Oaxaca: Threats against APPJ members in terms of consultation regarding wind-energy project in Juchitán

November 13, 2014

(@cipamericas.org)

On 5 November, three members of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) received threats by phone from a local number telling them “what have you been doing at the forum?  You have no reason to be there” and to “be careful of the consequences; we will meet.”  A fourth person from the same group did not take the call upon identifying the same number.  On 4 November, they also noticed surveillance in the place where the APPJ was holding a meeting with people linked to the Bii Hioxo wind-energy plant owned by Fenosa Natural Gas.  The APPJ members identified these surveillers as being the material authors of the harassment and threats made against the APPJ.

These threats come within the context of the first phase of agreements for a consultation that is being carried out in Juchitán, Tehuantepec Isthmus, regarding a new wind-energy project impelled by Wind-Energy of the South (formerly Mareña Renewables) that would install 132 towers in the region.

In an Urgent Action regarding these threats, the organization Código DH denounced that “[t]he violation of the rights of those participating in the consultative process imperils the security of persons.  It is a way of attempting to silence the critical voices and to reduce the participation of the citizenry within a process that should be open and broad.  It is unacceptable that this is a question of guaranteeing rights by violating those of others, either by action or omission.  The existence of these new threats against members of the [APPJ] who find themselves participating in this exercise shows this to be true.  It not only violates the right to participation by a specific group that has denounced the installation of the Bii Hioxo wind-energy park on communal lands and been critical of the process, denouncing death-threats and harassment on multiple occasions, but also taints the first phase of this consultative process, which should guarantee the participation of all those who are interested in participating.”

The APPJ together with other collectives and social organizations has questioned the consultation that has been initiated in Juchitán as a “joke” and a “circus,” given that it only began once 13 wind-energy parks and more than 800 wind-towers had been installed in the region.

For more information (in Spanish):

Nuevas amenazas a integrantes de la APPJ en el marco de la consulta que se realiza en Juchitán (Acción Urgente de CODIGO DH, 6 de noviembre de 2014)

Hostigamiento y amenazas obstaculizan el debido desarrollo de consulta sobre proyecto eólico en Juchitán, Oaxaca (CODIGO DH, PODER, PRODESC, 6 de noviembre de 2014)

Es viciada e ilegítima consulta sobre instalación de parque eólico en Juchitán (La Jornada, 5 de noviembre de 2014)

Es una burla consultar después de invadirnos de aerogeneradores: juchitecos (Página3.mx, 5 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Beginning of consultation regarding wind-energy park in Juchitán (12 November 2014)

Oaxaca: Various denunciations in the Tehuantepec Isthmus from community assemblies organized against wind-farms in their territories (6 September 2014)

Oaxaca: Confrontations in Álvaro Obregón community, Juchitán, leave several injured (15 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

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Oaxaca: “We agree to organize ourselves at the regional level to resist wind-energy projects, mines, and other megaprojects”: CNI Isthmus

April 10, 2014

Foto @ APIITD

Photo @ APIITDTT

On 29 March there was held the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) in the community of Álvaro Obregón, Juchitán de Zaragoza municipality, where the primary theme for discussion was the organization of communities to resist wind-energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.  National and international organizations and persons from the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz, and Mexico City were received by the communal council, the council of the elderly, and the communal police of Álvaro Obregón, “who continue stronger than ever despite the constant harassment we have suffered in recent months at the hands of the municipal and state governments, as well as due to the leaders of the COCEI-PRD-PT and the PRI of Juchitán,” as the closing statement notes.

During the meeting there was a discussion of challenges and commitments: “New constitutional reforms are coming in terms of agrarian matters, and there will be other laws to prohibit protests and social mobilizations.  They threaten us, they imprison us, they repress us […].  We commit ourselves to struggle for the strengthening of our autonomy as indigenous peoples, campesinos, and mestiz@s […].  We commit ourselves to the struggle of our  grandfather, comrade Ta’ Pedro Martínez Guerra, a communard from Juchitán, to recover his lands which find themselves being invaded by the Fenosa Natural Gas firm.”

Participants also made reference to other projects they are resisting, such as “the invasion and extraction of minerals for construction on the mountain of Santa Cruz Igú, a sacred site, historical and communal, that is part of the communal goods of Juchitán, and we pronounce ourselves against the construction of the mining project in Ixtepec, which will have strong negative consequences in terms of health, environment, and the way of life our all our communities.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento del Congreso Nacional Indígena CNI – Istmo (Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo de Tehuantepec en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio – APIITDTT, 31 de marzo de 2014)

Rechazo a proyectos eólicos, tema central en congreso de comunidades del istmo (La Jornada, 29 de marzo de 2014)

El paso de la resistencia a la autonomía en el Istmo de Tehuantepec(Desinformémonos, 31 de marzo de 2014)

Nuevo ataque de las eólicas en Oaxaca (Desinformémonos, marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Members of the communal police of Álvaro Obregón detained (30 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region (28 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Oaxaca: Denunciation of new attacks in Álvaro Obregón and organizational call for National Indigenous Congress in the Isthmus Region

March 28, 2014

Rancho ardiendo del agente comunitario de Álvaro Obregón. Foto (@ APIITDTyT)

Burning ranch of the communal agent of Álvaro Obregón. Photo (@ APIITDTyT)

The Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTyT) has denounced continued attacks that the community of Álvaro Obregón has suffered in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.

According to recent denunciations made by the Assembly, on 10 March the ranch belonging to the communal agent Odelio López Vicente was burned.  Similarly, they mention other aggressions suffered by members of the communal assembly, such as the case of the communard Pedro Martín Guerra, who, together with his family, has suffered harassment and death-threats since deciding to denounce the Public Ministry for the looting of lands as prosecuted by the Fenosa Natural Gas company, so as to progress with the construction of the Bií Hioxho wind-energy park.

Besides this, the APIIDTyT and the communal council of Álvaro Obregón have announced the realization of the first session of the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) in the Tehuantepec Isthmus region, which is to be held in the community of Álvaro Obregón on 29 March 2014.  The organizational call includes invitations to communal assemblies of the Isthmus who resist wind-energy parks as well as to the Regional Council of Nahua and Totoluca indigenous peoples from southern Veracruz, among others.

For more information (in Spanish):

Aumentan ataques y amenazas contra comunero indígena zapoteco que defiende su terreno de la empresa Gas Natural Fenosa (APIIDTyT, 18 de marzo de 2014)

Denunciamos agresiones y hostigamientos contra integrantes de la Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio (APIIDTT) (APIIDTyT, 17 de marzo de 2014)

Realizarán antieólicos Congreso Nacional Indígena (Noticias,16 de marzo de 2014)

Anuncian zapotecas Congreso Nacional Indígena en Álvaro Obregón (Página 3, 16 de marzo de 2014)

Convocatoria al Congreso Nacional Indígena (CNI) Región Istmo de Tehuantepec en Gui’xhi’ Ro’ – Álvaro Obregón (APIIDTyT, 15 de marzo de 2014)

Afectados de eólica Gas Natural, continúan denunciando intimidación(Página 3, 14 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Confrontation in Álvaro Obregón community, Juchitán, leaves several people injured (15 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)


Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy projects threatened with death in the Isthmus

March 2, 2014

apii-dtt-jpegThe Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepc Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTT) has denounced the death-threat received by relatives of one of its members, Pedro Martínez Guerra, on 28 February.

Pedro Martínez and his relatives have spent several days now protecting their property to avoid the passage of workers from Fenosa Natural Gas, who have built a path and a wind-tower without the consent of the communards of the land.  For this reason a penal denunciation for looting has been submitted to the Public Ministry.

The multinational Fenosa Natural Gas is building a wind-energy park in the Juchitán municipality which has provoked a strong opposition movement from residents of the zone who denounce the construction of the park on communal lands and the lack of previous, free, and informed consent, which should be secured in these types of projects that affect indigenous peoples, according to international laws signed by Mexico.

For more information (in Spanish):

Urgente. Amenazan de muerte a compañero de la APIIDTT, que está resguardando sus tierras de la entrada de la empresa Gas Natural Fenosa (APIITDTT, 28 de febrero de 2014)

Empresa Gas Natural Fenosa, quien construye el parque eólico “BII HIOXHO”, despoja a comunero indígena zapoteca (APIITDTT, 22 de febrero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Protests continue in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 November 2012)


Oaxaca: New harassment and threats over construction of wind-energy park denounced

February 14, 2014

(@La Voz del Anahuac)

(@La Voz del Anahuac)

The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) has denounced that, on 9 February, a group of masked persons, some of them carrying handguns, impeded passage to several neighbors from Juchitán who were traveling to the parcel of land on which is located the Guela Be’ñe’ temple, where local indigenous persons often go to worship.  The masked persons were indicated as being construction workers from the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park, which pertains to the the multinational energy firm Fenosa Natural Gas.

In this way was denounced the work of topographical measurement being carried out on what are claimed as communal lands on which are being built the wind-energy park.

On 10 February, the APPJ indicated also that workers from Fenosa Natural Gas had threatened the members and spokespeople of their organization Mariano López Gómez and María Isabel Jiménez Salinas by phone.

Given all this, the APPJ demands the cancellation of the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park, punishment of the Fenosa Natural Gas and Constructoral firms (the latter being a Mexican company which is engaged in the construction works), and it holds the Oaxaca state government responsible for the death-threats and rights violations that the firms have been committing against the APPJ and the indigenous territory of Juchitán.

For more information (in Spanish):

APPJ: Gas Natural Fenosa se apropia de sitios de pesca de indígenas zapotecas y amenaza a defensores comunitarios (Kaos en la Red, 11 de febrero de 2014)

Rechazamos actos de intimidación hacia la APPJ (Código DH, 11 de febrero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: A year of resistance is celebrated in the Álvaro Obregón community (13 February 2014)

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)


Oaxaca: Camp on communal lands of Juchitán once again destroyed

February 5, 2014

Foto @ APPJ

Photo @ APPJ

The Popular Assembly of the Juchitán People (APPJ) has denounced that during the early morning of 28 January, “hitmen” from the Fenosa Natural Gas company burned down the resistance camp in opposition to the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park for the second time, located on the communal lands of Juchitán de Zaragoza in the Tehuantepec Isthmus.  According to the APPJ, these acts were performed “on the orders of Óscar Toral, Héctor Guillén, and Ricardo Morales,” all involved in the construction project.  The first attack took place on 15 October 2013.

In other news, the priest Alejandro Solalinde, a mediator among the APPJ, the Energy Ministry (Sener), Fenosa Natural Gas, and the Oaxaca state government, has warned that there could be a “bloodbath” resulting from the “aloofness” carried out by the firm and official authorities, given that the APPJ Zapotec indigenous people will defend their lands with their lives, given that even the state government representative, Javier Jiménez, has requested that agrarian conflict not be brought up in the negotiations.  Solalinde noted that Javier Jiménez, whom the APPJ does not recognize as a mediator, has a “conflict of interest” because he was an official under Ulises Ruiz, while he also “legalized the change in the status of communal lands to being private property, even though he had no jurisdiction to do so […].  Fenosa Gas has now called itself the owner of the land and with this has justified all that it has done, without consultation.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Incendian por segunda vez campamento de opositores a eólica en Juchitán, Oaxaca (La Jornada, 29 de enero de 2014)

AU Exigimos seguridad para la APPJ ante la quema de su campamento en Juchitán (Comité de Defensa Integral de Derechos Humanos Gobixha – Código DH, 29 de enero de 2014)

Nota y comunicado de la Asamblea Popular del Pueblo Juchiteco – APPJ(Kaos en la Red, 29 de enero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)


Oaxaca: European diplomatic delegation visits the Isthmus while attacks continue against defenders of land and territory

December 18, 2013

Delegación diplomática. Foto @Brigadas Internacionales de Paz (PBI)

Diplomatic delegation. Photo @PBI

During 12 and 13 December, representatives from the embassies of Switzerland, Norway, and Germany in Mexico carried out a trip to the Tehuantepec Isthmus toward the end of meeting with different human-rights defenders in the region and to “intensify the dialogue between the diplomatic corps and civil society and to make the prevailing conflicts over the construction of megaprojects in the region visible,” as the organization Peace Brigades International (PBI) notes.  PBI accompanied the diplomatic mission along with the Oaxacan organization Código DH during the visit.

Within the context of the visit, the delegation met with Father Solalinde in the Migrant Home “Brothers on the Path” as well as with the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ).  Along with the APPJ, the mission visited the lands on which the Fenosa Natural Gas corporation is building the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park.  The APPJ claims these lands to be communal.

Mariano López, spokesperson for the APPJ, noted that the delegation confirmed “the violations to the collective rights of the indigenous as committed by the Fenosa Natural Gas company with the construction of a wind-energy park on communal lands.”

Beyond this, the APPJ has denounced a new attempt at aggression against one of its members and spokespeople, Raymundo Regalado.  The acts took place on 11 December when a person associated with Fenosa Natural Gas followed Raymundo, threatened him, and tried to assault him.  The victim requested the assistance of the police and of passersby, leading the would-be attacker to flee.

For more information (in Spanish):

Constatan violación de eólicas a derechos de pueblos indígenas en Juchitán(La Jornada, 17 de diciembre de 2013)

Viaje a Tehuantepec (Embajada de Alemania en México, diciembre de 2013)

Empresa eólica Gas Natural Fenosa, hoy Bii Hioxho, atenta contra integrante de la APPJ (Observatorio Frontera Sur de México, diciembre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Protests continue in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 November 2012)