National: Murder Rate Rises in Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s First Semester

June 27, 2019
blog de sipaz murder rates

@npr

In June, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP in its Spanish acronym) published data that show that in the first semester of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s administration (December 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019) 17,500 people were killed in the country (of which 17,011 correspond to cases of intentional homicide and 489 to femicides). The murder rate during the first semesters of Vicente Fox, Calderon and Peña Nieto, were 7.12, 4.89 and 8.01 per one hundred thousand inhabitants; while during the first six months of this government, there were 11.51 cases of homicide per hundred thousand inhabitants in the country.

Although there was a slight decrease in April, in May there were 2,903 victims of intentional homicide and 76 of femicide, totaling 2,979 people murdered. It is equivalent to an average of 96 cases per day and represents the highest monthly total of victims so far in the term of office. The states with the greatest increase in crime are Nuevo Leon, which increased 72%; Tabasco, with a growth of 50.7%; Mexico City with 43.2%; Sonora and Morelos, with increases of 43.1%.

 

For more information in Spanish:

Con AMLO y Sheinbaum se vive el primer semestre de sexenio más sangriento de la historia (La Otra opinión, 24 de junio de 2019)

Mayo, el mes más violento (El Siglo de Durango, 22 de junio de 2019)

El primer semestre rojo (El Heraldo de México, 22 de junio de 2019)

Con 17,500 asesinatos, el primer semestre de AMLO es el más violento de los últimos sexenios (Animal Político, 21 de junio de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: Mexico Ranked 99th of 126 in Rule of Law Index – World Justice Project (March 12, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)


National / International: Mexico, migration filter?

September 21, 2018
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@Conexión migrante


In mid-September, several rumors surfaced that the government of Enrique Peña Nieto would be considering signing a commitment with the United States under which Mexico would accept a deportation quota of undocumented non-Mexican immigrants, and a number of asylum seekers seeking refuge in U.S. This would be under the statutes of the bilateral cooperation of the Mérida Initiative signed with the government of President Felipe Calderón to combat drug trafficking and organized crime on a bilateral basis; and as part of the Zero Tolerance policy for undocumented immigration of the Donald Trump government. The New York Times detailed that the 20 million dollars allocated for this would cover the costs of the deportation from Mexico to the countries of origin of some 17,000 undocumented immigrants in order to prevent the flow of migrants in the southern border of the United States.

Days later, it was reported that due to pressure from the transition team of the president-elect, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, the government of Enrique Peña Nieto rejected these 20 million dollars.

Given the rumors, civil organizations in favor of the rights of migrants and refugees, expressed their outright rejection of a plan of this nature and more broadly to bilateral negotiations between the United States and Mexico on a safe Third-Country Agreement in matters of asylum: “these measures represent a threat to the right of each person to seek asylum in the country that he/she considers to be safe, in addition to a renunciation by both governments of their international obligations to offer access to international protection for any person. They pointed out that “Mexico is far from being a safe country for migrants and refugees, and forcing people to seek protection in Mexico would exceed the country’s asylum system, which is already weak. International and Mexican organizations have documented how migrants and refugees traveling through Mexico are frequent victims of crimes such as kidnapping, extortion, robbery and sexual violence, committed by criminal organizations, but also by Mexican migration agents and police. ” They recommended that “US assistance to Mexico should not be aimed at increasing arrests and deportations, and should not support immigration and security authorities that lack mechanisms to make their agents responsible for the abuses committed against migrants. In addition, the United States should not outsource the application of its immigration laws to Mexico. Instead, the United States should support the efforts of UNHCR and civil organizations in strengthening protection mechanisms in the region. “ They concluded that “both countries must comply with their international and moral obligations towards migrants and refugees, respecting due process, the family unity and the right to seek protection in the country migrants consider safe”.


For more information (in Spanish) :

Gobierno de Peña firmará convenio que convierte a México en filtro migratorio de EU (Proceso, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

Gobierno mexicano considera ofrecimiento de 20 millones de dólares de EU para ser filtro migratorio (El Economista, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Por presión del equipo de AMLO, gobierno de Peña rechaza 20 mdd de EU para filtro migratorio (Proceso, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Rechaza gobierno de Peña 20 mdd de EU para filtro migratorio (El Sur, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Organizaciones rechazan que México sea una herramienta de deportación de EU (Conexión Migrante, 14 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: OSC Asks for Suspension of Agreement with US to Convert Mexico into “Migration Filter” in Return for Favors in Renegotiation of NAFTA June 25, 2018

National: 84 Organizations and Collectives Oppose Gendarmerie at Southern Border April 30, 2018

Mexico – National/International: Latest Amnesty International Report on the Deadly Return of Central American Asylum Seekers from Mexico February 15, 2018

National/International: “Caravan of Mothers of Missing Migrants” Arrives to Mexico December 27, 2017


National: Sixth and last report of the government of Enrique Peña Nieto

September 17, 2018
informe-10

Sixth report of Enrique Peña NIeto (@La Jornada)

On September 1, President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) presented his sixth and final government report in the National Palace in the presence of nearly a thousand guests and his family. In his participation he affirmed that he leaves a «prosperous and stable» country, after having fulfilled «99% of his campaign proposals». “I assumed”, he said, “266 commitments during my campaign and by the end of my administration I will have completed 99 percent of them. As confirmed by the figures, this is the six-years term of employment and growth in the minimum wage. They are figures that show confidence in the country and confidence in ourselves”, he said. Certainly the country’s inflationary and economic stability has been maintained, ans its gross domestic product (GDP) has grown at rates above 2% in recent years (half of what EPN promised at the start of the six-years term).

EPN began its presentation praising what was the Pact for Mexico (between the -at that time- strongest political parties in 2012) which allowed the approval of structural reforms (labor, education, telecommunications, federal taxes and energy). He spoke of a long list of “improvements” in terms of poverty. “The results of the social policy encourage us: more than two million Mexicans came out of extreme poverty and the percentages of the population in poverty are at their historic minimums. If this trend continues, Mexico will be able to eradicate extreme poverty before concluding the next decade”, he presumed. On the other hand, other sources affirm that poverty increased by two million individuals during the six-years term to end.

Regarding the fight against organized crime, he stressed that a preeminent role was given to the Ministry of the Interior, and the violence has been fought with intelligence systems and the entire force of the State. “The government succeeded in reducing the operational capacity of these criminal organizations. But that same weakening led to the emergence of smaller criminal gangs, without the local police being able to respond to that challenge. I am aware that we have not achieved the goal of restoring peace and security for Mexicans in all corners of the country “, he acknowledged.

According to an analysis carried out by eight journalists and coordinated by the digital newspaper Sin Embargo, EPN only complied with 49.50% of his promises. “In this failure to fulfill, not only the infrastructure works were pending but also the projects to recover the security in the Mexican geography or the construction of the national anti-corruption system. The outgoing Head of State also lost credibility and ceased to be the great character of political marketing, the one who had a word of honor, the telegenic man who managed to win the elections. The government that is about to expire achieved a historic record: the lowest percentage of approval to its political work of the last 30 years, according to all the surveys », underlined Sin Embargo.

For more information (in Spanish):

Enrique Peña Nieto rinde último informe entre lágrimas; describió un México “próspero y estable” critican expertos (Vanguardia, 3 de septiembre de 2018)

El confesionario de EPN durante su Sexto Informe de Gobierno (Hufftington Post, 3 de septiembre de 2018)

Marcado por un oscuro legado e impopular: así llega EPN a su VI y último Informe, dicen analistas (Sin Embargo, 2 de septiembre de 2018)

Peña Nieto asegura que estrategias del gobierno permitieron preservar la seguridad nacional (Proceso, 2 de septiembre de 2018)

Resumen Ejecutivo del #6toInforme de Gobierno de EPN (Aristegui Noticias, 1 de septiembre de 2018)

Informe presidencial: del ritual monárquico al documento sin Presidente (Aristegui Noticias, 1 de septiembre de 2018)

Maestros de la CNTE protestan en San Lázaro contra EPN, por el sexto y último Informe de Gobierno (Sin Embargo, 1ero de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Human Rights Organizations’ Reports Contradict Progress Noted in Government’s Fifth Report September 13, 2017

National: Fourth Report of Peña Nieto’s Government September 15, 2016

National: Several criticisms of the presentation of Peña Nieto’s Third Report of Government September 13, 2015

National: 10 points from EPN regarding security, and first reactions December 15, 2014

National: Lack of confidence and strong criticisms of the Second Governmental Report presented by EPN September 15, 2014

National: Polemical ascension of EPN December 7, 2012


Oaxaca: Consultative process in the Tehuantepc Isthmus challenged on several fronts

December 16, 2014

La Ventosa, Istmo de Tehuantepec @SIPAZ

La Ventosa, Tehuantepec Isthmus @SIPAZ

After the beginning of the consultation process began in November regarding the implementation of a wind-energy project by the Wind-Energy Firm of the South in Juchitán de Zaragoza, Tehuantepec Isthmus, a number of acts of intimidation and harassment against members of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) have been reported.  Once the session from which they had been barred and insulted upon questioning the information provided by the firm had ended, three APPJ members were followed by a white truck, and they heard gunfire as they entered their homes.

For its part, the Assembly of the Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTyt) denounced that the conditions under which the process were progressing are incorrect: “As seen in the screams and insults and harassment by armed men, as was seen on 11 November, the events confirm that this is not a free consultation.  Instead, it is proceeding under conditions of coercion and assault.”  Furthermore, they indicated with respect to the second phase of the consultation, which was “approved despite the grave irregularities,” that “the meeting was held in a different place from the beginning, despite the fact that there was little diffusion of this information, with the result that the majority of those who attended were Coce groups, city hall workers, landowners who have signed contracts with the firm, and lawyers who are committed to the corporation.”

Beyond this, Saúl Vicente Vázquez, mayor of Juchitán, assured that in case the “representative institutions” of the communards and the people of Juchitán decide not to build the wind-energy park on the land, City Hall “will respect this decision totally.”

Beyond this, the announcement by President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) regarding the creation of an exclusive economic zone for Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Chiapas to catalyze development, with the creation of an industrial inter-oceanic corridor in the Tehuantepec Isthmus, “is a double discourse, because on the one hand it speaks of combating corruption and not having nefarious ties with firms, but on the other it is saying to corporations that they have all the support.  They come once again to speak to us of development but without taking into account us indigenous people, our human rights, or the decisions of the people regarding our resources,” stressed an APPJ member.

For more information (in Spanish):

Denuncia de la APIIDTyT (6 de diciembre de 2014)

Misión de Observación presenta Reporte del proceso de consulta sobre proyecto eólico en Juchitán, Oaxaca (Prodesc, 12 de noviembre de 2014)

Rechazan juchitecos tiempos de la consulta para el parque eólico (La Jornada, 4 de diciembre de 2014)

Preocupantes violaciones en consulta sobre proyecto eólico en Juchitán; genera confrontación (Página 3, 13 de noviembre de 2014)

Comunicado: APIIDTT hace entrega de observaciones y propuestas al protocolo de consulta previa, libre e informada en Juchitán (Educa, 13 de noviembre de 2014)

Violan derecho de consulta en plan eólico de Oaxaca: ONG (La Jornada, 13 de noviembre de 2014)

Ignora DH de pueblos indígenas zona económica propuesta por Peña: juchitecos (La Jornada, 28 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Threats against APPJ members in terms of consultation regarding wind-energy project in Juchitán(13 November 2014)

Oaxaca: Beginning of consultation regarding wind-energy park in Juchitán (12 November 2014)

Oaxaca: Various denunciations in the Tehuantepec Isthmus from community assemblies organized against wind-farms in their territories (6 September 2014)


National / International: Global Day of action against Monsanto

June 9, 2014

jornadamundialcontramonsanto24mayo14

On May 24, a second Global Day of action against Monsanto–a multinational company that provides chemicals for agriculture, most of them herbicides, pesticides and GMOs–was organized. Of the 351 marches that took place in the world, 13 of them were in Mexico.

In Mexico City, hundreds of activists held a “Corn Carnival,” under the motto “we want beans, we want corn, we want Monsanto out of the country”. In addition to a march-carnival, workshops, exchange of seeds, urban gardens and mini-milpas were organized. The protesters expressed their opposition to the trade, experimental plantings, and pilot projects of transgenic corn in Mexico. On the other hand, they denounced the agrarian reform currently promoted by the federal government, considering that it aims at privatizing lands.

In both Oaxaca and Chiapas, actions were also performed to collect one million signatures and to send them to President Enrique Peña Nieto so as to get information and respect for the decision to reject GMOs.

For more information (In Spanish):

Queremos maíz y a Monsanto fuera del país, gritaron durante marcha en el DF (La Jornada, 25 de mayo de 2014)

Granos transgénicos, lejos de ser el progreso: Rubén Albarrán (La Jornada, 25 de mayo de 2014)

Preparan marcha-carnaval contra la empresa de transgénicos Monsanto (Proceso, 21 de mayo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico/Chiapas: International Day of Action against Monsanto and transgenics (June 7, 2013)


National: National Program on Infrastructure presents projects with possible effects for the populace

May 16, 2014

Protesta contra el proyecto hidroeléctrico de Paso de la Reina. Foto (@Sipaz)

Protest against the hydroelectric dam Paso de la Reina. Photo (@Sipaz)

During the last week of April, the office of the President of Mexico published its decree to approve the National Program on Infrastructure (PNI) for 2014-2018 through the Housing Ministry.

According to President Enrique Peña Nieto, the PNI “is the general strategy for the construction of works and projects that will contribute importantly to liberating the potential of our country.”

The Program, which is backed by 7.7 billion pesos from public and private funds, comprises six strategic sectors (communication and transport, energy, hydraulics, health, tourism, and urban development and housing) contemplated for 25 strategies and 23 lines of action.

In the presentation of the PNI, it was announced that the program would have presence primarily in the south and southeastern regions of the country, where 189 projects are sought to increase touristic, agro-fishing, energy, and industrial potential.

Some of the projects announced within the PNI that are to be implemented by 2018 have generated a great deal of rejection from the populations that will be affected by their development, such as, among others, the construction of the Paso de la Reina dam in Oaxaca and Chicoasén II in Chiapas, the highway between San Cristóbal de las Casas and Palenque, and the Sureste II-V wind-energy plants in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.  These projects have been rejected by local communities and organizations due to the grave impacts they could have on local peoples, such as loss of lands, environmental degradation, or displacement, given the lack of observation of the rights of local peoples to be informed and consulted previously about any administrative or legislative decree that could affect them, as is stipulated by Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries, which has been signed by Mexico.

For more information (in Spanish):

Enfocan obras en el sur-sureste (Am, 28 de abril de 2014)

Publican decreto para el Programa Nacional de Infraestructura 2014(Excelsior, 29 de abril de 2014)

Cinco entidades dominan el programa de infraestructura (El Economista, 05 de mayo de 2014)

Documento: Programa Nacional de Infraestructura  2014-2018

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: International socio-environmental seminar, the Open Veins of Contemporary Chiapas (12 November 2013)

Oaxaca: COPUDEVER and EDUCA present report on “Paso de la Reina” (19 July 2013)

Chiapas: the International Day against Dams is celebrated (24 March 2012)


Chiapas: Alejandro Díaz Santis announces fast to demand freedom

January 15, 2014

alejandrodias-normal

On 11 January, the prisoner Alejandro Díaz Santis, adherent to the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandona Jungle and a member in “Solidarity with the Voz del Amate” who is being held in Cereso no. 5 in San Cristóbal de Las Casas, published a communique upon completing half of his prison sentence.  He mentions that “due to the injustices and for being poor and indigenous, I was and remain incarcerated unjustly since 11 May 1999.  Today, 11 January 2014, I have spent 14 years and 8 months covering 50% of my sentence, which amounts to 29 years and 6 months.  It is for this reason that today I will fast and pray for 12 hours daily over the course of 4 days, requesting that God give me strength and wisdom to continue on with my struggle.  In this way I call on President Enrique Peña Nieto and Veracruz Governor Javier Duarte to take account of my case, given that the evidence is plagued with irregularities.  I request justice be done.  Lastly, I call on my comrades brothers and sisters to continue demanding true justice and liberty always.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Alejandro Díaz Santís anuncia ayuno por su libertad (Chiapas Denuncia, 13 de enero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Patishtán requests that Peña Nieto release all prisoners who are unjustly imprisoned (9 December 2013)

Chiapas: 9 prisoners in solidarity with the Voz del Amate released, but Patishtán will remain imprisoned (20 July 2013)