National: Several criticisms of the presentation of Peña Nieto’s Third Report of Government

September 13, 2015

Enrique Peña Nieto during the presentation of the Third Report of Governance. Photo: @cnn méxico

Under the slogans “Mexico at peace,” “inclusive Mexico,” “Mexico with quality education,” “prosperous Mexico,” and “Mexico with global responsibility,” President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) presented his Third Governance Report on 2 September. During the presentation made at the National Palace in Mexico City, EPN made public his evaluation of the first half of his presidency, noting that he would not change the path of the reforms he had promoted, but rather accelerate this. “We will continue to build on the base we have established during the first half,” he expressed.

EPN discussed the previous year (September 2014-August 2015) as “difficult.” “Our country was profoundly hurt by a series of lamentable cases: the events of Iguala and the escape of a criminal recall the situations of violence,” he noted. According to La Jornada, the president’s comments alluded to the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa and the escape of Joaquín Guzmán Loera, “el Chapo.” Beyond this, he recognized the indignation and social rejection of both acts due to “indications of conflicts of interest that even involved the Executive branch.”

EPN also announced that there would be no new taxes or increases on those already existing, despite the decline in income from the petroleum sector. He also reported the fall in impactful crimes and the increase in poverty rates, according to the Measurement of the National Council for the Evaluation of the Policies of Social Development (CONEVAL). Beyond this, he declared that the changes to the State Institute of Public Education in Oaxaca (IEEPO) were oriented toward the “liberation of public education in Oaxaca, the particular interests that have maintained it captive for decades,” beyond ratifying the progression of the Educational Reform: “For our children and youth in Oaxaca—and throughout Mexico—the law will be applied. There will no retreat: despite the difficulties, the Educational reform will reach the last corner and school of the country.” He also warned of the risk of “believing in demagoguery, intolerance, and populism” in these moments during which there reigns “frustration and pessimism.” At the end of the report, he presented a new decalogue called “10 measures for new challenges.”

The Third Report received many criticisms by national and international organizations that believe Mexico is passing through a severe human-rights crisis that they feel was ignored in the presidential report.

For more information (in Spanish):

3r Informe de Gobierno 2014-2015 (Presidencia de la República)

El Tercer Informe de Peña Nieto en 10 frases (Animal Político, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

Iguala perturbó a México, reconoce Peña Nieto (La Jornada, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

Al dar un balance de su mandato, EPN reconoce hechos que causaron desconfianza e incertidumbre (Animal Político, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

A casi 1 año de Ayotzinapa, EPN no ha cumplido decálogo en seguridad (SinEmbargo, 7 de septiembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Nacional: Lack of confidence and strong criticisms of the Second Governmental Report presented by EPN (15 September 2014)

National: Submission of First Governmental Report amidst protests and mass-disturbances (13 September 2013)

National: Polemical ascension of EPN (7 December 2012)

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Chiapas: 2 children perished and 6 gravely injured following immunizations in Simojovel

May 17, 2015

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Following the application of an immunization campaign to 52 indigenous children from the Simojovel municipality, 29 of them had adverse reactions and had to be hospitalized.  Two have died, and six others have been seriously injured.  The perished neonates, Yadira (30 days of age) and Emmanuel Francisco (28 days), had not yet been officially registered.

The Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) announced on 9 May that it would suspend only the application of Hepatitis B immunizations within the Simojovel municipality, thus overturning the previous order to suspend the BCG (tuberculosis), Hepatitis B, Rotavirus, and Quadrivalent immunizations at the national level, and to contain the Hepatitis B lots as the suspected cause of the adverse reactions.

The Chiapas state governor, Manuel Velasco, and the director general of the IMSS, José Antonio González Anaya, visited those affected and their relatives in the Tuxtla Gutiérrez, where they have been admitted.

Civil-society organizations have demanded that the State authorities investigate the incident in  a profound and impartial way, and they called on the appropriate authorities to determine the chain of culpability among those responsible, as well as to provide the necessary support for families, in addition to access to justice.  They expressed their “concern for the situation of newborns in the State, particularly those who subsist in conditions of extreme material poverty.  Data from the National Council on the Evaluation of the Politics of Social Development (CONEVAL) indicate that, in 2012, 74.7% of the Chiapas population finds itself in extreme poverty, with 24.9% reporting lack of access to health services.  It is notable that this outcome, which has to do with immunizations, takes place in one of the states with greatest material need in the country, where the percentage of unvaccinated children is 18%, and the mortality rate of infants is 13.5 deaths higher than the national average of 13.2 (2010), in accordance with the official data that are presented in the report Infancy Counts in Mexico.”

For more information (in Spanish):

El IMSS suspende la aplicación de vacunas de Hepatitis B en Simojovel (CNN México, 11 de mayo de 2015)

La muerte de los niños de Simojovel Chiapas, evidencia de la marginación(Chiapas Paralelo, 11 de mayo de 2015

Exigen OSC investigación profunda e imparcial frente a los casos de muerte infantil por vacunas en IMSS – Chiapas (Comunicado de OSC, 11 de mayo de 2015)

Se encuentran graves seis niños por vacunas en Chiapas: IMSS (Proceso, 10 de mayo de 2015)

Mueren dos niños por reacciones alérgicas a vacuna en Chiapas (La Jornada, 9 de mayo de 2015)

Investiga CNDH caso de vacuna a niños en Chiapas (El Universal, 10 de mayo de 2015)


Mexico: poverty increases in the country, especially in urban areas. Oaxaca, Chiapas, and Guerrero continue to have the great number of poor. Campaign for the ratification of PF PIDESC

December 14, 2011

At the beginning of December, the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval) released the most recent statistics regarding poverty in Mexico.  While the states with the highest percentages of impoverished persons continues to be Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guerrero, and Veracruz, the greatest number of poor are found in 190 urban localities, particularly in large cities.  Coneval attributes this situation to the crisis of 2008, general inflation in the prices of food, as well as commercial dependence on the US.  The statistics of this organization take into account a number of variables of social lack including health, education, and housing, in addition to income, factors that are jointly determine whether poverty is moderate or extreme.

The most impoverished municipalities in the country are the following: San Juan Tepeuxila, Oaxaca (with 97.4% of its population impoverished); Aldama, Chiapas (97.3%); San Juan Cancuc, Chiapas (97.3%); Mixtla de Altamirano, Veracruz (97%); Chalchihuitán, Chiapas (96.8%); Santiago Textitlán, Oaxaca (96.6%); San Andrés Duraznal, Chiapas (96.5%); Santiago El Pinar, Chiapas (96.5%); Sitalá, Chiapas (96.5%), and San Simón Zahuatlán, Oaxaca (96.4%).

In previous days, upon presenting the report “Social Panorama of Latin American and the Caribbean,” the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Cepal), a UN organization, had indicated that Mexico and Honduras have been the only two countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in which poverty has increased in the past year.  According to Cepal, in contrast, in the majority of Latin America and the Caribbean, poverty rates have diminished.  It details that in 2009, 34.8% of the Mexican population found itself in situation of poverty; in 2010, this percentage rose to 36.3% of all residents of the country.  The number of Mexicans who live in extreme poverty equaled 13.3% of the total population in 2010 (an increase of 2.1%, compared with 2009).

In related matters, on 7 December, a coalition of 95 Mexican organizations and networks handed over to the Secretary of Foreign Relations more than 18000 citizens’ signatures supporting the signing and ratification of the Facultative Protocol for International Agreement of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (PF PIDESC), a means that could help in the struggle against poverty.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado de prensa completo (CONEVAL, 2 December)

Puebla, DF y Edomex concentran pobreza: Coneval (Proceso, 2 December)

Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guerrero y Veracruz son las entidades con mayor índice de pobres: Coneval (La Jornada, 3 December)

Sólo en México y Honduras creció la pobreza en el último año: Cepal(La Jornada, 30 November)

La campaña mexicana por la ratificación de PF PIDESC entrega el sentir de más de 18 mil mexicanos a la cancillería (Boletín de prensa, 8 December 2011)