Oaxaca: Low participation in teachers’ performance evaluation

December 26, 2015

Foto @NVI noticias

Photo @NVI noticias

On 28 November was held the performance evaluation of Oaxacan educators, a process characterized by strong militarization of the state, with 8,000 to 10,000 elements involved. The statistics regarding teachers who participated in the evaluations are not clear: according to the State Institute of Public Education in Oaxaca (IEEPO), 2,981 participated, while the Secretary for Public Education (SEP) claimed 2,600 participants. It bears noting that the higher estimate would only represent about 60% of the 4,900 initial registrations among the 6,000 who had been invited, as compared with the approximate 60,000 teachers in the state. Beyond this, the head of the SEP, Aurelio Nuño Mayer, declared that “the most important thing is that we had the participation of teachers from Oaxaca who slowly are beginning to overcome the pressure and yoke that Section 22 of the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) had had, and instead they increasingly join the educational reform that favors the development of children in Mexico.”

In parallel terms, there was a protest march against the evaluation that incorporated around 20,000 people. Using slogans like “if evaluation is necessary, it must begin with Peña,” the dissident magisterium showed the strength it still has in the state. It should be mentioned that two confrontations between teachers and police took place, with Section 22 distancing itself from these acts, claiming them to have been the work of infiltrators. For the past six months there has been worsening persecution of the dissident teachers, incorporating actions like the deep reforms to the IEEPO, which traditionally had been managed by the CNTE, and the arrest of 4 teacher leaders from Section 22, who were transferred to a maximum-security prison in Altiplano, Mexico State. Beyond this, there still remain about thirty arrest-orders against other teachers that are still to be completed. In this way, members of Section 22 announced that they would continue with their actions in opposition to the evaluation.

It also should be noted that the body of the teacher Marjorie Xolio Meléndez, from Jalapa del Marqués and an affiliate of Section 22, has recently been found. In response, residents and teachers protested before the Municipal Palace and carried out a roadblock, demanding a forthright investigation of the feminicide and punishment of those responsible. “We demand before the authorities justice for this crime, because there is more concern for saving the head and protecting Peña Nieto and the federal police behind an evaluation, rather than the truth of the people,” declared protestors.

The performance evaluations have been held in all states of the Republic other than Chiapas, where it is expected that they will be carried out in the next few days. In this way, one can expect the implementation of special security operations to prevent the dissident teachers from inhibiting the evaluation as a means of blocking implementation of the educational reform.

For more information (in Spanish):

Asesinan a profesora en Oaxaca; maestros exigen cese a feminicidios (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2015)

Repudian la prueba maestros de Oaxaca (La Jornada, 29 de noviembre de 2015)

En medio de protestas, 60% de maestros de Oaxaca que se registraron fueron evaluados (Sin Embargo, 28 de noviembre de 2015)

Sección 22 reporta “infiltrados” en marcha a Ciudad Administrativa (La Jornada, 28 de noviembre de 2015)

La SEP presume buena convocatoria a la evaluación docente en Oaxaca (CNN México, 30 de noviembre de 2015)

Protestas en DF, Edomex y Chiapas en apoyo a maestros de Oaxaca (La Jornada, 28 de noviembre de 2015)

Aprehenden a 4 maestros de la CNTE y los trasladan al penal del Altiplano (Animal Político, 29 de octubre de 2015)

Cué cede educación de Oaxaca a la federación: desaparece el IEEPO; PF vigila instalaciones (Sin Embargo, 21 de julio de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Teachers in Acapulco successfully sabotage educational evaluation (26 December 2015)

Guerrero: Teacher from Acapulco dies after violent repression of a protest by the Federal Police (10 March 2015)

National: Thousands of teachers march against the educational reform (4 October 2013)


Chiapas: Annual report from Frayba on “Human-Rights Insurgency”

November 21, 2015

Foto @ SIPAZ

Participation by Estela Barco during presentation of report @ SIPAZ

On 5 November, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC) presented its annual report that carries the title “The Human-Rights Insurgency,” which deals with the “perspective, questions, and situations” that the CDHFBC has documented and monitored in Chiapas from March 2014 to March 2015. During the presentation of the document, several members of the directive council of CDHFBC spoke, including Blanca Martínez Bustos, director of the Fray Juan de Larios Center for Human Rights; Jorge Santiago Santiago; Estela Barco Huerta, general coordinator for the Social and Economic Development of Indigenous Mexicans; and the president of the council, jtatik Raúl Vera López, bishop of Saltillo.

The CDHFBC described the present context as a moment that “is a dark time, amidst the implementation of saddening repressive measures that constitute State terrorism, whereby military occupation and the state of siege are normalized. With this, the violations that make up crimes against humanity such as torture, forcible disappearance, extrajudicial executions, femicide, and forcible displacement, among other crimes, are daily occurrences in Chiapas and Mexico.”

The document proclaims the comprehensive defense of human rights that is the work of the CDHFBC. The questions it addressed include torture, impunity, defense of land and territory, as well as the ongoing war context, which in the report corresponds to four chapters: Torture, an implicit negation; A look at the cracks of impunity; War in Chiapas, territory, and peoples; and Reality of war-context.

The CDHFBC expressed that torture “is engrained and generalized in the Mexican justice system, and it is not only denied but even rationalized.” From the perspective of historical memory, remembrance is the principal pillar “of the struggle of victims and their families in the cases of crimes against humanity […]. They collectively protect and transmit memory against forgetting and impunity.” With regard to the “internal armed conflict in Chiapas,” the “communities and organizational processes persist and resist in defense of their autonomy and territory amidst State policies that seek to plunder land, spirit, and culture.” Lastly, the chapter on “Reality” is dedicated to the Zapatista teacher Galeano, who was murdered on 2 May 2014 in La Realidad, official municipality of Las Margaritas, Chiapas.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe: La Insurgencia de los Derechos Humanos

Boletín Frayba presenta su Informe Anual: La Insurgencia de los Derechos Humanos (CDHFBC, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

Despojo territorial, espiritual y cultural, una constante en Chiapas: Frayba (Chiapas Paralelo, 6 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: 25-year anniversary of “Frayba” (30 March 2014)

Chiapas: Presentation of the six-year report from the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Center for Human Rights (26 March 2013)

 


Chiapas: In San Cristóbal de Las Casas, commemorations for Day of the Dead

November 19, 2015

Altar de la Campaña Popular contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres y el Feminicidio en Chiapas.  Foto: cortesía.

Altar of the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas. Photo credit: courtesy.

In observance of the Day of the Dead, several organizations and collectives organized commemorative events in San Cristóbal de Las Casas. For one, Melel Xojobal, a civil association that works to promote, defend, and exercise the human rights of children and youth through participatory processes, organized an act against child mortality due to discrimination, violence, and poverty. With slogans such as “they should not die” protestors marched through downtown, where they installed an altar with information regarding several cases and statistics on child mortality in Chiapas and Mexico. “We do these marches to raise our voices, so that people come to realize that the government does nothing, that when something happens to children or youth, impunity remains,” said a youth protestor.

For its part, the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas also installed an altar. Using photos of femicide victims, both from the state as well as from other parts of the country, they commemorated the victims of violence against women and demanded the end of the violence against women and female human-rights defenders.

Beyond this, Roberto Paciencia Cruz, Lucio Hernández Patishtan, and Juan de la Cruz Ruiz, prisoners held in the Center for Social Readaptation (CERESO) of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, published a letter denouncing “the injustices, discrimination, and unjust incarcerations” due to which “we have not been able to visit our homes” to remember their dead. “Today and in this space we create our own altar to commemorate our families, friends, and all those who fell in 1994, as well as those killed in the Acteal massacre, tatic Samuel Ruiz García, who lamentably has left this world. Some of them died in the struggle, such that they are not present any longer as persons, but their spirits will live on in our hearts.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Día de muertos – Melel Xojobal (Vientos Culturales, 5 de noviembre de 2015)

Carta de presos en el día de muertos (Chiapas denuncia pública, 31 de octubre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: 5 years since the massacre of 72 migrants in San Fernando, Tamaulipas (11 September 2015)

Mexico/National: Honduran migrant dies of drowning in presence of migration agents, says La 72 (22 March 2015)

Chiapas: Justice is demanded in the case of the feminicide of the youth Itzel Yanet Méndez Pérez (16 May 2012)

Chiapas: XV Aniversario de Melel Xojobal (9 February 2012)

Chiapas: “Violence and infancy in the state” (27 November 2011)


Chiapas: Femicides on the rise: six victims in fewer than 10 days

October 25, 2015

Mural en Tuxtla Gutiérrez conmemorativo de las víctimas de feminicidio en Chiapas. Foto: @Chiapas Paralelo

Commemorative mural for the victims of femicide in Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Photo: @Chiapas Paralelo

The increase in the number of cases of femicide has been called “one of the gravest problems in Chiapas,” according to the sociologist María del Rosario Alarcón. In fewer than 10 days, six women were killed: three of them were sexually assaulted, one was a minor, another was pregnant, and some of the corpses that were found showed serious signs of violence. These femicides were perpetrated in Chiapa de Corzo, Pujiltic (Venustiano Carranza municipality), and in the state capital, Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

On repeated occasions, the negligence of the State has been denounced in terms of applying justice in the cases of femicide. According to Contralínea, clear examples are seen in the covering-up of the cases of femicides, toward the end of maintaining a good political image; the impunity resulting from lack of investigation in the cases such as femicides, though nearly all the states include this crime in their penal codes; or the discriminatory prejudice and lack of efforts made by the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) and the judiciary toward the end of applying the highest international standards in terms of human rights, where the majority of the statistics that are published originate from data provided by the monitoring of press carried out by the Group of Women from San Cristóbal. According to this group, “femicidal violence has increased in the past three years. During this period there have been registered 249 cases.” According to the same source, in Chiapas femicide is principally perpetrated by those close to the victims, in the majority of cases relatives with whom the women had had affective relations.

As a response, the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas, presented on 25 November 2013—in observance of the International Day against Violence against Women—a request for the declaration of a Gender Violence Alert (AVG). This would be a mechanism that provides the National System to Prevent, Attend to, Sanction, and Eradicate Violence against Women, to “guarantee the security of women, the cessation of violence against them, and the elimination of inequalities produced by the legislation that worsens their human rights.” The AVG has been denied by the Chiapas state government, which has not even investigated the possibility, using the argument that in this entity, “femicide does not affect the social peace.”

The AVG mechanism has been a polemical issue. Following 13 requests denied in 10 states, the Alert was declared for the first time this year in July in 11 municipalities of Mexico state. Criticism from those like Alicia Elena Pérez Duarte, former federal special prosecutor for attending to violence against women, notes that the AVG “does nothing,” since it has failed to break with the “patriarchal agreement” whereby violence continues against women. According to the specialist, there are vastly different perceptions regarding the advances from the points of view of feminists and the legal system, for State officials “do not understand what femicide is.” Beyond this, she added that the mechanism is not functioning, but rather that it is only wasting money, the energy of organizations, and time, so that “nothing at the end changes.”

For more information (in Spanish):

En Chiapas feminicidios a la alza, en 10 días seis asesinadas; una menor de edad y otra con embarazo de 2 meses (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 19 de octubre de 2015)

Dos feminicidios en Pujiltic en menos de una semana (Chiapas Paralelo, 15 de octubre de 2015)

Impune, feminicidio en México (Contralínea, 10 de febrero de 2015)

El feminicidio es un crimen de Estado porque no se garantiza seguridad y se obstaculiza la justicia: académica (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 23 de octubre de 2015)

AVG ha sido incapaz de acabar el “pacto patriarcal” de violencia (Cimac Noticias, 23 de octubre de 2015)

Por 1a vez, Segob declara alerta de género: lo hace para 11 municipios del Edomex (Animal Político, 29 de julio de 2015)

Para Chong y Velasco el aumento de 400% en feminicidios “no altera la paz social de Chiapas” (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 17 de enero de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: march to demand investigation of new femicide (29 September 2014)

Chiapas: Impunity in the case of Tatiana Trujillo (16 September 2014)

Chiapas: State complicity in femicide is denounced (2 May 2014)

Chiapas: Commemoration of the murder of Itzel Janet Méndez-Pérez and other victims of femicide (26 April 2014)

Chiapas: Amidst increase in femicide and impunity, civil organization proclaims permanent Gender Alert (30 March 2014)


National: Journalist house of Contralínea and Desinformémonos harassed, with computer equipment and documentation stolen

September 13, 2015

Documentación y equipo de computo fue sustraido @ DesinformémonosStolen documentation and computer equipment @ Desinformémonos

On 8 September, the home of the journalists Elva Mendoza, journalist of the Contralínea magazine, and Flor Goche, collaborator with Contralínea and journalist for Desinformémonos, was broken into. Computer equipment and journalistic documentation was stolen from the apartment, located in Mexico City, leaving intact valuable objects such as screens and cash. The act took place during the day, and the door did not show evidence of forcible entry.

The members of the Contralínea magazine had been awarded precautionary measures by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). Beyond this, since July 2014, both journalists were incorporated into the Mechanism for the Protection of Journalists and Human-Rights Defenders administered by the Secretary for Governance.

It bears mentioning that Flor Goche has been following the case of the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa, beyond other human-rights violations and femicides. Elva Mendoza has followed lines of investigation on megaprojects for investment, environmental destruction, transgenic crops, and the destruction of natural resources.

Mexico has been identified as being one of the most dangerous countries in which to practice journalism.

For more information (in Spanish):

Allanan casa de reporteras de Desinformémonos y Contralínea (Desinformemonos, 9 de septiembre de 2015)

Allanan domicilio de reporteras de Contralínea (Revista Contralínea, 9 de septiembre de 2015)

Domicilio de reporteras de Contralínea y Desinformémonos es allanado; roban documentos y equipo de trabajo (Sin embargo, 9 de septiembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/Mexico: Torture and murder of journalist and four women (10 September 2015)

National: Disappeared journalist Gregorio Jiménez is found dead (16 February 2014)

National/International: PBI and WOLA publish report on Mechanism of Protection for Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists in Mexico (10 February 2015)

National: A delicate moment for the Mechanism for the Protection of Rights Defenders and Journalists (30 March 2014)

Oaxaca: New attacks on journalists (2 September 2014)


Chiapas: Las Abejas of Acteal denounce 6 years of release of paramilitaries

September 10, 2015

Integrantes de la Sociedad Civil Las Abejas de Acteal y el Frayba @KomanIlelMembers of the Las Abejas Civil Society of Acteal and Frayba @KomanIlel

On 12 August in a press-conference, the Las Abejas Civil Society of Acteal denounced the construction of impunity through fear, on the sixth anniversary of the beginning of the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation’s (SCJN) release of the paramilitaries who killed 45 people and four unborn children in 1997 in the Acteal community, Chiapas. They denounced that, for them, “since this day the justice system in Mexico is rotten garbage. For 6 years it has been clear in our memory the ignominy toward the blood of our brothers and sisters massacred in Acteal.” They declare that they have decided to “construct another justice that is sane and human,” and they manifest that they are here “because the Other Justice is built with memory. We are here to denounce impunity.” They also denounce that the Special Prosecutorial office for Indigenous justice has not investigated those responsible for the murder of Manuel López Pérez, who was killed on 23 July with the complicity of local authorities from the municipality of Pantelhó, Chiapas. Beyond this, they distance themselves from the “Pacifist Council of Sowers of Peace” and clarify that this group does not belong to Las Abejas.

Nearly two months after the fact, the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Center for Human Rights identifies that “there are no significant advances in the investigation and there exists little interest on the part of the Special Prosecutorial Office for Indigenous Justice to identify the perpetrators of these acts.” They also denounce that the justice system in Mexico is “inefficiency, complicit, and profoundly corrupt, in light of the crimes against humanity committed in the country, as has occurred with the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa, the crimes in Tlatlaya, the murders perpetrated by organized crime and the Mexican State with its Army in Ostula, Michoacán, the femicides that go unpunished in Mexico, the displaced peoples, and the dozens who have been executed extrajudicially, as well as the disappeared who make our lands mourn in pain.”

For more information (in Spanish):

La Otra Justicia se construye con memoria: Abejas de Acteal (Chiapas Denuncia Publica, 12 de agosto de 2015)

Sin avances en la investigación por el asesinato de integrante de Las Abejas de Acteal (Boletìn de Frayba, 12 de Agosto de 2015)

[VIDEOS] Conferencia de prensa de “Las Abejas de Acteal” a 6 años de la excarcelación de paramilitares. (Koman Ilel, 12 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: A member of the Las Abejas Civil Society is murdered (2 July 2015)

Chiapas: Las Abejas announce that they will not vote in the mid-term elections (9 June 2015)

Chiapas: Civil Society Las Abejas denounce human rights violations in the country and show solidarity with various processes (24 April 2015)


Chiapas: Organizations and collectives pronounce themselves against the commodification and objectification of women in print

August 17, 2015

MORADO-CON-letras-373x400

Center for Women’s Rights Chiapas A.C.

In a public letter to the director of the General Director of the Diario of Chiapas, Gerardo Toledo Coutiño, several collectives and human-rights organizations denounced the objectification and commodification of women in the media. The specific reason for this declaration was the publication of an image of a woman who had been raped and murdered in the common land of Las Champas, Comalapa border region. The authors stressed that murders of women are not simple criminal acts but a form of specific violence against women, this being the a product of a patriarchal, sexist society. The letter stated that “discourse and images produce and feed a common imaginary about women that needs to be treated with sensitivity in order to avoid reaffirming wrong values or strengthening discrimination against and mercantilization of women […]. To inform about femicides by using images of semi-naked bodies that are terribly degrading represents a form of violence against women and girls.”

The Center for Women’s Rights Chiapas denounced this publication and similar other ones, indicating the moral obligation of the media to protect the rights of male and female citizens as well as to abide by national and international laws on women’s rights. For this reason, the group demanded that Gerardo Toledo follow up its legal request and “change the gender perspective in the police report section of the media whenever women are victims of femicide, or any other kind of violence, as well as eliminate images of semi-naked bodies or dead bodies, since these images contribute neither to freedom of expression nor to the free exercise of journalism but on the contrary only represent violence and sensationalism.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Organizaciones y Colectivos se pronuncian contra la cosificación y la objetivación de las mujeres en medio impreso (Centro de Derechos de la Mujer de Chiapas, 17 de julio de 2015)