the spirit of solidarity with the NGOs and the victims obliges us to continue demanding that Mexico observe its obligations under international human-rights law,” says the report.

For more information (in Spanish):

Contradicciones de México en derechos humanos: Parlamento Europeo, Proceso, 23 September 2011

Paramilitares de Oaxaca, en la impunidad: eurodiputadas, Contralínea, 29 September 2011

Lamentan representantes de Parlamento Europeo que aún no haya detenidos por muerte de Jaakola y Cariño, Oaxaca Entrelíneas.com, 3 September 2011

Eurodiputadas visitan Oaxaca para conocer avance sobre caso Copala, Ciudadanía Express, 1 September 2011

Eurodiputadas en Oaxaca, para pedir resultados de casos Cariño y Jaakkola, E-Oaxaca, 3 September 2011

Contradicciones de México en derechos humanos: Parlamento Europeo, Chacatorex, 28 September 2011

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: following the caravan “Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola” to San Juan Copalá (21 June 2010)

Distrito Federal: visiting Mexico, the parents of Jyri Jaakkola demand justice for the case of their son and that of Bety Cariño (9 September 2010)

Oaxaca: Attack on observation caravan–2 dead and 4 missing (29 April 2010)