Oaxaca: One year after the 7S earthquake “much remains to be done” regarding reconstruction, CODIGO-DH

September 20, 2018
terremoto10

Photo @CODIGO DH


One year after the earthquake of September 7, 2017, which caused serious damage in the state of Oaxaca, mainly in the regions of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and the Sierra Mixe, the civil association Committee for the Integral Defense of Human Rights Gobixha (CODIGO DH) published a report on the progress and pending
issues in the reconstruction and the situation of the victims in the same state.

The report highlights that “since the days after the earthquake, the state and federal governments were overwhelmed by the emergency situation (…) and although there were advances in the collection of information for the allocation of resources for reconstruction, the earthquake of 19 September, diverted their attention to the center of the country”. It highlights that “with the aftershocks of September 23 homes with serious damage in the Isthmus ended collapsing, homes that were not counted or had a minor damage when the census was made”.

According to CODIGO DH, the reconstruction was seriously delayed due to the “collapse of the educational, health, banking, commercial and municipal institutions.” It also deepened the inequalities between larger population centers and small communities.

Its follow-up document on “Monitoring the problems of reconstruction in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec”, annexed to the report, emphasizes the irregularities in the management of the funds as well as the lack of transparency in the allocation of resources and the delivery of supports to the victims by the government. He also criticized the census prepared by the Secretariat of Agrarian, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU).

The organization reported that “during this year, we allocated 110 days to various activities, during which we physically stayed in the towns of Juchitán, San Dionisio del Mar, Union Hidalgo, Ixtepec, Ixhuatán, Jalapa del Marqués on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and Yaveloxi in the Sierra Mixe; with the presence of 2-3 people every day”. The tasks developed were: Delivery of food; support for community kitchens; delivery of traditional tarpaulins and cots; medical care brigades; psychosocial brigades; delivery of supports for the reconstruction of houses; monitoring of school reconstruction; reactivation of the local economy.

CODIGO DH concluded that “in spite of all the activities undertaken there is still a lot to be done, especially in the reconstruction of housing, in access to educational services, health, repair of roads and drainages, work and recreation of the people who were affected during the 8.2 earthquake of September 7, 2017 and its subsequent aftershocks “.

For more information (in Spanish):

Fallas y retrasos en la reconstrucción a un año del sismo del 7 de septiembre en Oaxaca (CNN Español, 8 de septiembre de 2018)

A un año del terremoto, informe sobre avances y pendientes en la reconstrucción: CODIGO DH (CODIGO-DH, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

BREVE INFORME DE INTERVENCIÓN EN EL SISMO 8.2: Avances y pendientes. (CODIGO-DH, 6 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Civil Observation Mission to the Coast one year after the earthquake of September 7, 2017 September 18, 2018

Oaxaca / National: 8th National Meeting of victims of the earthquakes of September 2017 in Juchitán September 16, 2018

Oaxaca: “Caravan of the Forgotten” to Mexico City Denounces Government Inaction for Earthquake Victims April 30, 2018

Oaxaca: September Earthquake Victims Block Highways on the Isthmus and Coast December 28, 2017

Oaxaca: NGOs denounce “inadequate and insufficient response from the three levels of government” to earthquake disaster September 21, 2017


Chiapas: Civil Observation Mission to the Coast one year after the earthquake of September 7, 2017

September 18, 2018
dscf0101

Civil Observation MIssion to the Coast (@SIPAZ)


From September 4 to 6, a Civil Observation Mission made a visit to communities of the municipalities of Arriaga, Tonalá and Pijijiapán one year after the earthquake of September 7, 2017. I
t was organized by the Network All rights for all, the Human Rights Center “Digna Ochoa”, the Human Rights Center “Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas”, the Human Rights Center “Fray Matías de Cordova” as well as Mesoamerican Voices, Action with Migrant Peoples in addition to the Service and Consultancy for Peace (Serapaz); and accompanied by SIPAZ and the Swedish Movement for Reconciliation (SweFOR). It should be remembered that this earthquake left damages in 97 municipalities of Chiapas and that, according to official data, more than 46 thousand families suffered damages to their homes, mainly in rural areas. There were also affectations in more than 800 schools, 184 hospitals, clinics, health centers and public buildings; as well as in 462 churches and historical monuments.


In the main conclusions after this visit, the Mission affirmed that the Secretariat of Agrarian, Territorial and Urban Development (Sedatu) left more than 8 thousand victims of the Coast of Chiapas outside the censuses of damages, and without the possibility of receiving any resource for reconstruction.
Another 2 thousand 769 families that were registered didn’t receive the resources for the reconstruction that were given via BANSEFI cards. Those who obtained cards only received 70 percent of those resources for reconstruction since the government of Chiapas has not deposited the remaining 30 percent, which it was supposed to contribute. More than 90 percent of the families affected continue to live in adverse conditions, under tents and tarps, renting or living in semi-destroyed houses. Others had to request loans from banks to carry out the reconstruction.

Among the activities realized by the Mission, a meeting was held with the elected governor of Chiapas, Rutilio Escandón Cadenas, in which he was told about the serious damage suffered by the affected people, a situation that was aggravated by the ineffective action of the different levels of government : neither attended to all the people affected, nor made an adequate use of the resources. For this reason, the organizations of the Mission called on him to make changes in public policies as soon as he takes office. Escandón Cadenas reported that one of his first actions on the subject will be to elaborate what he called a “true census”.


The main recommendations of the Mission include:
to guarantee the right to a decent life and housing in favor of the thousands of victims in Chiapas due to the earthquake of September 7, 2017; to investigate and sanction all kinds of acts of corruption in the use of public funds for the reconstruction process; to urgently conclude the reconstruction of schools and health centers, as well as water and sanitation services; to create a program that allows the more than 8 thousand families of the coast of Chiapas that have not been considered within the reconstruction programs, to be granted support without any conditioning; and to guarantee the right to defend the human rights of the defenders and defenders in Chiapas.

For more information (in Spanish) :

Misión Civil de Observación inicia visita a un año de los sismos reuniéndose con Gobernador electo Rutilio Escandón (Mco, 4 de septiembre de 2018)

Afectaciones de los damnificados se agravaron por la ineficacia del Gobierno” Misión Civil de Observación (Chiapas Paralelo, 4 de septiembre de 2018)

La simulación de la reconstrucción en Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 6 de septiembre de 2018)

Prometer no empobrece, dar es lo que aniquila”. A un año del sismo la costa de Chiapas sigue en emergencia (Regeneración, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

En Chiapas, a un año del terremoto, reconstrucción a cuenta gotas (Chiapas Paralelo, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

A un año del sismo del 7 de Septiembre en Chiapas, persisten violaciones a los Derechos Humanos de las familias damnificadas (CDH Digna Ochoa, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

10 mil damnificados sin ayuda en costa de Chiapas a un año de sismo (Regeneración, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca / National: 8th National Meeting of victims of the earthquakes of September 2017 in Juchitán September 16, 2018

Chiapas: Coastal Civil Observation Mission Ends Two Months after the 8.2 Earthquake November 23, 2017

National: Mexico Shaken by Two Huge Earthquakes Faces the Shock with a Wave of Solidarity September 30, 2017

Oaxaca: NGOs denounce “inadequate and insufficient response from the three levels of government” to earthquake disaster September 21, 2017


Oaxaca / National: 8th National Meeting of victims of the earthquakes of September 2017 in Juchitán

September 16, 2018
asimismo

Photo @Asimismo

During the last weekend of Augus, the 8th Meeting of victims of the earthquakes of September 2017 took place in Oaxaca. More than a thousand people from the Isthmus of Tehueantepec, Chiapas, Morelos, Puebla and Mexico City met in the City of Juchitán to demand a decent reconstruction after the earthquakes that occurred during the month of September 2017.

According to the newspaper La Jornada: “one of the main demands is that electric power should be a free right for the affected communities, especially those of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where 25 wind farms are installed, in spite of which the tariffs are the higher charged nationally. “

“A year after the earthquake that damaged thousands of homes in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, we see that things are going very slowly. Although the network of neighbors affected by the earthquakes and women in resistance have fought and many lawsuits have been resolved , there are still pending issues on part of the state: many people were defrauded by companies and do not have housing, others have not received their support cards and others owe more to the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) when they do not even have a house, this is why our struggle and our demand is to have free electricity for all”, said Magali Sánchez Santiago, member of the Network of Women in Resistance.

They point out that reconstruction is also very slow in hospitals, schools, markets and other public spaces. Nearly a year after the September 7 earthquake, they say that they have organized themselves as civil society and “we have overcome government support”. They still demand that the authorities fulfill their commitment with those affected.

For more information (in Spanish) :

Realizan octavo encuentro nacional de damnificados en Juchitán. (La Jornada, 26 agosto de 2018)

Participan damnificados en su 8º encuentro nacional, en Juchitán. (Asimismo, 26 agosto 2018)

Damnificados en el Istmo por terremoto denuncian clonación de tarjetas de ayuda. (La Jornada, 11 de noviembre de 2017)

83% de muertos en sismos, por corrupción (Contralínea, 22 de septiembre 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca: “Caravan of the Forgotten” to Mexico City Denounces Government Inaction for Earthquake Victims April 30, 2018

Oaxaca: September Earthquake Victims Block Highways on the Isthmus and Coast December 28, 2017

Chiapas: Coastal Civil Observation Mission Ends Two Months after the 8.2 Earthquake November 23, 2017

National: Mexico Shaken by Two Huge Earthquakes Faces the Shock with a Wave of Solidarity September 30, 2017

Oaxaca: NGOs denounce “inadequate and insufficient response from the three levels of government” to earthquake disaster September 21, 2017

 


Guerrero: Communal Police requests aid from state and federal governments after earthquake

April 3, 2012

Foto: Informador.com

The directors of the Regional Coordination of Communal Authorities (CRAC) report that in at least a hundred indigenous communities of the Metlatónoc, San Luis Acatlán, Tlapa, and Cochoapa el Grande communities a thousand homes were destroyed by the 7.4 earthquake that occurred on 20 March.  They affirm that residents continue to receive support from the state and federal authorities.  The CRAC notes that personnel from the Subsecretary for Civil Protection of the State visited the affected homes and solely noted on a list which houses it was that collapsed.

“No, this wall can be repaired by the people; all you do is to add a bit of mud and it is fine,” said the officials from State Civil Protection to the people.  “There in Zitlaltepec, there were a hundred damaged homes, and the majority were destroyed.  For this reason the people had to sleep in the patio or the streets,” indicated José Mendoza, director of the CRAC.  Those affiliated with CRAC said that there will not be aid for the homes that did not collapse, and that they will hand over materials only for the homes that had cracks in the floor or walls.

Valentín Hernández, coordinator and juridical assessor for CRAC, confirmed that in the 84 communities in which the communal police operates, some thousand homes were totally destroyed.  He proposed to the state government that it hand over resources via the CRAC; if it does not, more problems will be experienced, he added.  Hernández also demanded help from the state and federal governments, in light of the fact that Governor Ángel Aguirre has not come to visit the affected communities, nor has he sent aid.

Beyond this, the federal delegation of the Secretary for Social Development (Sedesol) has reported that there are officially 12,000 homes that have been affected by the earthquake.  Marcos Efrén Parra Gómez, delegate for Sedesol in Guerrero, reported that more than 70 percent of the affected homes in 29 municipalities have registered minor or partial damages, in contrast with the reports provided by the state government.  Governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero spoke of more than 30,000 homes that were damaged, and 10,000 that were totally destroyed.

The official noted that the families who reside in homes that were damaged will be integrated into the Temporal Employment program, so that they themselves carry out repair work.  The homes that were totally destroyed will be attended to by the Fund for Natural Disasters (Fonden), so that they be completely reconstructed.

The mayor of Cuajinicuilapa reports that two persons died as a result of the earthquake.

For more information (in Spanish):

Guerrero aún evalúa daños por sismo (El Universal, 30 de marzo 2012)

Derribó el sismo cientos de viviendas en Metlatónoc: policía comunitaria (La Jornada, 26 de marzo 2012)

Dos muertos en Guerrero por sismo; descartan nacimiento de un volcán (La Jornada, 23 de marzo 2012)

Centenar de comunidades esperan que lleguen apoyos para sus hogares afectados por el sismo (Guerrero Noticias, 26 de marzo 2012)

Precisa Sedesol que son 12 mil viviendas afectadas por sismo en Guerrero (Milenio,30 de marzo 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: denunciations and declarations of the CRAC and CECOP (12 March 2012)

Guerrero – breves: Nuevamente convoyes militares en territorio comunitario; “No basta con acto de reconocimiento del gobierno”: AFADEM (5 de noviembre 2011)