Chiapas: investigation of resignations of women candidates elected as mayors or deputies whose positions would be occupied by men

September 20, 2018
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@binoticias


In the first days of September, at least 30 women who had been elected as mayors or deputies in the elections of last July 1 submitted their resignation to the Institute of Elections and Citizen Participation (IEPC) of Chiapas. It is feared that they were forced to do so, so as to open the possibility for their positions to be occupied by men.

Although they argued that they did so voluntarily, the IEPC has expressed its concern, fearing that these are cases of political violence against women, so the Provisional Commission for Gender Equality and Non-Discrimination will analyze the situation and the reasons for the mass resignations.

So far, those who have resigned are women from the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico (PVEM) of the Tuxtla Chico and Mapastepec municipalities; of Nueva Alianza in Frontera Comalapa; and from the local party Podemos Mover a Chiapas in Suchiapa. In the municipality of Frontera Hidalgo, the elected municipal president, Leticia Galindo Gamboa, from the PVEM, resigned as well. Ten women from the Green Party who should be made deputies in the local Congress through proportional representationalso resigned.

The IEPC explained that the electoral law has not been violated since, at the time, all the political parties “complied with the parity when registering their forms both for the local mayorships and the local deputies.” However, he clarified that “registering a woman and then compeling her to resign and replace her with a man ─ what are known as simulated candidacies ─, besides being political violence, could be a possible fraud to the law, and if it so, in no way will it be permited“.

For his part, the presiding counselor of the National Electoral Institute (INE), Lorenzo Cordova, condemned the acts of political violence and stated that they would represent a regression in gender parity. He announced that on September 10, a commission of councilors of the INE will go to Chiapas to verify the situation and establish actions in the defense of women’s political rights.

The governor of Chiapas, Manuel Velasco, instructed the Justice Prosecutor’s Office to investigate the situation: “I strongly condemn that the women elected in the July 1 elections could be renouncing their positions due to pressure or to be victims of political violence in order to resign”, he said.

For more information (in Spanish):

Chiapas investiga si renuncia de candidatas fue por presión (Político.mx, 8 de septiembre de 2018)

¿Violencia política contra mujeres en Chiapas? Fiscalía investiga renuncia de 30 regidoras y diputadas (Animal Política, 8 de septiembre de 2018)

Ganaron pero las sustituiría un hombre: 30 regidoras y diputadas renuncian a sus cargos en Chiapas (Animal Político, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

40 mujeres electas renuncian, varones serán diputados o regidores (Regeneración, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

Condena INE que obliguen a candidatas a renunciar para que varones ocupen sus cargos (Aristegui Noticias, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

En Chiapas, al menos 40 “Juanitas” ceden sus cargos de elección popular (Proceso, 6 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Historic Elections in Mexico – Historic Record of Political Violence July 17, 2018

National: 94 Candidates Murdered; Over 1,000 Leave Election Campaign June 25, 2018

Oaxaca: 17 Men Pose as Transgender to Register as Candidates May 14, 2018

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Chiapas: Climate of violence between PRI and Green Ecologist Party in days before elections

July 22, 2015

comitan-grupos-de-choque

Photo @Juan Orel

The final days in the run-up to local elections in Chiapas were marked by violence. In terms of the alliance for local deputies, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico (PVEM) are in coalition for 16 of the 24 electoral districts. However, in at least 12 Chiapas municipalities there have been documented incidents and attacks between members of the two parties: in Playas de Catazaja, Oxchuc, Tzimol, Tumbala, Chilón, Cacahoatán, Tila, Frontera Comalapa, Ocotepec, Tuxtla Chico, Huixtla, and Mapastepec.

During the night of 16 July, a group of masked men armed with sticks, stones, and rockets (presumably allied to the PVEM) robbed photographic equipment and cash, and beat the journalist Juan Orel, during his coverage of an incident in the Boulevard of the Federations in the Comitán municipality. The incident in question occurred when the reporter was covering an attack by the masked men against a group of PRI militants. Another case of aggression took place in Tila. The Committee on Human Rights Digna Ochoa made public that residents of the Tila municipality denounced that “there prevails in the Tila municipality a climate of generalized terror among the population, provoked by the presence of armed groups that serve the PRI and PVEM.” Beyond this, the communique from the Digna Ochoa Committee mentions that “among the residents there exists a fear that the electoral process will end with a massacre, given that, to date, the Chiapas state government led by Manuel Velasco Coello has been totally absent in terms of guaranteeing the right to life, integrity, and personal security of the people of the Tila municipality.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Grupo de choque ligado al PVEM agrede y roba equipo de reportero (Chiapas Paralelo, 17 de julio de 2015)

Se confrontan PRI y Verde en Comitán (Chiapas Paralelo, 17 de julio de 2015)

Conflictos entre PRI y PVEM marcan elecciones en Chiapas (Red Política, 8 de julio de 2015)

Comunicado Comité de Derechos Humanos de Base de Chiapas Digna Ochoa (15 de julio de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce confrontation between PVEM and PRI, with 4 injured (21 July 2015)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce attempt at usurpation (21 January 2015)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila receive threats following march to commemorate 80th anniversary of the ejido (26 October 2014)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce new attempt to loot land (22 January 2014)


Chiapas: Self-defense brigades against looting by mining corporations

March 5, 2013

mex__chiapas_mapamineria

On 26 February, campesinos and indigenous persons pertaining to 78 ejidos from 11 municipalities of the Sierra and Coast of Chiapas founded a “Civil Guard for Self-Defense” toward the end of putting a halt to the looting undertaken by mining firms in the state.  During a meeting celebrated in the El Carrizal community (Motozintla municipality), at which participated more than 2000 campesinos, it was agreed that the Civil Guards will be comprised by groups of 20 persons who will patrol zones to prevent the operation of mining firms and to arrest any transport vehicle in said zone.  They indicated that they saw themselves as obligated to opt for this route in light of the indifference of the local and federal authorities and their outright collaboration with the companies that loot and pollute the state.

The 78 communities that participated are located in the Bella Vista, Bejucal de Ocampo, La Grandeza, Mazapa de Madero, Escuintla, Acacoyagua, Siltepec, Frontera Comalapa, El Porvenir, and Chicomuselo municipalities.

The next day, the Chiapas state-government expressed its rejection of the operation of armed self-defense groups in the state, clarifying that the development has to do with civil ecologists who have been protesting mineral exploitation for more than five years in municipalities such as Chicomuselo: “They have nothing to do with the civil armed groups that have arisen in other states, because in Chiapas security and social peace are guaranteed by the institutions of local public security and the federal security forces present in the state.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Campesinos crean en Chiapas ‘guardias civiles’ para frenar a mineras (Proceso, 26 de febrero de 2013)

Amagan con más autodefensas, ahora en Chiapas (El Universal, 26 de febrero de 2013)

Chiapas descarta presencia de autodefensa armada (El Universal, 27 de febrero de 2013)

Aparecen grupos de autodefensa en Chiapas (Animal Político, 27 de febrero de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: two thousand march at the close of the “Chiapan Meeting of Unity against the Extractive Mining Model” in Frontera Comalapa (7 December 2012)

Chiapas: Second Forum “For the Defense of Our Mother Earth and Land; Yes to Life, No to Mining Devastation” (21 September 2012)

Mexico: “Mined land, the defense of the rights of communities and of the environment” (14 December 2011)

Chiapas: Death-threats directed against the Chicomuselo parish (13 October 2010)

Chiapas: the Peace Network presents report on Chiapas’ border zone(13 October 2010)

Chiapas: Canadian delegation investigates mining abuses (2 April 2010)

Chiapas: Anti-mining activist Mariano Abarca killed (1 December 2009)


Chiapas: two thousand march at the close of the “Chiapan Meeting of Unity against the Extractive Mining Model” in Frontera Comalapa

December 7, 2012

Marcha en Comalapa (@ Comité Digna Ochoa)

More than 2000 persons from 20 municipalities of Chiapas as well as other states in the Republic and abroad protested in the Frontera Comalapa muncipality at the close of the “Chiapan Meeting in Unity against the Extractive Mining Model” which was held from 26 to 28 November in this municipality.  During the march, protestors demanded that the state and federal governments suspend 120 mining concessions that have been awarded since 2000, as well as the exit of these firms from the state of Chiapas.  Similarly, they demanded justice for the murder of Mariano Abarco, an anti-mining leader who was murdered on 27 November 2009 in Chicomuselo.

In the final declaration of the event, participants called for the “the strengthening in unity among the movements and organizations against the Extractive Mining Model.  Mining is a problem that affects all peoples, without regard for party affiliation, ideological views, organizational belonging, or religion.”  They also warned about “the situation of violence in the state, where there is the presence of concessions and large mining interests, as in Venustiano Carranza.  We reject acts of violence, harassment, and repression on the part of the state, municipal, judicial, and sectorial police, as well as the AFI [Federal Agency for Investigation], against the people of Venustiano Carranza.”

For more information (in English):

MARCHA y DECLARATORIA del Encuentro Chiapaneco en Unidad contra el Modelo Extractivo Minero 2012 (Otros Mundos)

Ambientalistas protestan contra actividad minera en Chiapas (El Universal, 28 de noviembre de 2012)

Exigen campesinos de Chiapas cancelar minas que operan a cielo abierto (Proceso, 29 de noviembre de 2012)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Second Forum “For the Defense of Our Mother Earth and Land; Yes to Life, No to Mining Devastation” (21 September 2012)

Mexico: “Mined land, the defense of the rights of communities and of the environment” (14 December 2011)

Chiapas: Death-threats directed against the Chicomuselo parish (13 October 2010)

Chiapas: the Peace Network presents report on Chiapas’ border zone(13 October 2010)

Chiapas: Canadian delegation investigates mining abuses (2 April 2010)

Chiapas: Anti-mining activist Mariano Abarca killed (1 December 2009)


Chiapas: La Realidad Good-Government Council denounces provocations

August 18, 2011

On 2 August, the Zapatista Good-Government Council (JBG) Hacia la Esperanza found in Caracol I Madre de los Caracoles, Mar de Nuestros Sueños in La Realidad, frontier jungle zone, publicly denounced provocations and attacks on the part of officialist authorities.  The JBG mentions that these originate from the “authorities and ejido of Monte Redondo and the political parties PAN, PRD, PRI, and Green Ecologists located in the official municipality of Frontera Comalapa, Chiapas, in the terrain of our comrade support-bases of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation from the autonomous municipality of Tierra y Libertad.”

The communiqué mentions that “on 27 July 2011 at 6am approximately 200 persons from different political parties including authorities from Monte Redondo entered the lands of our support-base comrades intending to chop down coffee plants, ones that were already giving fruit […].  These actions are impelled by the authorities and the persons who support them in the ejido” that the JBG claims to be party-members of PRD, PAN, PRI, and Green Ecologists.  It continues by mentioning that “we know very well that these provocations are the plans of the bad government and we declare Juan Sabines Guerrero responsible for that which is happening, since he tricks and manipulates people with his lying policies when his actions are total obscenities.  It is clearly seen that he is in agreement, the actor, and complicit in these actions.”

The JBG emphasizes that “we will not tolerate more provocative actions and much less that they will displace us; we will defend our lands regardless of the cost.  It is our mother and we will fight for it, given that by rights it corresponds to our comrades.  Do not think that they are merely provoking these comrades; they are instead provoking all of us as Zapatistas.  They are not alone; they know that well.  We demand justice and we request that the authorities and the Monte Redonde ejido allow our comrades to work in peace and to be respected so that they can use their lands that corresponds to them by right.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Provocaciones y perjuicios de los partidos PRI, PAN, PRD y Verde ecologista contra zapatistas, denuncia la Junta de Buen Gobierno de la Realidad. (Enlace Zapatista, 2 August)

Junta de Buen Gobierno (La Jornada, 4 August)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: The La Realidad JBG denounces aggressions in Monte Redondo (25 April)


Chiapas: Risk for health and personal security of prisoner Bersaín Palacios de León

July 4, 2011

District prison of Motozintla (@Zona Costa)

In a report published on 23 June 2011, the Oralia Morales Committee on Human Rights, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights, and the Movement for Justice in the Barrio of New York (USA) manifested their concern for the risk to the health and personal security of Bersaín Palacios de León, campesino from the community of Monte Redondo in the municipality of Frontera Comalapa, who has been imprisoned in the District Prison of Motozintla, Chiapas, since 14 April.

Bersaín Palacios de León was arrested on 12 April 2011, together with Patricio Domínguez Vázquez (support-member of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN)), Gerardo Vázquez Gabriel (a minor), and José González Dipo, in the Monte Redondo ejido, municipality of Frontera Comalapa, by ejidal authorities of the area, accused as they are of illegal logging.  The three other persons in question have been released, but Bersaín continues in detention despite the noted irregularities in the ministerial investigation.

According to the report, Bersaín has suffered all sorts of death-threats, insults, aggressions, and humiliation on the part of other prisoners in the Motozintla prison, as is known by the authorities of the detention center.

The report adds: “To date the family has not been able to produce the money that is demanded, and it fears for the personal security of Bersaín, who in his testimony says that ‘I am in despair because of the punishment they impose upon me.  I don’t have enough to pay the quota and I live with a great deal of fear that if I forget to do some task they will punish me.'”

In more general terms the report makes the following observation: “It should be mentioned that the organizations have received numerous denunciations regarding the humiliation of human dignity, as well as extortion, corruption, and the privileges enjoyed by a number of prisoners […] in all the prisons of Chiapas.  In the majority of cases, it is the same prison-authorities, -directors, and -managers who are involved in these networks of corruption.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín: Riesgo a la integridad y seguridad personal del preso Bersaín Palacios de León (Movimiento por Justicia del Barrio, Nueva York, Comité de Derechos Humanos Oralia Morales, Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas A.C., 23 June 2011)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: The La Realidad JBG denounces aggressions in Monte Redondo (25 April 2011)


Chiapas: The La Realidad JBG denounces aggressions in Monte Redondo

April 25, 2011

(@sonrisas-furiosas.blogspot.com)

In a communiqué released on 17 April 2011, the Good-Government Council (JBG) “Hacia La Esperanza,” located in the Zapatista caracol of La Realidad, denounced that Patricio Domínguez Vásquez, a supporter of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), was attacked on his ejidal property in Monte Redondo (Frontera Comalapa) by ejidal authorities, accused of false charges, kidnapped, and handed over to the Public Ministry.  The JBG demands the immediate liberation of Domínguez Vázquez, who has been incarcerated in the Motozintla jail.

For more information (in Spanish):

Communiqué in full (Enlace Zapatista, 18 April 2011)

Exigen zapatistas liberación de indígena de Monte Redondo acusado falsamente (La Jornada, 20 April 2011)

Denunciation of the La Realidad JBG, 17 April 2011 (CGT Chiapas, 19 April 2011)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: La Realidad JBG claims more evictions to come in Zapatista territories (5 May 2010)

Chiapas: Montes Azules Social Forum (17 March 2010)

Chiapas: Montes Azules evictions jeopardize peace in Chiapas (9 February 2010)