National: Thousands of teachers march against the educational reform

October 4, 2013

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Sit-in of teachers in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. Photo @SIPAZ

On 11 September, dissident teachers from several Mexican states (Aguascalientes, Baja California, Chiapas, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Querétaro, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Yucatán, and Veracruz) joined the protests organized by the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE), which marched starting at 10am in Mexico City toward Los Pinos.  The Secretary for Public Education that day distributed the decrees which are to reform the General Law on Education demanding the expeditious institution of the laws recommended by the National Institute for the Evaluation of Education and the General Union of Professional Teaching Services, which entered in law on 12 September.

In Guerrero, some 5000 teachers from the State Coordination of State Educational Workers (CETEG) marched on the Sol Highway to protest the educational reform and its secondary laws.  In the protest participated teachers from the central and mountainous regions of Guerrero, principally, who went on strike in response to the call for mobilization on the part of the CNTE.

In Oaxaca, the Unions of Workers from the “Benito Juárez” Autonomous University of Oaxaca (STEUABJO) and of Educational Workers from the Oaxaca State Conalep (SUTDCEO) held a 12-hour strike to observe the national general strike called for by the CNTE.  Similarly, the Unified Front for Struggle (FUL) and the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO), teaching students, and retired teachers participated in marches, occupations of buses, and blockades of the TV Azteca office, preventing the exit of dozens of workers.

In Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, approximately 1,500 teachers from Sections 7 and 40 marched, closing the four access-routes to the capital during the entirety of the day.  15 days after having begun the mobilizations and protest actions against educational reform, the teachers on that day added to their demand a rejection of the fiscal and energy reforms, in parallel terms to social organizations and campesinos.  By means of social networks and text messages, on 10 September there began a calumnious campaign in the media opposed to the teachers’ movement in Chiapas.

For more information (in Spanish):

Maestros de Guerrero marchan sobre Autopista del Sol (Informador, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Maestros preparan megamarcha en Guerrero (La Prensa, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Marchan maestros en los estados contra la Reforma Educativa (Excelsior, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Protestan profesores en 17 estados en apoyo a la CNTE (Animal Político, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

Marchan Ceteg y MPG contra las reformas educativa y energética (La Jornada de Guerrero, 12 de septiembre de 2013)

Inician maestros paro nacional (Proceso, 11 de septiembre de 2013)

A través de Facebook, amenazan de muerte a maestros chiapanecos (Proceso, 10 de septiembre de 2013)

La mirada femenina del derecho a la educación en México, por tres maestras de Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, 9 de septiembre de 2013)

En Oaxaca, sindicatos y organizaciones realizaron manifestaciones de apoyo a la CNTE (Página3.mx, 11 septiembre de 2013)


Guerrero: 3 of 8 disappeared PRD members found dead in Iguala

June 10, 2013

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Iguala municipality @wikipedia

On 3 June, in a community of the Tepecoacuilco municipality, were found three bodies of the eight PRD members who were “taken” on Thursday, 30 May, following their participation in the occupation of a control-point in Iguala, on the Sol highway, to demand the delivery of fertilizer.  Extra-official sources assert that among the victims is found PRD leader Arturo Hernández Cardona, who headed the Popular Unity (UP) faction, who was executed by gunshot after being beaten jointly with two comrades who were disappeared after the protest.

Organizations like the Front of Democratic Organizations of the State of Guerrero (FODEG), the Collective against Torture and Impunity (CCTI), the Guerrero Network of Civil Human-Rights Organization (Redgroac), and the Movement for National Regeneration (Morena) have demanded that state authorities locate the whereabouts of the UP activists, following their disappearance on 30 May.

The UP has manifested its support for the teachers of the Coordination of Educational Workers of the State of Guerrero (CETEG) during the recent conflict of March and April.  The state director of the PRD, Carlos Reyes Torres, noted that the disappearance of the eight social leaders of Iguala has to do with organized crime, and not conflict among parties.

For more information (in Spanish):

Encuentran ejecutados a tres de los 8 perredistas desaparecidos en Iguala (Libertad Guerrero, 3 de junio de 2013)

Exigen organizaciones sociales dar con el paradero de los activistas de Iguala (La Jornada de Guerrero, 1 de mayo de 2013)

Acción Urgente (Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos – Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos, 3 de junio de 2013)

Los desaparecidos, víctimas de criminales, sugiere Carlos Reyes (La Jornada de Guerrero, 3 de junio de 2013)

La vorágine delincuencial (CDHM Tlachinollan, 3 de junio de 2013)

COMUNICADO DESPARECIDOS IGUALA (Comité de Familiares y Amigos de Secuestrados, Desaparecidos y Asesinados en Guerrero, y Taller de Desarrollo Comunitario, 31 de mayo de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Teachers’ megamarch ends with occupation of Congress (23 April 2013)

Oaxaca: March-meeting of Section 22 of the SNTE in commemoration of 25 November (30 November 2012)

Guerrero: Briefs – Reactivation of arrest-orders against CETEG members (10 November 2010)


Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case; students arrested and then released

May 17, 2013

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Photo @SIPAZ

At the beginning of May, Amnesty International (AI) called on the state government of Guerrero to take all necessary actions to avoid the eventuality that the murder of two students from the rural normal school “Isidro Burgos” of Ayotzinapa continue in impunity, so as to assure that those who are found responsible be prosecuted.  In a communique, AI joined the call carried out by different Mexican civil-society organizations and international organizations to put an end to the impunity that has prevailed in the case of the murder of two students from the rural normal school of Ayotzinapa in 2011.  The organizations which signed the public letter to Guerrero’s governor, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, include among others the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights and the Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Center for Human Rights.  In the letter, they emphasize that  “The obligation to diligently investigate these types of acts finds its basis not only in the law of Guerrero, but also in the political Constitution and the international accords [signed by Mexico] in terms of human rights.”

In other news, during the afternoon of 7 May, 25 students from the rural normal school of Ayotzinapa were arrested by state police using violence and beatings, and even firearms, according to witness testimony, on the federal highway between Chilpancingo and Iguala.  The students were transferred to the State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE), where they were surrounded by anti-riot police.  The arrest catalyzed a mobilization undertaken by teachers from the State Coordination of Educational Workers from Guerrero (CETEG) during the evening, who carried out a sit-in before the principal entrance to the PGJE office.  Following several hours of protest, the students were released on the morning of the 8th.

For more information (in Spanish):

Carta Pública al gobernador Ángel Aguirre (2 de mayo de 2013)

AI pide a Guerrero poner fin a impunidad en caso Ayotzinapa (El Universal, 5 de mayo de 2013)

Llama AI a dar fin a la impunidad en Caso Ayotzinapa (Novedades Acapulco, 5 de mayo de 2013)

Liberan a comunitarios y detienen ahora a 25 alumnos de Ayotzinapa (El Sur de Acapulco, 7 de mayo de 2013)

Liberan esta madrugada a los 25 normalistas de Ayotzinapa (La Jornada, 8 de mayo de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Release of police charged for the murder of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (29 April 2013)

Guerrero: normalists commemorate first anniversary of repression in Ayotzinapa (21 December 2013)

Guerrero: New aggressions against students in Ayotzinapa (26 November 2012)

Guerrero: “The Ayotzinapa case cannot remain in impunity” – OMCT (16 August 2012)

Guerrero: Ayotzinapa denounces impunity six months after the deaths of two students (17 June 2012)

Guerrero: CNDH confirms serious rights-violations against students of Ayotzinapa (16 January 2012)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


Guerrero: Members of the Popular Movement of Guerrero destroy state offices of different political parties

April 29, 2013

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Photo @El País

On 24 April, members of the Popular Movement of Guerrero (MPG), including dissident teachers, destroyed state offices of the PRI, PAN, PRD, and Citizens’ Movement in Chilpancingo.  The National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) called these acts “desperate,” and for this reason it expressed its “total support” for the teachers of the State Coordination of Education Workers in Guerrero (CETEG).  Union leaders reported that a commission of teachers had entered the state to attempt to defuse tensions and seek a peaceful solution to the conflict, stressing that “as teachers we have never elected violence, though it is the State which is generating with its aloofness and lack of capacity for dialogue conditions of desperation and surfeit.”  Juan Melchor, member of National Political Direction (DPN), stressed that they would work “in the construction of an alternative proposal to the neoliberal educational model that the administration seeks to impose upon us.”

President Enrique Peña Nieto expressed to the state governor of Guerrero, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, all his support for “maintaining the State of Right” and avoiding a repetition of the violent acts perpetrated last Wednesday by thousands of teachers.  For his part, Aguirre reported that there have been issued 39 arrest-orders (still without execution) against members of the teachers’ movement who have installed a permanent sit-in in downtown Chilpancingo.  The governor also rejected the idea that the educators blockade the Sol highway as protest.  The teachers, who have since February been organizing mobilizations against educational reform, reacted violently on 24 April after the approval by the state Congress the previous day of a ruling that contradicted their demands.

For more information (in Spanish):

‘‘Acto desesperado’’, la violencia del miércoles en Chilpancingo: CNTE (La Jornada de Guerrero, 26 de abril de 2013)

PRI condena violencia contra su inmueble en Chilpancingo (Milenio, 26 de abril de 2013)

Presidente de México condena violencia de los maestros en Guerrero (Telesurtv, 26 de abril de 2013)

Los maestros de Guerrero presionan al Gobierno mexicano con violencia (El País, 25 de abril de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Teachers’ megamarch ends with the occupation of Congress (23 April 2013)

Oaxaca: March-meeting of Section 22 of the SNTE in commemoration of 25 November (30 November 2012)

Guerrero: Briefs – Reactivation of arrest-orders against CETEG members (10 November 2010)

 


Guerrero: Briefs – Reactivation of arrest-orders against members of CETEG; social organizations meet before the Inter-American Commission; Mexican State violating sentence, it is accused; homage to Comandante Ramiro

November 10, 2010

During the final week of October were reactivated 40 arrest-orders against social leaders of the Guerrero teacher’s movement, and five of them were in fact detained.  In a 29 October press-release, the State Coordination of Educational Workers in Guerrero (CETEG), the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, the Revolutionary Popular Front, and the National Network of Citizens and Organizations for Democracy (RENACID) stressed that these events demonstrate the criminalization of social protest that Governor Zeferino Torreblanca Galindo has undertaken in place of listening and attending to the demands of civil society.  Furthermore, the press-release requested the cessation of arbitrary repression against members of social movements as well as respect for freedom of assembly.

CEMDA conference (@CENCOS)

On 28 October, in Mexico City, there was held before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) an audience in whcih social organizations denounced the violation on the part of the Mexican State of the right to consultation and participation in matters related to the public interest, in light of the construction of megaprojects such as for example the hydroelectric dam La Parota.  The Mexican Center for Environmental Law (CEMDA), the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to the La Parota Dam (CECOP), and Tlachinollan, among others, demonstrated that the authorities of different levels of government have violated the Constitution, especially article 2, which demands that the State implement and carry out consultation processes regarding legislative measures, development-programs, or the implementation of works or infrastructure on territory and natural resources belonging to indigenous communities.  They related that, with regard to the hydroelectric dam La Parota, it was not informed that 17,300 hectares would be flooded, that 25000 campesinos would be displaced, and that it would affect 75000 others who live downstream.  No one was consulted as to whether s/he would consent to being displaced.

In the case of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo, indigenous Me’phaa women who were raped by soldiers in 2002, the lawyers Miguel Pulido Jiménez, director of the Center for Analysis and Investigation; Guadalupe Barrera, from the Center for Economic Investigation and Teaching A.C.; and Daphne Cuevas, from the Parliamentary Consortium and Equity A.C. denounced that the Mexican State is not observing the sentence handed down by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR).  In a 7 November press-conference, they denounced that, while the Mexican State first was incapable of guaranteeing the rights of the indigenous women, it later refused to recognize their condition as victims, and when the IACHR condemned it, it failed to make available the necessary resources for reparations.  Guadalupe Barrera and Daphne Cuevas stated that, while the federal government assures that it does not have money for compensation, it enjoys a large budget for the financing of publicity and image.

On 4 November in Chilpancingo, moreover, social organizations held a commemoration on the first anniversary of the death of Omar Guerrero Solís, also known as Commander Ramiro, member of the Revolutionary Army of Insurgent Peoples (ERPI), who was killed in the sierra of Coyuca de Catalán on 4 November of last year.  The Workshop of Communal Development (TADECO), the Guerrero Network of Civil Human-Rights Organizations  (Guerrero Network), the mining union of Taxco, and CETEG, among others, celebrated a mass in the church of San Mateo and later carried out an event in the zócalo.  Javier Monroy, member of TADECO, stressed that “Ramiro gave his life for his people, to give them a dignified life, and to build a better world.  For that reason he is a model to follow for the youth.”

For more information (in Spanish):

NGO criticizes harassment of professors (La Jornada, 29 October)

Guerrero, Mexico: Reactivation of arrest-orders against teachers and criminalization of protest (Kaos en la Red, 29 October)

Organizations expose violations of the right to consultation before the IACHR (CENCOS, 28 October)

IACHR sentence is ignored, it is accused (La Jornada, 8 November)

Organizations hold homage for Commander Ramiro, killed in 2009(La Jornada, 4 November)


Guerrero: briefs – CETEG leader is detained; auctions to be held for La Parota: CFE

October 27, 2010

Following the protests of the State Coordination of Education Workers in Guerrero (CETEG) last week, agents of the Ministerial Police of the State (PME) of Guerrero detained Félix Moreno Peralta and Jorge García Hernández, two of the principal leaders of CETEG, on Sunday 24 October.  The two were accused of attacks on communication media.  The director of the PME, Fernando Monreal Leyva, said via telephone interview with La Jornada that the capture was made with an arrest order authorized by the primary judge from the judicial district of Tabares, from the port of Acapulco.  This would be the first arrest of 40 that are ordered against teachers accused of blocking the Sol highway and avenues in Chilpacingo, as well as for invading the government-palace of Chilpancingo to demand loans and work.

In an interview with the Sur de Acapulco, the CETEG spokesperson Ramón López expressed on behalf of CETEG his “rejection of this repression from the terror-government of the state; we see with sadness that they use these methods to stop mobilization.”  Protesting the detention of Félix Moreno and demanding his immediate release, the teachers of CETEG occupied educational installations in Chilapa, Tlapa, Acapulco, and Costa Chica, and they plan action against the harassment that the state government visits on social activists.   In a press-conference, leaders of civil and social organizations such as the Workshop for Communal Development (TADECO), miners of Taxco, the Guerrero Network of Civil Human-Rights Organizations, and CETEG, among others, reiterated their support for the arrested teacher-leader and denounced the repression suffered by social activists.

In other news, the Federal Commission of Electricity (CFE) has announced that in 2011 will be held auctions for the hydroelectric dam La Parota, located in Acapulco, a move that would imply the investment of nearly $900 million.  Alfredo Elías Ayub, director of CFE, assured that the project is a priority for the parastatal company, since it was integrated into the Budget of Costs of the Federation 2011; once it is approved definitively, the work of auctioning can begin.  Elías Ayub declared that “the approval [of the Congress of the Union] is there, but we have to have the people [ie, the ejidatarios] come to a position in which they clearly see the benefits [to such a project].”  For his part, Felipe Flores Hernández, spokesperson of the Council of Ejidos and Communities Opposed to La Parota (CECOP) announced that this organization will meet with members of the Commission of Energy of the House of Deputies and will request before the Congress of the Union that the budget requested by CFE not be approved.  Flores Hernández affirmed in a telephone interview with La Jornada that he is not surprised that the CFE has requested a budget to continue with the hydroelectric project.  He warned that, if the Congress of the Union does not attend to the application made by ejidatarios, they could radicalize their opposition to the dam, employing road-blocks to impede the movement of CFE personnel and vehicles.

For more information (in Spanish):

CETEG takes offices of the SEG in Tlapa y Acapulco (La Jornada de Guerrero, 26 October)

Two CETEG leaders are detained (La Jornada, 25 October)

Two leaders of the CETEG teachers are detained (El Sur de Acapulco, 25 October)

In 2011 auctions will be held for La Parota, says the CFE (Milenio, 20 October)

Opponents to La Parota will appeal to the IACHR (La Jornada, 27 October)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Briefs – CECOP receives precautionary measures; Report on human rights; Civil society organizations continue asking for the liberation of Raúl Hernández (5 de julio)

Guerrero: Briefs – CECOP demonstrates before the Senate / Press-conference on the cases of Inés and Valentina is held (27 May)